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Medicine bas its foundation in nature stock of practical information, or to and truth; and like every other branch amass materials for general conclusions, of knowledge grounded on observation is certainly deserving of approbation. and experience, must necessarily be Indeed, it is incumbent on every person progressive. It presents to its voiaries engaged in the profession, to contribute an inexhaustible field for discovery ; his mite to the general mass, and and is far from baving arrived at a state anxiously to endeavour to render the of ultimate perfection, notwithstanding fruits of his observation and experience we are in :he possession of the accu. “ subservient, not merely to his own mulated observations of more than two improvement, but also to the instructhousand years. Its principles are not tion of others, and to the advancement to be inferred from abstract specula- of the healing art.” There is assuredtions, from conclusions of reason or ar- ly much reason to regret that, many gument, but as the result of attentive facts, which if communicated to the vbservation and liberal inquiry. They public, might materially improve the are founded chiefly on innumerable medical art, are daily lost, from the infacts, that have been discovered through dolence or neglect of those to whom the successive periods of time, and re- they bave occurred. The addition of corded in the writings of almost num- a single fact to the stock of medical berless authors of different nations and observations, is of more real value, than languages.-from Hippocrates down to volumes written in support of a favourthe present day. These furnish the ite hypothesis. grounds or fundamental parts of the The present periodical Report of science, particularly of the pathological diseases, being the first of a series proand curative branches.
posed to be offered to the public, it may Such being the nature and state of be proper to observe, that their avowed Medicine, every attempt to add to the object is to present a faithful record of facts. They will, as in the present in- different disorders to cach other, whestance, be taken from the practice of tbe ther chronic or acute, as they prevail New-York Public Dispensary, in which throughout the city. there are annually treated the cases of The different kind of fevers, enumemore than three thousand patients. The rated in the above catalogue of diseases, Reporter being one of the attending in general, presented nothing untoward physicians to that extensive charity, and in their symptoms, and for the most useful school of practical medicine, feels part, yielded very readily to the reme. it a duty which he owes to the profes- dies usually prescribed for their relief. sion, to communicate a part of the fruits Under the head of Continued Fevers, of his experience: and bis observations, are enumerated the Synochus and Tyhe trusts, will be tbe more valuable phus, in their different degrees and van from being made among a class of the rieties, whether arising from contagion, community most exposed to the in- or produced by the operation of cold, fluence of the weather, the vicissitudes and other debilitating causes. of the seasons, and other morbific causes. It will be seen by a perusal of the The wide range of observation afforded foregoing list, that the most prevalent by a large and well regulated public diseases of New York, are affections of Dispensary, will warrant the assertion, the lungs and bronchia. No less than that the practice of such an Institution, one hundred and tighty-six cases of presents opportunities of improvement Pneumonia alone, are recorded in the and instruction, far superior to those table. The far greater part of these possessed by practitioners in general, appeared in that form of pulmonic in. and even to those enjoyed by the phy- flammation denominated Peripneumosicians of a public Hospital, in which a nia. In several of these the patient disease is rarely seen until it be consi- complained of a difficulty of breathing, derably advanced, and then only in an with a sense of load, tightness, and op“ artificial situation," divested of its pression of the chest, rather than of acoriginal localities, or those surrounding tual pain ; which symptoms were somecircuinstances by which it was modified times attended with a state of debility or influenced. The great facility of ac- or general depression of strength, that cess to a Dispensary, on the contrary, seemed to render the use of the lancet gives to the medical attendant oppor- inadmissible. Blisters to the chest, tunities of observing, and carefully aperient medicines, diaphoretics, and watching a disease through all its pro- preparations of squill, or sometimes of gressively varying stages, from the mo. antimony, were the remedies which ment of its invasion, to its termination; seemed to give the most certain relief. and that, ton, in the very spot where it The only unusual epidemic disease, originated, and surrounded by the cir- that will be found upon the list, is that cumstances which allect it.
of sınall pox, which was most prevalent With these general observations, the during the autumn and winter of 1815. Reporter proceeds to offer a few brief 16, and destroyed during its visitation remarks on some of the diseases of (as appears from an inspection of the 1816, a year remarkable for the unex- bills of mortality for the city) more than ampled coolness and dryness of the 250 persons ! a circunstance the more greater part of tire spring and summer to be lamented, inasmuch as the pubseasons.
