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Aparrapéz. and smote it very sore, and destroyed much. 51 In the selfsame manner wrote he to people of Israel.
his whole kingdom, and appointed overseers 31 And when he had taken the spoils of | over all the people, commanding the cities of the city, he set it on fire, and pulled down Juda to sacrifice, city by city. the houses and walls thereof on every side. !! 52 Then many of the people were gath
32 But the women and children took | ered unto them, to wit, every one that forthey captive, and possessed the catile. sook the law; and so they committed evils in
33 Then builded they the city of David' the land; with a great and strong wall, and with mighty 53 And drove the Israelites into secret towers, and made it a strong hold for them. places, even wheresoever they could flee for
34 And they put therein a sinful nation, succour. wicked men, and fortified tbemselves therein. 54 Now the fifteenth day of the roof
35 They stored it also with armour and Casleu, in the hundred forty and fitch victuals, and when they had gathered to- year, they set up the abomination of desolagether the spoils of Jerusalem, they laid tion upon the altar, and builded idol altars them up there, and so they became a sore throughout the cities of Juda on every side;
55 And burnt incense at the doors of their 36 For it was a place to lie in wait against houses, and in the streets. the sanctuary, and an evil adversary to Israel. 56 And when they had rent in pieces the
37 Thus they shed innocent blood on every books of the law which they found, they side of the sanctuary, and defiled it :
burnt them with fire. 38 Insomuch that the inhabitants of Jeru- 57 And wheresoever was found with any salem fled because of them : whereupon the the book of the testament, or if any consentcity was made an habitation of strangers, and ed to the law, the king's commandment was, became strange to those that were born in that they should put him to death. her; and her own children left her.
58 Thus did they by their authority unto 39 Her sanctuary was laid waste like a the Israelites every month, to as many as wilderness, her feasts were turned into were found in the cities. mourning, her sabbaths into reproach, her 59 Now the five and twentieth day of the honour into contempt.
month they did sacrifice upon the idol altar, 40 As had been her glory, so was her dis- ' which was upon the altar of God. honour increased, and her excellency was 60 At which time according to the comturned into mourning.
mandment they put to death certain women, 41 Moreover king Antiochus wrote to that had caused their children to be circum. his whole kingdom, that all should be one cised. people,
61 And they hanged the infants about 42 And every one should leave his laws: their necks, and rifled their houses, and slew so all the heathen agreed according to the them that had circumcised them. commandment of the king.
62 Howbeit many in Israel were fully re43 Yea, many also of the Israelites con- solved and confirmed in themselves not to eat sented to his religion, and sacrificed unto any unclean thing idols, and profaned the sabbath.
63 Wherefore they chose rather to die, 44 For the king had sent letters by mes- that they might not be defiled with meats, sengers unto Jerusalem and the cities of and that they might not profane the holy Juda, that they should follow the strange covenant : so then they died. laws of the land,
64 And there was very great wrath upon 45 And forbid burnt offerings, and sacri- Israel. fices, and drink offerings, in the temple; and
CHAP. II. that they should profane the sabbaths and 6 Mattathias lamenteth tbe case of Jerusaks : festival days :
50 he dietb, and instructetb bis sons, 66 and 46 And pollute the sanctuary and holy maketh Judas Maccabeus general. people : 17.Set up altars, and groves, and chapels I Nothose days arose Mattathias the son of
John the son of Simeon, a priest of the of idols, and sacrifice swine's flesh, and un- sons of Joarib, from Jerusalem, and dwelt in clean beasts :
Modin. 48 That they should also leave their chil- 2 And he had five sons, Joannan, called dren uncircumcised, and make their souls | Caddis : abominable with all manner of uncleanness 3 Simon, called Thassi : and profanation :
4 Judas, who was called Maccabeus : 49 To the end they might forget the law, 5 Eleazar, called Avaran : and Jonathan, and change all the ordinances.
whose surname was Apphus. 50 And whosoever would not do accord. 6 And when he saw the blasphemies that ing to the commandment of the king, be said, were committed in Juda and Jerusalem, he should die.
