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delinquencies which were not their He desires, and accepts it as the ser

vice of the heart. And surely, when No, that grief which, in the agony that heart, in the midst of its anguish, of prayer ungranted, has still " Thy concludes its oft petitions as Jesus will be done" at the bottom of its did when coming and going in an heart; that soul over which the agony of supplication, it still can bitter waves are rising, to whom God consent to its own bereavement, its is a God that hides Himself, yet own overthrow, if God wills itwhich throbs through all with a surely then, in humility and awe, forlorn heartbreaking confidence, and we may dare to take this comfort, can lose all but its faith—these are and " rejoice that we are partaking surely the participants, often unaware of the sufferings of Christ." of their high privilege, who in humble But while we differ thus in one earnest share that conflict which even particular from Mr Caird's views, we our Lord's humanity made against cannot do less than repeat our earnest the anguish of life and death, and wish that preaching so conscientious, which His filial Godhead vanquished so able, and so entirely what preachin that divine submission which is ing out to be, were more frequent a possible glory for His servants to among the churches. For himself, share. That we are permitted to he has made a confession of the faith make our inevitable submission the complete and full in this volume, highest sacrifice of will and self- which, as we have before said, has regard ; that we are allowed to offer claims to be regarded as a book, and an acquiescence, which, whether we not simply as a collection of sermons, will or not, we must yield, but which We trust these will not be the last counts for more than virtue in the which the world may share with Mr eyes of Him who accepts it ; that in Caird's special congregation, and feel the fullest and most wonderful sense assured that very many households, we are suffered to make a virtue of far removed from his actual sphere, necessity, is one of the most mar- will hail with genuine pleasure and vellous features in God's treatment satisfaction a religious voice of His creatures. That nothing we manly, clear, and truthful, whenever can do could stop the execution of it may please him thus to extend the His will, we know very well, a truth circle of his ministrations, and preach beyond 'argument; yet He whose with the louder voice of the press to power over us is absolute, chooses to the general Church and the not unreceive our submission as an offering willing world.

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BRIGHT, cliquish, and impractica- and does not even mind being abused ble is the Member for Birmingham. to his own face, if it be done with He has set the Press a-ringing with spirit and good style. So he did his speeches, and we hope he likes not wonder at the men of Birmingthe echoes they have awakened. In ham applauding his and their calumthis dull season of the year, men of niator. When the gunmakers and the peu are thankful for any piquant sword-welders of that city of sheertext that may turn up; and the steel cried bravo to the pugnacious country is so much at a loss as to Quaker, who denounced all our past its wants in the matter of Parlia- history and present policy as that of mentary Reform, that it awaits with cut-throats and freebooters, and demuch curiosity, but no yearning, to clared that the making of arms and see what will be suggested. Like the use thereof was our grand sin some portly gentleman in very good and the cause of all our miseries, health, who nevertheless has in evil John Bull quite understood the hour given ear to a bevy of doctors, thing. But he did not quite underand has assented to their opinion stand Mr Bright. The more he that “something must be done for turned over in his mind the highlyhim,” John Bull awaits very com- effective sentences of the sturdy posedly to be told what is the matter orator, the more puzzled he was to with him, but with considerable du- get any two of them that looked like biety as to whether he will swallow common truth or common sense. He the bolus that may be prescribed. liked the sound of that fiery earnestBeing not amiss as he is, he can ness, but the signification thereof afford to be critical ; and even at savoured to him of monomania. this eleventh hour, when the doctors Occasionally it had occurred to his are preparing their pills, he feels candid mind that, despite sundry half-inclined to fall back upon his grievous aberrations, John Bright old maxim of letting well" alone. might one day grow