lic are in the possession of a sale and The present periodical account of effectual preventive. The principal discases, may, with some exceptions, cause, perhaps, which led to the exterle regarded as a tolerably exact epitome mination of this loathsome disease, was or general view of the state of Epi- the general diffusion of vaccination demics, and the relative proportion of among the poor; of whom more than four thousand were vaecinated from the On the subject of chronic complaints, Dispensary alone, during the preva- some remarks will be offered in future lence of the epidemic. Of this number numbers. The most prevalent, and af not a single instance of the occurrence the same time most important ones, of the small-pox after the vaccine during the period under consideration, disease, has come before the Dispensa. were asthenia, or cases of general debiry.-In connexion with the present sub- lity, comprehending a large proportion ject, it may be proper to mention an of diseases usually denominated ner. extraordinary instance of the communi- vous ; chronic theumatisms; catarrhal cation of small-pox, to the fætus in and pulmonary affections ; disorders of utero, which came under the observa- the stomach, intertinal canal, and utetion of the writer in the month of March, rine system; and lastly, a large number 1816.-A Mrs. W of this city, of chronic eruptions of the skin, of vawho had formerly gone through the rious kinds, but chiefly the scabies ; small pox, was a few days before lying- the papulous eruptions, particularly the in, casually exposed to the variolous prurigo, or severe itching of the skin, contagion. She went her full time, and both general and local; the porrigo, or was delivered of a living child, which scald-head; some tubercular affections ; sickened on the second day after birth, the humid, or running, and the dry, or and on the fourth and filih days, was scaly tetter; the pityriasis or dandruff; covered with eruptions of a confluent and a case of lepra. In tracing the small pox. The cbild died on the nine- origin and causes of these affections of teenth day. It is almost superfluous to the skin, they were often found to be mention that the mother did not take the connected with a general vitiated habit disorder, or show any visible marks of of body, sometimes with disorders of its operation. As to the disease with the stomach, with obstructions of some which the infant was affected, being a of the viscera, or a state of asthenia, or genuine and well marked case of small general debility. But the most frepox, there could not be the smallest quent of all causes, was the habitual doubt ; and in this opinion the Reporter neglect of cleanliness. was further confirmed by the concur.
In some cases of chronic rheumatism
in rence of Dr. Hosack, wbom he request. ed to see the case. A similar instance
which came under the treatment of the of the communication of small pox is
Reporter, after proper evacuations, the recorded by Dr. Mead; and cases
most decided benefits were experienced by Dr. Jenner, in the first volume of
from the use or the Peruvian bark, and the Medico Chirurgical Transactions of
the Pulvis Doveri, giver at night. As London. One practical interence to
an embrocation 10 the affecied joints, be drawn from ihem is, that it is dana
the patients were sometimes ordered gerous both to the mother and the child. equal parts of the volatile and soan limi. for a pregnant woman to expose herself ments, with a small quantity of Tincto the contagion of small pox, even
tura Opii. though she may have had that disease. The case of Tetanus arose from ?
The cases of varicella, or chicken wound in the bottom of the fooi, by 2 pox, were chiefly of the confluent kind, nail. As the patient was removed to and by an inattentive observer, might the Hospital, the result is not known. easily have been mistaken for sinail An unequivocal case of Neuralgia, or pox.
Tic, Douloureux, was cured by the liTbe oiber principal acute disorders beral use of bark, aller the failure of that remain io be noticed, consisted many remedies usually prescribed in mostly of a few cases of rheumatism : that disorder. inflammation of the eyes and throat; dy. The intemperate use of spirituous lisenteria; and cholera, chiefly of infants. quors, and the abuse of tobacco, evi. dently laid the foundation for most of body. Its cure was effected by the use the cases of dyspepsiæ and gastrodynia. of antimonials, Dover's powder, and a
One of the cases of Pseudo Syphilis decoction of the woods, with a course was of the tubercular kind of eruption, of topics. and arose from a primary burrowing
JACOB DYCKMAN, M.D. ulcer of the ankle and foot, occurring in a person of a debilitated habit of New York, January, 1817.
Art. 17. MISCELLANY.
From James's Travels in Sweden, Prussia, &c. fell back in astonishment at what be
saw; again, bowever, taking courage, THE following narrative of an extra- be made his companions promise to
1 ordinary vision of Charles XI. is follow him, and advanced. The ball taken from an account written with the was lighted up and arrayed with ibe king's own hand, attested by several of same mournful bangings as the antihis ininisters of state, and preserved in chamber: in the centre was a round the Royal Library at Stockholun. table, where sat sixteen venerable men,
• Charles XI. it seems, sitting in his each with large volumes lying open bechamber between the hours of eleven fore them : above was the king, a young and twelve at night, was surprised at man of 16 or 18 years of age, with the the appearance of a light in the window crown on his head and scepire in his of the ball of the diet: he demanded band. On bis right hand sat a personof the grand chancellor, Bjelke, who age of about 40 years old, whose face was present, what it was that he saw, bore the strongest marks of integrity; and was answered that it was only the on his left an old man of 70, who seemreflection of the moon; with this how. ed very urgent with the young king that ever he was dissatisfied; and the sena- he should make a certain sign with bis tor, Bjelke, soon after entering the head, which as often as he did, tbe ve. room, he addressed the same question nerable men struck their bands on their to him, but received the same answer. books with violence. Looking afterwards again through the Turning iny eyes, says he, a little window, he thought he observed a further, I beheld a scaffold and exerycrowd of persons in the hall: upon ibis, lioners, and men with their clothes said he, Sirs, all is not as it should be ; lucked up, cutting off heads one after the
in the confidence that he who fears other so fast, that the blood formed a God need drcad nothing, I will go and deluge on the floor : those who sullered see what this may be. Ordering the were all young men. Again I looked two noblemen before-mentioned, as also up and perceived the throne behind Oxenstiern and Brahe, to accompany the great table almost overturned ; near him, he sent for Grunsten the door. 10 it stood a man of forty, that seemed keeper, and descended the stair-case the protector of the kingdoms. I tremleading to the ball.
