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that Her Majesty's Ministers had wants of the country and the necesbeen engaged in preparing a measure sities of the time. I wish to see for amending the representation of economy, but not parsimony, made the people. That certainly sounded the rule in every department of the satisfactory, for it now appeared cer- public

service. I wish for practical, *tain that there would be some divul- not theoretical reforms, the latter gence of the nature of the scheme. A being only called for when the former measure of this sort assumes a pal- cannot be obtained. pable shape from the time it is brought Such being my standard, and being under the serious consideration of a moreover, as I apprehend, that of Cabinet. It involves the collection of a every true and conscientious Liberal, vast mass of material to be hereafter I am bound to say that, after a long resolved into shape. But-0 ye fai- and patient trial, I have found the ries, enchanters, and other necroman- Whigs to be in every respect defitic practitioners—what is this? When cient. So far from preserving peace those who succeeded the Whigs in with honour, they have needlesslyoffice came to look through the cor- I might almost say criminally-in. respondence, and inspect the pigeon- volved us in the terrible responsibiliholes wherein lay stored the records ties of war. They allowed us to drift and proofs of the labour of their pre- into war with Russia, when, by a bold decessors

, not one single scrap could front and determined action, that they find referable in any way to the great misfortune might have been proposed measure of reform! If the avoided. They smuggled us into a Whig Cabinet had met at all upon the war with Persia-why or wherefore it subject, their sitting must have been is truly difficult to explain; and they one of pure somnolence, like that of withheld from Parliament that in. Barbarossa and his warriors in the formation which it was their bounden cave. Let us accept that explanation. duty, as responsible Ministers, to have It was indeed a dream; and a dream afforded. They began a war with referring to a delusion.

China, upon grounds so doubtful that From all this, I think it is pretty the real existence of a casus belli has evident that the Whigs have not gone been vehemently denied ; and we are very far, at least in the way of re- still forced, with India in insurrecdeeming their promises. How far tion, to keep up that paltry contest. they may be inclined to go, I really On the other hand, they suffered the cannot say; but, judging from the petty state of Naples to seize, upon past, I am of opinion that they would the open sea, in defiance of internastill undertake a long Sabbath-day's tional law, two unoffending British journey along the road of faction. subjects, to incarcerate them in a vile

You will observe that I am treat- dungeon, and, by dint of protracted ing of the relation between the Whigs examination on a charge too preposand Liberals ; it being, in my humble terous to have been really believed, judgment, very desirable that we to inflict such an amount of moral should understand what are the pre- torture, that the intellect of one of cise points of similarity which are the unhappy men gave way. And likely to produce sympathy. If you shame of shames —those precious ask me what I, as a Liberal; expect Whigs of ours did not insist upon from a Government, I answer-Peace their freedom, much less upon repaabroad, and prosperity at home— ration for their wrongs. With France, peace resting on the basis of mutual too, matters were fast coming to a good-will with other countries, not crisis. Poor weak Clarendon had purchased by humiliating concessions, brought us into this dilemma, that nor enforced by bullying or menacé we must either have risked a rupture, -prosperity caused by a wise and or have submitted to something very prudent system of finance, not weigh- like degradation. I assure you that ing hard upon industry, encouraging I drew a peculiarly hearty breath on the development of our national re- the morning when I heard that the sources, but giving no undue stimulus Whigs were out. I felt as if relieved to rash and unprincipled speculation. from the hideous pressure of EphiI wish to see the laws framed, adjust- altes. ed, and amended according to the I shall say nothing more about the foreign policy or doings of that un- For my part, I do not repose an atom happy crew, because, to tell you the of confidence in that battered faction. truth, the subject is not a pleasant Credulity has its limits. I do not one. It is painful to reflect that believe in the genuine repentance of England should be laughed at, even the moribund Mother Cole. in the person of an incompetent re- Sir, I distinctly refuse to be humpresentative; and when I think of bugged. When I perceive that the Lord John Russell at a Congress— Liberal cause is in danger, I shall be pass we to something else.

