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child !” with which he said good- heart, true and tender, strong and night.

enduring; and the mother's arms Good-night-all had gone, and were gathered softly then around her Rose was kneeling with her head in child, and her kisses fell warm upon her mother's lap, telling with timid her cheek, and her blessings were joy and sobbing utterance all her prayed and prayed upon that loved heart's happiness ; telling with pride head. the brave manly truthfulness of her Good-night - Rose lay down to lover in seeking her troth; how at sleep-sweetly breathed prayers on once, ere changes came, that in weal her lips, soft sweet hopes in her soul ; or woe she might be his, he hers; and happy, happy peaceful thoughts in how his father and dear mother had her heart. chosen her for their daughter, and The light was bright on the hearth had prompted him to this - telling, that night. Were there to be clouds half in pride and half in bashfulness, in the morning ? of the love that glowed in her own


The morning came, and Trevenna “Well, I cannot see, if you don't and his nephew were walking alone make one estate pay, how having in his garden. The hour of explana- another on your hands will mend tion had arrived. They had talked matters. I should rather recommend of the family-of his mother, his that yours should be put under brothers—and were discussing the management a while. Well governed property.

it must pay, for the land is more pro"So your estate answers very well, ductive and better than mine. If uncle, does it. Your agent must be ready money be wanted meanwhile, a sharp fellow. I know that ours why, I can advance it." isn't a very paying concern. Fact is, Why, you see, uncle, we consider I am preciously driven to make it that our failures are owing to the bad pay at all, we have had such losses condition of the niggers. They were lately. Our niggers seem to be al- always bad—bad, as you know, when ways dying, or falling sick, or getting you left, and they are getting worse maimed ; and the crops have failed and worse, and the land is falling for two or three years from the want back every year from want of labour. of hands; and mother is so extrava- Now, if we could work your people gant, that we must mortgage or sell in with ours, and change 'em about soon if things don't mend. 'Twas a little, they might come round; and this property partly that brought me once in fair working order, we should over. I thought you might help us.” raise value from the land.”

Trevenna’s face brightened - the “No, no," answered Trevenna, firmly, request for help seemed to indicate and almost sternly. “I will never do that there was no power of demand. this. Once in my life, already, is my

“Surely I will help," he said quickly, conscience charged with injustice to “in all that I can; but how do you these slaves. Once have I sacrificed propose that my assistance should be them to my selfish interests, and forapplied ?”

gotten my responsibilities. Never “ Why, we thought," was the an- again. My orders for their governswer, “ that as your estate is in such ment are just, I believe, and imperaorder, and the niggers all healthy and tive. Never will I transfer my power in good working state, that if you over them to another, until I surwere to give me the management of render the trust into God's hands." that, one plantation might help the “That's all very fine, uncle Roger; other, and so we might contrive to but you will, I expect, have to turn go ahead a little, and get straight 'em over to some other hands one again.”

day, if there is any law in this little The cloven foot was peeping forth document, here ;" and as he spoke

he produced from his pocket a small, VOL. LXXXIV.NO. DXVII.

2 R



yellow, dingy piece of paper, which him down to the earth, and his whole Trevenna recognised too surely as frame shook with strong, terrible emothe compact--the dreaded compacttion. -made and drawn up betwixt his “Rose-Rose-to you. Rose your brother and himself in the days of wife," he gasped out at last. their youthful love and confidence. child sacrificed to you-tied to your He was expecting and prepared for nature - living your life. Never, this.