bled at the sight of these things, and • Here the party seein to have been cried aloud. It is the voice oi God! sensible of a certain degree of trepida: What ought I to understand ?-When tion, and no one else daring to open the shall all this come to pass ?"-A dead door, the king took the key, unlock- silence prevailed; but on my crying ed it, and entered first into the anti- out a second time, the young king anchamber: to their infinite surprise, it swered me, saying, This shall not hapwas fitted up with black cloth: alarmed pen in your time, but in the days of at this extraordinary circumstance, a The sixth sovereign after you. He shall second pause occurred; at length the be of the same age as I appear now to king set his foot within the ball, but have, and this personage sitting beside me gives you the air of him that shall and bequeath the whole, like the hierobe the resent and protector of the realm. glyphic in Moore's Almanack, “ to the During the last year of the regency, better ingenuity of my readers." —pp. the country shall be sold by certain 160-163. young men, but he shall then take up the cause, and, acting in conjunc- Fletcher of Salton. The following tion with the young king, shall establish anecdote is contained in a letter from the throne on a sure footing; and this Lord Hailes to the Earl of Buchan, in in such a way, that never was before, relation to Fletcher of Salton, of whom or ever afterwards shall be seen in the Earl proposed to publish a lile. Sweden so great a king. All the Swedes “A footman of his desired to be disshall be happy under bim; the public missed, -" Why do you leave me ?” debts shall be paid; he shall leave said he ; “Because, to say the truth, I mang millions in the treasury, and shall cannot bear your temper.”_" To be not die but at a very advanced age : sure, I am passionate, but my passion is yet before he is firmly seated on his no sooner on, than it is off."-"Yes," throne shall an effusion of blood take replied the footman, " and it is no place unparalleled in bistory. You, sooner off, than it is on." added he, who are king of this nation, see that he is advertised of these mat- For the American Magazine. ters: you have seen all : act according NEW-YORK CONSERVATORIO. to your wisdom.
The taste for music is rapidly ad. • Having thus said, the whole vanish- vancing in this country, and especially ed, and (adds he) we saw nothing but in our city. ourselves and our flambeaus, wbile the Models of excellence in this art are anti-chamber through which we passed daily exhibited to our citizens, and an on returning was no longer clothed in increasing attention is given to it, both black." Nous entrames dans mes ap- as a branch of polite education, and as partemens, et je me mis aussitôt à écrire a source of innocent and rational amusece que j'avois vu : ainsi que les avertisse- ment. ments, aussi bien que je le puis. Que It follows that the bad music, and le tout est vrai, je le jure sur ma vie et wretched performance in our churches, mon honneur, autant que le Dieu m'aide is more and more perceived and regreta le corps et l'ame. * Charles X 7 aujourd'hui Roi de Suède.” To improve our church music effec
tually, something more than singing" Comme témoins et présents sur les schools is necessary. A support should tieur nous avons vu tout ce que S. M. be offered to such professors as are coma rapporté, et nous, l'affermons par petent to teach in every department of notre sernent, autant que Dieu nous aide the science and practice of music, and pour le corps et l'ame. H. L. Bjelke, who are inclined, from principle, to de. Gr. Chancelier du Royaume, -Bjelke, vote their labours to the church. Sénateur,-Brahe, Sénateur,--Ax. Ox. No one ought to be received as a enstierna, Sénateur, Petre Grunsten, leader in the devotions of the sanctuary Huissier."
who is not an adept in music, both as The whole story is curious, and a science and an art. The study and well worth attention ; but unless the practice requisite to qualify a person for young king's ghostly representative that duty, will necessarily preclude him made an error in bis chronological cal- from other employments than those culation, it will be difficult to reconcile which pertain to his profession; and the time specified with that which is yet bis office in the church should prevent to come. I can offer no explanation, his receiving emolument at the iheatre,
VOL. I. NO. 1,