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they would receive in a nominally The ancient landed proprietary body of corresponding situation in their own the Budaon district were thus still in country under a milder sun.
existence, but in the position of tenants, Let us now, in conclusion, endea. not proprietors. None of the men who vour to extract sense from what Mr bad succeeded them as landowners were Edwards places before us, by showing possessed of sufficient influence or power how it bears upon the State, and is to give me any aid in maintaining the
On the contrary, suggestive of improvement in the the very first people who came in to me, administration of Upper India. The imploring aid, were this new proprietary practice of legislating with a regard body, to whom I had a right to look for rather to the public feeling of Eng. vigorous and efficient efforts in the mainland than of India (a practice likely tenance of order.” to gain strength from recent changes), is one at times productive of no smalí
How close a resemblance does not injury to the latter country.
this picture present to what might Our horror of bodily suffering in have been drawn of Ireland towards any shape, as a means of enforcing the close of the last century! In payment, is so great, that it is against India, as in Ireland, the old proprieproperty alone that every coercive tors clung to the soil; and the new process, not only of the Government, men by whom they were supplanted but of the Courts of Civil Justice, proved in the hour of trial to have must be directed. On this point the no influence whatever over the minds Asiatic and the European are directly of the peasantry. Mr Edwards shows at variance. The former would wel in the following passage how he had come a law, substituting what the warned the Government of the danlatter would call torture, for our ger inherent in this state of things :clumsy expedient of selling land, and
“For more than a year previous to so deranging the framework of so
the outbreak, I had been publicly repreciety. The following extracts from senting to superior authority the great Mr Edwards's work will place this abuse of the power of the Civil Courts, part of the question in the clearest and the reckless manner in wbich they light before our readers :
decreed the sale of rights and interests
connected with the soil in satisfaction "To the large number of these sales of petty debts, and the dangerous disloduring the past twelve or fifteen years, cation of society which was in conseand the operation of our revenue system, quence being produced. I then pointed which has had the result of destroying out, that although the old families were the gentry of the country, and breaking being displaced fast, we could not deup the village communities, I attribute stroy the memory of the past, or dissolely the disorganisation of this and solve the ancient connection between the neighbouring districts in these pro- them and their people; and I said disvinces.
tinctly, that in the event of any insur“By fraud or chicanery a vast number rection occurring, we should find this of the estates of families of rank and in- great and influential body, through whom fluence have been alienated, either wholly we can alone hope to control and keep or in part, and have been purchased by under the millions forming the rural new men, chiefly traders or government classes, ranged against us on the side of officials, without character or influence the enemy, with their hereditary reover their tenantry. These men, in a tainers and followers rallying around vast majority of instances, were also them in spite of our attempts to sepaabsentees, fearing or disliking to reside rate their interests. My warnings were on their purchases, where they were unheeded, and I was treated as an alarmlooked upon as interlopers and unwel- ist, who, having hitherto only served in come intruders. The ancient proprie- the political department of the State, tary of these alienated estates were again and being totally inexperienced in reliving as tenantry on the lands once
venue matters, could give no sound theirs; by no means reconciled to their opinion on the subject. Little did I change of position, but maintaining their think at the time, that my fears and hereditary hold as strong as ever over forebodings were so soon to be realthe sympathies and affections of the ised." agricultural body, who were ready and willing to join their feudal superiors in
An account follows of the counterany attempt to recover their lost position, part of the fiery cross (the mysterious and regain possession of their estates. chupaty or cake), which, issuing from Barrackpore, the great Sepoy canton- a graceful act of conciliation and jusment near Calcutta, traversed the tice. A Royal Commission, formed length and breadth of the land, and of the very highest personages who kept the people's minds on the alert. can be impressed into such a service, The local effect produced by these and intrusted with power to reinstate strange missives in Budaon is thus every landholder who has been ejectdescribed :