never. I would sooner see her work“This paper, you see, uncle, I ing, starving - begging even - than found,” continued he," when search- that. God defend her from such fate," ing in father's desk' for some docu- and he wiped the thick drops of perments about the estate and the nig- spiration from his forehead as he gers; and our lawyers tell me it is spoke. “Hear me,” he said, speaking good in law. You know all about it, now more calmly. “That bond is I daresay. It is an agreement be binding-binding to me-binding by twixt John and Roger Trevenna, a stronger hold than law. It was regularly dated and signed-to the given freely, and with the impulse of effect, that they will share and share love and honour. In honour it shall any wealth or property they acquire ; be kept. To the very letter it shall and that the survivor shall inherit be fulfilled. The estate must go—50 all--or that the male heir of one shall it was willed by us. But my daughter succeed if the other die childless or is mine—mine shall she be-mine in leave no son ; and that if one have a life ; and if I must leave her to daughter, and the other a son, that poverty or dependence, I will trust the children should marry; or that, her to the providence of God, rather in default of this, that the eldest son than doom her to the miseries of such of either should be sole and entire heir. a life as you would inflict on her. This reads plain enough, uncle, and After my death the West Indian pro'twas precious lucky I hit upon it. perty shall pass over to you-so says We should soon be in the market, the deed. How that will profit you, otherwise. 'Twas quite a godsend, meanwhile, I cannot see.”. you see, and father never mentioned "I will tell you, uncle ;” and there it to us, or gave us a hint of it. Now, flashed on his face at the words a I shouldn't wish to make hard terms; glance of dark, yengeful cunning. but fact is, it's neck or nothing with “You see, if I show this deed in me, our case is that desperate, and London or Barbadoes, approved by we must help ourselves. I thought legal authority as law, there will be we might have made a sort of com- plenty ready to buy the reversion of promise ; and that if you would have such an estate as yours; and mind given over the plantation to us at you, after that was done, you would once--niggers and all - we would not have power to manumit or part have shared profits; said nothing more with a single nigger. They must all about other little things, and torn up pass over with the land. So you see, this bit of paper. You ride so rusty, the daughter or the niggers must be however, about the niggers, that we sacrificed. That's a point for your must stick to our bond. And now, conscience. Now, then, hear me; too, that I've seen Cousin Rose is so this is the end and upshot of it: I pretty and likely, I would rather shall go to London, and try if this stand by the text. There is some bond is good enough to act upon. I little nonsense about her, but that shall come back by a certain daywould wear off in Barbadoes; and this day twelvemonths, let it be—and she would make me a nice wife. We then 'twill be for you to say the word would send mother tramping off to -Rose or the niggers. I shall have her place, for nobody, you know, the working of those fellows yet. could live with her.”

Good-by, uncle-love to cousin," he Trevenna's brow had darkened and said mockingly, whilst the savage darkened from sentence to sentence, scowl lowered on his face, threatenand at the mention of Rose's namé ing and lurid. he looked as though he could have Trevenna stood, still and silent, struck and crushed the man before stunned and dumbed by this new

difficulty—a difficulty he had never “Out of my way, nigger, and take seen or anticipated ; and he felt in that for your sauce," said the West his soul that the doom of retribution Indian to Quamino at the gate, strikwas not yet fulfilled, and that there ing him at the same time sharply on was coming yet a sterner, sterner the shins. trial, betwixt his conscience and self. “Prhaps no more nigger than yesThe slaves, whom he had resolved self,”. yelled Quamino after him, should pass from his hands into free- dancing at the same time, and rubdom-whose emancipation he was bing the afflicted part. You hab gradually progressing and working the heart of black Guinea nigger, out-they must be again subject to a surely-you hab; and you hab not cruel and unprincipled thrall. 'Twas all white blood, too." a hard trial-hard after so many years The West Indian turned, with the of atonement; and the thought-the impulse of taking vengeance for this agony of this thought so absorbed him, insult; then stopped, shook his whip that he saw not his nephew depart, menacingly, and strode off into the or said a word of farewell.



" The grand old name of gentleman."

A grand old name, a grand thing Gentlehood, too, has its own fashions is that gentleman—a name and a and manners, apes not those of the rank it has been ever among the times, and therefore may sometimes hierarchies of men. Throughout the have a homeliness in externals to generations and the ages, through vulgar perception-to those who see the nations and peoples, from the not the grandeur of the heart. To

grand old gardener” downwards, it the true kin it has its symbols and has been recognised as a name and a insignia plain and manifest; for all it power. It has had a different sound has its influences. Our Squire, had in different tongues. Sometimes it has he appeared there, would have raised been expressed

