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regularly from north-west to south- the 9th, as soon as, or even before, our east; the southern boundary to be guns were brought to bear on them. formed by a canal running into the On the 10th we continued to ocGoomtee, and the base entirely oc- cupy the river - bank ; the pickets cupied by a densely-built and crowd- were relieved and joined headquared city : let him further picture to ters. Our camp was pitched in rear himself the apex of the triangle and of the yellow house, but the regiriver-face as occupied by extensive ment remained out till the morning of buildings substantially constructed, the 11th; then moving higher up the each in an enclosure almost park- stream, we occupied a mosque, with like ; the buildings in themselves, al- its enclosure, commanding the iron though wanting in the detail con- bridge. Being under good cover, the sidered so necessary in Europe, yet men were well protected from the not deficient in a certain magnifi- enemy's shot; and although not touchcence, and, though adorned in a ing the stone bridge, still, to all inway which partakes of the gaudy tents and purposes, we commanded -gold being profusely used-yet is that passage into the town. On one by no means unpleasing to the eye; of these days I saw a letter taken let the gardens and enclosures be well from the still living body of a Sepoy, filled with trees, with minārs and who had been hit by a round-shot, temples peeping through the foliage, and it had evidently been written to and he will then have an indistinct his father, but, probably having no idea of Lucknow.
means of sending it, he had kept it Alumbagh (the Garden of the by him. It began by saying, that World), an extremely scrubby piece of they were not to be anxious on his ground enclosed by a wall, having a account; that he was determined to mosque in the centre, was the first fight; that if all went well he would position we occupied in the last at
see them again, but if he was killed tack on Lucknow ; it is slightly to they need not lament him,-it was the left of the centre of the southern his fate. No allusion was made to any face of the triangle. The Dilkhoosha, hope of attaining any definite object, the next point occupied, is nearly or any wish on his part seemingly opposite the junction of the canal for his friends to join in the rebellion. and river, and on the same side of the On the walls of the mosque we occity as Alumbagh. By crossing the cupied were two placards; one pubGoomtee we threatened the northern lished by a professor of divinity, who side of Lucknow, and the northern proposed to give lectures to such as bank of the river being higher than wished to attend, the other was pubthe southern, guns there placed com- lished by royal authority, and bad the manded the buildings and enclosures Begum's signature: this informed on the city-side of the stream. Al- the public that Cawnpore had been most all the river-face is occupied by captured, and therefore their hearts the residences of the noble and rich might rest in peace and quiet, and of Oude ; and now that this final dis- their livers be perfectly cool; for position of his force was made by Sir though a few of the bloodhounds Colin in moving Outram across the remained here and there, who still river, the plan of attack became fully gave some trouble, yet these would developed, and the really weak point be very shortly exterminated. of the enemy attacked ; the left bank We remained in the position which of the Goomtee being almost unpro- we now held until the 15th, the men tected, while the southern face was never once removing their accoutreguarded by a triple line of defence, ments the whole time. Although each line truly formidable, being within reach of the enemy's guns, heavily armed with artillery. posted on the city-side of the bridge,
From the left side of the river our only one officer, Captain Sallusbury, guns not only commanded the build- was slightly wounded by a spent ball; ings already described, but we were the bullet, having first passed through able also to enfilade' the batteries Lieutenant Ellis's coat, struck the along the canal ; hence, as I have former on the leg, without, however, mentioned, these were deserted on penetrating.