ed, either through the formalities of “As soon as the disturbances broke the judicial or the theories of the out at Meerut and Delhi, the cakes ex- revenue department, and to revive plained themselves, and the people at every rent-free tenure that has been once perceived what was expected of wrongfully or even harshly extinthem." In Budaon the mass of the po- guished, would give a popularity to pulation rose in a body, and the entire the commencement of the Royal addistrict became a scene of anarchy and ministration such as it could derive confusion. The ancient proprietary body from no other initiatory measure. took the opportunity of murdering or Soothed and calmed as the minds of expelling the auction purchasers, and the people would be by such an act resumed possession of their hereditary of unlooked for consideration on the estates. The danger now is that this vast mass of our subjects, who are num- part of Her Majesty, they might not bered by tens of thousands, and who are be startled by another measure at the real thews and sinews of the country, which we can here only glance. will never consent to the restoration of Looking at the question as one of a Government to power which they con- mere policy, it must be evident that sider treated them with harshness; whose the people of England will not be system tended to depress and dispossess satisfied without further provision them; and whose first measures, after being made for the extension of a the return of tranquillity, they consider knowledge of Christianity; and this inust be to put back the auction pur; is a task which the proposed Comchasers, and eject them. I feel convinced that no amount of force will restore us
mission will have the best means of to power, unless at the same time some performing in a manner to give the measures be taken for undving the evils least alarm to any class of our subof the past, and coming to some compro- jects in India. Salaried proselytising mise, by which the old families may be establishments in direct connection reinstated, and their sympathies and in- with the Government would have no terests enlisted on our behalf, while those good end, and would be viewed with of the auction purchasers are also duly suspicion and hate. But to endowcared for. I am fully satisfied that the ments there might not be the sameobrural classes would never have joined in jection; and the large estates thrown rebelling with the Sepoys, whom they into the hands of Government by hated, had not these causes of discontent already existed. They evinced no sym- the means of founding many such in
many recent forfeitures, will furnish pathy whatever about the cartridges, or four, said to be made of human bones, stitutions, whence instruction may and could not thus have been acted upon gradually be extended, and where by any cry of their religion being in dav- converts would find places of refuge. ger. It is questions involving their rights Such a commission as we contemand interests in the soil and hereditary plate would, of course, be officially holdings-invariably termed by them as free from all partiality; and as, gov
jan se azeez,' dearer than life’—which erned by justice, it must probably excite them to a dangerous degree.” find occasion to confirm and restore
This is perhaps the most pregnant many a Mohammedan and Hindoo passage in Mr Edwards's work; and endowment, no exception could be the sentence by us placed in italics taken to its proceedings if, in a spirit contains a suggestion, to recommend of fairness, it were also to introduce which to our readers' notice has been some institutions having for their obthe main object of the present article. jcct the support and maintenance of
A glorious opportunity now pre- a Christian Establishment, and desents itself for inaugurating Her Ma- riving their revenues from the lands jesty's direct rule in Upper India by that might be allotted to them.
COUSIN JOAN'S PROPERTY.
“On the 11th ult., at Point de “It's worth two or three thousand Galle, Ceylon, on the voyage home, a-year, Simpson, isn't it?" John Simpson, Esq., her Majesty's " About one thousand, or fourteen Consul at Tranquebar."
hundred at most, my dear, as I have Bless my life, Sally,” said Mr told you before," replied the husband. Simpson, almost choking himself “It's a very nice property. Dear with his muffin,“ here's cousin John me! poor John ! only to think ! dead!”
that he should never have come home Mr Simpson had the Times for an to enjoy it !” and the good-natured hour every morning (at sixpence per Mr Simpson gave an honest sigh to week), and that hour being his break- the memory of his departed cousin, fast allowance also, he read and ate and for a moment forgot his own against time, taking a bite of muffin, accession of fortune. a sip of tea, and a glance at the “Well, well, life's uncertain with paper alternately; and as he was all of us. I never thought as you'd very short-sighted, and always in a have outlived him, Simpson ; he was hurry, there seemed imminent risk ten years younger than you, if he sometimes of his putting the paper were a day. I did think it might into his mouth instead of the muffin. have been our Samuel's in days to
" You don't mean to say so, Simp- come, supposing he died without son," said the lady on the other side children, as was always likely from of the little fireplace. “Cousin John what I heard of him. I often did dead! Why, he was to be in town say to myself I hoped Sammy might next month—it's impossible! Where be a gentleman." do it say so ?”
