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plication of a wise and efficient the same to be published in the Lonmeasure for the removal of all our don Gazette. grievances. Such being our resolu- One of these inspectors is to reside tion, we shall be content to appeal for in London, and another at Edinburgh. proofs of our sincerity in making it, The three inspectors are empowered to the uniform conduct of this Peri- to visit and inspect, at any time, any odical.
place where Anatomy is carried on, We beg to remind our readers, that on the production of a written order, there is appended to this Journal, over signed by the Secretary of State. and above the contents of an ordinary The salaries of inspectors to be weekly publication, the first portion paid by the Lords of the Treasury, of an important work now publishing and to be £100 a-year each. at Paris. Medical men and students Any party having lawfully the cuswill see, therefore, that in subscribing tody of the body of any deceased for this work, they are securing to person, and not being an underthemselves a body of professional in- taker, may, with the consent of the formation such as cannot be sur- nearest relatives, permit the body of passed in any age of medical his- a deceased person to undergo anatory. We wish it to be understood, tomical examination, unless the dethat this altogether unexampled ad- ceased shall have expressed his devantage is coupled with the contents sire, orally or in writing, in the preof a Journal, which, independent of sence of two or more witnesses, during such addition, ought to sell for Eight the illness whereof he died, that his Pence, and that still our charge for the body after his death may not undergo whole amounts only to Sıx PENCE. such examination, or unless the surNothing, we assure our readers, will viving husband, or wife, or any known enable us to maintain a Periodical so relative of the deceased, shall require conducted, but the most extensive the body to be interred without such patronage and support.
examination. When any person di
rects his body to be anatomically exaTHE ANATOMY BILL.
mined, such examination is to take We have been favoured with a copy place, unless the husband, wife, or of the new bill for the legalization of nearest relative object to the same. the study of Anatomy in Great Bri- The body is not to be removed tain, exclusive of Ireland. The pro- without a certificate from the medical visions of this bill, as amended by the attendant, or from some medical pracCommittee of the House of Commons, titioner, stating, to the best of his are as follow :
belief, the cause of death. The Secretary of State for the Graduates in medicine, surgeons, Home Department is to appoint three apothecaries, and students, are eminspectors for one year, the names of powered to receive bodies for dissec
tion ; every such person to receive the the latter of which he has referrcd to medical certificate, already mentioned. in Parliament. We also urged vaand make a return within twenty-four rious objections to the clauses of the hours after the receipt of the body, to bill, the validity of which was acthe district inspector, stating the day knowledged; but in reply it was said, and hour, and from whom, the body that the state of the public mind and was received, the date and place of of political feeling, rendered the sugdeath, the sex, christian and surname, gested improvements totally impractiage, and last place of abode of such cable at present. We feel deeply person, and keep a copy of same. sensible of the great, the almost in
No penalties to be incurred for dis- surmountable difficulties which exist section after this enactment, unless in this country to legislation on this instituted by the Attorney General, subject ; and therefore the hostility of or by leave from the Court of King's a certain portion of the medical press, Bench; and all actions to be com- and of a public professor of surgery, menced within six months, the defen- is unjust and ungrateful. As to the dant pleading specially, or the general opposition of a certain portion of the issue of not guilty.
public press, that is to be expected. The act commanding the dissection Yet who are so loud in their abuse of murderers to be repealed, but that of Anatomical Teachers, as the conthe bodies of murderers be hung up ductors of newspapers ?-individuals in chains, or buried in the highways, who have accused our Profession of as the Court shall order.
encouraging Burking; and still, when This act not to extend to Ireland, a remedy is proposed, are the very and to come into operation after the
first to condemn it. Some of them 1st of July next.
are so ignorant and stupid as to mainSuch are the leading features of the tain that Anatomy is unnecessary; Anatomy Bill, as it now exists ; but or, in other words, that the complex as it may be modified before it be- and intricate microcosm of the human comes a law, we decline inserting at body is to be learned by inspiration. length the draught of the bill, which We shall take the first opportunity lies before us. Should it become a to expose the utter absurdity of the part of the Statute-book, it shall be objections of these seers, and to prove, printed in full in our pages. We feel to the
entire satisfaction of the so deep an interest in the success of humblest comprehension, that the this measure, that we, in acknow. study of anatomy is not only indisledgment of the communication with pensable to the best interests of every which he has so kindly favoured us, human being, - the preservation of transmitted to Mr. Warburton copies health, which is above all treasure ; of the law of France and of the but that it is most particularly so to United States relative to Anatomy, the poor, who cannot procure the best
medical aid, except from the eminent for Scotland, which has been recomphysicians and surgeons of public in- mended to the government by a comstitutions.
mission authorized to investigate the state of the Universities in that country.