by certain

letters, and all the glasses in the Brighton pavisometimes by others. Under every lion. The most fledgling attaché would synonyme, however, it has been re- have ridiculed his bow, and a Marylecognised and acknowledged. Greeks, bone vestryman would have made a Romans, Arabs, Normans, Celts, better speech; but there was stamped Saxons, the American Indians; all on him the name and nature of genthe ramifications of the great tribes tleman, and his words had weight, of men; all the dispersions of the and his character had power. VulShem, Ham, and Japhet divisions, garity and pretension quailed in his have set it up as a dignity and a prin- presence, and those below him owned ciple. Those who would not bow him intuitively as a superior. down before king, or uncover to a It is the property of these gentlenoble, have done instinctive homage men to come to the front, to stand to the gentleman. That homage is an forth, grand and true, when worldliintuition—a recognition of the quali- ness falls back, and selfishness shows ties which man feels to be great, and recreant, to attest then the nobility high, and gentle. The title asserts of man, and set it above the paltry itself. It depends not on patents, on accidents of fortune, trouble, and adaccolades, on coronets, on principali- versity—to do this without effort, ties and seignories, on muniments and and as from involuntary impulse. pedigrees. It is a nature. Where are Our Squire was about to illustrate generosity, highmindedness, honour, this. courage, truth, faith, love, there is We have returned to an old scene given the name, there is the thing, the summer-house by the river. gentleman. The name may be pa- The party is dispersed much as beraded where these are not, but it is fore. The Squire and his friend oc

only a sham and a mock cupy the mossy seat; the mothers


have the old trunk-tree ; Gerald and sake the woman whom he has chosen, Rosa are sitting on a sloping bank, a because it turns out that she may not little apart

. I was lying on the grass, have a dower. No, no. Let them reading apparently, in heart survey- alone. Let them love, and be loved. ing all the persons of our little drama. The future will make itself for them.

Nonsense ! Roger," said the Squire, Rather let us talk of what more nearly halflaughingly-"offour engagement concerns yourself in this strange busiRose give back his troth to Gerald, ness. This compact, and its conditions because you may chance to be poorer you hold yourself bound by it?" than we thought. If I thought the “Yes, John, yes. I have my doubts fellow had such an idea in his heart, whether it would be ratified in a law I would disinherit him. But I know court ; but it is my bond, and therehe hasn't. No, by Jove, he is a true fore law to me." gentleman. Not wish to hold us to “ Right, Roger, right. Lawyers' our word! What are gentlemen held quibbles are not rules of honour. by, then, if not by their words and Stand by your word. Rose will be honours? Is every little change and dearer to us, if thus she comes to us shift in the world's circumstances to poor and dowerless, than if she blow our honour and faith about brought plantation on plantation like thistle-down! The fact is, Roger, with her. In fact, we could not conwe foresaw this. We guessed that sent to accept a wealth which a mere the nephew's coming was a sign of technical objection would give. But bad weather-of coming trouble ; so do you know how far, and how much we determined to be beforehand—to you are bound ?” secure sweet Rose, so that, once a “Scarcely, indeed; the impression Grenfell by plighted troth, no after- of the nature and provisions of the clap could change or alter that. The deed are very vague. It was exeDame planned it, and that puppy cuted in a generous, mutual impulse; there certainly played his part very remained with my brother as the well. Luckily it jumped with his elders; and I remember little of it, own desires, otherwise he would have except that the general meaning or been obstinate enough, I dare say. intent was, that as our labours and Rose has been chosen as a daughter endeavours were in common, so of our house, and so it stands. Rich should be our gains and interests. or poor, with lands, or without lands, Whether it applied only to the preit is the same, unless you wish tó sent possessions, or also to future draw back, and object to that fellow savings, I know not : this, of course, there as a son-in-law."

will appear when the document is "John, John, this is too inuch, too produced, but the consequence, which generous. You must think of all that troubles me most, for your generous is before me-of what is impending resolve has made the loss of property over us, ere you cast your lot in with a lesser evil, is, that the slaves, the ours. Wait at least until this year poor dependants, whom I believed of ordeal is passed, and the event that I had once wronged, and had shows itself. “Let the young people determined to recompense by a fube free till then."

