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titute condition of this class of our fellow-creatures you are fully sensible, and of the many temptations to which they are exposed, calculated not only to render themselves miserable for life, and for ever, but through them to inflict a curse upon society, while they live, and entail vice and wretchedness on multitudes, when they are gone.

For the prevention of such evils, the Managers of the Institution for the Deaf and Dumb and the Blind, in Belfast, communicate to all put under their care a sound, literary, and religious education; as, also, to the Blind, a thorough knowledge of some trade, by which, free from temptation, they shall be able to earn a respectable livelihood. Both in the Weekly and Sunday Schools, which are shortly to be removed to the new building, a very useful system of education has been for some time conducted with remarkable success. The usual branches are taught to the Deaf and Dumb, by the plans commonly employed with them; and, by means of Gall's raised alphabet and books for the blind, most satisfactory and delightful progress has been made in imparting to the Blind a knowledge of the Word of God; while the Deaf Mutes and the Blind have not only been taught to converse together in the most interesting manner; and much literary and religious knowledge has been communicated to both, but some of the Pupils have already been placed in respectable situations, where they give much satisfaction to their employers.

The new building is constructed on the most economical plan, yet the Committee are already under very pressing pecuniary engagements; they have received, so far as they have made application, generous support from all; and as the Institution is of general utility, and embraces, as its sphere, the whole Province of Ulster, it is earnestly hoped, that throughout the Province a very deep interest will be felt in its success. The Committee beg to state, that any contribution from yourself, or which you may succeed in raising from your friends, on behalf of the Institution, they will receive with sincere gratitude, and employ to the best advantage. The following are the members of the Committee:

Rev. A. C. Macartney, Rev. R. W. Bland, Rev. Wm. Bruce, Rev. James Morgan, Rev. John Edgar, Rev. George Bellis, Rev. James Carlile; Lawson Annesley, Counsellor Gibson, Professor Young, J. D. Marshall, M. D., William Gillilan, Robert Magee, Robert M'Cluney, Doctor M'Donnell, Doctor Tennant, Henry Purdon, Jun., M.D., Alex. Dickey, John Potte, James Weir, Samuel Lyle, Charles Hill; William M'Comb, Treasurer; Rev. Thomas Hincks, Wm. Mateer, M. D., Secretaries.

I

ESTABLISHMENTS.

[WB publish the following Letter at the request of the author. We fully concur in the views it expresses, so far as they go; but we are free to profess, that we would advocate the principle of Establishments on higher grounds. We believe it is not merely required by expediency, but taught in the Scriptures. And, we have no doubt, the worthy and intelligent writer will be led fully to entertain this view, on a farther study of the subject.]

TO THE EDITOR OF THE LONDON PATRIOT. |

SIR, LAST week, my attention was directed, by a friend, to an article in your columns, copied from the Dublin Evening Post, on Irish Regium Donum. This article contained an extract from a letter of mine, written to a correspondent in America, in which extract a strong desire is expressed, that the Synod of Ulster should no longer be encumbered with Royal Bounty; and an intimation is given, that an effort would be made, by some Ministers of that body, to have it altogether done away. Some weeks have elapsed since this communication appeared in the Dublin Evening Post, and I would then have taken some public notice of it, but for the strong reluctance which I feel to have my name brought forward in the newspapers, if such notoriety can possibly be avoided. Having understood, however, that this extract has been inserted in several newspapers and periodicals in this country, and has at length found its way into your widely circulated journal, and having just now heard the insinuation thrown out, that it had been sent to the press by myself, in order to contribute my mite to the support of the warfare, which, in these times, is so fiercely waged against Establishments, I think it indispensable, without any further delay, to rectify the impressions that have gone abroad of my sentiments on this important subject.

Permit me, then, Sir, to state, that the letter of which the extract formed part, was written to an American friend upwards of two years ago, without the remotest view to publication, and that no person was more surprised than myself, to find a fragment of it transcribed into the Dublin Evening Post. I cannot even conjecture who sent it to that paper, and did me the honour of attaching so much importance to the record of my opinion on the point to which it relates. That the object of the contributor was to serve a particular purpose, is sufficiently evident; but that I had any thing to do with its publication, is utterly at variance with truth.

