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BY S. S. RANDALL.
The Ideal, and the Practical.
The wisdom and efficiency of the means to be adopted for the accomplishment of any specific cbject, essenti
ally depend upon our estimate of the ultimate end in There is always to be found in every community a view. If we deem the acquisition of wealth, of power, class of shrewd, penetrating, sagacious, and self-com- of fame, the exemption from physical ills and the enplacent individuals who not only look with the utmost joyment of ease and luxury the great aim of existence distrust upon all departures, under whatever pretext, —the object of our being — we assuredly do well in from the established usayes and customs of society, but avoiding all unnecessary collision with those who, as conceive themselves bound to denounce every excur- instruments or auxiliaries, may aid us in the acccmsion, however apparently innocent and harmless, beyond plishment of these ulterior and paramount purposes. the existing boundaries of knowledge, as impious and If on the other hand we are convinced that none of dangerous, or at least fanatical, absurd, and impracti- these objects constitute the destiny of humanity—that cable. Favored, themselves, by the world and the the gift of intelligent existence was bestowed upon us world's regard-having attained their ends and accom- for higher, grander and nobler purposes—that the menplished the beight of their ambition, through the agency tal powers which successively develope themselves as of means recognized and sanctioned by universal pre- we progress in life are the germs and blesscms which scription-they conceive themselves entitled to point
are destined to expard and bear fruit through the revoout the land-marks which enclose the arena of science, lutions of eternity – that these powers and faculties, and limit the domains of philosophy and even of justi- though linked for a brief period with cur physical and fiable speculation. Prudent, cautious and reserved in animal nature, are essentially independent of and infiall their intercourse and dealings with men-skilfully nitely superior to it—that wealth and tempcral power availing themselves of the passions, the prejudices and and worldly fame, are fleeting, evanescent, perishable, the foibles which meet them at every turn in the social delusive and vain-while truth, virtue, the beautiful, thoroughfare — carefully avoiding ofience, and judici- the ideal, the sublime-elevation of soul-disinterested ously balancing probable contivisencies, with an eye benevolence-universal philanthropy--ul wavering faith single to ultimate or immediate profit,—these men-and -unquestioning obedier.ce 10 the dictates of duty and their name is legion-speedily make their way, un tie laws of the Creator—and an earnest desire to mitiquestioned and unchallenged, to the safe retreats, and gate the suferings, to relieve the distresses, to expand quiet harbors of worldly prosperity, wealth and station. and purify the aims of humanity-can alone fulfil the From these high places they complacently survey the high doctrines of spiritual life-we shall no longer rebusy scenes around them—and wrapping themselves in gard with contemptuous indifference, those who strive the impenetrable mantle of selfishness, utter forth their to breath a purer atmosphere than that which suroracles of practical wisdom and sternly frown upon rounds them, and “ to live while in, above the world.” every thoughtless or daring innova'or who presumes to The prominent lesson of CHRISTIANITY—that which question or doubt their infallibility. Each succeeding breathes in every page of the volume of revelationage adds to the number and increases the importance which constitutes its spirit and its life-giving effcacyand the power of these formidable guardians of the is the very lesson which the world has most constantly portals of worldly wisdom: and the annals of human and systematically overlocked-nay der ounced, vilified civilization and advancement are full of most impres- and contemned as impracticable, visionary, absurd. sive illustrations of the influence which they have ex- The Great TEACHER--He who “spake as never man erted in repressing the onward and upward movements spake”-whose word was truth-whese life was the of intellectual and moral, no less than of purely phy- highest exemplification of Ideal and Practical Beautysical science. The great and the good of every age recognized none of those maxims of worldly wisdom, have been compelled to encounter the unscrupulous which prompted then, as now, to the attainment, by denunciation, the fierce invective and the determined whatever means, of temporal ease, exemption from hostility of this conservative band: have been stigma- physical ills, the accumulation of wealth, the enjoytized as enthusiasts, as visionaries, as fanatics, as dis- ment of fame, the acquisition of power. All these turbers of the public weal, agitators, incendiaries, de- darling objects of human ambition, were overlooked, magogues and imposters; and have attained the accom- passed by, and unequivocally condemned. Aspirations plishment of their far-seeing and far-reaching designs for immortality, elevation and purity of thought-earonly through a series of persecutions, sufferings and nest strivings for the Good, the Beautiful and the True martyrdoms which might well appal and dishearten -accompanied by an all-comprehending-all-embracthe timid and irresolute votary of truth and knowledge. ing love of humanity, as such, and irrespective of its Nor has the world purchased wisdom in this respect trappings, and its extrinsic accompaniments — these by the dear bought experience of sixty centuries. The were the qualites sought out, appreciated and prized brand of impracticability is still imposed upon each by Him, even when concealed from the eye of the keenadventurous spirit who presumes to contravene the es- est observer under the garb of poverty, obscurity, igtablished standards of belief-to depart from the estab- norance and ignoble toil. How utterly impracticablelished-routine of thought-or to cast an earnest glance as that term is now generally understood and received into the possible future in search of that ideal excel
-was the whole tenor of his life-the whole burden lence which he conceives within the reach of humanity of his instructions — the whole scope and aim of his whenever it shall be aroused to put forth its energies gospel! All the most attractive pursuits of humanity for its attainment.