into a states. The sound of friend Bright's pestle- man fit for the Cabinet ; but now he and-mortar has been peculiarly fitted saw, not without a twinge of regret, to give him qualms. And through that it was hopeless to indulge that his many voices of the press he has expectation any more. Severe illsaid so very plainly. John Bull has ness schools men and ripens them. almost no prejudices at present. Amidst the gloom and depression of Never before was he in a mood of protracted sickness, the eye turns such tolerant equanimity. Although inwards, reviewing old opinions in friend Bright has been acting most new lights; the subsoil of one's eccentrically of late years--although nature, too, is turned up, to day, he has betaken himself to praise often producing fruits undreamt of everything and everybody save his before, and if there be any powers own country and countrymen, over- which hitherto have lain latent, the whelming these latter with cease- convalescent emerges from that long less invective and abuse,-still John twilight, if not a sadder, at least a Bull, with his broad tolerance, wiser man. There is no sign of any pricked up his ears and was ready such mellowing or ripening on the to listen when his pugnacious vi. part of Mr Bright. On the contrary, tuperator stood forth to prescribe it rather seems as if some lingering for him in the matter of Reform. irritation, so often a sad pendant Very brilliant and telling was the to severe illness, had intensified his oratory of the Member for Birming- former crotchets and pugnacious ham, and very earnest and self-con- discontent with all things. In his vinced, on the whole, was the man speeches at Birmingham, he not only himself; and John Bull, like every- lost sight of all that was practicable, body else, likes both oratory and and prescribed theories which were earnestness. He likes also pluck, impossible of adoption, but he also exhibited himself in that most use- cause, being mere motes in the populess of all characters-namely, that lation, other people act and fight for of one who (to use Fielding's phrase) them, so that they are not left at the sets himself to “ damn the nature of mercy of their own principles. Such things," and inveighs against the is the narrow crotchety sect amidst world as wholly out of joint, simply whom Mr Bright grew up tomanhood; because it does not square with his and when he at length stepped beyond own narrow fancies. "He does not the limits of Quakerdom (though desire reform, but revolution - an without leaving it), he joined himobject which, we are happy to say, self to that political clique with is at present as impracticable as at whom he had most in common ; all times it is undesirable.

namely, those who, like the Quakers, Mr Bright is the orator of a sect, fancy the general world in which not of a nation. Narrow and fervid, they live quite corrupt and out of he is admirably fitted to champion joint, and who are for pulling down any isolated cause in which his sym- all dignities and varieties of rank to pathies may be enlisted ; but he has the impossible level of a monotonous not the breadth and calmness of democracy. It is not in such soil, judgment to view it in all its rela- and amidst such environments, that tions, or even to perceive whether the broad wisdom of statesmanship his premises be true or bis ends grows. It must be added, too, that, practicable. child will cry and content with his power of telling adrefuse to be comforted, because he vocacy, Mr Bright has never engaged cannot get the pretty moon which in the studies most indispensable to shines above him; and for an object a statesman. Captivated by the crude quite as senseless and impracticable, theories and vague generalities of his John Bright will expend his finest clique, he has never traced in history oratory without being in the least the working of similar notions in degree conscious of the absurdity. other times and countries. He does His native temperament is doubtless not understand the passions to which chiefly to blame for this. The blood he appeals; he does not know the is ever mounting from his heart to elements with which he desires to his eyes, and disturbing his mental work. The different character and vision. But his training or surround- the different circumstances of naings in life, as often happens, have tions are things for which he has been in unison with his idiosyncrasy. no regard, because no real percepOf all sects in this country, the tion of them. Democracy here, demoQuakers are the most crotchety, cracy in France, democracy in Athens, and have least in common with democracy in America, are in his the general population. The shape eyes all the same thing. He cannot of a hat, the cut of a coat, the colour discriminate. In fact, we should say of inexpressibles, are to them points that his vision is so disturbed by his of weighty moment, and dignities own fancies that he cannot perceive and varieties of rank of all kinds are at all; for of what use is sight to an abomination to them. From their one who imagines the masses of manyouth upwards they are trained to kind to be Quakerish, pacific, and attach a frivolous and morbid im- self-restrained? If Mr Bright' have portance to trifles and impracticable ever read history, it must have been theories; and hence they are more in some work of his own, still unprone than other men to commit the published, and during the composimistake of elevating mere crotchets tion of which he has been looking at to the rank of what Carlyle calls the projected eidola of his own mind, the “eternal verities.” In fact their rather than at the ongoings of the whole creed as regards War is a fig- real world of living men. ment of the closet ; very well for a His speeches at Birmingham are small sect to hold as a theory, but brimful of such historical and statisquite out of place in the world as it is. tical mirages. We have neither the Ân empire of Quakers would not be patience nor the ambition to follow long an empire; and they maintain him through all his blunderings. To their tenets as individuals simply be- do so, we should have to write a His

