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domestic cleanliness, warm clothing, patients who died in the 'cold stage of a proper supply of fuel, tranquillity

an intermittent; and he considered

the disease entirely new, of mind and temperance. Jst!!

Dr. Johnson replied that he had 9. That all quarantine regulations seen a disease as fatal among the priare useless, in as much as this and

soners' at Portsmouth many years other epidemic diseases never have

ago, and was surprised at the decla.

tion of the last speaker: had that been, nor never can be arrested by gentleman been acquainted the the ingenuity of man, until by his writings of many eminent physicians, research he can devise some means of

he could not have offered such an ob

servation. Dr. Jackson had well dessupporting his existence without the cribed such cases; and the writers on use of the atmosphere which sur

the Batavian fever had arrived at the rounds him. When he can dispense

same conclusion.

Mr. Proctor said that his remarks with the circulation of the air which

were applied to the cholera of this he breathes, he can then, and not until country; and though Dr. J. might

have read more than he had, his obthen, arrest the progress of epidemic

servations were no answer to the diseases.

question at issue.

Dr. Johnson felt astonished that any member of the society could entertain such an idea, that implicit con

fidence could not be placed in any but Medical Society of London,

those who had seen and treated the disease : he referred to many authorities, which justified his position:

he denied that the epidemic cholera Monday, Pebruary 27, 1832,

was identical with the disease of DR. BURNE, President, in the Chair. India, which he had seen and treated :

he alluded to the cases in St. Giles's,

and was happy to add the testimony In consequence of the intense in- of Dr. Dill, the resident medical offi. terest on the subject of cholera at cer of the Fever Hospital, which present, and the want of accommoda clearly proved that no foreign cholera tion in the society's apartments, the has occurred in that district, meeting took place at the London Dr. J. had been that evening at Coffee-house, and was more nume- Chelsea, where he saw a girl of serously attended than any which has venteen years of age, who presented hitherto taken place in the metro- all the symptoms of the worst form of polis.

cholera. She had been ill for seyeMr. Proctor contended that the ral days previously with diarrhoea, disease now, epidemic was new, and and was exposed to cold previous to requested to be informed by any the present illness; her mother, who member present, whether he had seen had been confined to bed for several a similar disease before : he denied months with what she called rheuthat any such disease has existed matism, was so distressed at the conwithin the recollection of any mem- dition of her daughter, that she got ber present, and considered that its out of bed to attend upon her, and fatality was the strongest proof of its was attacked precisely in the same being a new disease : le inquired manner : he was convinced that as whether any gentleman had ever seen the girl rallied, and evinced great

pain on pressing the abdomen, she might be published in the Times, it laboured under gastro-enteritis. The could not fail to be injurious to probrother, who went out shooting this fessional character. morning, was lying in a damp cellar, A gentleman observed with great apparently apoplectic; but his face warmth, that the reports in the Times was pale, there were no spasms and were most unfair and incorrect, and no signs of cholera : he mentioned totally unworthy of all credence. those cases, as his object was truth, Any one who was present at the and he gave the contagionists the full meeting of the Westminster Medical benefit of them,

Society on Saturday, must admit this The next case he should refer to, fact. was that of the child, aged four years Several gentlemen rose at the and a half, who resided in James same time, but the cries of Dr. Burne, Street, Portman Square. Sir William Dr. Burne, predominated. Russel and Dr. Gregory had pro- Dr. Burne rose, and said that he nounced this a perfect specimen of had seen eight cases of the disease, Asiatic cholera, and even the royal and three dissections, and on those ear was polluted with the detail of he formed his conclusions, though he this case. Now he had gone to the advocated neither side of the quesparents, and had ascertained that the tion now so warmly contested. He child had been ill for two years and a had seen a vast deal of fever among half, was sent to Ireland for change the poor of this town, in hospitals, of air, returned no better, and was and in dispensaries, but he had never confined to the house for the last six seen any thing similar to the appearmonths with chronic diarrhæa. On ances pourtrayed by those dying of exposure to cold, he was seized with cholera. (Here the Dr. gave a frightthe symptoms of cholera, and died. ful picture of the patients on the

apNow would any medical practitioner proach of death.) He, therefore, did in this large and highly respectable not consider the disease in any meeting present, say that this was way similar to congestive typhus. Asiatic cholera ? and such was the He then read a detail of the autopsy

kind of cases said to be Indian cho- of one case, which was most minutely • lera : he did not deny, that there was drawn up, and narrated the appearan epidemic cholera in this country, ances in other two.

His inferences but certainly it was not the disease he from these cases were, that there was had seen in India.

intense irritation in the bowels, but Dr. Whiting begged to ask Dr. J. not inflammation : that the immense whether he considered there was any secretion diminished the quantity difference between the disease at Sun- of the blood in the body, and that derland, London, Poland, and Rus- the fluid so excreted, was highly sia?

irritating.

