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mother, “kindless," "heartless," "prayer- pose to ensnare ; he looks at the crow, less ;" then there is “peaceless," "pa- Mr. President, and the crow looks at lentless," " Weedless," " priceless," " for- hinı; but the moment he attempts to retuneless," “ cureless," "pretentionless," proach him, he banishes away, like the “ reposeless," “ conscienceless," “ proof- schismatic taints of the rainbow, which it less;" and a great many more,all used, for was the astonishing Newton that first deought we can discover, because Curran plored and enveloped the cause of it." Mr. once said “ returnless.”

O’Bother'em, also, exhibits nearly as reHis comparisons are so numerous, as en- fined a relish for “the beauties of nature," tirely to overload his style, and they of- and draws about as just and tasteful a ten put us in mind of Mr. O'Bother'em, in picture of domestic felicity, as Mr. Philthe “School for Orators," a performance lips. " Cannot the poor man, Mr. Presiwhich we would recominend to Mr. Phil- dent,” says O'Bother'em,“ precipitate m lips's perusal. On the question, “Does all the varied beauties of nature, from the riches or poverty tend most to the eral most loftiest mountains, down to the most tation of the hunian mind," Mr. O'Both lowest vallies, as well as the man possesser'em, having surmised the key-stone of ed of luxury? Yes, sir, the poor man, his argument, says, " he shall proceed to while trilling transports crowns his riews, compare" “ riches and poverty in such a and rosy hours allures his sanguinary way, as you will find there to be no con. youth, can raise his wonderful mind to parison at all.” In the course of his elo. that incompressible being, who restrains quent harangue, which, if we may judge the laroless storm ; who kindles up the from the success it met with, was never crushing and tremendious thunder, and surpassed, he breaks out into an eloquent rolls the dark and rapid lightning, through and learned description of the life of a the intensity of space, and who issues the min possessed of luxury," of which the awful metres and roll-a-borealis, through following is a part. “He cannot, Mr. the unfathomable legions of the fiery hePresident, eat a single meal, unless he is mispheres. Sometimes seated beneath surrounded all around, with the lurrunt the shady shadow of an umbrageous tree, and extatic productions of both atmos. at whose renal foot, flows a limping brook, pheres! Is not the rich cheney cup, he so he calls about him his wife and the rest of lanpuishingly and affectingly raises to his his children ; here, sir, he takes a retroICllecaled lips, are they not, I repeat it, spective view into futurity; distills into sir, brought from the deserts of Arabia ? their youthful minds, useful lessons, to Is not the lagrart and chromatic tea found guard their jurenile youth, from vice and in the undiscovered rerions of Chili, which immortality; and extorts them to perspire there is there the highest mountains in the to endless facility, which shall endure forworld?" (by the way, the old Pope ever. Here, sir, on a fine, clear evening, miglit have been compared to Chimbo- when the silvery moon shines out with all razo,) “ Is not, I say, sir, the dashing so. its emulgence, he learns his children the fa, on which he declines his mcagre and first rudiments of astrology, by pointing emancipated form, made from the maho- out the bull, the bear, and many more

any of Hispaniola, from the shores of bright consternations and fixed stars, Indosian, and the cedar of Lebanon, from which are constantly devolving on their Mount Parnassus; ornamented with the axle-trees, in the azure erpense of the blue richest and most munificent oriental silks, creolean firmament above." from the East Indies abroad?" After From the book before us, we extract the having given vent to this “ torrent of elo following passage ;-it is in the speech for quence, which he felt smothering within O'Mullan against M'Korkill, and exhibits, liim, and ready to burst into a hurricane," in compendious form, many of Mr. PhilMr. O'Bother'em goes on to speak of the lips's besetting faults; his love of allitera. "man possessed of poverty," and after tion, and antithesis, and that kind of parahaving ventured on some remarks, which doxical use of epithets, of which we have be feared might be considered “as ha- before spoken; his passion for metaphor zardous conjunctures on his part," he at- and simile; his hyperbolical extravatributes the superiority of the "man pos- gance; and his general inflation and sessed of poverty" to the fact that he eternal strut. * declines his expectations upon a low “ Who shall estimate the cost of pricepinnacle of bliss ;'* " for," says Mr. O'Bo- less reputation-that impress which gives ther'em, breaking forth into a most strik- this human dross its currency, without ing comparison,“ happiness is like a which we stand despised, debased, deprecrow perchedona distant mountain, which ciated? Who shall repair it injured? Who the eager sportsman vainly tries to no para can redeem it lost? 