tory and Defence of the British Na- every one who chose to attack our tion. Nothing pleases Mr Bright. He troops or insult our ambassadors. can see nothing good anywhere within Here was this champion of “ peace the four seas. From Land's End to at any price,” and this constant deJohn O'Groat's, all in his eyes is nunciator of our Government as at barren,--all is unprofitable and un- all times in the wrong, face to face utterably wicked. In his first speech with the men of Birmingham, who he attacked the present political con- hated the Czar as they hated the dition of the country, denouncing it devil, and whose enthusiastic recepas wrong-altogether wrong from top tion of Kossuth and his lectures shows to bottom. In his second speech he how readily they would plunge into dealt with our history in an equally war simply for the sake of helping summary fashion, representing that the “nationalities.” Mr Bright, like in every leading point the past career the rest of his kind, loves popularity. of the British State has been highly And now, when he had been genercriminal and deplorably corrupt, - ously recalled from that retirement but without explaining how it has not which was as distasteful to him as withstanding prospered so amazingly. the sick-room, he had every desire to In the eyes of Mr Bright, the Revo- stand well with his sturdy constitulution of 1688 is the source of all our ents, who (he must know) elected him evils; the Reform Bill of 1832 is a not on account of his peace-principles, wicked sham; the Church of England but in spite of them. Small wonder, is a monstrous offspring of adultery; then, that he should attempt to find the House of Lords is a mar-all and an extenuation of his past conduct an abomination; the British Govern- by representing the wars of Great ment is one which delights to engage Britain as the grand source of misery in most wicked wars; and the British to her people. people is altogether the most forlorn he proceed in his work. He had two and miserable in the world ! In fact, objects in view. He sought very our country appears to him such an quietly and unobtrusively to justify unspeakably hopeless and ill-condi- himself, and he wanted also to get up tioned place, that, when applied to an agitation for revolutionary Reby the working-classes of Glasgow, form. And he made these two objects his only advice to them was, “ Get to play into one another with exquiout of it!" Such is Mr Bright's site tact and skill. In his first speech, creed, as expounded in his two ora- with fervid oratory, he called upon tions at Birmingham. He is a man his audience to look with his eyes, peculiarly one-eyed and insensible to and behold corruption everywhere evidence; but as his damnatory in our Government and upper classcrotchets' have never before taken es, and misery and pauperism everyso wide a sweep, or expanded into where among the people.” In the such wholesale burlesque, one is great institutions of the empire, he tempted to ask what specialty of called upon them to see nothing but circumstances or condition could shams or iniquities. And the exishave tempted him to such a display. tence of these iniqnitous institutions, An osseous particle in the dura ma- and of the misery which he painted ter is known to make men as morose in the people, he ascribed all to the and insensible to reason as a mad influence of the aristocracy, for whose bull is; and even in his calmest days, interests (he said) the rest of the comthe sight of a Peer, or Bishop, or munity are kept in penury and thrala General in uniform, used to act dom ! In speech No. 2, in subtle seon the Quaker-temperament of Mr quel, he set himself to explain how it Bright very much as the sight of came to pass that so miserable a state scarlet irritates the horned leader of of things prevailed amongst us,-the herd. But in truth the damna- attributing it all to the wars in which tory faculty of Mr Bright was roused the country has engaged, and these to the uttermost by the peculiarity of wars in turn to the selfishness of the the occasion. Here was he, a Quaker, aristocracy! Thus did he seek to exea quondam snpporter of the Czar cute his two grand objects of whiteNicholas, the friend and advocate of washing himself, and of rousing a revolutionary agitation, by blacken- known - when the very world of ing the aristocracy and decrying the fact which lies around him be misinwhole institutions and conditions of terprets or contemns. He cannot the empire ! Very natural objects allude to the most patent facts or these to a democratic Quaker, but best-known events without colourrequiring too monstrous a distortioning them most audaciously, to suit of facts to pass unquestioned, we his purpose. He cannot speak of should think, even by the gunmakers our paupers and poor-rates without of Birmingham