The royal commission here alluded REPORT OF CHOLERA.
to commenced its operations in 1826, Total number of cases in Eng- and in 1831 it was renewed by his land and Scotland, from com
present Majesty. The manner in mencement of disease to Jan.
which the inquiry was conducted 27, 1832
confers the highest honour on the
commissioners; and the facts which Total deaths from ditto
they have collected, and the concluTotal number of cases remain
sions at which they have arrived, form ing
a subject of interest, such as the meThe cholera has now extended in
dical profession in these countries has England to Sunderland, Newcastle,
not been lately accustomed to contemGateshead, North and South Shields, plate. The following selections from Newburn, Haughton-le-Spring, Lea
the report of the commissioners, as mington, and various collieries and just printed by authority of parliahamlets in the vicinity of Newcastle. ment, contain the principal recomIn Scotland, it has extended to Had- mendations; and as we have no doubt dington, seventeen miles ; Tranent,
of these recommendations being adoptnine miles; and Musselburgh, six miles
ed, we do not think that any commeneast from Edinburgh. The deaths in
tary upon them is necessary. We
shall return to this deeply important England up to the 24th inst. are as
subject very speedily. 325 to 1: in Scotland as 32 to 1. The disease abates in severity as the season advances; but this is no reason
The Medical Department of educawhy it should not prevail violently tion in the Universities of Scotland during the summer and autumn.
is evidently of the greatest importance. During a long period, a very large proportion of the persons who
have practised medicine throughout GREAT MEDICAL REFORM IN SCOT- that country, and who have occupied
the medical stations in the army and LAND.-PROSPECTS OF THE MEDI
navy, have been educated for their CAL PROFESSION IN ENGLAND.
profession in one or other of these Universities. The Medical School of
Edinburgh has indeed long possessed From our private sources of informa
very high celebrity, and that of Glastion we are enabled to lay before our gow has of late years risen into great readers, many weeks earlier than they eminence; and there is strong reason could expect it from other channels,
to believe that this branch of acade
mical instruction may soon attain an a parliamentary document, giving an
important rank in the University of account of the plan of Medical Reform
After full consideration of the sub
3d YEAR. ject of preliminary education, and Winter.-Surgery, Midwifery, and referring to the whole evidence re- either Clinical Surgery or Clinical lating to it, we have come to the Medicine, or attendance on the ordiresolution that a certain preliminary nary Physicians of the Infirmary, when education in Literature and Philoso- there is no Professor of Clinical Me. phy ought to be required of all can- dicine or Surgery giving Lectures in didates for the Degree of Doctor in the Infirmary. Medicine. We do not, however, Summer.--Clinical Surgery or Clipropose to require that they shall nical Medicine, in such Hospitals as have gone through the Curriculum of the Medical Faculty may deem sufArts in the University, but only that ficient. they shall, at the time of being taken
4th Year. on trial for the Degree, possess the Winter'.—Practice of Medicine, Ininformation which the regulation pre- firmary, Clinical Medicine. scribes.
One Course of Practical Anatomy, We have resolved accordingly, in either of the last three Winters ; “ That the general attainments of one Course in the second or third Candidates for the Degree of Doctor Summer. in Medicine should embrace a com- Two Courses of Clinical Medicine, petent knowledge in Latin, Greek, and one of Clinical Surgery, to be Mathematics and Natural Philosophy, required. The other Clinical Course and that this knowledge should be may be either Clinical Medicine or ascertained by examination, to be Surgery, as the Student may prefer. conducted by the examiners for De- Botany to be attended in the Unigrees in Arts, in such works as shall
versity during any Summer of the be fixed by the Faculty of Arts, which Course. examination must take place pre
The Commissioners recommend atviously to the examination for the ter dance upon a course of Clinical Medical Degree, except in the cases Midwifery; and upon the three folwhere the Candidates have the De. lowing Classes in the University, viz. gree of Bachelor of Arts.--p. 57. 58. Natural History, Medical Jurispru
After a careful consideration, and dence, and Military Surgery, which after deliberating fully upon the va- may be attended during any period of luable evidence which we have re- the course after the first year, and a ceived in regard to the subject of the second course of Chemistry in the Medical Curriculum, we have framed University. the following course of study to be That if from bad health, or any observed by Candidates for the Me- other particular reason,
a Student dical Degree, in whichever of the should find himself precluded from Universities that Degree may be taken. attending any class in the above orIst YEAR.
