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Parliamentary Debates

During the Second Session of the Seventh Parliament of the

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, appointed to meet at Westminster, the Twenty-third Day of January 1821, in the First Year of the Reign of His Majesty King GEORGE the Fourth.


and it is a satisfaction to me to have been

enabled to make some reduction in our Tuesday, January 23, 1821.

military establishments. The King's SPEECH ON OPENING THE

« You will observe from the Accounts Session.] This day his Majesty came in state to the House of Peers, and being of the Public revenue, that, notwithstandseated on the throne, the gentleman usher ing the receipts in Ireland have proved of the Black Rod was directed to sum- materially deficient, in consequence of mon the Commons to attend. The Com- the unfortunate circumstances which have mons, headed by their Speaker, having pre- affected the commercial credit of that part sented themselves at the bar, his Majesty of the united kingdom, and although our fodelivered the following most gracious Speech to both Houses :

reign trade, during the early part of this

time, was in a state of depression, the total “ My Lords and Gentlemen : “ I have the satisfaction of acquainting of the preceding year.

revenue has, nevertheless, exceeded that you, that I continue to receive from fo

“ A considerable part of this increase reign powers the strongest assurances of

must be ascribed to the new taxes; but in their friendly disposition towards this some of those branches which are the country.

surest indications of internal wealth, the " It will be a matter of deep regret to augmentation has fully realized any ex. me, if the occurrences which have lately

pectation which could have been reason, taken place in Italy should eventually lead

ably formed of it. to any interruption of tranquillity in that

« The separate provision which was quarter; but it will, in such case, be my made for the queen, as princess of Wales, great object to secure to my people the in the year 1814, terminated with the decontinuance of peace.

mise of his late majesty. « Gentlemen of the House of Commons;

“ I have, in the mean time, directed ad. “ The measures by which, in the last vances, as authorized by law; and it will, session of Parliament, you made provision under present circumstances, be for you for the expenses of my civil government, to consider what new arrangements should and for the honour and dignity of the be made on this subject. Crown, demand my warmest acknowledg. ments.

“ My Lords and Gentlemen; “I have directed that the Estimates for “ I have great pleasure in being able to the current year shall be laid before you; acquaint you, that a considerable improve.


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ment has taken place within the last half when he reflected that the duty he had to year in several of the most important fulfil required neither argument nor perbranches of our Commerce and Manufac-suasion, because it was impossible for their tures; and that, in many of the manufac- than to approach his majesty with senti

lordships to entertain any other desire tựring districts, the distresses which pre- ments of unshaken loyalty, and a firn devailed at the commencement of the last termination to maintain ihe constitution, session of Parliament have greatly abated. and support the dignity of the throne.

" It will be my most anxious desire to This, it appeared to him, was not only the concur in every measure which may be paramount duty of their lordships, but of considered as calculated to advance our his liberty and felt the blessings of the

every man in the kingdom who enjoyed internal prosperity.

constitution. Entertaining as he did the “ I well know that, notwithstanding the deepest feelings upon this subject, he could agitations produced by temporary circum- not but deplore the circumstance that, in stances, and amidst the distress which still the midst of the distress and difficulty presses upon a large portion of my sub- which had oppressed the nation, so licenjects, the firmest reliance may be placed tious and lawless a spirit should have ex. on that affectionate and loyal attachment jects-a spirit which turned destruction

his to my person and government, of which I upon itself, and was calculated to over. have recently received so many testimo- throw every establishment in the country. nies from all parts of my kingdom ; and If such a spirit was for a time suffered to which, whilst it is most grateful to the threaten the public welfare, how gratifying strongest feelings of my heart, I shall must it be for their lordships to perceive

the ever consider as the best and surest safe- ment to the constitution, which now per

strong feeling of loyalty, and attachguard of my throne.

vaded every class of the community! “ In the discharge of the important du- The noble lord then adverted to the strong ties imposed upon you, you will, I am

assurances of the friendly disposition of confident, be sensible of the indispensable foreign powers towards this country. At

this such a declaration necessiiy of promoting and maintaining, could not but afford to their lordships the to the utmost of your power, a due obedi- greatest satisfaction, and he entertained ence to the laws, and of instilling into all the strongest hope of the continuance of classes of my subjects a respect for lawful those friendly dispositions. At the preauthority, and for those established institu. sent moment it was impossible to conceive tions under which the country has been what would be the result of the deliberaenabled to overcome so many difficulties,

tions now pending on the continent. It and to which, under Providence, may be tranquillity of Europe should not again be

was most ardently to be wished, that the ascribed our happiness and renown as a disturbed; but it must afford satisfaction nation."