Samuel wiped his lips in preparaAnd she made an attempt to reach tion for that crisis. He had been across for the paper ; but it was a eating a second egg surreptitiously long stretch, and Mrs Simpson was and hastily. Only a mother's eyes stout, and hardly made due allow- could have detected the future genance for that fact in her instructions tleman under the pinafore at that to her staymaker; so Mr Simpson moment. “There's the 'bus, father," found himself master of the position, he shouted, jumping up with the and proceeded to read the announce- view of effecting a diversion from his ment again, with a proper sense of own seat of operations; "there's importance. Miss Augusta Simpson, the 'bus coming round!” and her brother, Master Samuel, who Mr Simpson rose mechanically, and occupied the seats at the other side dropped the Times. The habits of of the family breakfast-table, had twenty years were not to be shaken risen from their places, and with even by the sudden prospect of a thoutheir mouths and eyes open, and sand a-year. But his daughter, with Master Samuel's knife arrested in a the spirit of a true British maiden threatening position, formed rather in the hour of fortune, showed hera striking taħleau.
self equal to the occasion. “Then that Surrey property comes “Who wants the 'bus ?” said she, to us, Mr S.,” exclaimed the lady, as with an indignant shove to Samuel. she left her arm-chair, and made “'Pa a'nt going by 'busses now." good her hold on one side of the Like all truly great speeches, it Times, of which her husband still was short, and to the purpose. As pertinaciously retained possession. such, it was long remembered in the
“ It comes to me, my dear, as next family. It awoke them at once to heir, by uncle Sam's will-no doubt the duties and the pleasures of their of it.” If Mr Simpson intended a new position. That useful public little gentle self-assertion in this vehicle did not take Mr Simpson to speech, it was so unusual with him, Aldermanbury that morning. The that Mrs Simpson was good enough conductor looked at the well-known not to notice it.
door in vain ; the civil driver even let his horses linger a little ere he first shock of surprise was over. “I'll turned the corner; and both turned go and see Grindles, poor John's a long and last inquiring gaze in the agents, and hear what they can tell direction of Portland Terrace, No. 4. me about it; they'll be able to give "What's come o' the governor this me every information of course, and morning, Bill ? Are we arter or afore advise me as to what to do. I'll go our time ?"
to Grindles' at once; and I'll just “Not above two minutes arter; look into the counting-house and set he've never been and gone by the Styles's mind at rest before I come Royal Blue ?
back. I can bring my letters down Don't think he'd be so mean here to answer.” (How far Styles's as that; summat's amiss, how- mind was set at rest has been already ever."
And with this compliment recorded.) to Mr Simpson's business habits, To Messrs Grindles' accordingly, the omnibus lumbered on without at an unusual expense of cab-hire, him. Great was the surprise, and Mr Simpson proceeded. If he had as the morning wore on, even the any floating doubts in his mind beanxiety, in the little dark offices in fore as to the correctness of the Aldermanbury. Such a thing as announcement in the Times, the reMr Simpson's absence, without due markably grave and polite manner cause assigned, was unknown hither- in which the junior Mr Grindle to in that most punctual and respec- (whom he remembered hitherto as a table establishment; and Mr Styles, rapid and somewhat supercilious the old clerk, who had a sincere, if young man) received him on his not a very demonstrative affection entrance, would
have gone far to refor his principal, was scarcely pre- move them. “Have you heard anyvented, by a sense of what was due thing lately of my cousin, Mr Johnı” to the dignity of both parties, from asked Mr Simpson, with a voice taking his passage down to Notting which he felt was nervous and unHill to inquire.
steady-that, however, was becomBut indeed, even had Mr Simpson ing under the supposed circummade his usual appearance at his stances. place of business that morning, it “Sit down, I beg, my dear sir, would have been too much to expect' pray sit down ; sorry to say we have, from human nature that he should very sorry indeed. Have you seen have devoted himself with his old this, my dear sir ?” producing a copy attention to ledgers and invoices of the Homeward Mail
, and pointing When he did arrive there towards the to a paragraph containing the same afternoon, the youngest clerk saw brief but important words as those that there was something “on the which had caught the eyes of the governor's mind." He scarcely staid Simpsons. half an hour; and if his unblemished “I saw it in the Times this morncommercial repute were any longer ing, and came to you to hear more valuable to him, it would have been about it. He was coming home, I undoubtedly better if he had not fancy, this month ?” looked'in at all; for he left the im- “ He was,” said Mr Grindle ; “he pression on the minds of his subor- wrote us by last mail to say we might dinates, that even the small and cau- expect him by the Formosa, which tious house of Simpson & Son had not brought the mails, as I understand, escaped in the last great commercial yesterday : he had taken his passage whirlpool ; and the errand-boy, who in her, he says in this letter. We was well up in that department of were just going to telegraph down newspaper literature, gave it as his to Plymouth, to know if she has private opinion to his mother at landed her passengers, and whether home, that it was a “Paul & Bates” your poor cousin is among them. I
should fear there can be doubt of But Mr Simpson was thinking the correctness of this sad news, little of his business, and still less most sad, indeed, and sudden; but what people thought of him.