- all the enjoyments and the luxuries most highly
prized and most ardently sought out-were required to ture-that mankind have attained a height both of conbe laid as a worthless offering upon the consecrated templation and of action, from which they may descry altar of the Soul and Spirit of Man. Life itself was to a nobler and an indefinitely expanded prospect, stretchbe contemned, cheerfully sacrificed, whenever its evane- ing beyond the visible Universe of matter, and “ taking scent taper could be sustined only at the expense of fast hold of immortality.” its immortal nature. Poverty and humility, persecu- Say what we will of the enthusiasts, the dreamers, tion and affliction, tortures and a lingering and painful the idealists, the speculative visionaries, of the trandeath were to be welcomed as messengers of mercy, as scendental realms of the imagination — theirs is the harbingers of peace and love and kindness, when they gift of were to be avoided only by a practical denial of those
that hlessed mood
In which the barthen of the mystery, great truths which opened up to the freed spirit the
In which the heavy and the weary weight path of immortility. How frivolous, how empty, how
of all this unintelligibie world unsatisfying to minds wbich had drank in the waters of Is lightened-that serene and blessed mood, life from this pure fountain, must have seemed the rest
In which the aftections gently lead us on legs and feverish dream of the worldling — boasting
Until, the breath of this corporeal frame,
And even the motion of our human blood, amid the thick darkness of his benighted and aimless
Almost suspended, we are laid asleep mind, of his prescience, his shrew !ness, his practical
In body, and become a living soul; sagacity! Either Christianity is a gross delusion – its
While with an eye made quirt by the power most sacred lessons, a cheat — its high hopes and pro
Of harmony, and the deep power of joy mises and prospects, the chimeras of a disordered ima
We see into the life of things.* gination—and the spirit of man and immortality, and an How many pure and innocent spirits, in the springunending future, "such stuff as dreams are made of,” tide of life and hope, and amid the beaming anticipa. or “life is more than meat and the body more than tions which youth alone can feel, derive these abiding raiment;" there are “ treasures in Heaven, where impulses of true nobility of soul, and imbibe these deep neither moth corrupts nor thieves break through and inspirations of a destiny to be evolved in all its gransteal,” and we “cannot serve both God and Mammon.” deur, only through the revolving cycles of immortality So thought and so reasoned the Apostles and Martyrs from the study and the contemplation of the ideal of the primitive church : and so thinking they “count- exhibited through the pages and in the productions of ed not their lives dear” when duty demanded their the favored sons of genius! And are we told that all sacrifice. So thought and so reasoned the martyrs and this unfits them for the practical scenes and stern reali. confessors of a subsequent age : Cranmer and Latimer ties of ordinary pursuits, and the varied responsibilities and Ridley and Rogers : and so thinking and reasoning, of life? Doubtless it does so to a great extent. But they were, unquestionably, the most impracticable men what are those practical scenes and stern realities, those of the day, and while millions around them sought pursuits and responsibilities ? Are they not far too their ease and guarded their possessions and hoarded generally all unworthy of our immortal nature-of our their treasures, and drank of the cup of pleasure, they ever expanding faculties and powers of thought and drained the dregs of the bitter cup of suffering. So action ? Are they not far too generally at open vari. thought the Luthers and the Melancthons, of the Re- ance with the laws and institutions of the Creatorformation, when they breasted the formidable current with the lessons, the injunctions and the requirements of ecclesiastical corruption and abuse which pervaded