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liberty fills servile souls, have created in talions than to good reasons. By substi. Europe a common ground of animosity tuting mechanical contrivances for man's against her. It will be easy for any one individual energy, these powers invite who may wish to turn to good account and second the establishment of the this animosity, and to profit by it for the empire of might over right. This is purpose of engaging England in some what the friends of England and of conflict, out of which she runs a great liberty ought never to lose sight of." risk of issuing either vanquished or diminished. It is then that the masses,

Mr Bright in his dreams regards wounded in their national pride by unforeseen reverses, may raise a storm of steam and electricity as powers which nothing in her history up to this whose only mission is to drive faccan give an idea. To prevent this catas- tory-mills and transmit with lighttrophe, it concerns her not to blind her- ning speed the price of cotton and self any longer as to the nature and extent suchlike. But his friend and col. of her resources. Her military strength, league in “Reform,” Mr Roebuck, and, above all, the acquirements in mili. thinks very differently. He has seen tary science of her generals and officers, Cherbourg, his long-shut eyes haveare evidently unequal to her mission. been suddenly opened, and he has Her naval strength may be, if not sur

declared that the first duty of our passed, at least equalled, as it once was by our own under Louis XIV. and Louis affairs, is to see that our Isles are

Government, in the present aspect of XVI., as it will again, if our honour and our interest should require it. She

made secure against attack. It will confides too much in the glory of her be a curious sight, accordingly, in past, in the natural courage of her sons.

the next session, tó see Bright and Inasmuch as she is essentially warlike, "Tear-em” trying to run in couples. she considers herself, wrongly, on a We are now done with Mr Bright level with modern progress in the art and his many delusions for the preof war, and in a position to resist supe. sent. With all respect for his general riority in numbers, in discipline, and integrity, we cannot conceive that he in camp experience. Because in 1848 the bravest and best-disciplined armies ham orations, otherwise motomania

was perfectly honest in his Birmingdid not save the great Continental monarchies from a sudden and shame- itself would be required to account ful fall before an internal enemy, she for all his absurdities. It seems to us chooses to doubt that a good aŋd nume

that in his frenzied desire to get up rous army constitutes the first condi. an agitation for revolutionary reform, tion of safety against an enemy from despite the general content that perwithout. For the very reason that she vades the nation, he had recourse to is free, she believes, and wrongly, that his fervid oratory to conjure up a she has nothing to fear from the ene- series of imaginary tableaux, which mies of liberty. No! her iustitutions he held up to the sturdy gunmakers are not an impregnable bulwark, as Mr

as the world in which they lived, in Roebuck unreflectingly termed them on

order that he might thereafter call his return from Cherbourg. Alas ! all experience of ancient and modern times upon them to arise and overturn the proves that free nations may succumb, present order of things. In exelike others, and even more rapidly than cuting this oratorical legerdemain, he others. Liberty is the most precious of had to perpetrate a hundred inconsistreasures, but, like every other treasure, tencies, but he never flinched. What it excites the envy, the covetousness, are we to think of a man who dethe hatred of those men, especially, who nounces our aristocracy as the prodo not wish that others should possess moters of a war-policy, yet quotes an advantage which they themselves

as on his side Fox, Walpole, Grey, have neither known how nor wished to and Aberdeen (four of the most possess. Like every other treasure

aristocratic statesmen of the last beauty, truth, virtue itself-liberty requires to be watched over and defended hundred years, and each of whom with a tender solicitude and an indefa

was strongly supported by the great tigable vigilance. All the inventions of houses),-leaving the great commonwhich modern science is so proud, are as

ers, Cromwell and the two Pitts, to be useful to despotism as to 'liberty, and quoted against him? What are we to even more so. Electricity and steam think of a man who says that forty will ever lend more force to strong bat- thousand officers and soldiers per

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ished in the late war, yet the next are no poor-rates at all, and where moment asked, who have gained paupers are left to shift for themfrom it, but the military?”. What selves? With what effrontery does can we say of one who justifies the he complain of the slow triumph costly and menacing fortifications of of Free-trade, as a proof that the Cherbourg, yet is furious at the pro- franchise is too limited and the posal to add a single man, gun, or people not adequately represented, gunboat to our own defences ? What when in France and the United States are we to think of one who asserts free-trade is scouted under a regime that “the people” are all for peace, of universal suffrage? In fine, what yet himself scolds the working-classes discernment is there in a man who for having "given their voice for the regards the reign of the people as war?”. Can he be honest or fair who synonymous with peace, freedom, and ridicules the "balance of power” in free-trade, when universal suffrage, in Europe, yet eulogises the people who the only two countries where it sport the doctrine of manifest exists, has precisely the opposite destiny on the other side of the effects,—in France supporting proAtlantic? Is the man sane who, as tection and a military despotism ; a proof of the injustice done to the and in the United States supporting lower classes, points to the enormous slavery and protection, countenancamount of our Poor-rates, yet holds ing filibusterism, and clamouring for up as his idol countries where there annexation ?