7 He said, Woe is me! wherefore was I
Apocrypha. born to see this misery of my people, and 25 Also the king's commissioner, who of the holy city, and to dwell there, when it compelled men to sacrifice, he killed at that was delivered into the hand of the enemy, and time, and the altar he pulled down. the sanctuary into the hand of strangers ? 26 Thus dealt he zealously for the law of
8 Her temple is become as a man without | God, like as Phinees did unto Zambri the glory.
son of Salom 9 Her glorious vessels are carried away 27 And Mattathias cried throughout the into captivity, her infants are slain in the city with a loud voice, saying, Whosoever is streets, her young men with the sword of the | zealous of the law, and maintaineth the covenemy.
enant, let him follow me. 10'What nation hath not had a part in 28 So he and his sons fled into the mounber kingdom, and gotten of her spoils ? tains, and left all that ever they had in the city.
11 All her ornaments are taken away; of 29 Then many that sought after justice a free woman she is become a bond slave. and judgment went down into the wilder12 And behold, our sanctuary, even our
ness, to dwell there : beauty and our glory, is laid waste, and the 30 Both they, and their children, and their Gentiles have profaned it.
wives, and their cattle ; because afflictions 13 To what end therefore shall we live increased sore upon them. any longer?
31 Now when it was told the king's ser14 Then Mattathias and his sons rent their vants, and the host that was at Jerusalem, in clothes, and put on sackcloth, and mourned the city of David, that certain men, who had very sore.
broken the king's commandment, were gone 15 In the meanwhile the king's officers, down into the secret places in the wilderness, such as compelled the people to revolt, came 32 They pursued after them a great numinto the city Modin, to make them sacrifice.ber, and having overtaken them, they camped
16 And when many of Israel came unto against them, and made war against them on them, Mattathias also and his sons came to- the sabbath day. gether.
33 And they said unto them, Let that 17 Then answered the king's officers, which ye have done hitherto suffice ; come and said to Mattathias on this wise, Thou art forth, and do according to the commandment a ruler, and an honourable and great man in of the king, and ye shall live. this city, and strengthened with sons and 34 But they said, We will not come forth, brethren:
neither will we do the king's commandment, 18 Now therefore come thou first, and to profane the sabbath day. fulfil the king's commandment, like as all the 35 So then they gave them the battle with heathen have done, yea, and the men of all speed. Juda also, and such as remain at Jerusalem : 36 Howbeit they answered them not, neiso shalt thou and thy house be in the num- ther cast they a stone at them, nor stopped ber of the king's friends, and thou and thy the places where they lay hid ; children shall be honoured with silver and 37 But said, Let us die all in our innogold, and many rewards.
cency: heaven and earth shall testify for us, 19 Then Mattathias answered and spake that ye put us to death wrongfully. with a loud voice, Though all the nations 38 So they rose up against them in battle that are under the king's dominion obey him, on the sabbath, and they slew them, with and fall away every one from the religion of their wives and children, and their cattle, to their fathers, and give consent to his com- the number of a thousand people. mandments :
39 Now when Mattathias and his friends 20 Yet will I and my sons and my breth- || understood hereof, they mourned for them ren walk in the covenant of our fathers. right sore.
21 God forbid that we should forsake the 40 And one of them said to another, JE law and the ordinances.
we all do as our brethren have done, and 22 We will not hearken to the king's fight not for our lives and laws against the words, to go from our religion, either on the heathen, they will now quickly root us out of right hand, or the left.
the earth. 23 Now when he had left speaking these 41 At that time therefore they decreed, words, there came one of the Jews in the saying, Whosoever shall come to make batsight of all to sacrifice on the altar which tle with us on the sabbath day, we will fight was at Modin, according to the king's com- against him ; neither will we die all, as our mandment.
brethren that were murdered in the secret 24 Which thing when Mattathias saw, he places. was inflamed with zeal, and his reins trem- 42 Then came there unto him a company bled, neither could he forbear to shew his of Assideans, who were mighty men of Israel, anger according to judgment : wherefore he even all such as were voluntarily devoted unran, and slew him upon the altar.
to the law.