der, he may apply to the Senatus AcaIl'inter. — Anatomy, Chemistry, demicus, who, if satisfied with the Materia Medica.
reason specified, may dispense with Summer.-Practical Chemistry, and his attending that class in the prePractical Pharmacy, which may be scribed year, and permit him to attend taken with a Private Teacher, or it in one of the subsequent years. Lecturer.
T'hat in order to entitle attendance 2d YEAR.
with a private Teacher or Lecturer to Winter. Anatomy, Practice, of be taken into account, such Lecturers Medicine, Theory of Medicine. must adapt their system of instruc
Summer.-Clinical Medicine, and tion, and the length of the course, to attendance on such Hospitals as the the regulations of the University ; Medical Faculty may deem sufficient. must adopt a form of certificate to be
prescribed by the Senatus of each lowing Resolution :- “ That the ExaUniversity, and must report them- mination of Candidates for the Mediselves to ihe Senatus as intending so cal Degree should be in the English to do; and when irregularities occur, language, and that Candidates for that it shall be in the power of the Medi- Degree should not be obliged to precal Faculty to report the same to the pare or print a Thesis ; but that they Senatus, as a ground on which the should have permission to do so in latter may hold the attendance of such whatever language they may select; private Teacher or Lecturer not to be that the Medical Professors should be adequate.
the Examiners of Candidates for that We propose that the Winter Session degree; that the fees paid for obtaining shall be six months in length, and the it should be collected into a fund, outof Summer Session four months.-p. 59 which a fixed salary or remuneration and 60.
shall be given to the Medical Examiners We are farther of opinion, that under the authority of the University Degrees ought not to be granted to Court; that no Medical Degree should persons who are under the age of be granted to a person under twentytwenty-one years.
one years of age ; and that no Me. It may be here proper to notice, dical Degree shall be conferred by that it has appeared to us to be es any University where there are not sentially necessary that Degrees in Professors teaching the several classes, Medicine should not be conferred by of one or more of the years of the any of the Universities in which Curriculum.”-p. 65. there is not a certain proportion of medical classes regularly taught. A Treatise on the Diseases of the A Degree in Medicine cannot be
Heart and Great Vessels, comprising considered merely in the light of
a new View of the Physiology of the an honorary distinction; and for the
Heart's Action, according to which the reasons already adverted to, it ap- physical signs are explained. By J. pears to us that it is most inexpedient Hope, M.Ď. senior physician to the that the Degree, which confers a right St. Mary-le-bone Infirmary, formerly to practise, should be granted by any house physician and house surgeon to University in which there is not an
the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, &c. adequate number of Medical Profes
8vo. pp. 612. London, 1832. W. sors.-p. 64.
Kidd. In regard to the nature of the Examinations for Degrees in Medicine, The vast importance of this truly which were originally conducted in valuable work induces us to offer a Latin, the practice has recently been brief notice of its merits in our first introduced of examining in English. number, in order to place the name We are of opinion that this change of its learned and experienced author is beneficial. We have already ex- in association with those of the highly plained the provision by which we distinguished individuals, the results have endeavoured to secure an ade. of whose experience we now submit quate knowledge of Classical Litera- to our readers, with the intent, howture, and that object being otherwise ever, of reviewing the work fully in provided for, we apprehend that an an early number. Examination in English is better cal- The claims which this production culated for ascertaining thoroughly has upon the profession are irresistiwhether the Candidate has that know- ble, and these are, new, instructive, ledge of the various branches of the and most valuable information upon science of medicine which he ought the physiology, pathology, and treatto possess.
ment of the diseases of the heart and We have therefore adopted the fol- blood-vessels. We heartily congra-,