In the mean time the heavy guns ing of the 15th, the ear, accustomed on our side were not idle ; pretty to the constant reverberation of artilconstantly night and day their voices lery, seemed absolutely to want the were heard, and the frequent and in- stimulus, and to be watching for the creasing sound of the artillery from familiar sound. What the stillness Sir Colin's direction, showed that meant we could only guess. Some great progress was being made under said Sir Colin had “captivated" the the Chief, and that Lucknow must Begum, others that the Sepoys were soon be ours. Still much remained upon their marrow-bones, with haltto be done, and it was difficult to see ers round their necks, like the dethe enemy-the fighting seemed on sponding burghers who in times the south-east side to be a constant past came out of Calais to pacify the succession of combats. In one of English Edward. At last, the guns these, Captain Hodson, 1st Fusiliers, and cavalry moving on the road past better known as the leader of “Hod- our post, we learned that the greater son's Horse," who for his gallantry part of the rebel force had retreated at Delhi had just received his brevet from the city about 3 A.M. ; that the majority, was killed. He had ridden cavalry now passing were to overto the front, and having entered a take them if possible, and we also to house to see what was going on, went form part of the pursuing column, to to the window, where he instantly be pushed on as far as Seetapore, received a ball in his side. Then feil about fifty miles distant. Neither one of the bravest in the Indian officers nor men had been unaccoutred army; an officer whose name has for five days and nights; the prosbeen brought too often before the pect, therefore, of a fifty-mile march public by those in high command to was most refreshing; and on being need my humble word in praise. relieved at about 8 P.M., we marched There was not a man before Delhi to camp to make arrangements to who did not know Hodson—always start at 2 A.M. Just as we arrived, active-always cheery : it did one's however, all orders were cancelled. heart good to look at his face, when we turned into bed, therefore, being all felt how critical was our position. sure of a good night's sleep; but at Ask any soldier, “ Who was the twelve that night we were warned to bravest man before Delhi ?”—who be ready for duty at 6 A.M., as there most in the saddle—who foremost ? was still a little work to be done in and nine out of ten in the infantry the city. The quiet of the day prewill tell you,“ Hodson ;” in the artil- vious no longer existed ; and though lery, as many will name "Tombs.” the regular pounding of the first five I once heard one of the Fusiliers say, days after our arrival no longer went " Whenever I sees Captain Hodson on, yet the reports of guns, mingled go out, I always prays for him, for with musketry, were sufficiently frehe is sure to be in danger." Yet it quent to let us know that Lucknow was not only in the field that Hod- was still in some measure occupied son was to be valued : his head was by the enemy. We moved up the as active as his hand was strong ; and river about 7 A.M., and found that a I feel sure, when we who knew him floating bridge had been constructed heard of his death, not one but felt by our Engineers about three hundred that there was indeed a vacancy in yards above the yellow house : over our ranks.
this passed the 5th Brigade (1st FuOn the 14th the increased thunder siliers, 23d Fusiliers, and 79th Highof our heavy guns told us the Chief landers), now for the first time fairly was near the Imaumbara, and nu- in Lucknow. Moving on, we shortly merous explosions testified to the passed the Secundrabagh, where Sir searching nature of our fire. In the Colin, on his way to the relief of the afternoon we heard that not only the Residency, killed no less than 1800 Imaumbara, but also the Khyzar- of the enemy. We thought it singubagh, bad fallen. Throughout all lar that this place should have been that night the fire from our mortars left as we found it, entirely undeseemed, if possible, to increase, and fended by works or men; but prothen-all was quiet. On the morn- bably the shock given to Pandy's
VOL. LXXXIV.NO. DXIII.
nerves on this spot had been too noble fortitude. The 23d followed strongly impressed to permit of his the running enemy; the 1st Fusiliers again returning there. From the and Highlanders remaining at the Secundrabagh one road runs down Residency : subsequently the Fusito the Begum's palace, and another liers were ordered down the road to the city. Taking the latter, we taken by the 23d, and overtook them, soon reached the (once) 32d Mess- and were then close to the river, beHouse, opposite which we were halted tween the iron and stone bridges, for nearly an hour, to allow our bri- taking the batteries which protected gade to pass ; that part of the road, them in rear, with little or no loss to which had been cut through by the ourselves. It was near this place enemy, being next to impassable. Major Brazier was wounded, while We had therefore time to look round, advancing at the head of his Sikhs. and certainly the magnitude of the We were now placed under a Maenemy's works, which, not content jor of Engineers, and ordered to with burying the Mess-House (a advance, keeping as much under large puckha building), swept down cover as possible, for the enemy
