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ment. His “ Mary Queen of Scots,” “The Burial Place for a constant series of historical romances : for an un. at Lauiel Hill,” “The Early Dead,” and “ Death of the interrupted supply of standard works of fiction-inFirst-born," are beautiful and characteristic.

forming the understanding and enlightening the rind, Samuel Woodworth has written many popular pieces. while they rugale the fancy and gratify the taste for leHis “ Bucket” and “ The Needle" are well known and gendary lore and exciting interest. appreciated.

The scene of the present work is laid in “ la belle Lucretia M. Davidson, who died at the premature age France,” in the days of that prince of monarchs, of 16, possessed a poetical genius of the highest order, “ Henri Quatre"--and at the eventful period immeupon which the greatest expectations were justly based. diately preceding the battle of Ivry. The good-hearted Her poems, produced in the bud as it were of child- king himself plays a conspicuous part among the “dra. hood, were wonderful. Their beauty of pathos, at that matis persona" of the novel and the minor characters early age, drew forth the warmest encomiums. We can are beautifully conceived and admirably developed. only imagine, as we are not permitted to know, what The story itself abounds in interest—and its execution would have been the glory of the “perfect flower,” throughout fully sustains the established reputation of the bud of which was so rich and fragrant.

the distinguished author. Perhaps no period in the What has been said of Lucretia applies also with history of modern civilization, could have been selected, equal justice to Margaret Davidson, the younger sister affording more abundant and copious materials for the of the above--sisters not only in blood but in genius, novelist skilled in depicting the manners and peculiar and in the same early fate. Strange that two such buds characteristics of the time, the workings of human should grow on the same genealogical stem, and strange passion amid scenes of the most harassing anxiety and also that the world should but know their sweetness, turmoil, and the rapidly succeeding alternations of victo mourn over their decay. They but bloomed to tory and defeat in the contest for an empire and a crown, fade."

for civil and religious liberty--for “God and the right” Miss Lucy Hooper also gave evidence before she —than that which has here been so successfully and so died, of the choice gift of genuis. Her Poetical re- powerfully illustrated. The student of history will find mains,” lately published under the editorship of John his labors materially aided, and his conception of the Keese, are full of sweetness, beauty and harmony. spirit of these “ stirring times” rendered more accurate Literary Notices.

and vivid, by a perusal of this work : and the moral

philosopher--the advocate of progress--the friend of Rose d'Albret, a Tale of Troublous Times: By G. P. R. JAMES. humanity--no less than the politician, the statesman

New York, Harper and Brothers, 1844. We are indebted to the politeness of Mr. E. H. BEN. and the patriot, as such, vill not fail to derive from it DER, Bookseller, No. 75 State-street, for an opportunity abiding and wholesome lessons of wisdom, goodness, to glance over the pages of this new emanation from the and public and private virtue. inexhaustible imagination of James. We perceive no Messrs. JENKS & PALMER, of Boston, have obligindications of debility in the vigorous style and flowing ingly forwarded to us, through Mr. E. H. PEASE of this eloquence of this justly admired and very popular wri- city, the following, among other recent publications, ter—no flagging in the power which has uniformly cha- from their well known establishment: racterized the leading incidents and imagery of his tale | The Young Ladies Vocal Class Bonk, for the use of Female Semi--no symptoms of exhaustion in inventive faculty, de

naries and Music Classes, consisting of systematic instruction

for forming and training the voice : together with a collection scriptive grace or accurate historical delineation. In all

of songs, for one, two, three and four voices, composed, se. these respects James is unquestionably the most success

lected and arranged with piano forte accompaniments, by ful and remarkable author of fiction, which the age has GEORGE JAMES WEBB, Professor in the Boston Academy of produced. When his great prototype--he who may justly be regarded as the pioneer of modern romancers The Little Songster ; consisting of Original Songs for children: --gave the literary world, in quick succession, the pro- together with directions to teachers for cultivating the ear ducts of his teeming genius and well-stored mind, men

and voice, and exercises for teaching children the first rudi. wondered at the vast fertility and apparently inexhaus

ments of singing, for the use of primary schools and families,

by GEORGE J. WEBB. tible fund of invention and power of execution which he developed. But misfortune, pecuniary embarrass- Child's First and Second Books of History ; including the moment, and a combination of worldly ills, pressed his gi