Apocrypha. 43 Also all they that fled for persecution 66 & As for Judas Maccabeus, he hath joined themselves unto them, and were a stay been mighty and strong, even from his youth unto them.
up : let him be your captain, and fight the 44 So they joined their forces, and snite battle of the people. sinful men in their anger, and wicked men in 67 Take also unto you all those that obtheir wrath : but the rest fled to the heathen serve the law, and avenge ye the wrong of for succour.
your people. 45 Then Mattathias and his friends went 68 Recompense fully the heathen, and take round about, and pulled down the altars : heed to the commandments of the law.
46 And what children soever they found 69 So he blessed them, and was gathered within the coast of Israel uncircumcised, to his fathers. those they circumcised valiantly.
70 And he died in the hundred forty and 47 They pursued also after the proud sixth year, and his sons buried him in the men, and the work prospered in their hand. || sepulchres of his fathers at Modin, and all
48 So they recovered the law out of the Israel made great lamentation for him. hand of the Gentiles, and out of the hand of
CHAP. III. kings, neither suffered they the sinner to i The valour and fame of Judas Maccabeus : 10 triumph.
be overthroweth tbe forces of Samaria and Syria.
THEN Mattathias should die, he said unto his
rose up in his stead. Now hath pride and rebuke gotten strength, 2 And all his brethren helped him, and so and the time of destruction, and the wrath of did all they that held with his father, and indignation :
they fought with cheerfulness the battle of 50 ( Now therefore, my sons, be ye zeal-Israel. ous for the law, and give your lives for the 3 So he gat his people great honour, and covenant of your fathers.
put on a breastplate as a giant, and girt his 51 Call to remembrance what acts our fa- || warlike harness about him, and he made batthers did in their time ; so shall ye receive tles, protecting the host with his sword. great honour and an everlasting name.
4 In his acts he was like a lion, and like a 52 Was not Abraham found faithful in lion's whelp roaring for his prey. temptation, and it was imputed unto him for 5 For he pursued the wicked, and sought righteousness?
them out, and burnt up those that vexed his 53 Joseph in the time of his distress kept the people. commandment, and was made lord of Egypt. 6 Wherefore the wicked shrunk for fear
54 Phinees our father in being zealous and of him, and all the workers of iniquity were fervent obtained the covenant of an everlast- troubled, because salvation prospered in his ing priesthood.
land. 55 Jesus for fulfilling the word was made 7 He grieved also many kings, and made a judge in Israel.
Jacob glad with his acts, and his memorial is 56 Caleb for bearing witness before the blessed for ever. congregation received the heritage of the land. 8 Moreover he went through the cities of
57 David for being merciful possessed the Juda, destroying the ungodly out of them, throne of an everlasting kingdom.
and turning away wrath from Israel : 58 Elias for being zealous and fervent for 9 So that he was renowned unto the ut. the law. was taken up into heaven.
most part of the earth, and he received unto 59 Ananias, Azarias, and Misael, by be him such as were ready to perish. lieving were saved out of the flame.
10 q Then Apollonius gathered the Gen60 Daniel for his innocency was delivered tiles together, and a great host out of Safrom the mouth of lions.
maria, to fight against Israel. 61 And thus consider ye throughout all 11 Which thing when Judas perceived, he ages, that none that put their trust in him went forth to meet him, and so he smote him, shall be overcome.
and slew him : many also fell down slain, 62 Fear not then the words of a sinful || but the rest fled. man : for his glory shall be dung and worms. 12 Wherefore Judas took their spoils, and
63 To-day he shall be lifted up, and to- Apollonius' sword also, and therewith he morrow he shall not be found, because he is | fought all his life long. returned into his dust, and his thought is 13 Now when Seron, a prince of the army come to nothing.
of Syria, heard say that Judas had gathered 64 Wherefore, ye my sons, be valiant, and unto him a multitude and company of the shew yourselves men in the behalf of the faithful to go out with him to war ; law; for by it shall ye obtain glory.
14 He said, I will get me a name and hon65 And behold, I know that your brother our in the kingdom ; for I will go fight with Simon is a man of counsel, give ear unto him Judas and them that are with him, who de always : he shall be a father unto you. spise the king's commandment.