here to the river on its left, surprised us held the houses, which were loopnot a little. The finish, too, of these holed. In this way we reached the earthworks showed a superabundant Muchee - Bawun, from which place command of labour, and certainly several companies were detached to Pandy paid his own pluck but an clear the neighbourhood. Sallusbury's indifferent compliment when he so company (30 file) pushed right on to hedged it round with walls and the high and gilded gateway which ditches. The front of this position looks into the Hossaïnee Bagh, taking had evidently been cleared of all ob- a small battery of three guns upon stacles likely to offer cover to an the river-bank, in rear, and also seattacking party. Hall, who was curing another gun (a small one) at "out" with Havelock's gallant band, the gateway itself. So little did the remarked, pointing to a few heaps of Pandies seem to know how close we rubbish, “When we went in, a house were, that Sallusbury's men met one with garden and wall stood there !" party of the rebels marching up the Just at this time the Commander-in- road down which they were hurryChief met us, and had a conference ing. I need not say the greeting with Sir James Outram, who shortly was warm, nor add that the Pandies directed us to march forward. We vanished down back lanes, through passed through the Khyzarbagh—a courtyards, and up all sorts of impalace larger than that of Versailles possible places. It was on this day ---by an impromptu road made by Lieutenant M'Gregor, late 57th, was the Sappers and Miners. As at the made supremely happy. He had Mess-House, so here : the ground joined us shortly after Delhi fell, was dug up and worked up, more and never ceased to regret his hard like an old rabbit-warren than any- fate, which had not permitted his thing I can think of; the works being present at the final assault. I not only well executed, but showing never met with any officer who had an amount of engineering skill and so great a love for the fighting part a boldness of plan for which we were of his profession. Generally reserved, not prepared. We then advanced and by no means talkative, no sooner towards the Residency, and were was there a prospect of a scrimmage shortly under a smart fire of mus- than Mac. came out of his box, lookketry. The word charge !” was ing absolutely amiable. At Narnoul given by Sir James, who was in he had a delightful day. At Puttiafront, and with a rush we entered lee he lamented that he was not in the Residency- the 23d leading the cavalry; yet still that occasion The enemy made no stand, and the was not without its pleasures ; but place was taken where so many were it was only at Lucknow that he was once sheltered, and such sufferings quite content. As above narrated, endured. I myself felt an inch companies were detached from headtaller when looking upon the scene quarters to clear out the streets and of so much gallantry, suffering, and houses thereabouts, and with one of
these parties went M'Gregor. The with impunity; for, shooting over men soon got scattered, and he was the women, he hit the men behind, left with only some five men, who and the whole party scuttled. Alwere drawing water from a well by though a few fanatics still remained which he was standing, when out in the city, there was no fighting rushed several Sepoys upon the party. after the 17th to speak of; and by Our men at once seized their arms, the 25th the townspeople were again and the fight commenced-one of the beginning to return to their homes, bravest of the rebels engaging M'Gre- and civil
authority once more, aided gor, each being armed with a sword. by a powerful police, began to rule the It was a regular tilt; the Pandy cut- city of Lucknow. ting, and Mac. guarding, as steadily as though he were practising with his old subahdar. At last M'Gregor gave "Now are our brows bound with victorious Pandy a cut over the knuckles, and
wreaths ; the next instant sent his sword up
Our bruised arms hung up for monuments." to the hilt. Mac. returned, looking very warm, and exceedingly wild and Before taking my final leave, a few happy; Shortly afterwards these de- remarks upon the state of the countached companies were recalled to try through which we have just trathe headquarters of the regiment; velled may not be without interest. but a detachment, under Lieutenant Let me then, dear reader, put by and Adjutant Maxwell and Lieu- swords and round-shot, and say a tenant Ellis, while searching for Se- few words about our crops and vilpoys, reported by a native to be hid in lages. Perhaps the most singular some of the houses, nearly came to an feature in the rebellion of 1857 (and unhappy end. Entering one of the there are many) is, that while the houses, a quantity of yunpowder was whole of this side of India has been discovered, with all the material re- for ten or twelve months past one quired to manufacture that article. vast scene of anarchy and confusion, One of the recruits unfortunately with the country overrun and plunheard Lieutenant Maxwell say this dered by bands of men a thousand powder ought to be destroyed. He times more brutal and rapacious than at once discharged his piece into the our Sepoys (bad enough in all conloose powder. In an instant a fear- science), with town fighting against ful explosion took place, fortunately town, tribe against tribe, property a without serious injury to any, though mere matter of might, and with hufour were burnt. Lieutenant Ellis man life counting as next to nought; had again a narrowescape. Strange to —notwithstanding all this, the poor say, although his eyebrows and lashes ryot of India has gone on scratching looked as if they had been clipped off, and sowing his fields just as he did,
