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inconvenience suffered, not for the to be attributed to the administrause of the Government, but for the tive faculty, which brings all this benefit of the people; in other words, knowledge into operation, and accomthe industrious classes were robbed plishes the very thing ; purifies the in order that industry might thrive," air, and makes the lungs of a thou(p. 255). Nothing is said here of sand generations play healthfully? the popularity of protection, and that Are good laws, protecting the life the industrious classes were the very and property of all, not a substanpeople who clamoured for it, All is tive progress, because they also afford ironically laid" to the paternal care opportunity for further progress? If of European legislators.

Government had no otlier end than But it is not always the case that to frame and execute a perfect law the bad or the good law has been of property, and had accomplished forced upon a minister or legislator that end, would it not have been one by public opinion ; the legislator is of the most intellectual, and also one sometimes in advance of the public of the most serviceable works that opinion. In ancient times, unless all man had ever performed ? legislators are mythical personages We have not quite travelled through (as some evidently are), it was the that first portion of the book to individual lawgiver who, under the which we limited ourselves, and our sanction of religion, imposed laws space is already exhausted. We will upon the multitude.

not attempt to enter on the Sixth Nor can we see the propriety of Chapter, which treats of the manner the distinction which is drawn in the in which history has been written. following passage :

We must now leave the work to the “To maintain order, to prevent the able to add here and there a useful

reader, contented if we have been strong from oppressing the weak, and to adopt certain precautions respecting the suggestion, or a criticism not altopublic bealth, are the only services which gether needless or uninstructive. We any government can render to the in- have met with no book for a long terests of civilisation, That these are time which we have read with so services of immense value, no one will much interest, from which so much deny ; but it cannot be said that by them information and so many novel views civilisation is advanced, or the progress are to be derived, or which is altoof man accelerated. All that is done is, gether so worthy of a studious peruto afford an opportunity of progress ; the sal. Every great writer appears to progress itself must depend on other have his mannerism either of thought matters.”

or of style. Mr Buckle has a slashWe apprehend that a good system ing uncompromising method of dealof drainage would be itself as sub- ing with his subject, which leads, as stantial a progress as any that could we have seen, to exaggerated onebe named, and be the cause of much sided statements; it also has this further progress. Of course, a sys- advantage, that what we learn from tem of drainage, or any other great him we shall, in all probability, never measure respecting the public health, forget. No book says hold of the is founded on much antecedent know- attention more powerfully, and few ledge of various kinds; but is nothing reward it more amply.




(The Author reserves the Right of Translation.)


The Man-eater humiliated. He encounters an old acquaintance in a traveller, who, like

Shakespeare's Jaques, is “ a melancholy fellow;" who, also, like Jaques, hath “great reason to be sad ;” and who, still like Jaques, is “full of matter."

JASPER LOSELY rode slowly on scatheless. Cutts might have jeered through the clear frosty night; not and said, “I blabbed your secret, back to the country town which he and sent the aid that foiled it;" and had left on his hateful errand, nor Losely would have continued to bang into the broad road to London. With his head, nor lifted the herculean a strange desire to avoid the haunts land that lay nerveless on the horse's of men, be selected-at each choice mane. Is it not commonly so in all of way in the many paths branching reaction from excitements in which right and left, between waste and self-love has been keenly galled ? woodland--the lane that seemed the Does not vanity enter into the lust narrowest and the dimmest. It was of crime as into the desire of fame? not remorse that gnawed him, neither At sunrise Losely found himself on was it the mere mercenary disappoint- the high road, into which a labyrinth ment, nor even the pang of baffled of lanes had led him, and opposite to vengeance-it was the profound hu- a milestone, by which he learned that miliation of diseased self-love-the he had been long turning his back conviction that, with all his brute on the metropolis, and that he was power, he had been powerless in the about ten miles distant from the very time and scene in which he had provincial city of Ouzelford. By this pictured to himself so complete a time his horse was knocked up, and triumph. The very quiet with which his own chronic pains began to make he had escaped stung him. Capture themselves acutely felt; so that when, itself would have been preferable, if a little farther on, he came to a way capture had been preceded by brawl side inn, he was glad to halt; and and strife the exhibition of his after a strong dram, which had the hardihood and prowess. Gloomily effect of an opiate, he betook himself bending over his horse's neck, he to bed, and slept till the noon was cursed himself as fool and coward. far advanced. What would he have had !a new When Losely came down stairs, crime on his soul ? Perhaps he the common room of the inn was would have answered--" Anything occupied by a meeting of the trustees rather than this humiliating failure.' of the high roads; and, on demandHe did not rack his brains with con- ing breakfast, he was shown into a jecturing if Cutts had betrayed him, small sanded parlour adjoining the or by what other mode assistance kitchen. Two other occupants-a had been sent in such time of need man and a