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INDEX TO VOL. LXXXIV.

Absorbents, the discovery of the, 156. Bassin de Flot, the, at Cherbourg, 263.
Acquapendente, Fabrice d', discovery of, Bassin-de-Flot de Chantereyne, the, Cher-
regarding the blood, 152, 153.

bourg, 613.
Adrian, the emperor, 168.

Battle of Harlaw, ballads on the, 473.
Agra, blockade of, 481—the battle of, Benares, importance of, 481.
485.

Benedictine monasteries, influence of the,
Alaric, the capture of Rome by, 169. in Europe, 170.
Allahabad, importance of position of, 481. Bennet, Mr, the paintings of, 182.
Alumbagh, the, 80—Lord Clyde's ad- Bentinck, lord W., policy, &c. of, in In-
vance to, 489.

to dia, 702.
Anderson, captain, death of, 78.

Berard on respiration, 298.
ANIMAL HEAT, 414.

Berger and Delaroche, experiments by,
Animal instinct, Biot on, 680.

on animal heat, 418.
Annandale, as the birthplace of Irving, Bernard, C., experiments by, on respira-
570.

tion, 303, 305, 307.
Anselm, archbishop, 171.

Bhagulpore, mutiny at, 482.
Anson, mortality in ships of, 11.

Bhithoor, visit to, 73-position, &c. of,
Aristocracy, the Roman, 167.

486.
Aristocratic influence, danger to India Bibesco, rule of, in Wallachia, 87.
from, 342.

Bichat, researches of, on the blood, 155
Army, sanitary condition of the, report --on respiration, 297.

of commissioners on, 1 et seq.-former Billeting system, the, 8.
modes of recruiting, 22-spirit of the, Binnorie, ballad of, 470.
2-former rate of mortality in, 3 – Biot's MELANGES SCIENTIFIQUES ET LIT-
present, 4, 5.

TERAIRES, 675.
Arrière-bassin, the, at Cherbourg, 613 Bird, temperature of the, 414, 415.
et seq.

Bishop, captain, murder of, 32.
Arrière Bassin de Flot, opening of the, BLOOD, CIRCULATION OF THE, ITS COURSE
at Cherbourg, 264.

AND HISTORY, 148-action of respira-
Art, Mr DUSKY'S OPINIONS ON, 122. tion on the, 297.
Art, Ruskin's criticisms on, 181, 183. Blunt, captain, at Lucknow, 491, 492.
Arteries and veins, distinction between, Bonheur, Rosa, the paintings of, 191.
149.

Books, Buckle on, 532.
Aselli, discovery of the lymphatics by, Boulderson, Mr, report on India by, 703.
156.

Boyards, the Wallachian, 90.
Asia, origin of civilisation in, 519.

Brabant, the duke and duchess of, at the
Atlantic, port militaire of France on, 608. copyright congress, 699.
ATLANTIC WEDDING-RING, THE, 458. Branwhite, Mr, the paintings of, 182.
Auld Robin Gray, the ballad of, 467. Brazier, major, wounded at Lucknow, 82.
Austria, un popularity of, in the Princi- Breakwater at Cherbourg, see Digue.
palities, 85.

Brest as a port militaire, 608.
Avant-port, the, at Cherbourg, 263, 612, Bretagne, the, 361, 364.

Bretonière, M. de la, suggests the break-
Aytoun, professor, his Ballads of Scot-

water at Cherbourg, 610.
land reviewed, 462.

Brett, Mr, the “Stonebreaker" of, 185.
Babadoor Khan, 486.

Brewster's Life of Newton, Biot on, 678.
Ballad POETRY OF SCOTLAND AND IRE- Bribery, universality of, in the Princi-
LAND, THE, 462.

palities, 92.
Palmain, captain, at Sealkote, 31. BRIGHT ABSURDITIES, 743.
Barnard, lady Anne, authoress of Auld Brind, brigadier, proceedings of, at Seal-
Robin Gray, 467.

kote, 30 et seq.-wounded, 31-his
Baron of Brackley, the ballad of the, death, 34.
477.

Brown-Sequard on animal heat, 427.
Barracks, sanitary neglect in, 6 et seq.-- Browne, colonel, operations against mu-
introduction of, 8.

tineers at Jhelum, 27.
Bartholin, discovery of, on the lym- Brussels, the copyright congress at, 687.
phatics, 156.

Bucharest, atrocities of the Turks in, 87.

et seq.

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et seq.

BUCKLE'S HISTORY OF CIVILISATION, 515. Church, effects of the fall of Rome on
Bullock-train, formation of the, at Cal- the, 170—first signs of hostility to the,
cutta, 483.

