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liberty fills servile souls, have created in talions than to good reasons. By substi. Europe a common ground of animosity tuting mechanical contrivances for man's against her. It will be easy for any one individual energy, these powers invite who may wish to turn to good account and second the establishment of the this animosity, and to profit by it for the empire of might over right. This is purpose of engaging England in some what the friends of England and of conflict, out of which she runs a great liberty ought never to lose sight of." risk of issuing either vanquished or diminished. It is then that the masses,
Mr Bright in his dreams regards wounded in their national pride by unforeseen reverses, may raise a storm of steam and electricity as powers which nothing in her history up to this whose only mission is to drive faccan give an idea. To prevent this catas- tory-mills and transmit with lighttrophe, it concerns her not to blind her- ning speed the price of cotton and self any longer as to the nature and extent suchlike. But his friend and col. of her resources. Her military strength, league in “Reform,” Mr Roebuck, and, above all, the acquirements in mili. thinks very differently. He has seen tary science of her generals and officers, Cherbourg, his long-shut eyes haveare evidently unequal to her mission. been suddenly opened, and he has Her naval strength may be, if not sur
declared that the first duty of our passed, at least equalled, as it once was by our own under Louis XIV. and Louis affairs, is to see that our Isles are
Government, in the present aspect of XVI., as it will again, if our honour and our interest should require it. She
made secure against attack. It will confides too much in the glory of her be a curious sight, accordingly, in past, in the natural courage of her sons.
the next session, tó see Bright and Inasmuch as she is essentially warlike, "Tear-em” trying to run in couples. she considers herself, wrongly, on a We are now done with Mr Bright level with modern progress in the art and his many delusions for the preof war, and in a position to resist supe. sent. With all respect for his general riority in numbers, in discipline, and integrity, we cannot conceive that he in camp experience. Because in 1848 the bravest and best-disciplined armies ham orations, otherwise motomania
was perfectly honest in his Birmingdid not save the great Continental monarchies from a sudden and shame- itself would be required to account ful fall before an internal enemy, she for all his absurdities. It seems to us chooses to doubt that a good aŋd nume
that in his frenzied desire to get up rous army constitutes the first condi. an agitation for revolutionary reform, tion of safety against an enemy from despite the general content that perwithout. For the very reason that she vades the nation, he had recourse to is free, she believes, and wrongly, that his fervid oratory to conjure up a she has nothing to fear from the ene- series of imaginary tableaux, which mies of liberty. No! her iustitutions he held up to the sturdy gunmakers are not an impregnable bulwark, as Mr
as the world in which they lived, in Roebuck unreflectingly termed them on
order that he might thereafter call his return from Cherbourg. Alas ! all experience of ancient and modern times upon them to arise and overturn the proves that free nations may succumb, present order of things. In exelike others, and even more rapidly than cuting this oratorical legerdemain, he others. Liberty is the most precious of had to perpetrate a hundred inconsistreasures, but, like every other treasure, tencies, but he never flinched. What it excites the envy, the covetousness, are we to think of a man who dethe hatred of those men, especially, who nounces our aristocracy as the prodo not wish that others should possess moters of a war-policy, yet quotes an advantage which they themselves
as on his side Fox, Walpole, Grey, have neither known how nor wished to and Aberdeen (four of the most possess. Like every other treasure
aristocratic statesmen of the last beauty, truth, virtue itself-liberty requires to be watched over and defended hundred years, and each of whom with a tender solicitude and an indefa
was strongly supported by the great tigable vigilance. All the inventions of houses),-leaving the great commonwhich modern science is so proud, are as
ers, Cromwell and the two Pitts, to be useful to despotism as to 'liberty, and quoted against him? What are we to even more so. Electricity and steam think of a man who says that forty will ever lend more force to strong bat- thousand officers and soldiers per
ished in the late war, yet the next are no poor-rates at all, and where moment asked, who have gained paupers are left to shift for themfrom it, but the military?”. What selves? With what effrontery does can we say of one who justifies the he complain of the slow triumph costly and menacing fortifications of of Free-trade, as a proof that the Cherbourg, yet is furious at the pro- franchise is too limited and the posal to add a single man, gun, or people not adequately represented, gunboat to our own defences ? What when in France and the United States are we to think of one who asserts free-trade is scouted under a regime that “the people” are all for peace, of universal suffrage? In fine, what yet himself scolds the working-classes discernment is there in a man who for having "given their voice for the regards the reign of the people as war?”. Can he be honest or fair who synonymous with peace, freedom, and ridicules the "balance of power” in free-trade, when universal suffrage, in Europe, yet eulogises the people who the only two countries where it sport the doctrine of manifest exists, has precisely the opposite destiny on the other side of the effects,—in France supporting proAtlantic? Is the man sane who, as tection and a military despotism ; a proof of the injustice done to the and in the United States supporting lower classes, points to the enormous slavery and protection, countenancamount of our Poor-rates, yet holds ing filibusterism, and clamouring for up as his idol countries where there annexation ?
