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81. Q. What is forbidden in the tenth commandment ?

A The tenth commandment forbiddeth all discontentment with our own estate, eovying or grieving at the good of our neighbour, and all inordinate motions and affections to any thiog that is his,

Discontentment. A temper of mind unquiet or upeasy in our own state,
To envy. To be uneasy at another's wellare.

Inordinate motions and effections, Uoreasonable and upgoverned desires and wishes.

82. Q. Is any man able perfectly to keep the commandments of God?

A. No mere man since the Tall is able in tbis life perfectly to keep the commandments of God, but daily doth break them in thought, word, and deed.

83. Q. Are all transgressions of the law equally beinous ?

A. Some sips in the mselves, and by reason of several aggravations, are pore heinous in the sight of God than others,

Heinous. Hateful.
Aggrapation. That which makes an offence more grievous and faulty.
84. Q. What doth every sin deserve ?

A. Every sin deservelb God's wrath and curse, both in this life and that which is to come.

Curse. See answer 19.

85. Q. What doth God require of us, that we may escape his wrath and curse due to us for sin ?

A. To escape the wrath and curse of God due to us for sin, God requiretb of us faith io Jesus Christ, repentance unto life, with the diligent use of all the qutward means, whereby Christ commupicaleth to us the benefits of redemption,

Failh. See answer 30, and 86,

Repentance unto life. Such sorrow for sin, such batred of it, and fossaking it, as is necessary to eternal life. See answer 87.

Communicale. Give or beston.

Benefiis of redemption. Blessings of the gospel procured by Christ, See 808wer 32.

86. Q. What is faith in Jesus Christ?

A, Faith in Jesus Christ is a saving grace, whereby we receive, and rest opon him alone for salvation, as he is offered to us in the gospel,

Saving grace. Principle or temper in the heart which is gives us by the larour of God, and ends in the saving of ibe soul,

As he is offered to us in the gospel, that is, as a prophet, as a priest, as a king, as an example, &c.

87. Q. What is repentance unto life?

A. Repeptance unió life is a saving grace, whereby a sinner out of a true sense of his şio, and apprehepsion of the mercy of God in Christ, doth with grief and hatred of his sia turo from it unto God, with full purpose of, and endeavours after new obedience.

Apprehension. Perceiving, knowing.

Mercy of God in Christ. Mercy which is promised to us, or which God be. stows on us for the sake of Christ.

88. Q. What are the outward means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption ?

A. The outward and ordinary means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption, are bis ordimances, especially the word, sacraments and prayer, all which are made effectual to the elect for salvation.

Ordinances. See answer 50.
Sacraments. See answer 92,
Elect. See answer 20, 21.
Effectual. Powerful.
89. Q. How is the word made effectual to salvation ?

A. The Spirit of God maketh the reading, but especially the preaching of the word, an effectual means of convincing and convertiog sioners, and of building them up in holiness and comfort through faith unto salvation.

To convince sinners. To make them know and believe their sia and danger, and the way of salvation.

Convert sinners. Turo their bearts to love God and trust in Christ,
Build them up. Make them increase,

90. Q. How is the word to be read and heard, that it may become effectual to salvation ?

A. That the word way become effectuel to salvation, we must attend thereunto with diligeoce, preparation, and prayer, receive it with faitb, and love, lay it up in our hearts, aod practise it in our lives.

Preparation. Eadeavouring to put the heart io a right frame.
Faith. Belief.
91. How do the sacraments become effectual means of salvation ?

A. The sacraments become effectual means of salvation, not from any vir. tue in them, or in bim that doth administer tbem, but only by the blessiog of Christ, and the working of his spirit in them that by faith receive them.

Virlue. Sufficient power.
Administer. Perform or distribute by way of office.
Blessing of Christ. Christ's powerful influeoce for our good.
92. Q. What is a sacrament?

A, A sacraneot is an holy ordinance iostituted by Cbrist, wherein by sensi. ble sigos Christ and the beoefits of the dew covenant are represented, sealed and applied to believers.

Instituled. Appointed, commanded.

Sensible signs. Marks or tokens that are perceived by the senses, viz. seeing, feeling, tasting.

New covenant. The covenaot of grace, or the gospel.
Represented. Set forth ia a lively manner as in a picture or resemblance,

Sealed. Confirmed and assured to us, as the possession of a house or land is made sure to a person by a seal set to a writing.