In the next place, I wish it to be distinctly understood, that to the abstract principle of an endowment, by the State, I have no objection. The New Testament, so far as I can discover, has laid down no definite law for the maintenance of the Clergy, except the general statement, that they who preach the Gospel should live by the Gospel. It prescribes no fixed and invariable plan for ministerial support. The great work to which it summons all believers to direct their main desires, prayers, and exertions, is to promote that kingdom which is righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost. It was this simple and sublime object which dictated to

the Apostle Paul the various modes of procedure which he adopted in the various circumstances in which he was placed-which induced him, in Corinth to labour, working with his own hands for the supply of his necessities ; and again from the Thessalonian Church, with gratitude and cheerfulness to receive a benefaction. The Scriptures have made no pecuniary arrangements for the support of the Clergy. The precepts which they inculcate, and the examples which they present in the conduct of the Apostles of our Lord, abundantly testify, that while it is the will of God that his Ministers be kept from the fear of want, and even from the disturbance of anxiety about their worldly support, it is also his will, that the mode of this support should be subordinate and subservient to the higher objects of promoting peace and good will within the limits of the Church, and of extending the influence of his truth as far and as fast as possible over the spiritual wastes that are without. It has grieved me much to perceive, not only the bitterness infused into the controversy at present raging on the subject of Establishments, but also the exclusiveness of spirit with which the arguments on either side have been urged, as if the one mode of supporting the Church and its Ministers were right, to the universal and perpetual exclusion of every other.

Now, it appears to me, that the Scriptures have made no specific and unalterable arrangement concerning the mode of clerical maintenance, consequently, that there is no absolute right or wrong in any plan that does not interfere with the fundamental principles of justice and truth. The question, then, seems to resolve itself into the consideration of expediency. The endowment of the Regium Donum violates no Scriptural principle-but is it expedient? I frankly admit, that, on this point, my sentiments have undergone considerable change, since the period when the above-mentioned letter was written; and I am not ashamed to confess, that an enlarged acquaintance with the circumstances of the Presbyterian Church in this country, as well as with those of the other churches of the empire, and an extended knowledge of ecclesiastical history, have served to produce in my mind a growing conviction of the expediency of this grant from Government to the Synod of Ulster.

I once conceived, that if Regium Donum were continued, we should have to encounter additional prejudice in bringing Divine truth before Catholics, in consequence of the sedulous efforts made by their leaders to instil feelings of rancorous hostility towards those classes of Protestants who received endowments from the State; and I further entertained the idea, that our own people would be both able and willing, by their increased contributions, to make a provision for their Ministers, as ample as that which they enjoy at present. Both of these anticipations were, as I have now reason to believe, unfounded. For, with regard to the first, experience has since shewn me, that some of the most vigorous and successful attempts ever made for the spiritual instruction of the Roman Catholics of this country, are at present going forward under the immediate superintendance of members of our church, and that the grant from Government operates neither to promote the indolence of our Ministers, on the one hand, nor, on the other hand, to raise any additional barrier between them and the people whose welfare they are so laboriously striving to promote. I am persuaded, that if the Synod of Ulster continue to cherish that Missionary spirit which has so lately sprung up in its members, and if it please God to send them labourers of the right stamp, to go forth to the spiritual harvest to be reaped in Ireland, they will be most cordially

and gladly received by our Roman Catholic countrymen,"notwithstanding all the most strenuous opposition which may, by interested parties, from sectarian or political purposes, be stirred up against them.

With regard to the other point, the support which religion and its Ministers would receive from the spontaneous offerings of our laity, if the bounty were withdrawn, I have, within these two years, taken pains to inquire, from those of my reverend brethren who enjoy the best opportunities of knowing both the resources and the disposition of the mass of our people, and who have, also, by their faithfulness and zeal, the strongest claims upon their liberality, and it is their unanimous and decided opinion, that were the Regium Donum removed, many of our Congregations must perish, and our Ministers, with few exceptions, must have to struggle with the privations and hardships of poverty. While the standard of Ministerial learning and general qualification, in an age which so eminently demands large and varied acquirements from the Clergy, must be at once and fearfully depressed, the facts with which they furnished me were quite sufficient to bear them out in the correctness of their sentiments on this subject, and to shake my previous opinion of the practicability and expediency of attempting, under existing circumstances, the removal of the grant from the Synod of Ulster. It is my prayer and hope, that God will prépare his people for whatever privation of calamity he has prepared for them, in these days of convulsion and change. But so long as endowment is continued to our body, an endowment so extremely moderate, when brought into comparison with the immense advantages conferred, not only on this country, but on the whole empire, by the Presbyterians of Ireland-an endowment, too, given on such terms, that while it makes the Pastor to some extent independent of the people, it leaves him wholly unfettered by the controul of the Government; so long as the industry and zeal of our Ministers are not slackened, nor their access to the population of our country impeded by this Government annual bounty, I can see no sufficient reason why our Ministers should not receive it.

