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66 REMARKS ON THE ANONYMOUS AND

FUGITIVE ESSAYS OF THE EARL OF

is to be taken in the acceptation of merely intends to signify, that, in conservat (cavit); so that the transla- their original form, when we are told tion should run-"aut sicut pratum they were “ carried on the thighs of intactum cujus plantas conservat plu- the busy Bee to the uttermost limits via, paucas (i. e. nullas) sordes adve- of the rational world,” they appeared hens."

anonymous. Even in this point of The commentary of Professor Will- view doubts might be entertained of met is a most valuable appendix to the strict propriety of the epithet, as this publication. It is only to be re- the many delicate and modest allugretted that the stores of profound sions all the papers contain, must have oriental learning which it embodies, led their readers to conclude that “Alshould not have been rendered more banicus” was at least a wondrous intiaccessible by means of proper indexes. mate friend of the Head of the House

of Buchan.

This circumstance, however, we look upon, for our part, as adding in the highest degree to the interest and

value of the work. How often has it BUCHAN.”

been a subject of regret, that men of

the greatest genius and celebrity have The Earl of Buchan has been looked given after-times so slight an opporup to as our Scottish Maecenas, at a tunity of judging, from their writings, period which might justly be deemed of their private life, and domestic hathe Augustan age of our literature. bits and affections. Here the case is Not alone distinguished as a liberal happily different; we not only bepatron of learning and genius, his hold the philosopher, but know the Iordship has enriched various periodi- man; and this volume must alone cal works with the effusions of his prove a rich legacy to posterity, from own pen; and even still in “ Dry- exhibiting so many original traits of burgh's cooling shade"

character, and holding up such an adaponxon

mirable picture of the noble author's ες βαθύ της ή λικίας,

studies and pursuits in retirement.

An enthusiastic admirer of nature, he νεωτέροις τήν φύσιν αν

always charms us with the glow of του πράγμασιν χρωτίζεσαι

his descriptions; the scenery of the και σοφίαν έπασκεί-ARISTOPH.

Tweed is brought before our eyes in Every lover of literature will there- language that never savours of the fore be pleased to learn, that he has puerile, the frigid, or the bombast; been employed, from a due regard to and his own lofty feelings and aspiraafter fame, in collecting his numerous tions are painted in colours that adand elegant essays from the various mirably correspond to their originality works through which they were ori- and sublimity. The dewy gales of ginally scattered, and that the present the spring, or the solemn silence of volume was lately published as the the midnight hour, never fail to wake first of a series intended to answer him into rapture. How peculiarly this highly desirable end. It is prin- grand is the following burst! cipally composed of essays formerly

“ I can pour out my complaints to the published in the “ Bee," a periodical roaring streams, and my voice shall not be work which was largely honoured heard. I can woo the zephyrs with the with his lordship’s contributions ; for, praises of vernal and sylvan beauty, and as he informs us, page 7th, with that they shall waft the harmless theme to the “curiosa felicitas” so peculiarly his remotest corners of the earth.” Page 73. own, I highly esteem the industry The last idea, indeed, being almost of the Bee, and fill its combs with too magnificent for the comprehenhoney, and provide for the winter.” sion of a common mind. But how The carping spirit of modern criticism beautifully interesting is the descripmight perhaps object to the title of tion that immediately follows in the the work, as seeming to indicate that prosecution of his morning walk. the noble author was ranked in the *. The breakfast smoke of the village Irish Peerage, without reflecting that was rising in spiry volumes to the it only displays the characteristic ob- clouds;" when, besides the repose of scurity indulged in by genius, and the landscape, we have the rural im

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age introduced by a single word of lordship’s labours, since we much the cottage children, happy at their doubt if the fruits of his genius will plenteous meal, and the father plough- ever enrich him so much as the proman thankfully despatching his six fits arising from the sale of the fruits pounds of porridge, which is stated in of his orchards—the fine gooseberries the statistical accounts of that part of and “ dumpling fruit” that ripen on the country, to be the regular mess the sunny slopes of Dryburgh. with which these hardy rustics break His lordship's praises of the beauty their fast.