The indications of treatDr. Johnson replied he could not ment appeared to him to be, Ist, to answer that question, as he had seen diminish irritation in the bowels, to the disease in all the countries men- remove the offending cause, and to tioned, but so far as he had seen the support the strength. This indicadisease in India, he was convinced tion was best fulfilled by castor oil, there was no identity.

laudanum (twenty drope), and brandy Mr. Wray was sorry that Dr. J. and water ;-2. To dilute the secrehas censured the opinions and practice tions and to neutralize them by alkaof others, (No, no,) and confined him- lies, as they were acid. Copious diself to the question, Was the disease lution was therefore necessary, and in new, and what was the best treat- addition, proper doses of magnesia : ment? As a report of the debate as the blood was likely to be deterio

TO 1 COURSE ON THE

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rated, he should recommend small Royal College of Surgeons. doses of muriate of soda in the drinks, as advised by Dr. Stevens. The dis

INTRODUCTORY LECTURE ease bore a close resemblance to dy.

ANATOMY AND DISEASES OF TUE senteric diarrhea, which prevailed

EYE, about two years ago, and like it was Delivered in the Theatre of the College, easily manageable, if treated timely. By G. J. GUTHRIE, Esq. F.R P.R.C.S. Mr. Dendy begged to report the

Professor of Anatomy & Surgery.

Februury 28th. result of a case which he mentioned at the last meeting, and, he was hap

MR. PRESIDENT, py to say, that the patient was now The last time I had the honour of convalescent, and a cure effected by addressing you, I did not expect that mercurial salivation: he related a

I should have presented myself again subsequent case that proved fatal in

before you in the capacity of one of a few hours, though the symptoms the Professors of Anatomy and Surwere by no means formidable.

gery of this college, and that I now Dr. Webster was an anti-alarmist,

do so, is owing to the interruption to and saw no grounds whatever of the

the lectures which then took place, and panic which was almost universal.

which I cannot regret, because it has He had procured a copy of the bills

led to very important results. I was of mortality the week before the arri

prevented completing my observations val of cholera, and found the whole

on the anatomy and surgery of inguideaths in the metropolis amounted to

nal hernia, in the manner I could have 479. After the frightful cholera had wished. I was enabled, however, appeared, the deaths were ninety-four nearly to finish the anatomy; and less. (Hear, hear.)

had pointed out the two or three Dr. Whiting went into a long de

points on which I differ in the detail of his views, and maintained the

monstration of those parts from other disease was new. He tried various

anatomists. I do not now intend to remedies, venesection, vapour-baths,

go over these grounds again, as it hot-air baths, mustard emetics and

would be disrespectful to the learned sinapisms to the epigastrium and body I address, but I shall submit my legs, without any benefit. He con- observations to the public, as soon as curred with the admirable view taken

the plates can be got ready. It by Dr. Burne.

would have given me great pleasure Dr. Stewart made some observa

if they had found a place in a volume, tions, the substance of which will be

the proposition of which does great found in our report of the Westmin

honour to those who brought it forster Medical Society.

wards some fifteen years ago, but Mr. Costello stated that he be

which, I regret to say, is not carlieved cholera to be seated in the

ried into effect - I allude to the nerves of organic life, and was sur

TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL COLprised that no remedies had been ap- LEGE OF SURGEONS ; - I do not mean plied to the spine in this country.

to say that the Board of Curators have He also suggested the use of phos- not done their duty, they have reguphorus as a stimulant.

larly called upon the surgeons of the London and the provincial hospitals ; the members of the College generally,

and latterly upon those of the CounMR. Ritchie, Professor of Natural

cil, in an especial manner; but the Philosoplay in the University of Lon

results have not been such as to endon, has been created L.L.D, by the

able them to proceed with the laL'niversity of Aberdeen.