I wish, therefore, distinctly and unequivocally, to avow my opinion on this subject an opinion not lightly nor inconsiderately adopted, that there is no objection, in principle, to the receipt of royal bounty; and that, after more mature reflection, and a more lengthened consideration of the present condition and prospects of our church in this country, my former doubts concerning its expediency, under existing circumstances, are completely removed.

I had originally intended to enter into the subject at greater length, but considering that the whole question of endowment has undergone ample discussion already, and that I have little leisure, and less inclination, for newspaper controversy, I have contented myself with simply declaring to what extent, and on what grounds, I have changed my sentiments concerning Irish Regium Donum.

Relying on your candour for the insertion of this letter in your journal, I conclude by expressing my determination, neither to be seduced nor terrified into any controversy on the subject to which it refers.

I am, Sir, &c.,

WILLIAM B. KIRKPATRICK.

Dublin, 71, Eccles-Street, Nov. 12th, 1835.

101

THE REV. SAMUEL JOHN MCLEAN, F.T.C.D.

DIED, on Friday, November 27th, the REV. SAMUEL JOHN M'CLEAN, A. M., Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin.

The disease by which Mr. M'Clean was so suddenly taken from us, was the prevailing fever, which had fallen upon a frame too much exhausted to resist it long. His office, for the last year, necessarily threw much labour upon him; and especially during the late visit of the British Associ ation, it imposed exertions upon him, which would, of themselves, have tried the strength of a stronger man, but which were most thoughtlessly. increased under the zeal for the credit of this place, and the unequalled kindliness of disposition to which every consideration of himself habitually gave way. The short interval of rest which followed was insufficient to recruit his strength; and upon his return to College, his labours were again renewed, and, under a very peculiar pressure of business, pursued with such regardlessness of every thing except what seemed the call of duty, as to form an unhappy preparation for disease. He struggled under its approaches for some time; but when it became fully developed, its progress was very rapid, and, in less than a week, he was taken away.

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Short as the period was, it afforded full opportunity not only for manifesting the gentleness, patience, and firmness, which, under less trying circumstances, his whole life had displayed; but, for laying up in the memory of his sorrowing friends a store of consolatory recollections, which no natural qualities, however high or endearing, can leave behind, in the assurance, that he whom they loved was a partaker of that LOVE which passeth knowledge, from which nothing-neither life nor death-can separate those upon whom it is bestowed. No evidence upon this point was needed by those who lived in close intimacy with him. But, to others, the state of his soul might, perhaps, have been doubtful; and its progress, at least, must have been concealed from them; for he was unceasingly watchful to speak within, rather than beyond, his experience and his feelings; and he was deeply humble; and there was something in his natural temperament that seemed to forbid that joy in believing, which the same clearness of views and sincerity of purpose generally secure. So that they who look only for one class of indications of the Spirit's teaching, might doubt whether he was under it; and all who knew him but casually, were likely to be insensible to the work of grace which was going on in his heart; but from his nearer friends it was not concealed. They saw that, when He who knoweth of what we are made, and who feedeth us, all our life long, with food convenient for us-when He, in His wise paternal love, denied to their friend the comfort and joy which He imparts to so many of his children, he did not faint under the rebuke, or repine at the delay, but still waited patiently upon the LORD. They could not doubt who it was that enabled him to possess his soul in patience under such a trial, even if they had not seen him renewing his strength. But they did. They saw him silently growing in humility, in watchfulness, in zeal, in devotedness of spirit, in love. They had no doubts, therefore, or fears for him They could have had none, had God been pleased to withhold from him the power of manifesting his state in his last hour. But they are deeply thankful for themselves, as well as for those to whom it was more needful, that he was allowed and enabled most clearly to evince, to all, that he was a child of God, and that he was falling asleep in Christ; so that they who grieve most for him, are not left to sorrow as others which have no

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