- were there to Darrell. Nor did he feel that already, seated at a table by the firehunger for vengeance, whether on side, over a pint of half-and-half. Darrell or on his accomplice (should Losely, warming himself at the that accomplice have played the hearth, scarcely noticed these humble traitor), which might have been ex- revellers by a glance. And they, after pected from his characteristic ferocity. a displeased stare at the stalwart On the contrary, the thought of vio- frame which obscured the cheering lence and its excitements had in it a glow they had hitherto monopolised, sickness as of shame. Darrell at resumed a muttered conversation ; of that hour might have ridden by him which, as well as of the vile modicum which refreshed their lips, the man savoury. Withered, and wild in their took the lion's share. Shabbily for- attire, sir, but they knew a thing or lorn were that man's habiliments— two ! She sees luck in your face. turned, and returned, patched, darn- Cross her hand, and give it vent!" ed, weather-stained, grease-stained- Fiddledee,” said the irreverent but still retainingthat kind of mouldy, Losely. "Take her off, or I shall grandiose, bastard gentility, which scald her," and he seized the kettle. implies that the wearer has known The hag retreated grumbling; and better days; and, in the downward Losely, soon despatching his meal, progress of fortunes when they once placed' his feet on the hobs, and befall, may probably know still worse. gan to meditate what course to adopt The woman was some years older for a temporary subsistence. He had than her companion, and still more broken into the last pound left of the forlornly shabby. Her garments money which he had extracted from seemed literally composed of par- Mrs Crane's purse some days before. ticles of dust glued together, while He recoiled with terror from the her face might have insured her con- thought of returning to town and demnation as a witch before_any placing himself at her mercy. Yet honest jury in the reign of King what option had he? While thus James the First. His breakfast, and musing, he turned impatiently round, the brandy bottle that flanked the and saw that the shabby man and loaf, were now placed before Losely; the dusty hag were engaged in an and, as distastefully he forced himself amicable game of ecartě, with those to eat, his eye once more glanced to- very cards which had so offended his wards, and this time rested on, the . olfactory organs. At that sight the shabby man, in the sort of interest old instinct of the gambler struggled with which one knave out of elbows back; and, raising himself up, he regards another. As Jasper thus looked over the cards of the players. looked, gradually there stole on him The miserable wretches were, of a reminiscence of those coarse large course, playing for nothing; and features-that rusty disreputable wig. Losely saw at a glance that the man The recognition, however, was not was, nevertheless, trying to cheat the mutual ; and presently, after a whis- woman! Positively he took that man per interchanged between the man into more respect; and that man, and the woman, the latter rose, and noticing the interest with which approaching Losely, dropped a curt- Losely surveyed the game, looked sey, and said, in a weird, under voice, up, and said, “ While the time, sir ?


Stranger ! luck's in store for you. What say you? A game or two? I Tell your fortune!”. As she spoke, can stake my pistoles—that is, sir, from some dust hole in her garments so far as a fourpenny bit goes. If she produced a pack of cards, on ignorant of this French game, sir, whose half-obliterated faces seemed cribbage or all-fours." incrusted the dirt of ages. Thrust- “No,” said Losely, mournfully ing these antiquities under Jasper's “there is nothing to be got out of nose, she added, “Wish and cut.' you; otherwise”—he stopped and

"Pshaw," said Jasper, who though sighed. “But I have seen you under sufficiently superstitious in some mat- other circumstances. What has beters, and in regard to some persons, come of your Theatrical Exhibition ? was not so completely under the in- Gambled it away? Yet, from what fluence of that imaginative infirmity I see of your play, I think you ought as to take the creature before him not to have lost, Mr Rugge.” for a sibyl. “Get away; you turn The ex-manager started. my stomach. Your cards smell; so “What! You knew me before the do you!"