dern History of Europe, Asia and Africa, with maps and en

gravings, by the author of Peter Parley's Tales. gantic spirit prematurely to the earth; and under their iron thrall his physical and mental energies were alike An Elementary Dictionary for Common Schools ; with Procrushed. Bulwer, long since, substantially withdrew

nouncing Vocabularies of Classical, Scripture and Modern

Geographical names, by J. E. WORCESTER. from the field which he for some time beautified and adorned by the brilliant coruscations of a genius which A. Comprehensive Pronouncing and Explanatory Dictionery of however erratic, and occasionally “dazzling to blind,"

the English Language, by J. E. WORCESTER. displayed powers unsurpassed by any of his predeces-A Third Book for Reading and Spelling, with simple rules and sors or contemporaries. Our own Cooper writes at his

instructions for avoiding common errors, and a vocabulary of

words used in the lessons, &c. One hundred and seventh leisure, and can scarcely be regarded as a periodical contributor to the fictitious literature of the age. Dic- All these works are eminently deserving of introkens, we grieve to say it, has evidently exhausted the duction into our elementary and higher institutions of stores of his genius. James only is left of the original learning. Most of them, indeed, have already found school of “Waverly," upon whom the public can rely their way there, with universal approbation and success.

Music.

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THE NORTHERN LIGHT:

DEVOTED TO

MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE, GENERAL INFORMATION,

EDUCATION, SCIENCE AND THE ARTS.

CONDUCTED BY

GANSEVOORT - LANSING

COLLECTION

ALFRED B. STREET,

ASSISTED BY

S. S. RANDALL, Esq., PROF. JAMES HALL, AND OTHERS.

mi [No. 3.

VOL. IV.]

JULY 15, 1844,

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CONTENTS,
PAGE.

PAGE.
Summer Evening, by Robert Neilson,.
33 Sonnet,..

41 Trenton Falls, by James Hall, 33 Sonnet,....

41 To a Ship, by Atticus, ... 36 Gleanings-by a Reader-No. 2,.....

41 France and its Financial System, by E. B. O'Cal- China in 1843,

42 laghan,...... 36 The Philosophy of Life,....

43 To the Young Men's State Association, by D. Pa- Summer Fancies—No. 3, by Allied B. Street,.. 45 rish Barhydt,.......... 39 Civil List of the New-Netherlands,

46 An Old Man's Recollections, 40 | Autumn,

47 Nature,............... 40 | Literary Notices,

48

...

This number of the NORTHERN LIGHT may be obtained at the different Bookstores, and at JONES' Depot,
Museum Building, where subscriptions will be received. The above places will also be furnished

with the future Nos, on the 1st and 15th of each month.

TRAVELLING AGENTS.
JOHN H. ALLEN, THOMAS S. EASTERLY.

ALBANY:
PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY C. WENDELL, AGENT FOR THE ALBANY ASSOCIATION OF

PRACTICAL PRINTERS, NO. 3 NORTH PEARL-STREET.

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In presenting the accompanying sketch of Trenton have lost their effect of novelty. If more reasons could Falls, we need not remind our readers that this spot is be given to induce men to look and think for themselves one of the most lovely and romantic in the State of it would be better for our race; but where everything New-York. This has been often told them, and if they is done to our hand, and where nature has been so ahave not visited it, they may at sume future time. To vish in the grand and beautiful, there is little inducegive any account of this place merely from its beautiful ment for us, particularly if dj-inclined to action, lo scenery or from its historical associations, is not our ob- exert either our mental or physical energies. ject. This has often been done, and if its attractions Perhaps there is no kind of scenery better fitted to in this way are not well known we should despair of call intɔ action the intellectual powers than the numemaking them so by our humble efforts. In truth, we rous cascades which everywhere intersect our country. believe that the historical narrative, the science, beau- Scarcely a river of any magnitude but is graced hy one ties and fashionable promenades of many of our water- or more falis worthy of admiration, and when we view ing places and other resorts for recreation and enjoy- such mighty streams as the Niavara plunging over a ment of leisure, have been so often trumpeted that they 'precipice of such height, and rushing with impetuous

one.