'Oh! well and truly does the great philosopher of poetry es- fallen-it only smoothered his asperities :" teem the world's weaith as “trash" in the (i.e. Mr. Olullan's asperities,) "the wind comparison. Without it, gold has no of the tempest beat-it only blanched his value, birth no distinction, station no dig- brow: the rod, not of prophecy, but of nity, beauty no charm, age no reverence; persecution, smote him; and the desert, or, should I not rather say, without it glittering with the gospel dew, became every treasure impoverishes, every grace (i. e. the desert became) “a miracle of the deforms, every dignity degrades, and all faith it" (what?) “would have tempted.” the arts, the decorations, and accomplish- Mr. Phillips in another place, speaks of ments of life, stand, like the beacon-blaze“ a divine vanity that exaggerates every upon a rock, warning the world that its ap- trifle" (in the eye of a parent) " into some proach is danger--that its contact is death. mysterious omer, which shali smooth his The wretch without it is under AN ETER- aged wrinkles, and make his grave a monRAL QUARANTINE ;-no friend to greet- ument of honour." We never knew beon home to harbour him. The voyage of his fore that omens were used as cosmetics. In life becomes a joyless peril; and in the many cases, sense is obviously sacrificedor midst of all ambition can achieve, or ava- forgotten in the fondness of the orator for rice amass, or rapacity plunder, he tosses some pretty word, especially if it can be on the surge-a BUOYANT PESTILENCE! used in the way of trope. Thus we have But, Gentlemen, let me not degrade into the Roman catholic clergy "rearing their the selfishness of individual safety, or in- mitres in the van of misery;" Mr. Phildividual exposure, this universal principle: lips, doubtless by this, intended to speak it testifies an higher, a more ennobling in praise of the reverend clergy, but, with origin. It is this which, consecrating the his military metaphor, he has made them humble circle of the hearth, will at times the very field-marshals of calamity, and extend itself to the circumference of the contradicted all the rest of the passage. horizon; which nerves the arm of the pa- Mr. Phillips speaks of the hovels of the triot to save his country; which lights Irish peasants, as the “ wretched bazars the lamp of the philosopher to amend of mud and misery ;" that is, according man; which, if it does not inspire, will to the meaning of bazar, places where yet invigorate the martyr to merit immor- they sell mud and miscry. A very glowtality ; which, when one world's agony is ing character of the Irish peasantry, by passed, and the glory of another is dawn- which it would appear, that they are nearing, will prompt the prophet, even in his ly perfect, is wound off in the following chariot of fire, and in his vision of heaven, language: “In short, God seems to have to bequeath to mankind the mantle of his formed our country like our people :" memory! Oh divine, oh delightful legacy (here is another totally wrong arrangement of a spotless reputation ! Rich is the in- of words; it should be, our people like our heritance it leaves ; pious the example it country)" he has thrown round the one its testifies ; pure, precious, and imperisha- wild, magnificent, decorated rudeness ; he ble, the hope which it inspires ! Can you has infused into the other, the simplicity conceive a more atrocious injury than to of genius and the seeds of virtue:" he says filch from its possessor this inestimable audibly to us, “ give them cultivation." benefit-to rob society of its charm, and How a people marked by the simplicity solitude of its solace; not only to outlaw of genius, can resemble a country, the life, but to attaint death, converting the features of which are wild, magnificent, very grave, the refuge of the sufferer, into and ornately rude, we cannot understand ; the gate of infamy and of shame! I can nor do we see how a people can will conceive few crimes beyond it.

propriety, bedescribed as simple, of whom Besides the faults of this passage which it has just before been said, “their look is bave been already noticed, we cannot but eloquence, their smile is love, their retort is remark, that “ eternal quarantine," and wit, their remark is wisdom-not a wis" buoyant pestilence," appear to us ludi- dom borrowed from the dead, but that crous, and that, after the superlative style with which nature has inspired them; an in which it is all felt and uttered, the con- acute observance of the passing scene, and clusion strikes us as a very sad falling offt a deep insight into the motives of its “ I can conceive few crimes beyond it.” agents. Try to deceive them, and see Oh! most lame and impotent conclusion, with what shreudness they will delect ; after an “ eternal quarantine,” and “a try to outwit them, and see with what hubuoyant pestilence.” Mr. O'Mullan is mour they will elude; attack them with compared to “ the rock of Scripture be- argument, and you will stand amazed at fore the face of infidelity.” “The rain of the strength of their expression, the rapifie deluge" (or the deluge of rain ?) “had dity of their ideas, and the energy of their gesture!" What a simple people! What abound in worn-out ideas, mawkish sentie a consistent character!-What juat dis- ments, inflated style, and extravagant crimination!