Storm !_before the lightning struck "Forgive her, worthy sir," said the me, as I may say, sir- ---and falling man, leaning forward. The hay into difficulties, I became-a wreck may be unsavoury, but she is wise. You knew me!--not of the Company? The Three Sisters who accosted the - a spectator ?” Scottish Thane, sir (Macbeth-you As you say-a spectator. You have seen it on the stage ?) were not had once in your employ an actor


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clever old fellow. Waife, I think, he spect; and Jasper then for the first was called.”

time learned-and rather with anger “ Ha ! hold ! At that name, sir, my for the interference than gratitude wounds bleed afresh. From that exe- for the generosity—that she had recrable name, sir, there hangs a tale ! paid the £100, and thereby cancelled

“Indeed! Then it will be a relief Rugge's claim upon the child. The to you to tell it," said Losely, reset- ex-manager then proceeded to the tling his feet on the hob, and snatch- narrative of his subsequent misforing at any diversion from his own tunes--all of which he laid to the reflections.

charge of Waife and the Phenomenon. Sir, when a gentleman, who is a “Sir," said he, “I was ambitious. gentleman, asks, as a favour, a speci- From my childhood's hour I dreamed men of my powers of recital, not pro- of the great York Theatre, dreamed fessionally, and has before him the of it literally thrice. Fatal Vision ! sparkling goblet, which he does not But, like other dreams, that dream invite me to share, he insults my fall- would have faded—been forgotten in en fortunes. Sir, I am poor- I own the work-day world—and I should it; I have fallen into the sere and not have fallen into the sere and yellow leaf, sir; but I have still in yellow, but have had, as formerly, this withered bosom the heart of a troops of friends, and not been reBriton!"

duced to the horrors of poverty and “Warm it, Mr Rugge. Help your- a faithful Hag. But, sir, when I self to the brandy-and the lady too." first took to my bosom that fiend,

“Sir, you are a gentleman ; sir, William Waife, he exhibited a genius, your health. Hag, drink better days sir, that Dowton (you have seen to us both. That woman, sir, is a Dowton ?-grand !) was a stick as hag, but she is an honour to her sex compared with. Then my ambition, -faithful !"

sir, blazed and flared up-obstre“ It is astonishing how faithful perous, and my childhood's dream ladies are when not what is called haunted me; and I went about musbeautiful. I speak from painful ex- ing-[Hag, you recollect !]- and perience,” said Losely, growing de- muttering The Royal Theatre at bonnair as the liquor relaxed his York.' But incredible though it gloom, and regaining that levity of seem, the ungrateful scorpion lett me, tongue which sometimes strayed into with a treacherous design to exhibit wit, and which-springing originally the parts I had fostered on the from animal spirits and redundant London boards; and even-handed health-still came to him mechani- Justice, sir, returned the poisoned cally whenever roused by compan- chalice to his lips, causing him to ionship from alternate intervals of lose an eye and to hobble--besides lethargy and pain. “But now, Mr splitting up his voice-which served Rugge, I am all ears ; perhaps you him right. And again I took the will be kind enough to be all tale." scorpion for the sake of the Pheno

With tragic aspect, unrelaxed by menon. I had a babe myself once, that jeu de mots and still wholly un- sir, though you may not think it. ecognising in the massive form and Gormerick (that is this faithful Hag) discoloured swollen countenance of gave the babe Daffy's Elixir, in teeththe rough-clad stranger, the elegant ing; but it died --convulsions. I proportions, the healthful, blooming, comforted myself when that Phenoshowy face, and elaborate fopperies menon came out on my stage - in of the Jasper Losely who had sold to pink satin and pearls. Ha ! I said, him a Phenomenon which proved so the great York Theatre shall yet be evanishing, Rugge entered into a pro- mine! The haunting idea became a lix history of his wrongs at the hands Mania, sir. The learned say that of Waife, of Losely, of Sophy. Only there is a Mania called Money Mania* of Mrs Crane did he speak with re