prepared to act ; till then I respectAs for domestic legislation, I can- fully decline to aid the Whigs in their not for the life of me remember any machinations. It seems to me that good measures in particular which they wish to put Lord Derby out, not the Whigs have introduced during because they are apprehensive that the last five years. Lawyers tell me he will legislate and administer conthat their Acts are utterly unwork- trary to the interests of the country, able in practice, and so contradictory but because they dread the effect of as to give rise to more litigation than the contrast. Four months have not they allay; and they annually pro- elapsed since the Conservative Minduced a considerable number of abor- istry was formed ; and in that short tions to be summarily put to death time, with all the disadvantages of a towards the end of July or the com- hurried start and want of preparation, mencement of August, when honour- they have actually introduced more able members were beginning to think really good measures than the Whigs longingly of the moors. They always were able to devise during five long cut a sorry figure as financiers, which years; they have restored confidence is not surprising when we reflect that and cordiality abroad ; they have vintheir Chancellors of the Exchequer

dicated the British honour; they are were men of the calibre of Wood and actively engaged in the work of wholeLewis; but they had the singular some and sound legislation, notwithgood fortune to go out this Spring standing that their progress has been without having produced a budget, materially hampered and impeded by which probably saved them from the repeated attacks of their antagonsome inconvenience and obloquy. Of ists. their economy I can find no trace in It is for the country to decide who the public accounts, which indeed are the true Liberals. Certain I am tell a different tale ; but I know that that the Whigs have no title to the they have been most lavish in the name. Many men have called themcreation of new offices, and have job- selves saints and apostles who were bed their patronage to the utmost. neither the one nor the other, but, Other men have been substantially on the contrary, very lewd fellows, indebted to their Whig connections steeped in all manner of iniquity, and besides dear delightful Dowb. the reverse of respectable in their

And what is the moral of all this? walk. When a rogue wishes to Simply that no Liberal can honestly swindle you out of a sovereign, he or in good faith identify himself with usually puts on a white neckcloth the Whigs. I don't care what the and black coat, sleeks down his hair, professions of that party may be when and introduces himself as a collector out of office, in difficulties, or other- for a charitable scheme. Could you wise. I am always ready to accept see him, an hour afterwards, over professions in cases where there has his third glass of gin-and-water, been no trial. We have nothing else which your misapplied bounty is tó to go by, either as regards men or pay for-could you hear him faceparties, before they have been put to tiously recounting to his fellow-rasthe test ; but surely in this instance cals the way in which he tickled his there has been no lack of patience. trout and did you out of the money, We have borne with these men until you would probably thenceforward they became intolerable, and until have less confidence in your own judgwe were forced to eject them; and is ment and penetration. In like manit reasonable to suppose that we ner, when a Whig seeks your vote, he should aid in reinstating them now? does it in the guise of a Liberal. He pours out his patriotism as from a ests –till at last you and your friends pump, exhibits the most holy horror combine to kick them out. Lo you ! at corruption, denounces nepotism, scarce a week has elapsed when there girds at exclusiveness, and very pos- comes a knock to the door. You sibly persuades you that he is the open. There stands your old acpurest creature in the universe. Aid- quaintance the Whig, come again to ed by your vote, he and his party persuade you that he is a Liberal. come into office. You find them use- Under such circumstances there is less, deceitful, prevaricating ; untrue only one course to be pursued. Slam to their promises ; grasping, greedy, the door in his face, and tell him to. profligate of the public money ; re- go to Tavistock ! gardless of the honour of Britain, and

Yours faithfully, playing fast and loose with its inter



"I am a blessed Glendoveer ;
'Tis mine to speak, and yours to hear."

Rejected Addresses.