and fertility of this lovely spot, howWe must return, however, more ever profuse or loftily expressed, are particularly, to the contents of the not in reality the least exaggerated. volume, as we feel ourselves apt to be It certainly exhibits a singular combiled away, perhaps, from indulging in nation of the richest beauties of nature that kindred sublimity, which Lone with the noblest relics of ancient granginus says the sublime always infuses deur; in a word, the lofty lines of into the mind of the reader. We Lord Byron most happily characterise would therefore remark the peculiar it. delight we experienced from the clas- “ There the flowers ever blossom--the beams sical composition of the “ Letters in ever shine, imitation of the Ancients," which oc- And all, save the spirit of man, is divine.” cupy a considerable portion of this The aid of art, too, has not been avolume. They principally consist of wanting. As a specimen of his taste descriptions of the scenery of Dry- in this way, and as an appropriate acburgh, its gainful “ pomaria,” and the companiment to the volume, the titleoccupations of its right honourable page has been adorned with an enproprietor. With what classical dig, graving of the Temple of the Muses nity and simplicity is this beautiful lately erected by this classical peer. seat at once introduced in the epistle That it might have nothing of an of Albanicus to his friend Hortus.

anonymous appearance, he has placed, 6 You have no doubt frequently looked we believe, above each of the pillars, down on my humble residence between the name of one of the tuneful nine the 36th and 37th mile-stones, on the road in large golden letters, that form an to Jedburgh.”

elegant decoration to the red freeThe sentimental reader would per- stone on which they are

The haps be more delighted with the high, plate also represents a figure, which ly natural description of the shepherd we take to be his lordship, in a reclinin the leafy shade, playing to the ing attitude against one of the pillars, graceful Amaryllis by his side, or the meditating lofty song, and thus literalmidnight wavings of " the solitary ly invoking the “ Zavbár Agmovico” of the yew;" but we prefer the following ancient poets. passage, as his lordship seems to write

Besides some biographical sketches, con amore,” when he turns and other miscellaneous articles, the to the prospect of a goodly, pear-tree, papers on Female Education hold a of which he thus informs his Roman conspicuous place in the volume of friend in the Ciceronian style.

which we have endeavoured this im“ A pear-tree in my orchard produced perfect account. We would particularlast year a crop that sold for seven guineas ; ly recommend them to all whose task and so favourable is the situation in every

it is respect to orchards, that I have planted one

to teach the young idea how to with my own hands, from which, if a live

shoot.” We traced, with great dea dozen of years,

may be able to brew a light, the progress of mind in his imaconsiderable quantity of cider, after sup- ginary pupil, Alathea, and his mode plying the neighbourhood with dumpling of conveying instruction. What can fruit to qualify their bacon,” &c. Page 98. be better than the manner in which

The master spirits of this age do he gives her an idea of a great first not meet with the greatest share of cause ? She had observed the ingenuipopular applause. The glorious Ex- ty of her father as he amused himself cursion of Wordsworth has never seen with a turning-lathe ; and being one a second edition,--and the volume of night struck with some little trays of Anonymous Essays, by the Earl of his manufacture, the sagacious young Buchán, has shared the same unmerit- lady ventured to asked neglect. We are therefore happy My dear papa, will you tell me who to find this prosperous account of his turned the moon ? · Yes, Alathea, I can

more

tell you that at once, it was the great papa material change in the course of the of the whole world that turned the moon, last century, I am not prepared to

- he turned every thing in a lathe of his maintain, but it certainly appears to own to answer the good purposes of his

me, that a much more disgusting atchildren and creatures ; and we are all his children and creatures, men, women, chil

tention to self predominates at present, dren, horses, cows, sheep, and dogs, &c.

than existed, or at least was exhibit&c. Alathea leaps upon my knee, kisses ed, forty or fifty years ago,—not onme again and again, and, laughing in tears, ly in matters directly connected with cries out, o mamma! this is charming money, but in the intercourse and inThen papa

is

my brother, and you are my dulgencies of life in general, of which sister ; and my grandpapa made the moon, I shall content myself with noticing and every thing else."", Pages 42 and 43.

only two or three slight instances. This is beautifully naif and sim

In my younger days (pray do not ple, and, at the same time, admirably write me down Laudator temporis acti) calculated to impress the youthful some sort of generosity was practised mind. We can easily conceive, that between man and man. In those days any little master or miss, after read- there actually were people who would ing this passage, would next as nat- have put themselves to some personal urally ask—" And pray, my dear papa, inconvenience to oblige a friend or what turned Lord Buchan's head ?'

neighbour, but now every thing, howWe would have wished to extend

ever trifling, proceeds by way of barour extracts to greater length, and gain and sale, and with a quick eye to could have gratified our readers with the quid pro quo. numberless others equally edifying, had our limits permitted; but we pretended to write gentleman after his

In my younger days, any one who must defer all further criticism till name, would have been considered a the happy period when the remaining

very shabby fellow had he resorted to volumes of this great work shall ap

the present fashion of selling a terrier, pear. In the mean time, we would a pointer, or a greyhound, to a friend refer all our readers, who desire more

who happened to want one of these intimate acquaintance with his lord

animals; and then, it was more comship’s writings, to the admirable

por- mon to send a basket of fruit to a tion of it already before the public. neighbour in the country, as a present, It is to be had, we believe, at the than to a fruit-shop in town for sale. colossal statue of Sir William Wal.