INDEX TO VOL. LXXXIV.
Absorbents, the discovery of the, 156. Bassin de Flot, the, at Cherbourg, 263.
Battle of Harlaw, ballads on the, 473.
Benedictine monasteries, influence of the,
to dia, 702.
Berard on respiration, 298.
Berger and Delaroche, experiments by,
on animal heat, 418.
tion, 303, 305, 307.
Bhagulpore, mutiny at, 482.
Bhithoor, visit to, 73-position, &c. of,
Bichat, researches of, on the blood, 155
of commissioners on, 1 et seq.-former Billeting system, the, 8.
Bishop, captain, murder of, 32.
AND HISTORY, 148-action of respira-
Books, Buckle on, 532.
Boyards, the Wallachian, 90.
Brabant, the duke and duchess of, at the
Brest as a port militaire, 608.
Bretonière, M. de la, suggests the break-
water at Cherbourg, 610.
Brett, Mr, the “Stonebreaker" of, 185.
Brewster's Life of Newton, Biot on, 678.
kote, 30 et seq.-wounded, 31-his
Brown-Sequard on animal heat, 427.
tineers at Jhelum, 27.
Bucharest, atrocities of the Turks in, 87.
BUCKLE'S HISTORY OF CIVILISATION, 515. Church, effects of the fall of Rome on
174-conduct of the, towards Galileo,
Church of England, Bright on the, 746.
CIRCULATION OF THE BLOOD : ITS COURSE
AND HISTORY, 148.
Clapperton, early connection of Irving
517, 518, 519.
CLYDE, LORD, HIS CAMPAIGN IN INDIA,
et seq.—the overruling of his plans by
Colbert, Brest constructed a port mili-
action of the, on the blood, 158. Cold-blooded and warm-blooded ani-
of respiration as regards, 299, 301– ing the blood, 150, 153.
COMMONS AT CHERBOURG, TAE, 352.
sanitary regulations of, 12.
Cookes, captain, 25, 26.
Corbould, Mr E., painting by, 182.
with it? by, Part XIV., 42- Part XV., Corruption, universality of, in the Princi-
- Part XVIII., 536—Part XIX., 647. COUSIN John's PROPERTY, 709.
Crimea, rate of mortality in the army
in, 4-state of the hospitals in, 13.
the Principalities, 85..
Crusades, influence of the, 174.
Cutaneous respiration, what, 299.
mal heat, 418, 419, 422.
Delhi, the capture of, 484.
covery by, 154.
Des Flamands rocks, Cherbourg, 609–
Diastole of the heart, the, 159.
India, 346 et seq.-Buckle ou, 639 Non, Mr, painting by, 191.
Dinapore, position of, 481–mutiny at, of, on the Moldo-Wallachian question,
86—the Reformation in, 177—the sea-
board of, and successive measures for
Franciscan friars, rise of the, 174.
Free will, Buckle on the doctrine of, 527.
Frenchman, the, as the scientific writer,
Frith, Mr, his Derby Day, 193.
Froissart, influence, &c. of, 175.
Galen, discoveries of, regarding the
Galileo, Biot's sketch of, 682.
Genseric, the capture of Rome by, 169.
Gerard, colonel, operations against mu-
German, the, as the scientific writer, 675.
ation, 297, 307—-on animal heat, 420, neglect of ventilation in, 302.
Ghazipore, position of, 481.
86 et seq.-Gregory, hospodar of Wal-
Gilderoy, the ballad of, 477.
tineers at Jhelum, 25 et seq.-wound- Gills, function of, 297.
GLADSTONE'S HOMER, 127.
creasing attention to ventilation in, 302. Gotto island, Japan, 641.
der of, ib.
Great Britain, the destiny of, 1-cbar-
170-supposed danger from Cherbourg
GREAT IMPOSTURE, THE, 111.
Greathed, colonel, victory of, at Agra,
Greeks, character of the, as depicted
Greek poetry, characteristics of, 217.
Gubbids' Mutinies in Oudh, &c., review
feat of Windham, 499-their over-
covery of the circulation of the blood, Haghe, Lewis, the paintings of, 183.
Haller on the pulsation of the heart,
-Buckle on the influence of, 520. Hart, Mr, Athaliah by, 189.