we shall have an answer to-night, “I'll go to town at once, my dear," and will at once let you know. You he had said to his wife, after their are aware, of course,” continued Mr
son, life 18"
Grindle, delicately, " that you are and quiet. To drop unexpectedly your cousin's representative " into a thousand a-year was, he con.
“I am aware of it, sir,” said Mr fessed to himself, a piece of good forSimpson, bowing awkwardly, “I tune almost bewildering. If he and assure you"
Mrs Simpson sent the young folks to “Of course, my dear sir, of course bed early that night (to Miss Augusthese considerations are premature. ta's great dudgeon), and sat over the I trust, I do most sincerely trust, fire themselves somewhat later than that we may have some intelligence usual, discussing their future prosof our valued friend by the Formosa. pects, they are not to be set down as You may depend upon our making more greedy and selfish than their the most particular inquiries, and neighbours. giving you the earliest information. Again, at nine o'clock exactly the Expecting him in town we were this following morning, did the 'bus which very day, and now! Well, Mr Simp- Mr Simpson usually patronised go to
town without him: and an aspiring But Mr Grindle felt himself hardly young banker's clerk, who lived close equal to the definition, and filled up by, usurped from that time forward his unfinished sentence by lifting up the well-known corner - seat, which his eyes and hands. “But allow me had belonged by a prescriptive right, to offer you—"
willingly recognised by other pas"Nothing in the world, thank you" sengers, to the “highly-respectable -and so they parted.
old city gent" from No. 4. For Mr It was not natural that Mr Simp- Simpson himself, at that hour, was son should either feel or affect much busy reading to Mrs S., for the secsorrow for the death of a cousin ond time, the following important whom he had not seen for nearly communication from Messrs Grindle: fifteen years. Yet sometimes, on his way home, when he remembered the "DEAR SIR,--On receipt of teledays when they had played together graphic message yesterday evening, as boys, the worthy tradesman's heart informing us that no such passenger reproached him for the feelings of as 'Mr John Simpson' had arrived positive elation which he was con- per steamer Formosa, we despatched scious of since the news of the morn- a clerk at once per night-mail to make ing. He had never thought much of further inquiries. He has just rethe possibility of such an event as turned, and brings word that Mr his own accession to the little Surrey John Simpson had engaged his pasestate. Mrs Simpson, it is true, had sage by that vessel, and that some been fond at all times of descanting, of his luggage is pow actually on even before their acquaintances, on
board. He had himself, as it apher children's future expectations," peared, left Tranquebar for Point de not altogether to her husband's satis- Galle some weeks previously; and faction, he had no notion, as he said, the Ceylon papers, put on board the of teaching the young fólks to set Formosa just before sailing, conthemselves up above their father and tained the intelligence of his death. mother, which the younger daughter, We shall write by this mail to our Augusta, was rather inclined to do. correspondents in both places, and And it was not without some little obtain all particulars. Meantime you misgiving that he contemplated, dur- may command our best advice and ing his solitary ride home, some of assistance.— Faithfully yours," &c. the possible effects of the change in their position upon the female mnem- The breakfast at No. 4 that mornbers of his household. Still, it is very ing was little more than a nominal pleasant to feel one's-self indepen- meal to any of the party except Masdent. The Simpsons were by no means ter Samuel. Either his imagination rich ;-the son had succeeded the was less lively, or his appetite less father in a long-established but not liable to be affected by his feelings. very lucrative business, and had nei- Mrs Simpson and Augusta were in a ther the means nor the energy to state of mind abhorrent from the extend it. He had had his anxieties coarse but comfortable substantials and losses, and he was fond of ease before them. Mr Simpson played