But in our days of economy, the prolace, erected on the hill above Dry- duce of the kennel, and the gardens, burgh by the patriotic earl, who, by even to the little superfluity of flowers, a metamorphosis even still more strange seems destined to augment the fathan that of the fair Miss Porter, has mily supplies in the same way with converted the warrior into a booksel. the ox-stall or the farm-yard. Indeed ler, and now makes him the means of I understand that a well-fed puppy is disseminating taste and learning over reckoned a toothsome article by some the land he formerly saved by his people, and a sort of dainty that freprowess.

quently supersedes the necessity of purveying a more costly entremet or remove-But this by the way.

Under the present system, if one happen to ask a friend for leave to

sport over his grounds, whether moor MR EDITOR,

or dale, the request is received, and “ We have heard of the golden and contemplated pretty much in the same silver age, and have seen a little of the manner, as if you had asked leave

When I happened to make to kiss his wife during the honeythis observation (trite enough I allow), moon ; that is to say, if he has power a friend of mine remarked, that in his to grant the favour ;-but it now freapprehension no appellation was more quently happens, that gentlemen let appropriate to the present times than their game, as well as their farms, to the selfish age; and truly, upon the best bidder (by-and-by they may let consideration, I am very much inclin- their wives also), only reserving a right ed to be of my friend's opinion. for the supply of their own occasions ; That the propensities of human na- and when such is the

case, their ture, in the main, have undergone any sorrow is inexpressible at not being

IN MY YOUNGER DAYS.

iron age.

able to accommodate a friend with a 2 on the dickie before. day's sport.”. This is a refuge far ex. Item, 3 in the barouche-seat behind. ceeding the hackneyed pretence of a Item, 7 sitters, or rather squeezers, in jubilee, that father of many lies. Now,

in the inside. sir, this fashion of letting game would Item, 1 young gentleman, 4 months also have been reckoned a very shabby

old, pendant in slings from thing in my younger days. But it is

the top of the carriage. quite unnecessary to multiply instances of the reigning regard to what is 13 grand total. vulgarly called the main chance. Those I have already referred to must be ob- Yet, Mr Editor, these wonderful vious, and familiar to every one; and efforts of, or rather at, economy, seem there is no person whose own expe- to answer no proportionate end. In rience and reflection will not furnish my younger days, country gentlemen, forth many more.

with few exceptions, made a shift to From this display of economy in continue in the management of their such matters, one would almost con- own affairs during life ; but now the clude that the same spirit pervaded prevailing fashion, or rather passion, the whole menage, and that our country is to get TRUSteed with all possible gentlemen were wallowing in wealth, expedition ;-a landlord, whose estate and proud in independence, at least is not at nurse, is as great a show as a that they were enabled to live with live author was in my younger days, greater comfort at home, and to ap- previous to our being afflicted with pear with more splendour abroad, than the writing typhus; and a country it was in the power of their progeni- gentleman selects for the nonce a few tors to enjoy and exhibit in my younger of his friends, assisted by the disindays.

terested labours of a city and a counI am much afraid, however, that try-writer, who underlie all the trouble any one venturing on such a conclu- of managing his affairs at an expense sion, would find that he had reckoned not much exceeding that of a stud of without his host, and that there is running horses, and a crack pack of neither so much real comfort within fox-hounds. From this arrangement, doors, nor so much dignity displayed one evident advantage results, viz. that without, as in the days that have gone the trusteed, from employing these leby. Then, when one went to visit a gal characters, these aucupii, secures friend in the country, although the all the pleasure, as well as the profit, courses at dinner were not so nume- arising from the sport, entirely to himrous, yet the fare was equally abund- self-no mean consideration in this ant, and to the full as savoury; and selfish age. although there was not the same end- In my humble opinion, six or seven less, and I must say teazing, variety years may be considered a reasonable of shilpit wines produced, a good many allowance of time for a man of midmore bottles of substantial claret were dling fortune to outrun the conput upon the table, fully atoning for stable ;” but a man of very large esthe absence of their more feckless and tate will probably accomplish the obfashionable brethren. Then, gentle. ject much sooner, especially if the men of two thousand a-year drove lady of the mansion be a woman of four good cattle in their carriage, ate business, who starts at six o'clock in tended by a brace of outriders - the morning, and piques herself on ed for war complete ;” but now very being a notable. In that case I have few commoners in Scotland drive more known the object very decently achieva than a pair of horses, and the poored in about half the time. animals are so loaded with dickies be- It invariably happens, that the profore, and barouche-seats behind the gress of incumbrance, as observed avehicle, that it looks more like a first bove, advances with increased rapidity rate Newcastle waggon than a gentle- in proportion to the largeness of the man's equipage. I actually saw a estate, a circumstance doubtless arisbaronet of my acquaintance get under ing from the proprietor being sensible way at Cheltenham, for his seat in of the necessity of using despatch, the north of Scotland, with a cargo of when so great a mass of business lies thirteen souls stowed away in, and on, before him ; and if his pecuniary difhis coach, viz.