ture well-being, must be wrested from “ Wait we must, Roger, for they my hands, and thrown back into a cannot marry yet, and must bide a worse state than before." while. That fellow must go forth, Well, Roger, it appears to me and make his way in the world, and that this is a point on which you are prove himself a man, ere he comes well justified in getting every opinion back to make his dovecote here; but and every evidence. It involves the as for being free, that's a matter interests of others more than your neither you nor I can arrange. We own. Consider the West Indian can't say to their hearts forget,' estates as a lost inheritance-as beyou know, Roger; and you don't in- yond your power of willing and betend to act the great Bashaw by lock- queathing to others, but let your ing up Rose ; nor shall I do the part conscience reserve the right of seeing of melodramatic father, by sending how your act can affect those conforth Gerald with a command to for- cerned by it. There is a year left you for counsel, for inquiry. Use it ing seemed to us all! And then the well ; take opinions; send an agent next morning, when everything was over to the property to examine so bright and glad, to see the dark and report on everything connected spirit come back on poor papa-the with it. Recognise the letter and dark spirit which the memories and the spirit of the bond, but be sure, recollections of that old time in the for the sake of others, that you do West Indies ever brought back, and not more."

the evil news which was spread over “Yes, John, you counsel well. With- us. Oh Gerald, 'tis a sad trial ! I out any departure from my word, I know how papa will brood over it, may and will gather all the facts and and how the peace which he has felt proofs which will enable me most of late will be disturbed.” truly to fulfil it.”

“Yes, my bonny Rose, he will feel Thus soberly spake the elders- it doubtless; but we must lighten grave men, talking gravely of honour, his burden; and, after all, 'tis only conscience, duties, interests : hearts, the loss of so many acres, so many young hearts, were softly hovering pounds; and

my father laughs at that, over the same subject. The difficulty and says, if Penhaddoc is not enough fell on them, with a difference. The for us, we must be more extravagant cloud which masses heavily on the in our desires than our forbears have banked rock or dark thicket, passes been.” only with a light shade over the open “No, Gerald, 'tis not the loss of glade, the garden, or the running wealth which distresses him so much, brook. Rose and Gerald whispered though I think he had some little and murmured the doubts and fears pride in thinking his daughter would raised by the cousin's visit. He not be undowered; but the thought laughed at them, tossed them to the of the poor people, whom he believes winds in sport, blew them forth as that he had formerly wronged, passbubbles which would expand and ing into other hands, to be subject to burst. It was the inauguration of any oppression, or neglect, or illthe man's mission, inspiring trust, treatment, grieves him sadly.” inspiring, strength, breathing hope. “ Yes, I suppose that is the hardShe felt them as mysterious agencies, est part; but I heard the Squire say boding influences, gathering round that he hoped that might possibly her young love; but the loving soul be averted without breach of word still looked through them clear and or contract; so let us hope, my bonny hopeful.

Rose - hope that the storm may ". 'Twas well, Rose, I think, that I pass over, and meantime, like the took heart and spoke that night, be- summer birds, and the summer things fore the cousin, with his dark curls around us, we will joy in the brightand large eyes, put in his claim," ness of our present. For a time of said Gerald, laughingly; "or I might parting is nigh-don't look so sad, have had to play the part of a love- sweet Ro -it will be short, but it lorn cavalier, have taken to gam- must be. The Squire insists that I bling or melancholy, or gone forth to should go forth into the world, and seek some foreign wars, since our approve myself a man, before I settle own seem ended now; and you would down here. He says he will have no have been queen of a plantation, with milksop, no Corydon, no Lumpkin, I don't know how many slaves under loitering, and piping, and fattening you. What a destiny you lost!” about the old place. And he is right,

Rose gave a little shudder, and Rose. 'Twill be a sore struggle to drew closer to her lover, looking up quit thy dear side, and leave all the in his face half fondly, half reproach- dear old haunts; but I feel that, to fully, even at such a jesting thought. do the work and play the part before

Oh, Gerald, what a dreadful day me worthily and well, I must become that was ! how frightened I was at a man, and learn the ways of men.” cousin's talk, his stories, his swear- “Oh, Gerald, you will leave me for ing, his passion, and his compliments; so long-leave me here alone in the and then such a happy evening. What old walks and over the old books, a comfort and protection your com- and you will come back so world

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