It is quite clear that the Glen- that pale green which heralds the doveer of the above couplet was approach of twilight, the chirpings commissioned to deliver to the world of a few grasshoppers resound shrilly a divine message about Art. I argue amid the glittering grass, while whole thus on account of the air of absolute armies of sensual caterpillars, mutely and uncompromising authority with feeding on leaf and flower, crawl unwhich he announces the conditions heeded; so, by perpetual self-asserof his teaching, Art being a subject tion, and utter contempt of all antaon which two opinions ought not to gonistic sentiment, may the prophets be permitted. To the culpable ne- of Art and their disciples secure to glect with which this high commis- themselves, even among the undissioner from the Court of Nature was cerning, a share of attention immeaprobably treated by the vain and self- surably greater than their mere numsufficient artists of the time, is chiefly bers or consideration would entitle to be attributed the lamentable state them to claim. of Art in general, and Painting in Without affecting any diffidence particular, up to eight or ten years which in me would be transparent ago, when I took up the subject. pretence, or any misgivings as to Since then I am happy to observe any opinion I have ever delivered, that all artists gifted with any degree yet I find it necessary to be cautious of talent, and all the public possess- in wielding, as I annually do, the ing the slightest measure of judgment trenchant weapon of irresponsible crior reflection, have followed the paths ticism, lest, in its whirlwind evoluI have so clearly indicated. Of course, tions, it might haply lop a limb from as very few artists possess any talent some humble but trusty follower. It whatever, and the great body of the grieved me much to find that a single public is, and must long continue to word of censure uttered by me some be, utterly deficient in the qualities I years ago, and which, though perhave mentioned, both the authors of fectly just, was too keen and searchfine works and those who patronise ing for the sensitive nature of the and admire them must expect to artist whose work I was criticising, remain in a minority conspicuously had the effect of causing him to small. But let them be comforted": abandon painting as a profession, for as in the stillness and splendour and to revert to his original calling of a summer's evening, when the of an oil-and-colour man, in which I golden torrents, rushing froin their hear he is realising a moderate comfountains in the west, bathe the sky petence. Excellent, therefore, as it up to the zenith, where commences is to have a giant's strength, it will

be easily understood how cautious I nor, among the minute studies of inmust be in the exercise of the peril- sects, a daddy - long-legs, swaying. ous gift ; and when I refrain from delightedly across the path, and noticing a picture in which I find dancing to inaudible music, as the nothing to praise, it is either because mid-day zephyr waves the slender I am unwilling utterly to crush and fabric of his gossamer home. I am destroy a painstaking though erring surprised, too, to find (so far as my artist, or else because, the painter survey has enabled me to note) that being a personal friend, I prefer there are nowhere any frogs, though gently correcting him in the privacy every artist who painted out of doors of social converse to publicly gib- in the first warm days of spring must beting him. By these remarks I have heard their choral music from wish to guard against the imputa- the neighbouring ditches. The old tion of hesitating in, or shrinking heralds, speaking of the manner of from, the formation of decided opin- the frog's holding his head, talk of ion on the merits of any picture the pride and dignity, or, as they that ever was painted, which I am phrase it,“ the lording" of frogs, and always ready to accomplish at the gave them a place in heraldry, and shortest notice, my conclusions being their ideas are generally valuable to generally directly opposite to those artists, and worth studying, both for which would be arrived at by most their literal exactness and their alleother persons, or, in other words, by gorical significance. Let us have those less confident than myself in some frogs next year. their own infallibility.

No. 18.-“A Man Washing his The first thing that strikes me, in Hands” (J. Prig). A step in the the work of the present year, is, that right direction. The painting of the though all other seasons and times of nail-brush, showing where friction the day are reproduced in landscape has worn away and channelled the (except the pitch dark of a winter's bristles in the middle, is especially night, which it would be difficult for good. - But how comes it that, the any one, in the present state of art, to nail-brush having been evidently place satisfactorily on canvass), yet made use of, the water in the basin that particular state of the atmos- is still pellucid, with no soap appaphere which exists in the month of rent, either superficially or in soluAugust from about five minutes be- tion? This oversight I should not fore two to about twenty minutes have expected in so clever an artist. after, when the sun's sultry and lavish Even granting clearness to the water, splendour is tinged with some fore- the pattern of the bottom of the basin boding of his decline, and when Na- visible through it is of a different ture is, as it were, taking her siesta, character from the exterior of the is nowhere sought to be conveyed. vessel, which is not the case in any I thought, on first looking at a small specimen of that particular delf which picture in the east room of the Aca- has come under my notice. demy, that this hiatus had been filled No. 24.-This is directly imitative up; but, on further etudy, I perceived both of Titian and George Cruikthat the picture in question had been shank, with Smith's handling, and a painted rather earlier (about five-and- good deal of Brown's manner. twenty minutes before two is the No. 29.--As I told this artist last time I should assign to it), and is year, he is deficient in fulness of form therefore deficient in many of the and looseness of texture. He should, chief characteristics of the remark- therefore, for some years, paint noable period I allude to. How comes thing but mops of various colours it, too, that, amid all the rendering (without the handles), which would of grass and flowers, there is not å give him woolliness and rotundity. single dandelion--a flower which has On the other hand, the painter of often given to me, no less than to No. 32 has too much of these quaWordsworth, “thoughts that do often lities, with too little firmness in his lie too deep for tears ;" nor a group of darks; and I should recommend him, toadstools, which can give interest to as a counteracting influence, to study a foreground else bald and barren; only blocks of coal—not the common