of the Great Teacher-with the “voice of God within the church; and so have thought and reasoned the Ga- the soul ”—with the precepts and example of the truly lileos, the Keplers, the Newtons, the Watts, and the great and wise and good — with the convictions of our Fultons of science - the Miltons, the Cowpers, the own enlightened understanding — and with all that we Kirke Whites, the Keats, the Wordsworths, and Cole- can conceive or apprehend of the scope and design of ridges, of the poetic muse — - the George Foxes, the creative beneficence and wisdom? Alas, alas! too Oberlins, the Wilberforces, of the philanthropists and be soon indeed are the bright and beautiful visions of nefactors of suffering humanity-the Taylors, the Hook- youth and innocence clouded and darkened by the surers, the Barrows, the Chalmers, the Channings and the rounding realities of “a world lying in wickedness”. Follens, of a pure and elevated christian morality—the too soon are the lessons earliest and most gratefully im. Washingtons and Franklins, the Lafayettes and Koski- bibed from the loveliness and beauty of nature, and uscos, the Burkes and the Pitts, of the Cabinet and the the kindly influences of the domestic circle, rudely Senate. So in short have thought and so have reasoned erased from the tablets of memory, by the violence and all those who in every age have adorned, ennobled and selfishness, the pride and passion, the wretchedness elevated humanity: and it is precisely because, for all and misery, which pervade society in all its depart. the ordinary purposes of mere men of the world, they ments. were impracticable-because they sought to carry sor- The philosophy of Christianity—the true civilization ward the destinies of their race, to reach onward and of humanity—the purity and perfection of our nature upward to a higher good than was apparent on the su r. —remain yet to be unfolded—and the worshipers of the face of events—a good not attainable by continuing to IDEAL—the earnest seekers after the TRUE, the Beaumove in the inonotonous routine of custom and pre- TIFUL and the Good—the pioneers of individual, social scription, however venerable, profitable or sale — and and National REFORM—the active promoters of Uni. fearlessly to swing from the moorings of the present VERSAL Peace, UNIVERSAL PHILANTHROPY, UNIand the past, to explore the limitless ocean of the fu- VERSAL KNOWLEDGE-are, we apprehend, nearer the
Brief Notices of some of the deceased Poets of New York. mory of Col. Wood," and verses written “in a Book of
Fortunes in 1767,” are good specimens of his style.
A. L. Blauvelt was a poet of considerable powers. The State of New York, vast in her territory,-her His “lines suggested by the perusal of the life of population-resources of wealth, and means of educa- Chattenton,” are smooth and graceful. tion, can point also with just pride to her Anthology, Dr. Samuel L. Mitchell was a poet of no ordinary as one certainly equal to those of her sister states, and skill and ability. His many fugitive pieces display conscarcely inferior to any in Europe of the same charac- siderable imagination and didactic power. ter. While her railroads and canals, her mercantile,
Isaac Clason has shown much strength and vigor as a azricultural and mechanic interests have diffused plenty poet. His address to “ Napoleon” in 1825, is spirited within her borders, the “inner life” has been express- and in many parts beautiful. ed and the legend of lake and mountain have found a
John Rudolph Sutermeister was a fugitive writer of tongue. Although the majority of the verse produced much beauty and sweetness. His contributions to the in the State of New-York is of a loose and fugitive cha- different journals were nunierous. He possessed a fine racter, it is yet impregnated with the true feeling and fancy, with great delicacy of sentiment. His “ Faded afir is evidence that the poetical spirit exists, and only Hours," prophetic of his early death, at the age of 23, awaits time and opportunity for a wider field and a high- is very touching and harmonious. er flight.