ficulties happened to be great, previous

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COCKNEY SCHOOL OF POETRY.

OF KEATS,

FEATS

to his succession, the greater seems to ing draught to some patient far gone be the impulse to hasten the return of in the poetical mania, we have not similar embarrassments,-a preposses- heard. This much is certain, that he sion for which I confess myself unable has caught the infection, and that to account satisfactorily, unless by ad- thoroughly; For some time we were mitting the force of habit, which we in hopes, that he might get off with a all know “ is prodigious and unac- violent fit or two; but of late the countable."

symptoms are terrible.

The phrenzy Should you, Mr Editor, consider of the “ Poems” was bad enough in this sketch worthy of appearing in its way; but it did not alarm us half print, it may, however slight, afford a so seriously as the calm, settled, imcud for rumination to some of your perturbable drivelling idiocy of “ Enreaders, and may perhaps induce me, dymion.” We hope, however, that in in a future Number, to consider, a so young a person, and with a constilittle more at large, a subject which I tution originally so good, even now the have only touched Skin Deep. disease is not utterly incurable. Time,

firm treatment, and rational restraint, do much for many apparently hopeless invalids; and if Mr Keats should happen, at some interval of reason, to cast

his eye upon our pages, he may perNo IV.

haps be convinced of the existence of

his malady, which, in such cases, is THE MUSES'SON OF PROMISE, AND WHAT

often all that is necessary to put the

patient in a fair way of being cured. UE YET MAY DO, &c.

The readers of the Examiner newsCORNELIUS WEBB.

paper were informed, some time ago,

by a solemn paragraph, in Mr Hunt's Of all the manias of this mad age, best style, of the appearance of two the most incurable, as well as the most

new stars of glorious magnitude and common, seems to be no other than splendour in the poetical horizon of the Metromanie. The just celebrity the land of Cockaigne. One of these of Robert Burns and Miss Baillie has turned out, by and by, to be no other had the melancholy effect of turning than Mr John Keats. the heads of we know not how many cious adulation confirmed the waverfarm-servants and unmarried ladies ; ing apprentice in his desire to quit the our very footmen compose tragedies, gallipots, and at the same time excitand there is scarcely a superannuated ed in his too susceptible mind a fatal governess in the island that does not admiration for the character and taleave a roll of lyrics behind her in her lents of the most worthless and affectband-box. To witness the disease of ed of all the versifiers of our time, any human understanding, however One of his first productions was the feeble, is distressing; but the spectacle following sonnet, written on the day of an able mind reduced to a state of when Mr Leigh Hunt left prison. insanity is of course ten times more It will be recollected, that the cause afflicting. It is with such sorrow as of Hunt's confinement was a series of this that we have contemplated the case libels against his sovereign, and that of Mr John Keats. This young man its fruit was the odious and incestuous appears to have received from nature

Story of Rimini.” talents of an excellent, perhaps even

“ What though, for shewing truth to flatof a superior order-talents which, de

tered state, voted to the purposes of any useful Kind Hunt was shut in prison, yet has he, profession, must have rendered him a In his immortal spirit been as free respectable, if not an eminent citizen. As the sky-searching lark, and as elate. His friends, we understand, destined Minion of grandeur ! think you he did wait ? him to the career of medicine, and he Think you he nought but prison walls was bound apprentice some years ago to a worthy apothecary in town. But

Till, so unwilling, thou unturn’dst the

key ? all has been undone by a sudden at

Ah, no! far happier, nobler was his fate! tack of the malady to which we have In Spenser's halls ! he strayed, and bowers alluded. Whether Mr John had been

fair, sent home with a diuretic or compos- Culling enchanted flowers; and he flew VOL. III.

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