felt very sore, and his whisk- good man, in 1855-56. Turn off the ers were nowhere -- showing how grand trunk road, where there are much he had been in the flame, yet too inany proofs of 1857, get away he was hardly injured: but-how shall from the blackened walls of police I write it ? — his mustaches were stations, houses, &c., and you will ruined! I am glad to say he was in find it hard indeed, in a country so a few days able to return to his duty. magnificently cultivated as that we The next morning (17th) the regiment have passed through since we first marched down to Hossaïnee Bagh, left Delhi, to believe yourself still where it has remained to the present in the midst of revolted India. time. There was a good deal of fir- Large villages everywhere met the ing about and upon this place for a eye buried in crops of every species day or so, and the Pandies had the of grain ; and although very many of cowardice to make use of women as the villages seemed deserted, lowing a means of protecting their own per- cows and playing children tell you sons ; thus involuntarily paying us the that the villagers were not far dishighest compliment in their power. tant. We owe it to our Sepoys, and Captain Cunliffe, however, showed those who duped them into turning them they could not even do this against us, that the villagers begin
to fear and run from the white man. India itself has suffered little by Some Mehwaltee women, hiding 1857. I speak of houses, money, and among the hills, told a servant of the land only; and the people, as a mine, when asked why the Mehwal- body, are too well aware of the adtees were in arms, that “they had vantages of peace and quiet to be heard the British Government was anxious for a renewal of the tragedy going to make Feringhees of them of 1857-58. The warlike races, too, all ! Perhaps if you asked these must be thoroughly convinced of the people what induced them to toil and futility of their late attempt, and all work, when unable to say who might resistance must shortly cease. reap their harvest, they would be Looking back to the time when unable to answer the question. The the Punjab was a hostile nation, it ryots of India (I allude to the pre- is impossible not to wonder at the sent generation), ignorant of the his- present peaceful condition of that tory of their own land, the exactions country, or not to be surprised at of à Mogul dynasty, and the olden the subsidence of animosity among raids of the Maharatta and Pindaree, nations of the East, or, at any rate, have toiled in their fields during the open demonstration of such a 1857 in a way which would certainly feeling: Perhaps, for our future rule never have continued. The peasantry in India, it might have been well had may or may not have foreseen the re- success attended the Sepoy mutiny ; establishment of British supremacy; the advantage of our Government the chances are, that the mass of would then have been amply demonpeople believed that our sun had set strated to the meanest capacity in a for ever ; and I attribute the luxui- way never to be forgotten. As it is, riant cultivation which we beheld to the whole of the Poorbeah race will no political calculation on the part feel that they have failed in a grand of the gentle Hindoo, but simply to attempt to seize the empire of the the “humdrum, to-day-as-yesterday” East, and the value of the prize will character of the people of Hindostan. probably obscure the villany of their
In those districts in which any conduct. At any rate, we cannot numbers of our Sepoys, or other expect any of that race to feel affecrebels have been quartered, there tion for those who have deprived will be distress enough amongst the their relations of life, and themselves, villagers. The grain saved for future as a body, of a service in which the consumption has been consumed - young and daring could always have not paid for; and until the next crops found employment and pay. can be got in, unless immediate How England will be able to stand steps are taken to relieve these dis- the drain of men for ever in future tricts, we must be prepared to hear required to establish our ascendancy of distress and famine. There has in India, is indeed a matter of the been no failure in the crops; the pres- most serious consideration ; and the sure has simply been too great upon effect on so many Englishmen, banishthis or upon that part of the country; ed from home-influences for years, is the number of mouths to be fed is a prospect not at present to be conactually smaller than it was in 1856, templated with any degree of satisand all that we want is a little equals faction. The sentiments, too, between isation of the grain left us.
the European and Asiatic must be Almost all our large cities have entirely for some time antagonistic. been sacked again and again, and in It is impossible to avoid feelings of many cases by the country people animosity to those who have proved round them; and millions of money, so vile, treacherous, and worthless ; buried by the cupidity of the Hindoo, while they, on their part, must surely are now
scattered broadcast over the be full of hatred, bitterness, and fear land. The destruction of a village against those who have so indisputmeans nothing. A people who live ably shown their terrible power and without furniture or household goods courage. can lose little ; some grass and It seems inevitable that the English bamboos rectify matters in a week. in India must certainly for years Really it is not too much to say that remain more distinct and separate