174-conduct of the, towards Galileo,
Burdach on the circulation of the blood, 683.
154.

Church of England, Bright on the, 746.
Butler, Dr, escape of, at Sealkote, 33– Chyle, what, 156.
lieutenant, at Lucknow, 79.

CIRCULATION OF THE BLOOD : ITS COURSE
BYEWAYS OF LITERATURE, THE, 200.

AND HISTORY, 148.
Cæsalpinus, discovery of, regarding the CIVILISATION, BUCKLE'S HISTORY OF, 515.
blood, 151, 152, 153.

Clapperton, early connection of Irving
CAIRD's SERMONS, review of, 728.

with, 570.
Calcutta, state of, on Lord Clyde's ar- Climate, Buckle on the influences of,
rival, 482.

517, 518, 519.
Campbell, Sir Colin, see Clyde.

CLYDE, LORD, HIS CAMPAIGN IN INDIA,
CANNING, LORD, HIS REPLY TO THE EL- 480—the capture of Lucknow by, 74
LENBOROUGH DESPATCH, 625.

et seq.—the overruling of his plans by
Cantacuzene, Constantine, rule of, in the Governor-general, 626.
Wallachia, 88.

Colbert, Brest constructed a port mili-
Capillaries, the discovery of the, 154– taire under, 608.

action of the, on the blood, 158. Cold-blooded and warm-blooded ani-
Capital, influence of, on the labouring mals, distinction as to temperature
classes, 522.

between, 415.
Carbonic acid, death by, 296 -function Colombo, Realdo, discovery of, regard-

of respiration as regards, 299, 301– ing the blood, 150, 153.
how it kills, 306.

COMMONS AT CHERBOURG, TAE, 352.
Carbonic oxide, action of, on life, 306. Conventionalities, value of, 433.
Carlyle on shams, 430, 431—early con- Cook, Mr, the paintings of, 183—captain,
nection of Irving with, 570, 572.

sanitary regulations of, 12.
Caste, policy to be pursued toward, in Cooke, Mr, the paintings of, 188.
India, 349.

Cookes, captain, 25, 26.
Cathedral town, sketch of a, 200. Copyright congress, the, at Brussels, 687
Caulfield, captain, escape of, at Sealkote,
33.

Corbould, Mr E., painting by, 182.
Cawnpore, a visit to, 73—the capture of, Cornwallis, lord, the land settlement of,
by Havelock, 481.

702.
Caxton, Pisistratus, What will he do Coronini, anecdote of, 89.

with it? by, Part XIV., 42- Part XV., Corruption, universality of, in the Princi-
226—Part XVI., 270— Part XVII.,385 palities, 92.

- Part XVIII., 536—Part XIX., 647. COUSIN John's PROPERTY, 709.
Celtic races, the Reformation among the, Cox, D., the water-colour paintings of,
177.

182.
Cessart, M. de, projects the breakwater Creswick, Mr, the paintings of, 190.
at Cherbourg, 610.

Crimea, rate of mortality in the army
Chabert, the fire-king, 416.

in, 4-state of the hospitals in, 13.
Chalmers, Dr, connection of Edward Crimean war, objects of the, as regards
Irving with, 576.

the Principalities, 85..
Chambers, captain, at Sealkote, 31. Criminals, sanitary regulations regard-
Charcoal fumes, suffocation by, 296.

ing, 6.
Charlemagne, the empire of, 170.

Crusades, influence of the, 174.
Chavagnac rock, the, Cherbourg, 612— Cunliffe, captain, at Lucknow, 83.
battery, 616, 617.

Cutaneous respiration, what, 299.
CHERBOURG-THE SPECTACLE, 253. Davy, Dr John, experiments by, on ani-
CHERBOURG, THE COMMONS AT, 352.

mal heat, 418, 419, 422.
CHERBOURG-THE PORT AND FORTRESS, Defoe on recruiting the army, 23.
606.

Delhi, the capture of, 484.
Cherbourg, past history of, 254–sketches Descartes, acceptance of Harvey's dis-
in, 260—history of the works at, 609

covery by, 154.
et seq.—the town of, 361.

Des Flamands rocks, Cherbourg, 609–
Chichester, lieutenant, wounded, 27. fort, 616, 618.
China, the treaty with, 635-sketches in, Despotism, the Roman, 168.
ib., et seq.

Diastole of the heart, the, 159.
Chinese merchants, character of, 636. Digue, construction of the, at Cher-
Chivalry, institution and influence of 17 bourg, 610 et seq.—as a fortification, 617.
Christianity, true policy regarding Dilkhoosha, the attack on the, 75, 491.

India, 346 et seq.-Buckle ou, 639 Non, Mr, painting by, 191.
VOL. LXXXI

3 E

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Dinapore, position of, 481–mutiny at, of, on the Moldo-Wallachian question,
482.