passion, to a degree we have never seen There are in the course of these equalled. His clients are all painted speeches, some sentences parallel to pas alike, and all his pictures are most exsages in Curran, both in their strain of travagantly overcharged. His wives and sentiment and in their style; but we do daughters are all divine, all breathing panot think Mr. Phillips ought to be con- radise around them, splendid as three or sidered as an imitator, either of Curran or four suns, and as fragrant as a wholo Grattan; for these resemblances are only flower-garden. And then, his serlucers occasional, and always point to the worst and adulterers are as much worse than specimens of those illustrious men.- count Manfred as count Manfred is worse There is, also, one passage in which Mr. than the Evil One. He regales us, too, Phillips seems to have had Erskine in with such exquisite and chaste and deliview, and to have designed not only to cate pictures of connubial happiness, that, imitate, but to surpass him. We refer to if it were not for the occasion on which the passage in which an “Eastern Bra- these pictures are exhibited, we should min" is supposed to address a Christian think Ireland not only had no snakes, Missionary, and make the schisms and but that she was exempt from every crimes and follies of Christendoin, par smut of vice, and every wrinkle of ca. ticularly the persecution of the Irish Ca- lamity. But, alack for huinan frailty and tholics, his reason for declining to be- human wo, these are only pictures, come a convert. This is a plain imitir- sketched and coloured by the fancy of tion of the celebrated speech put by Er. Mr. Phillips, a fancy that dies like the skine into the mouth of a savage chiet, messenger of Juno; when he makes him remonstrate with the governor of a British province against

Mille trahens varios adverso sole colores ; the encroachments of "the restless foot and the unfortunate, youthless, husband. of English adventure." We think, how less, and peradventure toothless, Mrs. ever, Mr. Phillips has by no means equal. Wilkins comes in to tarnish the perfecJed his prototype. Personification is a tion of Irish beauty, and furnish an opfigure of speech, that, in order to be suc- portunity for a great advocate to ridicule cessful, requires, more than any other, an aged female client. severe and quick-sighted judgnient, that We agree generally with Mr. Finlay as it may be appositely introduced ;-exten- it regards the object of oratory, and the sive and accurate knowledge, that no im- manner in which its purposes are to be portant circumstances connected with answered, but when he makes success, the subject of it may escape ;--the most without any qualification, the evidence of rapid exercise of the imagination, that all merit, we think he goes entirely too far. these circumstances may be seasonably There are many circumstances, which brought together and embodied; and a may operate to give etficacy to the words pice and discriminating taste, with a sud- of an orator, altogether extraneous to the preme control of language, that the most style of his eloquence, and which may give characteristic circumstances may be sc- him success, even though skill in selectjected to give individuali v to the picture, ing and arranging his topics be notoriand round it into life and beauty. Mr. ously wanting, and though his arrangePhillips has introduced his prosopopeia ment may be inconclusive, and his lanin a very appropriate place, but he has guage grossly inelegant. The subject on dweit on it too lons, helias weakened it which he addresses his audience may be hy expanding it, and has given no further so connected with their sympathies, that individuality, than by making the subject there will be need only to touch the train, of it appeal to Brama. Into Erskine's to produce the most brilliant and astoundspeech are introduced all the circumstan- ing effect; and in such case it surely can Ces necessary to mark the condition and make little difference whether the match the manners of the rude chief, and his be applied with the left hand or the right. language is energetic and compendious. The person, voice, and action, also, of Comparing Mr. Phillips with himself, we the orator, may be so persuasive of themThink he has exhibited most talent, of- schres, as to stand instead both of argulended less against taste, uttered more ment and illustration; and if these qualijust thoughts, said more good things, and fications are united to tolerable skill in made less parade of common-place ideas, selecting topics, and any zeal in urging in his speeches on publie occasions than conclusions, and above all if there be suin his speeches at the Bar. Tize latter peraelded an imaginatiga fertile in imas