Apocrypba. 15 So he made him ready to go up, and 32 So he left Lysias, a nobleman, and one there went with him a mighty host of the of the blood royal, to oversee the affairs of ungodly to help him, and to be avenged of the king from the river Euphrates unto the the children of Israel.
borders of Egypt: 16 And when he came near to the going 33 And to bring up his son Antiochus, unup of Bethhoron, Judas went forth to meet til he came again. him with a small company :
34 Moreover he delivered unto him the 17 Who, when they saw the host coming half of his forces, and the elephants, and gave to meet them, said unto Judas, How shall him charge of all things that he would have we be able, being so few, to fight against so done, as also concerning them that dwelt in great a multitude and so strong, seeing we are Juda and Jerusalem : ready to faint with fasting all this day? 35 To wit, that he should send an army
18 Unto whom Judas answered, It is no against them, to destroy and root out the hard matter for many to be shut up in the strength of Israel, and the remnant of Jeruhands of a few ; and with the God of heaven i salem, and to take away their memorial from it is all one, to deliver with a great multitude, that place; or a small company :
36 And that he should place strangers in 19 For the victory of battle standeth not all their quarters, and divide their land by lot. in the multitude of an host; but strength com- 37 So the king took the half of the forces eth from heaven.
that remained, and departed from Antioch, 20 They come against us in much pride his royal city, the hundred forty and seventh and iniquity to destroy us, and our wives and year; and having passed the river Euphrachildren, and to spoil us :
tes, he went through the high countries. 21 But we fight for our lives and our laws. 38 Then Lysias chose Prolemee the son of
22 Wherefore the Lord himself will over- Dorymenes, and Nicanor, and Gorgias, mighty throw them before our face : and as for you, men of the king's friends : be ye not afraid of them.
39 And with them he sent forty thousand 23 Now as soon as he had left off speak-footmen, and seven thousand horsemen, to go ing, he leaped suddenly upon them, and so into the land of Juda, and to destroy it, as Seron and his host was overthrown before the king commanded. him.
40 So they went forth with all their 24 And they pursued them from the go- power, and came and pitched by Emmaus in ing down of Bethhoron unto the plain, where the plain country. were slain about eight hundred men of them; 41 And the merchants of the country, and the residue fled into the land of the Phil. hearing the fame of them, took silver and istines.
gold very much, with servants, and came into 25 Then began the fear of Judas and his the camp to buy the children of Israel for brethren, and an exceeding great dread, to slaves : a power also of Syria and of the land fall upon the nations round about them : of the Philistines joined themselves unto them.
26 Insomuch as his fame came unto the 42 Now when Judas and his brethren king, and all nations talked of the battles of saw that miseries were multiplied, and that Judas.
the forces did encamp themselves in their 27 Now when king Antiochus heard these borders ; for they knew how the king had things, he was full of indignation : wherefore given commandment to destroy the people, he sent and gathered together all the forces and utterly abolish them ; of his realm, even a very strong army.
43 They said one to another, Let us re28 He opened also his treasure, and gave store the decayed estate of our people, and his soldiers pay for a year, commanding them let us fight for our.people and the sanctuary. to be ready whensoever he should need them. 44 'Then was the congregation gathered
29 Nevertheless, when he saw that the together, that they might be ready for batmoney of his treasures failed, and that the tle, and that they might pray, and ask mercy tributes in the country were small, because and compassion. of the dissension and plague, which he had 45 Now Jerusalem lay void as a wilderbrought upon the land in taking away the ness, there was none of her children that laws which had been of old time;
went in or out : the sanctuary also was trod30 He feared that he should not be able den down, and aliens kept the strong hold; to bear the any longer, nor to have the heathen had their habitation in that place; such gifts to give so liberally as he did be- and joy was taken from Jacob, and the pipe fore : for he had abounded above the kings with the harp ceased. that were before him.
46 Wherefore the Israelites assembled 31 Wherefore, being greatly perplexed in themselves together, and came to Maspha, his mind, he determined to go into Persia, over against Jerusalem ; for in Maspha was there to take the tributes of the countries, | the place where they prayed aforetime in and to gather much money.