-when one can think but of the one

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thing needful—as the guilty Thane sir—a prompter, sir, in my own Exsaw the dagger, sir-you understand. bibition—to which my own clown, And when the Phenomenon had van- having married into the tragic line, ished and gone, as I was told, to succeeded, sir, as proprietor ; buying America, where I now wish I was of me, when I took the York, the myself, acting Rolla at New York or theatre, scenery, and properties, sir, elsewhere, to a free and enlightened with the right still to call himself, people--then, sir, the Mania grew on “Rugge's Grand Theatrical Exhibime still stronger and stronger. There tion, for an old song, sir—Melanwas a pride in it, sir-a British pride. choly. Tyrannised over, sir-snubI said to this faithful Hag-'What bed and bullied by a creature dressed

- shall I not have the York because in a little brief authority; and my that false child has deserted me? own tights-scarlet—as worn by me Am I not able to realise a Briton's in my own applauded part of The ambition without being beholden to Remorseless Baron.' At last, with a Phenomenon in spangles ?' Sir, I this one faithful creature, I resolved took the York! Alone I did it !” to burst the chains—to be free as air

“And,” said Losely, feeling a sort -in short, a chartered libertine, sir. of dreary satisfaction in listening to We have not much, but thank the the grotesque sorrows of one whose immortal gods, we are independent, condition seemed to him yet inore sir—the Hag and I, chartered liberabject than his own—“And the York tines! And we are alive stillat Theatre alone perhaps did you." which, in strict confidence, I may

“Riyht, sir,” said Rugge-half- own to you that I am astonished.” dolorously, half-exultingly. It was “Yes! you do live,” said Jasper, a Grand Concern, and might have much interested— for how to live at done for the Bank of England! It all was at that moment a matter of swallowed up my capital with as considerable doubt to himself; “ you much ease, sir, as I could swallow do live—it is amazing! How?” an oyster if there were one upon that “The Faithful tells fortunes; and plate. I saw how it would be, the sometimes we pick up windfalls— very first week—when I came out widows and elderly single ladiesmyself, strong-Kean's own part in but it is dangerous. Labour is sweet, the Iron Chest — Mortimer, sir; there sir ; but not hard labour in the dunwarn't three pounds ten in the house geons of a Bridewell. She has known -packed audience, sir, and they had that labour, sir; and in those interthe face to hiss me. Hag,' said I, to vals I missed her much. Don't cry, Mrs Gormerick, 'this Theatre is a Hag; I repeat, I live !" howling wilderness. But there is a “I understand now; you live upon fascination in a Grand Concern, of her! They are the best of creatures, which one is the head-one goes on these hags, as you call them, çerand on. All the savings of a life de- tainly. Well, well, no saying what voted to the British Drama and the a man may come to ! I suppose you productions of native genius went in have never seen Waife, nor that fellow what I may call—a jiffy ! But it was you say was so well-dressed and goodno common object, sir, to your sight looking, and who sold you the Phenodisplayed—but what with pleasure, menon, nor the Phenomenon herself sir (I appeal to the Hag !) Heaven - Eh ?” added Losely, stretching itself surveyed !-a great man strug- himself, and yawning, as he saw the gling, sir, with the storms of fate, and brandy bottle was finished. greatly falling, sir, with—a sensation! “I have seen Waife-the one-eyed York remembers it to this day! I monster! Aha-I have seen him ! took the benefit of the Act—it was - and yesterday too ; and a great the only benefit I did take-and no- comfort it was to me to.” body was the better for it. But I “ You saw Waife yesterday don't repine-I realised my dream: where ?” that is more than all can say. Since "At Ouzelford, which I and the then I have had many downs, and Faithful left this morning.” no ups. I have been a messenger, “And what was he doing ?" said

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