ges, no matter whether they are perti- ruption of taste, which in these efferment and illustrative or not, the tempo- vescing times, has wrought as many rary success may be great, and yet the strange metamorphoses as the cup of speech actually delivered, when examin- Circe or the horn of Oberon, the speeches ed coolly and without bias, appear defi- of Grattan and Curran will be descending cient in all, or most of the qualities which through generation after generation with give value to composition, whether it be accumulating honours. read for the wisdom of its thoughts or Mr. Finlay says, that “ the dictate of resorted to as a model of style. And this the imagination is the inspiration of orawe believe, from Mr. Finlay's account, as tory, which imparts to matter animation well as from the evidence of his speeches, and soul," and that “ without it, the to have been exactly Mr. Phillips's case. speaker sinks into the mere dry arguer, Surely it will not be sought by any one, the matter-of-fact man," &c. This is an even of Mr. Phillips's most unhesitating erroneous sentiment inelegantly expressadmirers, to set him above all his coun- ed. The dictate of imagination, is not trymen as an orator, to heap on his tem- the inspiration of oratory, and very few ples the palms and the laurels which of those men, who have most distinguishhave shaded the brows of Grattan and ed themselves by their eloquence, have Curran; and yet his success, according to displayed, or even possessed much imaMr. Finlay's mode of estimating it, hay gination, in the sense in which Mr. Finlay far exceeded theirs. The speech of uses the word. Demosthenes, for examiGrattan on the subject of tithes, in the ple, was so far from owing his efiicacy to Irish Parliament, is a magnificent monu- his imagination, that scarcely has there ment of knowledge, argument, pathos, ever been an orator of any eminence, fancy and wit, that Mr. Phillips can who has manifested so little. No-his never hope to equal, and yet this noble orations derived their power from the effort of genius and patriotism was heard manner in which he felt his subject, and without conviction. And why? Be- the energy of his feelings was imparted to cause prejudice or self-interest had blunt- his words. The liberty of Greece de. ed the perceptions of the mind and closed pended on his tongue, and full of the the avenues of the understanding. Cur grandeur of this thene, and feeling all his ran's speeches in behalf of those who were soul moved within him, he could not stop tried for treason, the speeches, for in- the strong current of his argument, stance, in behalf of Rowan and Finerty, and wait for fancy to weave garlands. for purity of style,-variety of know- The imagination, of which Mr. Finlay ledge, strength and ingenuity of argu speaks, belongs almost exclusively to the ment,-depth of thought,-felicity of al- poet; the inspiration of the orator, is pas. lusion, -unaffected fervour of emotion, sion, it is that divine warmth of soul, and splendour and pertinency of illustra- which gives to the lips of the orator, an tion, are as far above any thing Mr. Phil. energy as if they had been touched with lips has ever produced as “from the cen a live coal from off the altar. Or if great tre, thrice to the utmost pole;" and yet, orators have sometimes been distinguishpowerful as they were, they could not pro- ed for the richness of their fancy, they cure a verdict of acquittal. And why have been cautious of indulging it, and in could they not? The deep-seated preju- fact, even their eloquence has been most dices of an alarmed and jealous govern powerful, when it has been most direct ment forbade. The eloquence of Cur- and simple. ran and Grattan, (we mention these Though we think Mr. Phillips's speeches names because they are Irishmen, and on public occasions, his best speeches, yet. have made their greatest efforts in Ire- they are too often deformed by the exland, -compared with that of Mr. Phil. travagance of a totally undisciplined fanlips, is like a deep broad river, moving its ey, and are too uniformly inflated. Stills vast volume of water against the base of however, they contain striking passages, an everlasting hill, compared with the many just sentiments, and a tone of feelnoisy torrent pouring down its side. If ing somewhat proportionate to the subjects the hill be not borne from its foundation We will quote one passage, which fur-, hy the one, and if the soil be washed nishes we believe one of the least excepaway by the other, is it because the latter tionable specimens of Mr. Phillips's style, has more power than the former? Truly, and which, at the same time, contains an no: and when Mr. Phillips's Speeches interesting detail of the names of those have got in their whole harvest of ap- Irishmen, who have figured so conspicua plause, and are no longer remembered ously in the service of the British governa fiscept as proofs of that temporary core menti The extract ts from the speech at Dublin, at an aggregate meeting of the Ca. citates the intellect as she has done the tholics of the city and county of Dublin. creed? After making Providence a pre