Apocrypba. 47 Then they fasted that day, and put on 6 But as soon as it was day, Judas sackcloth, and cast ashes upon their heads, shewed himself in the plain with three thouand rent their clothes,
sand men, who nevertheless had neither ar48 And laid open the book of the law, mour nor swords to their minds. wherein the heathen had sought to paint the 7 And they saw the camp of the heather, likeness of their images.
that it was strong and well harnessed, and 49 They brought also the priests garments, compassed round about with horsemen ; and and the first fruits, and the tithes : and the these were expert of war. Nazarites they stirred up, who had accom- 8 Then said Judas to the men that were plished their days.
with hin, Fear ye not their multitude, nei50 Then cried they with a loud voice to-ther be ye afraid of their assault. ward heaven, saying, What shall we do with 9 Remember how our fathers were dethese, and whither shall we carry them away? | livered in the Red sea, when Pharaoh pur.
51 For thy sanctuary is trodden down sued them with an army. and profaned, and thy priests are in heavi- 10 Now therefore let us cry unto heaven, ness, and brought low.
if peradventure the Lord will have mercy 52 And lo, the heathen are assembled to- upon us, and remember the covenant of our gether against us to destroy us: what things fathers, and destroy this host before our face they imagine against us, thou knowest.
53 How shall we be able to stand against 11 That so all the heathen may know that them, except thou, O God, be our help? there is one who delivereth and saveth Israel.
54 Then sounded they with trumpets, and 12 Then the strangers lifted up their eyes, cried with a loud voice.
and saw them coming over against them. 55 And after this Judas ordained captains 13 Wherefore they went out of the camp over the people, even caprains over thousands, to battle; but they that were with Judas and over hundreds, and over fifties, and over sounded their trumpets. tens.
14 I So they joined battle, and the hez. 56 But as for such as were building houses, then being discomfited filed into the plain. or had betrothed wives, or were planting 15 Howbeit all the hindmost of them were vineyards, or were fearful, those he com- slain with the sword: for they pursued them manded that they should return, every man unto Gazera, and unto the plains of Idumea, to his own house, according to the law. and Azotus, and Jamnia, so that there were
57 So the camp removed, and pitched upon slain of them about three thousand men. the south side of Emmaus.
16 This done, Judas returned again with 58 And Judas said, Arm yourselves, and his host from pursuing them, he valiant men, and see that ye be in readiness 17 And said to the people, Be not greedy against the morning, that ye may fight with of the spoils, inasmuch as there is a battle these nations, that are assembled together before us, against us to destroy us and our sanctuary : 18 And Gorgias and his host are here by
59 For it is better for us to die in battle, as in the mountain : but stand ye now against than to behold the calamities of our people our enemies, and overcome them, and after and our sanctuary.
this ye may boldly take the spoils. 60 Nevertheless, as the will of God is in 19 As Judas was yet speaking these words, heaven, so let him do.
there appeared a part of them looking out CHAP. IV.
of the mountain : 6 Judas defeateth the plot, 14 and forces of 20 Who when they perceived that the Gorgias, 23 and spoiletb their tents, &c. Jews had put their host to flight, and were "HEN took Gorgias five thousand foot-burning the tents; for the smoke that was
men, and a thousand of the best horse- seen declared what was done : men, and removed out of the camp by night; 21. When therefore they perceived these
2 To the end he might rush in upon the things, they were sore afraid, and seeing also camp of the Jews, and sinite them suddenly. the host of Judas in the plain ready to fight, And the men of the fortress were his guides. 22 They fled every one into the land of
8 Now when Judas heard thereof, he him- strangers. self removed, and the valiant men with him, 23 ( Then Judas returned to spoil the that he might smite the king's army which tents, where they got much gold, and silver, was at Emmaus,
and blue silk, and purple of the sea, and great 4 While as yet the forces were dispersed riches. from the camp.
24 After this they went home, and sung 2 5 In the mean season came Gorgias hy song of thanksgiving, and praised the Lord night into the camp of Judas: and when he in heaven : because it is good, because his found no man there, he sought them in the mercy endureth for ever. mountains : for said he, These fellows flee 25 Tlrus Israel had a great deliverance from us.