fury through a deep chasm of seven miles in length, the most striking examples exists in the bursting of the and bounded by perpendicular walls, we are prepared Lebanon reservoir, when, in the passage of the water, to believe that the agency of the stream has had much the bed and sides of the chasm were both widened and to do in the production of the channel. When, how deepened, and the fragments of stone thus removed, ever, we reflect upon the slow manner in which this is with loose materials of similar kind, covered fire acres accomplished, we are again induced to doubt, and fancy of ground to the depth of several feet. This moreover calls in aid some tremendous convulsion of nature was caused by the passage of the stream along the diswhich has effected all this in a short space of time. tance only of a single mile. The number of trees apThis precludes the necessity of thinking bay what quiet rooled at the time is incredible. Sach, doubtless, with and constant means this has been produced, and of all the constant wearing action of the stream, have been the causes operating, or the consequences following the the prime causes in the production of these gorges excavation of such a gorge. For it must be borne in and their beautiful cascades, of which that of Trenton mind that no chasm of this kind is made unless the ma. is on terials are removed and transported to some other In the examination of this chasm, all the variations place, necessarily filling up a space equal, at least, to in force and intensity of the current are still percepthat made by their removal. Then again the immense tible, and by farther investigations one is enabled to lapse of time which would thus be required, carries us trace these operations backward to a time when but a back to periods beyond that which we are accustomed shallow channel existed, and when the present falls to consider as the beginning of the world ; and hence had no exister.ce. Again, the observer may carry forthe necessity of more rapid action to meet our precon- ward in his mind this process, which will go on in naceived opinions.

ture till the present falls are obliterated, or their places But this digression is taking us from our subject, so far changed that they would not be recognized. though at some future time perhaps we may present Such are some of the points which should arrest the the readers of the Northern Light with some farther attention of man as a thinking being, while he is inillustrations upon the cascades of our country. dulging his love of the beautiful scenery with which

The gorge in which the stream at TRENTON FALLS such places present him. A single glance at these flows, is made in a nearly stratified rock, the layers of cliffs and the overhanging trees with a few roots still which are distinctly seen in the engraving. In this clinging to the fissures, will convince him of the truth gorge, of varying depths, the river is precipitated over of the opinion that the gorges have been produced by five successive falls, exposing to view the edges of the the slow action here described. These trees never berocky layers which bound it on either side. There can gan their existence in this situation or sent forth their remain no question in the mind of an observer, that roots into the air. They have grown upon the surface this gorge throughout its entire length is the result of above, and the gradually crumbling cliff has left them the wearing action of the stream. The beds and side exposed in this way, and eventually those still farther of the channel, where the latter are not worn by from the margin will be bared of the earth and rock weathering, present the smoothed and undulating out- now surrounding their roots, and left naked and overline caused by the action of a current; the fragments Iranging the rocky eliff. and pebbles urged by the force of the stream along the In contemplating the time necessary for the probottom have deepened its bed, and the freezing of wa- duction of these falls and chasm, we are carried back ter in the numerous fissures and crevices of the rock, an inconceivable period; but how incomprehensible has loosened innumerable fragments and often huge does this become when we consider the time neces

which are thrown down and carried onward by sary for the production of these immense masses of the rapid current.

rock; for these too had begun and ended before the Again, during sudden freshets the accumulating wa- falls were produced, or even before dry land appeared. ters in the more even country above, carry into the Here we come to the investigation of another set of stream logs and fallen trees, and perchance the wreck phenomena, sor if we look at the successive layers of of some mill or cottage-all these accumulating in the limestone, we find them filled with shells and other ornarrow channel, often form, for a time, almost a per- ganic remains of a kind which lived in an ocean. And fect dam. The water thas rapidly accumulating above, without at present going into a detail of the proof hy rises to a great height, until its pressure forces the dam, which this is substantiated, we find that the mass has and with it perhaps some fragments of the rock. The been deposited layer after layer, as fine mud, like that mass then moves on to some narrow point or till new carried down by our rivers to the ocean.

This mud materials are added, when it again makes a more for- has covered up the shells and other living things midable stand, forming an almost immoveable barrier, whose remains we now find thus imbedded, and after and remaining till the water has risen to a greater height, continuing in this way for a long period the process has when the whole mass is moved off, and with it often ceased and the whole become a solid rock. Although great numbers of rocky fragments from the sides and these elementary principles are well understood, we bed of the channel. This process is repeated time after nevertheless see the importance of their application; time, until the stream opens into a broader channel. for by this means we are enabled to discover what has Here the heavy materials are thrown down and the been the nature and condition of the bottom of the sea lighter ones are carried onward.

at successive intervals. At one time shells of a pe. This is no fancy picture, for it can be demonstrated culiar form are abundant, while, perhaps, only a few a hundred times every year by actual facts, and one of feet above or below, this kind is very rare while another

masses,

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