86—the Reformation in, 177—the sea-
Divette river, Cherbourg, 609.

board of, and successive measures for
Divine, views of the, on history, 515. its defence, 606 et seq.
Doab, the revolt in the, 486.

Franciscan friars, rise of the, 174.
Dobson, Mr, paintings by, 189.

Free will, Buckle on the doctrine of, 527.
Dominican friars, rise of the, 174. French, the pageants of the, 254.
Draper, professor, on the capillary cir- French gallery, the, and French art, 195.
culation, 163.

Frenchman, the, as the scientific writer,
Drennan, Dr, Death-wake of William

675.
Orr by, 466.

Frith, Mr, his Derby Day, 193.
Drowning, death by, 296.

Froissart, influence, &c. of, 175.
Dufferin, lady, Lament of the Irish Fuad Pasha, atrocities of, in Bucharest,
Emigrant by, 467.

87.
Duncan Lædius, the Testimony of, 478. Furruckabad, the Nawab of, 486.
Duparc, M., construction of the Digue at Fwo-sima, Japan, 641.
Cherbourg by, 611.

Galen, discoveries of, regarding the
Duquesne, admiral, construction, &c. of blood, 150.
Brest by, 608.

Galileo, Biot's sketch of, 682.
Dusky, MR, HIS OPINIONS ON ART, 122. Genius, Buffon's definition of, 517.
Edom o' Gordon, ballad of, 468.

Genseric, the capture of Rome by, 169.
EDWARD IRVING, 567.

Gerard, colonel, operations against mu-
Edwards' Personal Adventures, &c., re- tineers at Jhelum, 26.
view of, 701.

German, the, as the scientific writer, 675.
Edwards, W. F., researches of, on respir- Germany, the reformation in, 176, 177–

ation, 297, 307—-on animal heat, 420, neglect of ventilation in, 302.
421.

Ghazipore, position of, 481.
Electric telegraph, danger from the, in Ghica, Alexander, rule of, in Wallachia,
India, 340.

86 et seq.-Gregory, hospodar of Wal-
ELLENBOROUGH DESPATCH, LORD Can- lachia, 88, 89.
NING'S REPLY TO THE, 625.

Gilderoy, the ballad of, 477.
ENice, colonel, operations against mu- Gill respiration, what, 299.

tineers at Jhelum, 25 et seq.-wound- Gills, function of, 297.
ed, 26.

GLADSTONE'S HOMER, 127.
Ellis, lieutenant, at Lucknow, 83. Goodwyn, researches of, on respiration,
England, the reformation in, 176-in- 297.

creasing attention to ventilation in, 302. Gotto island, Japan, 641.
Europe, influence of the monasteries on, Graham, Dr, murder of, 32—Dr J., mur-

der of, ib.
Exclusiveness, danger from, in India, Grant, general, force under, 486, 487.
343.

Great Britain, the destiny of, 1-cbar-
Exercise, effects of, on animal heat, 419. acter of her conquests, 2-part taken
Factories, sanitary regulations in, 7. by, on the Moldo-Wallachian question,
Faider, M., at the copyright congress, 85-the inroads of the Norsemen into,
689, 691, 692.

170-supposed danger from Cherbourg
Fairy Thorn, the, an Irish ballad, 469. to, 620 et seq.
Family Herald, the, 203, 209.

GREAT IMPOSTURE, THE, 111.
Famine, danger of, in India, 84.

Greathed, colonel, victory of, at Agra,
Fanariots, the, in the Principalities, 86.
Farel, anecdote of, 177.

Greeks, character of the, as depicted
Farquharson, colonel, escape of, at Seal- by Homer, 131-the pageants of the,
kote, 33.

254.
Farrington, captain, 28.

Greek poetry, characteristics of, 217.
Fasting, influence of, on animal heat, 423. Grote, "Mr, views of, on the Homerie
FIRST BENGAL EUROPEAN FUSILIERS AT

poems, 130.
LUCKNOW, THE, 73.

Gubbids' Mutinies in Oudh, &c., review
Fish, circulation of the, 158.

of, 701.
Fletcher of Saltoun on national ballads, Gwalior contingent, the, 487—their de-
462.

feat of Windham, 499-their over-
Flourens, M., his history of the dis- throw by lord Clyde, 501.

covery of the circulation of the blood, Haghe, Lewis, the paintings of, 183.
149.

Haller on the pulsation of the heart,
Food, influence of, on animal heat, 422 160.

-Buckle on the influence of, 520. Hart, Mr, Athaliah by, 189.
Fort Imperial, the, Cherbourg, 616, 619. Harvey, the discovery of the circulation
France, the billeting system in, 8-—views of the blood by, 148 et seq. passim.

170.

485.

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