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Respecting the different meanings of the term Covenant, as it is used in the Scrip-

page 9


Refpecting the identity of what are called the Covenant of Redemption, and the
Covenant of Grace.




Respe&ting the reje&ion of the unbelieving part of Israel, and the translation of

the Melliah's * kingdom into the Gentile world ; in which, the union of be-

lieving Jews and Gentiles, under his immediate reign, is illustrated. 164

On a review of this work, several typographical errors are discovered. The greater number are to be found in the forepart of the book. Here also the punctuation is most incorrect. So far as the accuracy of the Author seems to be im. plicated, he has an apology in an indisposition, of which he was subject while this part of the book was passing through the press.

The errors which the reader is requested to correct are these.
In page 21

For Psalms, in three instances, read Pfalm.
44 Sixth line from bottom, for convenani read covenant.
46 Bottom line in the note, for appears read appear.
51 Tenth from bottom, for hindred read kindreds.
71 Second from top, for exfluson read exclusion.
99 Eleventh from bottom, for pachal read pafchal.
143 Top line, for disobience read disobedience.
150 The top line of first note, for tautologus rend tautologous,

and in the second line below, for interpratations read interpretations,
160 Sixth line from bottom, for dsys read days.
173 Sixteenth from bottom, for succeefhve read fuccefhve.
175 In two instances, for isreal read Ifrael.
720 Here are two omißions near the bottom, his, and ed, which the

reader will supply.



Respecting the different significations of the word Covenant, as

it is used in the scripture.

you, and

your seed

As we professedly design to examine the cove. nant of circumcision, as the constitutional basis of the Hebrew community, and shall have occasion to consider wherein it differs from other covenants with which it stands connected; it may aid us in our en. quiries and guard us from error, to notice, in the first place, the different significations of the term covenant, as it is used in the holy scripture.

1. The word covenant is used in many parts of the scripture to express an absolute or unconditional proma ise. It is evidently used in this sense, in the 9th chap. of Gen. 8th verse, and onward.

" And God spake unto Noah and his sons with him, saying, And I, behold, I establish my covenant with after you, and with every living creature that is with you, of the fowl, of the cattle, of every beast of the earth, and I will establish my covenant with you, nei- . ther shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of a flood ; neither shall there be any more a flood to destroy the earth. And God said, this is the token of the covenant, which I make between me and you, and every living creature that is with you for perpetual generations. I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be a token of a covenant between me and the earth. And it shall come to pass when I bring a cloud over the earth, the bow shall be in the cloud; and I will remember my covenant which is between me and you and all flesh, and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh.” Here is no condition.The engagement respects the irrational animals, as well as human beings, and is therefore absolute. No impiety on the part of man can make the engagement void.


The word covenant has evidently the same signification in the promise which God makes to David, as ex. pressed in the 89th Psalm, from the 20th verșe, and onward. This passage, because it not only confirms the idea, that the word covenant sometimes means an unconditional promise, but reflects light on our main subject, I shall quote at large. “I have found David my servant, with my holy oil have I anointed him. With whom my hand shall be established; mine arm also shall strengthen him: The enemy also shall not exact upon him, nor the son of wickedness afflict him. And I will 'beat down his foes before his face, and plague them that hate him. But my faithfulness and my mercy shall be with him, and in my name shall his horn be exalted. I will set his hand also in the sea, and his right hand in the rivers. He shall cry unto mé, Thou art my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation. Also I will make him my first born, higher than the kings of the earth. My mercy will I keep with him forever more, and my covenant shall forever stand fast with him. His seed also will I make to endure forever, and his throne as the days of heaven.' If his children forsake my law ; and walk not in my judgments, if they break my statutes and keep not my commandments; then will I visit their transgressions with a rod, and their iniquity with stripes. Nevertheless, my loving kindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail. My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that has gone out of my lips. Once have sworne by my holiness, that I will not lie unto David. His seed shall endure forever as the moon, and as a faithful witness in heaven.” Here are several promises wrought into this covenant. They hadan ultimate respect to the Messiah, the root and the offspring of David ; his Lord and heir ; God's first born. They are

They are of the same tenori and are, as is plain from the terms in which they are expressed, and from the nature of the purpose which they reveal, absolute. David indeed complains, in the following verses, as though they were made void ; but

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