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It will be necessary, as a kind præludium to the character of this curious paper, to correct a frequent and familiar prejudice that exists in the minds of the inhabitants of the earth, against the inhabitant of the moon, and which is at once injurions and offensive to his powers, and discrimination. It is noticeable in the coarse and vulgar comparison, " that one knows “no more of a thing than the man in the moon :" how false and erroneous this degree of comparison must be, is evident, when one considers that from his high situation, and the having constantly his eyes, nose, and mouth, ready to see, smell, and taste, the natural and accidental provisions of the earth, he must necessarily be abundantly supplied with food for contemplation and satire, that at the phases, or changes, of the planet wherein he resides, he is always busy turning over some materials or other, and that he is never totally and altogether shut out from his studies, and contemplation with us, except in the time of a total eclipse, when, it is presumed, he has a holiday. It follows then, that he must review pretty often and attentively the actions of his undermentioned neighbours, and know more about them than they may think; in short, he is constantly paying them attention, and in this respect he must be allowed to show a true greatness of character, for he certainly does, contrary to the usual manners of the world, take notice of those beneath him.

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How the Man in the Moon happened to consent to furnish the intelligences and opinions of this paper, named after him by his permission, will remain to be. hereafter explained ; let it suffice, for the present, to advertise the reader, that the Man in the Moon entertains no politics but what are for the happiness of society, nor any share of that monstrous philosophy that would separate pure religion from pure morality. He views with satisfaction every thought, every sentiment of good, spring from whence it may, whether it comes from the mouth of the Christian or the Bramin, the Mussulman or the Chinese, it is only the errors and absurdities of man that he would satirise. He constant ly aims at some convenient mark, some selected object; he will keep a sharp look out upon folly, and fix his eye, as in the vignette, on the

Omnia plena stultorum ; but he will not wink at vice, nor corruption.

The Man in the Moon will therefore view the politics of the earth with moderation and good humour, (that is, with as much good humour and moderation as he can), though indeed, possessing the supernatural privileges he does from his high office, he can have little to dread, and in the opinion of any Attorney or Solicitor General living, must be considered as acting not at all within the meaning of the suspension of the Habeas Corpus Act.

Another peculiar degree of protection and advantage enjoyed by the Man in the Moon, is from his vast

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experience, and knowledge, attained in a series of contemplations since the days of Moses, on the events and transactions of this globe, which instructs him to appreciate, not depreciate, the characters, manners, and actions of men, uninterrupted by partialities or prejudices, as he has little or no acquaintance upon earth, and is perfectly independant, and above every thing that is mean.

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may possibly be asked, What business the Man in the Moon has to make any of his observations upon us? Why he should have fixed his inquisitive eye upon this island, and what he can possibly have to find fault with in a country so enlightened, and where the morals are preserved by the precepts and examples of so many great and wise men, who are just at this nick of time employed for the benefit of their country? Where religion is unsullied by party, or political themes and disquisitions; where it is so very

seldom disgraced by the familiar discourses of wretched and ignorant traders, who traffic their abominable nonsense for popularity, and prophane the temple with their absurdities; where the decencies of life are never called upon to yield to false and fantastic notions of pride, or fear; where one is not seen to tremble at the truth, and another to tremble at the having spoken it; where you do not observe an ingenious false philosophy, combating with childish strength, against ancient weakness; where the vibrations of public opinion cannot be said to resemble the wanderings of the needle in the mariner's compass, by returning, at last, to the

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same favorite point of absurdity, as that does to the north pole; where the disease of noli me tangere is not known; where there is so very little corruption; where criticism is so pure and impartial; and where genius and taste is so much encouraged, because there is so much genius and taste,

Now the fact is, that whether the temper of the Man in the Moon has become soured by his long soliary position in that planet, without even a single opportunity for the solus cum sola he has so often witnessed below, or whether his disposition partakes of the melancholy temperament of the climate he dwells in, he certainly does entertain some material doubts respecting the wisdom, abilities, integrity, and honesty of vast numbers among us wise ånd enlightened people. Nay, he is even in the habit of thinking that the morals and manners of the age are far from pure, that some things are wrong, that there is now and then a little crooked policy, that we are apt to mistake the matter, that prejudice is the worst of tyrants, that aristocrats and democrats are fools of one and the same species, though of a different genus, who alike teize, torment, pester, and plague society with their wretched absurdities created out of selfish petty interests, to the

annoyance of the public weal; that truth is still suffered to follow at a distance, offering his services, without being acknowledged and embraced.

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may be thought, nevertheless, by some versed in the science of optics, that from the situation of the

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Man in the Moon, being, according to astronomers, placed at more than 24,000 miles from the earth, he can have but an imperfect vision of what is going on below, particularly in this island, owing to the almost impenetrable fog, which, in the months of October and November, covers it, as it were, with a wet napkin, from the impertinent gaze of any lunatic whatever; besides, that the atmosphere of the moon must occasion a sensible refraction of objects, without taking into consideration the optical inequality that must necessarily arise from the immense distance he preserves from us, we may therefore naturally enough conclude, without ever having read Father Echinard's Century of Problems in Optics, that he may be mistaken in some of the observations he may take. That he can but have a bird's eye view of our actions, and that a good deal of spleen may possibly be mixed with his remarks upon us, since, as he criticises the morals and manners of so little a place as Great Britain, he must make it a point to do so.

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Whether the Man in the Moon does not sometimes wear spectacles; whether he does not, on grand review days, assist his vision by a telescope; whether he does not frequently use a reading glass, or apply a microscope when he wishes to look narrowly into matters; whether he was actually transported to the moon for gathering sticks on a Sunday; whether he is as fond of claret, as has been said by some eminent writers; whether he feeds upon powdered beef and carrots;

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