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also remember that he takes kind notice of every sincere desire, and every pious wish that rises from your heart.

VII. Take heed, that you speak not any thing to God in prayer, which is not the sincere thought and desire of your owa soul. See to it, that your heart agree to the words of your prayer, or else do not utter them before God. “ God is a Spirit, and he will be worshipped in spirit and in truth :" He hates a hypocrite, who speaks what he does not mean. If there be, therefore, any sentence in the prayer, which is not suitable to your present case, or which your heart does not agree to, leave it out, and speak what is the sense of your own heart.

VIII. Take notice, every day, what good or evil falls out relating to you, and by this means, perhaps, you will often have some particular thing in your mind to mention before God, which is not expressed, so plainly, in the words of the prayer ; it

may be some sin to confess, some sorrow to complain of, some blessing to desire, or sume mercy to give thanks for : Then be sure to speak it with freedom in your own language : The great God, who hears the young ravens, when they cry, will much more take notice of the voice and language of young children, when they pray to him; and he understands the meaning of your heart though your expressions may not be so proper as you could wish. This will be the way to learn to pray, and gaiv an ability in time to address God in a proper manner, without the necessity of such forms.

IX. Use a low voice in secret prayer : It may be so loud, that yourself may just hear it, but scarce loud enough for others to hear it, in a distant part even of the same room. A small

voice will be of some use to keep your thoughts from wander. ing, but a loud voice may, perhaps, give occasion for other persons to charge you with hypocrisy, as though you practised your duties, on purpose, to be seen and heard of men, and to make a shew of your goodness and religion. And yet,

X. If any persons whatsoever take notice of your retiring daily, to pray to God in secret, never be ashamed of it, por leave off prayer, for fear of being scen or known to be religions. If you are ashamed of worshipping God your heavenly Father in this world, God will be ashained to owu you for one of his children, in the world to come.

XI. When several children join together, and one of them repeats any of these prayers, take care that nothing be done with rudeness or confusion, but let all decency and gravity be practised. Let not lim tliat speaks begin, ull all are come in, and liave fallen down on their knees; and let every one attend to the worris spoken, and list up his heart to God, in all the several sentences; that the prayer of every oue may be accepted of God, and that God may delight to answer the united prayers of children, and pour down his blessings on so religious a family.

XII. To sum up all, I should add in the last place: Let all your carriage and behaviour in the world, both toward God and toward superiors and toward your fellows, be such as becomes those who profess religion, and pray to God morning and evening. Let a pious care to please God, and a fear of offending him, run through all your speeches and actions. Honour and obey your parents and teachers : Love your brothers and sisters : Be courteous and kind to all : Abstain froin all evil words and sinful works : For your prayers will be useless, if you continue in wilful sins: “ The prayers of the wicked, who will not repent, are an abomination to the Lord.”

Make it appear, that your hearts are sincere and honest in your prayers to God, by endeavouring always to avoid these sins which you have confessed, as well as to practise those duties, in which you have prayed God to assist you ; and let it be your daily care to seek to obtain all those blessings, as far as in you lies, which you have asked God to bestow upon you. Thus while prayer and practice go together, you will become christianis indeed, you will be the comfort and joy of your friends in this world, you will always find acceptance with God through the mediation of Jesus Christ, and in the world to come, be made happy to all eternity. Amen.

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A SHORT VIEW

OF THE WHOLE

SCRIPTURE HISTORY,

&c.

PREFACE

TO "A SHORT VIEW OF THE WHOLE SCRIPTURE

HISTORY, &c.”

THE

HE Holy Scripture is divided into two hooks, which are commonly cal. Jed the Old Testament and the New. And as each of these books contains several articles or propositions which God has revealed to men for the direction of their faith and practice in the successive ages of the world ; so there are several histories also contained in them, or narratives of the life and death of men, of the affairs of nations, and especially of the transactions of God with mankind.

Some knowledge of these historical matters is necessary and useful, in order to obtain a more clear and full acquaintance with the principles of our holy religion, as well as to assist and engage us in the practice of it by way of motive. It is the history all along introduces the peculiar doctrine and 'duties'; and all the later revelations of the mind and will of God, relating to religion, have some connexion with and dependence upon the events which went before.

The very gospel of Christ consists partly in the history of his life and death; nor can the other part of it, viz. the doctrines and duties, be so well understood without some knowledge of the law of Moses, the ceremonies of the Jews, the religion of the patriarchs, and the transactions of God with Adam the first father of all mankind.

The great and blessed God at one single view surveys all his own works and designs from the beginning to the end of them, and every part of his grand scheme stands in a delightful harmony with the rest. He has ordained all his more early dealings with men in such manner, as to let in divine light by several gradations upon a dark world, and to lay a happy foundation for his latest and best revelation made by his own Son and apostles : and in many cases the former laws, ordinances and transactions, are evidently designed to prefigure and shadow out, as well as to introduce those which follow. Adam our first father, by whom sin and death were brought into the world, was a type or figure of Jesus the second Adam, who brought in righteousness and life ; Rom. v. 14. I Cor. xv. 21, 22, 45, 49. The law of Moses was a shadow of the good things which were to come ; but the body and substance of these blessings was given us by Christ our Saviour ; Col. ji. 17. Heb. x. 1. And it is certain we may obtain a more extensive and complete knowledge of christianity by our acquaintance with the sacred affairs of Adam and Noah, of Abraham and Moses, and the sons of Israel. ,

Besides, it is the history of the bible which bath conveyed down to us the knowledge of those miracles and divine wonders which have been wrought by the prophets, the immediate messengers of heaven, to prove that they were sent of God: It is in this history we read those prophecies of thing sto come, together with the accomplishment of them, which stand in a beautiful connexion from the beginning of the world to the days of the Messiah. All of them join to confirm our faith in the several revelations of religion whicha God has made the sons of men ; and all concur to establish the last and noblest scheme of religion, that is, christianity. Thus the very history of scripture has a powerful and rational influence to establish our beliet of the gospel, and to make us christians upon solid and reasonable grounds.

I add yet further, that in the historical part of scripture we read the holy laws of God esemplified in the life and practice of good men in several ages

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