“ The code, against which you petition, tence for her code, will she also make it is a vile compound of impiety and impo- a party to her crime, and arraign the unilicy: impiety, because it debases in the versal spirit of partiality in his dispensaname of God; impolicy, because it dis- tions? Is she not content with Him as a qualifies under pretence of government. Protestant God, unless He also consents If we are to argue from the services of to become a Catholic deinon? But, if Protestant Ireland, to the losses sustain- the charge were true, if the Irish Cathoed by the bondage of Catholic Ireland, lics were imbruted and debased, Ireland's and I do not see why we should not, the conviction would be England's crime, and state which continues such a system is your answer to the bigot's charge should guilty of little less than a political suicide. be the bigot's conduct. What, then ! is It matters little where the Protestant this the result of six centuries of your goIrishman has been employed; whether vernment? Is this the connexion which with Burke wielding the senate with his you call a benefit to Ireland ? Have your eloquence, with Castlereagh guiding the protecting laws so debased them, that the cabinet by his counsels, with Barry en- very privilege of reason is worthless in riching the arts by his pencil, with Swift their possession ? Shame! oh, Shame! adorning literature by his genius, with to the government where the people are Goldsmith or with Moore softening the barbarous! The day is not distant when heart by their melody, or with Welling- they made the cducation of a Catholic a ton chaining victory to his car, he may crime, and yet they arraign the Catholic boldly challenge the competition of the for ignorance! The day is not distant world. Oppressed and impoverished as when they proclained the celebration ot our country is, every muse has cheered, the Catholic worship a felony, and yet and every art adorned, and every con- they complain that the Catholic is not quest crowned her. Plundered, she was moral! What folly! Is it to be expect not poor, for her character enriched ; at- ed that the people are to emerge in a motainted, she was not titleless, for her ser- ment from the stupor of a protracted devices ennobled; literally outlawed into gradation ? There is not perhaps to be eminence and fettered into fame, the fields traced upon the map of national misforof her exile were immortalized by her tune a spot so truly and so tediously dedeeds, and the links of her chain became plorable as Ireland. Otherlands, no decorated by her laurels. Is this fancy, doubt, have had their calamities. To the or is it fact? Is there a department in the horrors of revolution, the miseries of desstate in which Irish genius does not pos- potism, thescourges of anarchy, they have sess a predominance ? Is there a conquest in their turns been subject. But it has which it does not achieve, or a dignity been only in their turns ; the visitations which it does not adorn? At this instant, of wo, though severe, have not been is there a country in the world to which eternal; the hour of probation, or of punEngland has not deputed an Irishman as ishment, has passed away ; and the temher representative? She has sent Lord pest, after having emptied the vial of its Moira to India, Sir Gore Ouseley to 13- wrath, has given place to the serenity of pahan, Lord Stuart to Vienna, Lord Cas- the calm and of the sunshine. Has this ilereagh to Congress, Sir Henry Welles- been the case with respect to our miseraley to Madrid, Mr. Canning to Lisbon, ble country? Is there, save in the viLord Strangford to the Brazils, Lord sionary world of tradition is there in this Clancarty to Holland, Lord Wellington progress, either of record or recollection, to Paris-all Irishmen! Whether it re- one verdant spot in the desert of our ansults from accident or from merit, can nals where patriotism can find repose or there be a more cutting sarcasın on the philanthropy refreshment? On, indeed, policy of England ! Is it not directly say- posterity will pause with wonder on the ing to her, “Here is a country from one- melancholy page which shall portray the fifth of whose people you depute the story of a people amongst whom the poagents of your most aligust delegation, licy of man has waged an eternal warfare the remaining four-fifths of which, by with the providence of God, blighting inyour odious bigotry, you incapacitate from to deformity all that was beauteous, and any station of oflice or of trust!" It is into famine all that was abundant." adding all that is weak in impolicy to all The facts detailed in the above passage that is wicked in ingratitude. What is do certainly convey a most “ cutting her apology? Will she pretend that the sarcasm upon the policy of England,', Deity imitates her injustice, and incapa- and though we think that to form a

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