adding three millions to the numbers There is very little desire in the of the one, and one million sterling country for Pårliamentary Reform. to the amount of the other. By & Were each voter questioned separ- single flourish of his rhetoric he anniately, we believe a great majority hilates a million inhabitants of the would express aversion or disinclina- “ emerald isle," and represents the tion to change at present, and very decrease of the Irish population befew indeed would exhibit the least tween 1845 and 1851 as amounting enthusiasm on its behalf. Punch's to three millions, whereas it was just sketch of John Bright blowing the about one million and three-quarters, bellows in the hope of kindling a —the population in 1845 being about heat for Reform, portrays the simple 8,300,000, and in 1851, 6,500,000. truth. No practical grievance is Again, to corroborate his assertion felt to arise from the present regime, as to the inequality of taxation upon --unless it be that the House of land and upon personal property, he Commons is too full of inane me- gave a version of a particular case diocrities, who know nothing of which must be both incomplete and statesmanship and imperial interests, inaccurate;-moreover ignoring the but who pledge themselves to look fact that nine-tenths of the large well after the interests of their own estates of the kingdom are entailed, town or city: a defect not likely to and confer only a life-interest, where be mended by any further lowering as personal property is unentailed, of the franchise. "Reform in its pre- and becomes the absolute property sent aspect is a mere theory. It is of him who succeeds to it. Entailed not that the present Act does not estates, too, change hands and pay the work well enough : what is wanted succession-duty at least as often as is one which will look better. No personal property; and they cannot wonder, then, that amongst a practi- evade taxation by a transfer during cal nation like ours, there should life, as personal property often does. be little enthusiasm on the subject, And over and above all this, what is and that Mr Bright should have to to be thought of Mr Bright's honesty, puff with his bellows so strongly and when, in quoting a case to make unscrupulously. He does not stick people believe that the owners of at trifles. What are blunders and land do not bear their fair share of misrepresentations to him, if they the public burdens, he entirely ighelp him to get up his panorama of nores the many burdens which fall grievances? He is a fiery apostle of upon the landowners almost excluDiscontent, and won't lose a drop sively,—such as tithes, church-rates, from any scruple about the veracities. road-rates, the specific land-tax, In fact, there are to him no veraci. and also that portion of the assessed ties but his own sweeping tableaux. taxes which necessarily presses more What are your historians, statesmen, heavily on the landowners than on and statistics to him ? What are any other class. Again, see the deHume, Smollett, Mahon, Alison, and mocratic Quaker's profound ignerMacaulay-what are Cromwell and ance and unfairness when he speaks William III., Walpole, Pitt, Fox, and of the Church. “In England," he said, Peel, -what are M'Culloch, Porter, “ only one-third of the people have blue-books, and census reports, tó any connection whatever with the John Bright, when they give the lie Established Church,”—a statement to his artistic tableaux and astound- so utterly false that he might well ing hypotheses? What cares he for add, that “probably many persons them—the unread by him, or little at that meeting were not aware

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