coal (which is too dull), but the ken- road, to the domestic haven where nel or candle coal—a perseverance in rest, if not glory, awaited him. which practice he will find attended by the happiest results.

“There were his young barbarians all at "The Nativity.”—This is nearly


There was their Saxon mother-he their perfect. The infant, which at first

sire, appears to be wearing a broad

Sweating to make a rich man's holiday.” brimmed straw-hat, is distinguished by a peculiar halo, in which there is It reconciles me in great measure no trace of servile imitation of those to the inequalities of the gifts of absurd pretenders known as the old fortune, and to the necessity that masters. Thoughtless and superficial almost seems to exist for a class observers have objected to the angel which takes on itself the manual laholding the lantern, as an office in- bour of the world, when I consider consistent with the dignity of the that we derive from thence the eleangelic nature; saying, too, that the ments of purest pathos in art. act has some officiousness, since the No. 520. “ Venus and Adonis" lantern might have been placed on (D. Corum, R.A.)-- The great charm the ground or hung on a nail

. For for me in this picture is the total my own part, I consider the idea absence of all sensual imagination in eminently happy, and if one of the its treatment. The goddess, purified other angels had been represented as from all taint of earth-born passion, snuffing the candle with her fingers, with the immortal light of divine my admiration would have been com- friendship beaming in her lustrous plete.

eyes, invites the reluctant youth to No. 40.— The sky is weak and seat himself beside her on the glowheavy, the distance too hazy, the ing couch of amaranths and asphomiddle distance absurd, and the fore- dels (with some gentianella and one ground like a cartload of bricks ready or two ragged robins skilfully intro for use. However, on the whole, I duced), which have sprung responconsider this the leading picture of sively to the pressure of her roseate

feet; while, in the distance, the fatal No. 501.— I was nearly overlook- boar is seen whetting against the ing this picture, which at first sight trunk of a blackthorn in full blossom seemed unworthy of notice, when a the remorseless tusks which are second glance showed me what I con- shortly to be imbrued in the stream ceive to be the print of a man's shoe of the boy's young life. A similar in the dust of the high-road in the purity of thought distinguishes the corner of the foreground. This little "Susannah and the Elders,” by the incident gives poetry to the whole same artist, and quite marks a new composition, and is quite equal to epoch in art.

The Elders, grave the memorable invention of Defoe, men of most reverend appearance, when he makes Robinson Crusoe dis- approach the beautiful woman in her cover the print of a foot in the sand. bath, evidently for the purpose of The shoe, a hobnailed one, evidently studying the flowing outline of her belongs to the owner of the little form and the delicate articulations white-walled cottage in the middle of her joints (the ankles are especially distance, the smoke from whose well drawn). Lovers of exalted art, chimney curls bluely upward against they come, with words of courteous

sky which has in itself nothing re- greeting on their lips, to study in markable, but which the late J. M. leisure and privacy the combinations W. Turner would have filled with of lines and gradations of flesh-colour magnificent cloud-forms of grandest with which Nature in her most peroutline and miraculous colour. One fect efforts delights to exercise the feels at once that the wearer of that reasoning powers of man ; while the shoe was one of our conscripts, fight- matron,"clothed on in chastity," ing our battles against the barren calmly awaits their coming. The swamp and the dull clod, and that, “Satyrs and Nymphs Dancing,” by toilworn and careworn, he passed, in the same hand, is equally removed his victorious march, up that dusty from the gross impurity which the

the year.

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