Applied. Cooveyed or giveo.
Believers. Those who trust in Christ, or have faith in him.
93. Q. What are the sacraments of the New Testament?
A. The sacraments of the New Testament are baptism and the Lord's-supper,
New Testament. Gospel, or covenant of grace. See aaswer 2.
94. Q. What is baptism?

A. Baptism is a sacrameal, wherein the washing with water in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, doth signify and seal our ingrafting into Cbrist, and partaking of the benefits of the covenant of grace and our engagement to be the Lord's.

Ingrosting into Christ. Our entrance into christianity, or union to Christ.
Benefits of the covenant of grace. See answer 32.

To be the Lord's. To be entirely giveo up to the service of Christ, and to bis disposal,

95. Q. To whom is baptism to be administered ?

A. Baptism is not to be administered to any who are out of the visible church till they profess, their faith in Christ and obedience to bim ; but the infants of such as are members of the visible church are to be baptized.

Administer. See apswer 91.

Visible church. All that profess the true religion with their lips, and openly practise it in their life, are the members wbich make up the visible church.

It is called visible, because it is to be seen by men, whereas the invisible church is made up of those who have true religion in the heart, which God only knows and sees.

96. Q. What is the Lord's-supper ?

A. The Lord's-supper is a sacrament, wherein by giving and receiving bread and wine accordiog to Christ's appointment, bis death is shewed forth, and the worthy receivers are, not after a corporeal aod carnal manner, but by faith, made partakers of his body and blood, with all his benefits, to their spiritual nourish. mept and growth in grace.

Worthy receivers. Those who are ft to receive the Lord's-supper, and do receive it in a right mapper.

Corporeal. Bodily.
Carnal. Fleshly.

Parlakers of his body and blood. Voited to Christ, and partakers of the bles. sings procured by his death.

Spiritual nourishment and growth in grace. The soul's increase or improvement in ho liness

97. Q. What is required to the worthy receiving of the Lord's-supper ?

A. It is required of ibem who would worthily partake of the Lord's-supper that they examine themselves of their koowledge to discera the Lord's body, of their faith to feed upon him, of their repentance, love, and new obedience, lest coming uowortbily, they eat and drink judgment to themselves.

Worthily parlake. Eat aod drink of the bread and wine witb a beart prepared for it.

To discern the Lord's body. To know and consider that the bread and wide re. present the body and blood of Christ.

To feed upon Christ by fuith. To derive blessings from him bý trusting in bim,

Unworthily. Without any fit temper of mind.

Eat and drink judgment. Expose themselves to the displeasure of God by eating and drinking the bread and wide voworthily.

98. Q. What is prayer ?

A. Prayer is an offering op of our desires to God for things agreeable to his will in the name of Christ, with confession of our sins, and thankful ackoowledg. ment of his mercies,

In ihe name of Christ. Hoping to obtain mercy for the sake of Christ. 99. Q. What rule hath God given for our direction in prayer?

A. The whole word of Gud is of use to direct us in prayer, but the special rule of direction is that form of prayer wbich Christ taught bis disciples, commonly called, the Lord's prayer.

Note, It were to be wished that the reverend authors had declared this form of prayer not to be so complete a pattern for christians in all ages, since Christ did not here teach his disciples to pray in his game, as he did afterward, See Jobo xvi. 23, 24.

100. Q. What doth the preface of the Lord's prayer teach us?

A. The preface of the Lora's prayer, which is, “Our Father, wbich art in heaven," teacheth us to draw near to God with all holy reverence and confidence, as children to a father able and ready to help us, and that we should pray with and for others,

Preface. See answer 43,
Roterence and confidence. Fear and hope,

101. Q. What do you pray for in the first petition.

A. Io the first petition, which is, “ Hallowed be thy oame," we pray that God would evable us and others to glorify him in all that whereby he maketh bimself known, and that he would dispose all things to his own glory.

Pelilion. Humble request.
Hallowed. Sanctified or honoured as becoines the pame of God.
Glorifying God. See answer I.
102. R. What do we pray for in the second petition ?

A. In the second petition, which is, “Thy kingdom come,” we pray, that Satan's kingdom may be destroyed, and that the kingdom of grace may be ad, vanced, ourselves and others brought into it and kept in it, and that the kingdom of glory may be hastened.