Jonathan Lawrence, Jr., who died at the age of 25, The diwning of verse in this State was at a period was also one whose bud of genius promised much rich anterior to the Rivolution. The productions of the and beautiful fruit. A collection of his poems was writers in these times were not deficient in easy versifi-published by his friends after his decease, which showcation and mi-lody, but they wanted for the most part ed the vigor and precociousness of his mind. His the feeling and insiration of true poetry. Tie a ze did Thoughts of a Student,” “ Morning among the Hills,” not incline towards efforts of the imagination. The fo- and “ Look Aloft,” are very fine and spirited. rest was to be sub lued and the seeds of empire pluited. James Rodman Drake, who also died in the prime of The strong arm all the cal uliting head were alone re- bis intellect, was a man of splendid genius, and as a quirei-the one to wield the axe and the other to frame zoet, stands in the front rank of American writ. the la vs. But as the means of living b-came more His address to the “ American Flay, is emeasy on the one hand, and government more defined and balined in the National heart and boasted of as a Nastable on the other, poetry, in common with the other tional lyric. The heart beats and the spirit mounts at arts and with the sciences, partook in a greater degree its perusal. His “ Culprit Fay,” is a gem of the purest of public attention and sentiment; consequently there water, combining beautiful fancy with graphic skill in is to be seen in it a progressive improvement, from its an embedyment of the aerial visions that “ play in the first efforts to the present, until New-York can show plighted clouds,” and true delineations of animate and a poetical literature, which is not only a prophecy of inanimate uature. His “ Bronx,” is also a fine descripbrighter and higher triumphs to come, but which is tive poem now by no means unworthy of the importance of the Robert C. Sands was the coadjutor of the Rev. J. W. Empire State.”
Eastburn, in the production of the poem entitled “ YaThe first poet of any consequence who Aourished in moyden.” His proem to the work and the songs scatterour State, is William Livingston, who wrote in 1747. ed throughout the volume, display genius of a high and His style is distinguished by much skill and smooth brilliant order. “ The green isle of lovers,” and “ the ness of versification, and his verse is generally written dead of 1932,” are both eminently fine. in the Alexandrine measure. His Gift of Provi. William Leggett was the author of “ Leisure Hours dence,” and his hymn commencing with “ Father of at Sea,” and other fugitive pieces published subselight, exhaustless source of good,” are polished and quently. His verse is melodious and graceful and oftengraceful.
times of a high order. His “ Melody” commencing Mrs. Ann E. Bleecker wrote in 1778. Her lines “on with “ If these bright stars that gem the night,” is ex reading Virgil” and “ Thanksgiving after escape from ceedingly beautiful. Indian perils," are possessed of much sweetness and James G. Brooks was the author of many spirited and harmony.
delightful poems under the signature of Florio." In Guliun Verplanck was a poet of considerable taste connexion with his accomplished wife, Mrs. Mary E. and elegance, close observation of men and mainers, Brooks, he published some years since a volume entitled and keen irony. His Poem entitled “ Vice, a satire,” | “The rivals of Este and other poems.” His poems are published in 1771, exhibited in a high degree all these characterized by much tenderness and pathos of sentiqualities.
ment, and beauty and harmony of style. Anthony Bleecker contributed much to the periodical J. B. Van Schaick was a writer of ability. Although literature of the day, between 1800 and 1825. His ad- he wrote but little, yet that little showed he was posdress “ to Trenton Falls, near Utica,” is a favorable sessed of the spirit and feeling which constitutes the specimen of his powers as a poet, a blending of satire poet. His “ Joshua commanding the sun to stand still,” with serious thought.
and his “ Address to the daughter of De Witt Clinton," Gen. Jacob Morton was the author of many fugitive both have high merit. pieces, characterized by much tenderness and sweet- Willis G. Clark, has produced a number of poems full
His “Elegiac lines” and verses “to the me- of gentle thought, religious feeling, and sweet senti
ment. His “ Mary Queen of Scots,” “The Burial Place for a constant series of historical romances : for an unat Laurel Hill,” “The Early Dead,” and “ Death of the interrupted supply of standard works of fiction-inFirst-born," are beautiful and characteristic.
forming the understanding and enlightening the mind, Samuel Woodworth has written many popular pieces. while they regale the fancy and gratify the taste for leHis “ Bucket” and “ The Needle” are well known and gendary lore and exciting interest. appreciated.
The scene of the present work is laid in “la belle Lucretia M. Davidson, who died at the premature age France,” in the days of that prince of monarchs, of 16, possessed a poetical genius of the highest order, “ Henri Quatre"--and at the eventful period imme. upon which the greatest expectations were justly based. diately preceding the battle of Ivry. The good-hearted Her poems, produced in the bud as it were of child- king himself plays a conspicuous part among the “drahood, were wonderful. Their beauty of pathos, at that matis personæ" of the novel—and the minor characters early age, drew forth the warmest encomiums. We can are beautifully conceived and admirably developed. only imagine, as we are not permitted to know, what The story itself abounds in interest—and its execution would have been the glory of the “perfect flower," throughout fully sustains the established reputation of the bud of which was so rich and fragrant.