bours, and bring forth a book, which shall be worthy of so scientific a responsible, on all points, to the Sebody as the Royal College of Sur- cretary of State. geons. Why it is so I know not. I have already contended here, I shall endeavour, however, to set Sir, that medical science depends on the example of a little labour on this a knowledge of anatomy, not merely point, and if I should not succeed in human anatomy, but that which making out something worthy of a teaches the properties and powers of place in such a book, I must even all that live, or have lived. This print it, like other literary efforts in kind of general anatomy is the rocky a different branch of literature, under foundation on which the superstructhe head of REJECTED ADDRESSES. The tures of physiology and surgery are interruption which took place last to be raised; there is no art or year, has enabled the Council to esta- science to which mankind owes so blish a right that has been disputed, much as to that of surgery. It has and to show that they are ready to removed many, and has alleviated do that at all times which is right more of the greatest ills which have and proper, and at the same time, befallen human nature; and it has a by their ulterior proceedings, to prove just right to ask in return, that the that they are afraid only to do that means be granted through which its which would be unjust ;-having es- investigations may be continued, and tablished this disputed right, they this is principally to be done by were content to withdraw from all granting facilities for the study of further proceedings, believing it be- anatomy. Upon this point I have neath the honour and dignity of a great trespassed before upon your patience, public body to go one step further. A and I almost fear to do it now; but degree of authority has been given to as gentlemen without are riding their the Council from those circumstances, cholera hobbies very hard, I will venwhich they did not possess before ; for ture to claim your indulgence whilst it is a fact, that there is no corporate I take a gentle canter on mine. The body, that has so little direct power, as first Bill proposed in aid of anatomione 1 now address; it has been cal studies, was thrown out by Parreared entirely on public opinion, liament, and deservedly so, for it was and those who, thirty years ago, oppressive, unjust, and impracticable; thought it of no moment to gain those and however many there were who honours which this College can be- regretted it then, there are few, I stow, are now desirous of retracing believe, who regret it now. In asktheir steps. It is highly desirable ing for the aid of the legislature, it that this should be known, and there- should never be forgotten, that we fore I mention it, and if the atten- ask it as a right, in return for the tion of the legislature were directed services that medicine and surgery to this subject, as it has often been have rendered to mankind, and not said should be done, I am satisfied that an opportunity may be taken in the investigation would end by much granting one favour or assistance in more authority being given it; for one way, to pull down and destroy, that which is possessed at present is or even disgrace, all those institueither very little or in abeyance. tions which have been the means of

There is an opinion gone forth that supporting and maintaining the scithis Council is an irresponsible body, ence of anatomy and surgery for so which is a mistake, it is quite reverse many years, and with som adin reality. The Council of this Col- vantage. Time has rolled on, and lege is responsible indirectly through another measure is now before Parpublic opinion, and it is directly liament, which I am sorry is supported, even in all its faults, by men of introduces us to a new term, or one character and eminence in the pro- which has been hitherto used only by fession. It is devoid, it is true, of the vulgar; I do not know exactly most of the faults and errors of the what a medical man is :-if you tell former Bill, but there are many

exist- me he is a surgeon, I think I can pose ing in it which might be altered with you there. The President lately regreat advantage. It gives, or will ceived a letter from a lady, whom ultimately give, the anatomist what I shall distinguish by the name of he wishes, and it does not press on Mary Jones, and this lady calls herhim inconveniently in any way, but self a surgeon, and desires to be it is not a safe measure for the pub- addressed as such, and says that her lic. It will open a door for the com- sister, and her brother Tom are also mission of murder, with impunity, surgeons; so that if a surgeon is a and will bring anatomy into disre- medical man, this lady is also a mepute. It will be, at the same time, dical man. (A laugh.) We had also an apple of discord thrown among here a little while ago, a tanner, the members of the profession turning leather-seller, bone-setter, &c, &c, many a peaceful place, into one of riot I do not recollect what else he was, and confusion, and, at least, of causing but he had six or seven occupations ; much ill-will among many very inof- now this gentleman is also a medical fensive persons.

man, without having ever attended a It is directed that a person wishing lecture or an hospital, and can give to give up a body for dissection, his opinion as to whether a body shall call in a medical man, if no one came fairly by its death. Now all previously attended, to declare, to the who hear me are well aware that, best of his belief, the cause of death, no one can say on the mere view of and to give a certificate, which is to a body, whether it did or did not be delivered with the body. Now ! come fairly by its death; and the peram addressing some of the ablest son who can decide that question, men in the profession, and they know must be a well educated individual, full well, that to decide on a point of either physician, surgeon, or apothethis kind, by a mere casual inspec. cary. I know not why these names tion, is impossible; that it can scarcely should not be admitted, except to be done in many cases, after the most offer a great disrespect to the estaminute examination, and such a blished authorities; there could be no thing can only be of use as a cloak difficulty in identifying these pracfor villainy; for there can be but titioners, as the individual must be a little difficulty in getting a medical member of one of the Colleges, or the man to give a certificate, where Hall, or filling some public situation. nothing particular appears on the If I were anxious to get rid of a body, body, and he has no cause of sus- which had come improperly by its picion. Messrs. Bishop and Williams death, I should not wish for a more would have liked nothirg better than convenient law; if this becomes a such a plan of proceeding. Besides, law, such practices will still go on, I do not know what the term a me- and anatomy be brought into disdical man means, or why it is used. repute.

Our profession is divided into plıy. I am, I believe, one of the least sician, surgeon, and apothecary, and exclusive persons in my opinion, and each has its respective grades, insti- in addressing you, Sir, I know that I tutions, and examinations, and these am addressing one perhaps even less so, are established by charters and the and yet I think, and I know you think, laws of the country. This measure there will be great impropriety in throws off all these appellations, and allowing every student, or boy who

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