Satan's kingdom. The dominion or power of the devil over men.

Kingdom of grace. I'he merciful dominion or government of God and Christ smong men.

Kingdom of glory. The dominion or government of God anong saints io heaTen, especially after the day of judgment.

103. Q. What do we pray for in the third petition ?

A. In the third petition, which is, “ Thy will be done on earth, as it is in heaven," we pray, that God by his grace would make us able and willing, to know, obey and submit to his will in all things, as the angels do in heaven.

104. Q. What do we pray for in the fourth petition ?

A. In the fourth petition, which is, “Give us this day our daily bread," we pray, that of God's free gift we may receive a competent portion of the good things of this life, and enjoy bis blessing with them.

A competent portion, A sufficient share.

The blessing of God. The favour of God, which aloue can make the creatures comfortable and useful to us,

105. R. What do we pray for in the fifth petition.

A. Io the fifth petition. which is, “ And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors,” we pray, that God for Christ's sake would freely pardoo all

our sins : which we are the rather encouraged to ask, because by his grace we are enabled from the heart to forgive others.

106. Q. What do we pray for in the sixth petition ?

A, lo the sixth petition, which is, “ And lead us oot into temptation, but deliver us from evil,” we pray, that God would either keep us from being lempied to sin, or support and deliver us when we are tempted.

Templation. Aoy thing that inlices or persuades us to sin, or that diverts or discourages us from our duty, or that becomes an occasion of our offending God.

Support and deliver, &c. Keep us from sinning when we are tempted to it. 107. Q. What doth the conclusion of the Lord's prayer teach us ?

A. The conclusion of the Lord's prayer, which is, “ For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. . Amen," teacheth us to take encouragement in prayer from God only, and in our prayers to praise him, ascribe ing kingdom, power and glory to bim; and in testimony of our desire, and assure ance to be heard, we say Amen.

Conclusion. The close or end.
Ascribing. Acknowledge as due,
Testimony. Witness.
Amen, A wish aod hope that it may be as we ask.

THE CREED.

I BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty, maker of heaven and earth: And jo Jesus Christ bis only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead and buried; he descended ioto bell*, the third day he rose again from the dead, he ascended into heaven, and sitteth at the right-hand of God, the Father Almighty ; from thence be shall come to judge the quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost; the holy catholic church; the communion of saints; the forgiveness of sins ; the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.

1

THE LORD's PRAYER,

OUR Father, which art in heaven : hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive them that trespass against us. And lead us oot into temptation, but deliver us from eril. For thine is the kinge dom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.

* His soul continued in the state of the dead, or separated from the body,

PREFACE

TO “ A PRESERVATIVE FROM THE SINS AND FOLLIES OF

CHILDHOOD AND YOUTH.”

The most effectual way to teach children and youth to avoid any thing that is evil, is to represent it to them in a plain and lively manner, and that in particular instances; setting the sins, víces and follies before them in their hateful colours, and their dreadful consequences: and this may be done with better success if we let them see how much these follies are contrary to reason, and that both reason and scripture join to forbid the same sins : but it was not possible to do this at large in any of the foregoing Catechisms : I have therefore attempted it in the following scheme, which is drawn up in a way of question for greater ease to the understanding and memory.

I do not call this a Catechism, because I do not propose it to be learned by heart : but if it be frequently read over by young persons, their teachers may bring them into an easy acquaintance with it, may give them warning of these vices, and impress the warning often on their consciences : thus by the divine blessing it may become a happy preservative from many of the sins and frailties which are incident to mankind, especially in their younger parts of life.

A

PRESERVATIVE FROM THE SINS AND FOLLIES

OF CHILDHOOD AND YOUTH;

OR,

A brief Account of the Sins, Vices and Frailties, to which Child

hood and Youth are liable, and of which they should be warned early ; drawn up in the Way of Question and Answer, with Arguments against them taken from Reason and Scripture.

1. QUESTION.

WHAT are the chief dangers that attend childhood and youth ? Answer. We are in danger of many sins ; and there are many frailties and follies attend us in younger years.

2. Q. What is it that is most properly called sin ? A. Doing what God has forbidden, or neglecting to do what God hath required.

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