to all classes to know, that his majesty was

most anxious that the blessings of peace His Majesty then retired and the Com- should be preserved to this country.--He mons returned to their own House. next alluded to the reduction which his

majesty had mentioned in the military esADDRESS ON THE King's Speech AT | tablishments of the country, and observed The OPENING OF THE Session.] His that this was the best pledge his majesty Majesty's most gracious Speech having could offer of his pacific intentions. He been again read by the lord chancellor, then touched upon the improvement which and also by the reading clerk at the table, lad taken place in the several branches of

The Earl of Belmore rose for the pur- the commerce and manufactures of the pose of moving an Address of Thanks to country .It was, indeed, on the flourishing his majesty. He commenced by express. state of these two branches that the national ing his earnest hope that their lordships prosperity mainly depended; but while he would concur unanimously in the motion congratulated their lordships, and he could which he was about to propose. He felt assure their lordships that he did so with most inadequate to the task which he had a proud satisfaction, it was to him a matundertaken, but it gave him confidence ter of deep regret that this prosperity di

a tiine as

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not affect equally all parts of the kingdom. peace would be continued to us, as it was The distresses which had been felt in Ire- the only means likely to relieve our dis. land were of a nature peculiarly severe, in tresses, revive our resources, and restore consequence of the unfortunate circum. us to prosperity. He would not detain stances which had affected the commercial their lordships on the subject of our intercredit of that part of the united kingdom; nal situation, though it was impossible not but he sincerely hoped that that commer- to perceive that the distress of Ireland cial prosperity which had been felt so ma- must have affected this country. There terially here, would extend itself ulti. was another point touched on by the noble mately to all parts of the kingdom. But carl, respecting the reduction of our miliwhile he adverted to these distresses, and tary establishment as noticed in his madwelt upon the sufferings which Ireland jesty's speech, which must afford great sahad endured, he could not help noticing, tisfaction to every noble lord, more espein terms of high admiration, the persever. cially when coupled with his majesty's ance and fortitude displayed by that part known desire to alleviate the burdens of of the united kingdom. The people of his subjects in every practicable way. Ireland had struggled through every diffi. With regard to those testimonies of loyalty culty ; and so nobly had they borne their and attachment which had flowed in from afflictions, that misfortunes seemed to add every part of the country, they required new vigour to their exertions : and he but a very few words; yet, when it was concould declare without hesitation, because sidered that the public mind had latterly he had himself paid peculiar attention to been in so agitated a frame, it could not the subject, that at no time did the people be otherwise than gratifying to their lordof that country entertain a more zealous ships to hear such expressions of attachattachment to their king and constitution ment to our glorious constitution. This than at the present moment. It was by feeling, it was worthy of remark, was couentertaining such noble sentiments that pled also with declarations in favour of the country would be enabled to surmount religion, which showed that the designs the many difficulties by which it was so of incendiaries and atheists had failed to grievously oppressed; it was by such feel- eradicate from the minds of the majority ings, and such alone, that this country the seeds of morality. This was a state would be restored to prosperity. - The of things in which their lordships had reanoble lord concluded by observing, that, son to rejoice, for, while such sentiments whatever difference of opinion might exist pervaded the great body of the people, among their lordships upon various ques- the country had nothing to fear either tions which might come under the consi- from foreign or domestic enemies. deration of parliament-however noble Earl Grey, in rising after the noble peers might disagree in certain points, on mover and seconder of the address, intisubjects relative to the internal and exter- mated that it was not his intention to offer nal welfare of the nation, he hoped there any opposition, in consequence of what would be but one opinion upon the motion had fallen from these noble lords, or of which he would now submit. The noble what was contained in the address itself. lord then moved an address of thanks to his He must say, however, that he could not majesty, which embraced all the topics of concur in the address, because, though he the Royal Speech.

had no objection to make to what it conLord Prudhoe rose to second the address, tained, both it and the Speech from the but spoke in so low a tone of voice that throne, fell far short of what he thought little of what he said could be collected ought to have been found in them. In below the bar.--He remarked, that as the the Speech there was a total absence of noble earl who had just set down had done those explanations on the state of the full justice, in submitting the Address, to country which were to be expected from the statements in his majesty's Speech, the throne at a period like ihe present. he should not trouble their lordships with The noble earl who moved the address many words. On the questiou of our fo- anticipated their lordships' concurrence in reign connexions, he fully agreed in the the congratulations offered to the throne sentiments expressed by the noble earl; on account of those expressions of loyalty for, notwithstanding the pacific assurances and attachment recently received by his of foreigo powers, it became this country majesty, from all quarters of the country. to observe their proceedings with a vigi. In this anticipation the noble lord was perLent eye. He hoped at the same time, that fectly justified ; because, whatever differ

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