the distinguished author. Perhaps no period in the What has been said of Lucretia applies also with history of modern civilization, could have been selected, equal justice to Margaret Davidson, the younger sister affording more abundant and copious materials for the of the above--sisters not only in blood but in genius, novelist skilled in depicting the manners and peculiar and in the same early fate. Strange that two such buds characteristics of the time, the workings of human should grow on the same genealogical stem, and strange passion amid scenes of the most harassing anxiety and also that the world should but know their sweetness, turmoil, and the rapidly succeeding alternations of victo mourn over their decay. “They but bloomed to tory and defeat in the contest for an empire and a crown, fade."
for civil and religious liberty--for “God and the right” Miss Lucy Hooper also gave evidence before she -than that which has here been so successfully and so died, of the choice gift of genuis. Her “Poetical re- powerfully illustrated. The student of history will find mains," lately published under the editorship of John his labors materially aided, and his conception of the Keese, are full of sweetness, beauty and harmony. spirit of these “stirring times” rendered more accurate Literary Notices.
and vivid, by a perusal of this work: and the moral
philosopher--the advocate of progress--the friend of Rose D'Albret, a Tale of Troublous Times: By G. P. R. JAMES. humanity--no less than the politician, the statesman
New York, Harper and Brothers, 1844. We are indebted to the politeness of Mr. E. H. Ben- and the patriot, as such, .vill not fail to derive from it DER, Bookseller, No. 75 State-street, for an opportunity abiding and wholesome lessons of wisdom, goodness, to glance over the pages of this new emanation from the
and public and private virtue. inexhaustible imagination of James. We perceive no Messrs. JENKS & Palmer, of Boston, have obligindications of debility in the vigorous style and flowing ingly forwarded to us, through Mr. E. H. PEASE of this eloquence of this justly admired and very popular wri- city, the following, among other recent publications, ter—no flagging in the power which has uniformly cha- from their well known establishment: racterized the leading incidents and imagery of his tale The Young Ladies Vocal Class Book, for the use of Female Semi-no symptoms of exhaustion in inventive faculty, de
naries and Music Classes, consisting of systematic instruction scriptive grace or accurate historical delineation. In all
for forming and training the voice : together with a collection
of songs, for one, two, three and four voices, composed, sethese respects James is unquestionably the most success
lected and arranged with piano forte accompaniments, by ful and remarkable author of fiction, which the has
GEORGE JAMES WEBB, Professor in the Boston Academy of produced. When his great prototype--he who may
Music. justly be regarded as the pioneer of modern romancers The Little Songster ; consisting of Original Songs for children: --gave the literary world, in quick succession, the pro- together with directions to teachers for cultivating the ear ducts of his teeming genius and well-stored mind, men
and voice, and exercises for teaching children the first rudiwondered at the vast fertility and apparently inexhaus
ments of singing, for the of primary schools and families,
by GEORGE J. WEBB. tible fund of invention and power of execution which he developed. But misfortune, pecuniary embarrass- Child's First and Second Books of History; including the moment, and a combination of worldly ills, pressed his gi
dern History of Europe, Asia and Africa, with maps and en
gravings, by the author of Peter Parley's Tales. gantic spirit prematurely to the earth; and under their iron thrall his physical and mental energies were alike An Elementary Dictionary for Common Schools ; with Procrushed. Bulwer, long since, substantially withdrew
nouncing Vocabularies of Classical, Scripture and Modern
Geographical names, by J. E. WORCESTER. from the field which he for some time beautified and adorned by the brilliant coruscations of a genius which A Comprehensive Pronouncing and Explanatory Dictionary of however erratic, and occasionally “dazzling to blind,”
the English Language, by J. E. WORCESTER. displayed powers unsurpassed by any of his predeces
A Third Book for Reading and Spelling, with simple rules and sors or contemporaries. Our own Cooper writes at his
instructions for avoiding common errors, and a vocabulary of
words used in the lessons, &c. One hundred and seventh leisure, and can scarcely be regarded as a periodical contributor to the fictitious literature of the age. Dic- All these works are eminently deserving of introkens, we grieve to say it, has evidently exhausted the duction into our elementary and higher institutions of stores of his genius. James only is left of the original learning. Most of them, indeed, have already found school of “Waverly," upon whom the public can rely their way there, with universal approbation and success.