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is consequently subjected to a painful and Scrophula, 1 ; Sprue, 4 ; Still Born, 9; tedious course of mercury, for the pur- Sudden Death, i ; Suicide, 2; Syphilis, pose of eliminating from the system a 1; Teething, 5; Ulcer, 5; Casualty, s. supposed poison.

Total 227. The New-York bills of mortality for Of whom there died 73 of and under July contain the following deaths from the age of 1 year ; 23 between 1 and 2 different diseases.

yeary; 11 between 2 and 5; 10 between Abscess, 3; Apoplexy, S; Asthenia, 1; 5 and 10 ; 15 between 10 and 20 ; 22 beCancer, 1 ; Cholera, 15; Colic 2; Con- tween 20 and 30 ; 20 between 30 and 40 ; sumption, 47 ; Convulsions, 18; Debili 23 between 40 and 50 ; 12 between 50 ty, 1 ; Diarrhea, 7 ; Dropsy, 6; Dropsy and 60; 7 between 60 and 70 ; 6 between in the head, 5 ; Drowned, 5; Dysentery, 70 and 80 ; 4 between 30 and 90 ; 1 be13; Fever, 4; Bilious Fever, 1; Inflam- tween 90 and 100. matory Fever, 1; Remittent Fever, 2; It will be seen from this account of Typhous Fever, 8 ; Gravel, 1; Gout, 2; deaths, that the month of July has been Hæmorrhage, 1; Hives, 4 ; Jaundice, 2; particularly fatal to children under the Inflammation of the Bowels, 8 ; Inflam- age of two years. The number that has mation of the Brain, 1; Inflammation of died amounts to more than two fifths of the Chest, 10; Inflammation of the Liver, the total of deaths of all ages. It is from 5 ; Intemperance, 2; Locked-jaw, 2; the great mortality among this class, Measles, 1 ; Marasmus, 4; Mortification, therefore, that has arisen the numerical 2; Nervous Diseases, 1 ; Old Age, 6 ; Pals augmentation of deaths for this month. "y, 1 ; Peripneumony, 1 ; Pleurisy, 1;

JACOB DYCKMAN, M. D. Quinsy, &; Rupture of the Brain, 1; New-York, July 31, 1817.

Art. 17. CABINET OF VARIETIES.
STEAM BOATS.

pounds on the square inch, and then with D OBERT VAUX, Esq. chairman of a foree of fifteen pounds per square inch. K the Committee of the seleet and com- If it stands this trial, it may reasonably be mon couneil of Philadelphia, having ad- presumed to bear the required pressure dressed a circular on the subject of steam of ten pounds per square inch until the boats to the Corporation of this City, the next monthly period of trial appointed by consideration of it was referred to Samuel law. To make it sure that the Engine Akerly, M. D. T. H. Smith, John Rem- shall not be worked in any intermediate mey, J. Warren Brackett, and Arthur time, by means of steam affording a highBurtis, Esqrs. composing the Committee er pressure than that required, let a sepaof Arts and Sciences, who made a Report rate safety valve be provided, and kept approving of the recommendations there- locked up in a box connected with the in contained. These recommendations Steam Engine Apparatus, of which box wore :

the Inspector appointed by law ought to "First, To adopt and enforce the follow- be permitted and required to keep the ing regulation, viz. allowing every cap- key, which box should not be opened till tain, or owner, to navigate his vessel with the next period of inspection. This steam raised to whatever temperature he safety valve should be regulated to the thinks most expedient for his own pur- pressure required, and at which the Steam poses, he should be compelled to permit Engine is to be actually worked. So that inspeetops, appointed by law, once in however high the common exposed saleevery month to prove the strength of his ty valve may be loaded by those who boilers by loading them for the purpose work the engine, the safety valve locked of ascertaining their strength ; first with up, shall effectually prevent the use of any double, and afterwards with once and a higher pressure than that permitted. half the force of the Steam he proposes second improvement would be, to permanently to use, by filling them with separate the Steam Engine Apparatus water, and loading a pipe with the weight by strong partitions erected between this necessary to give to the boiler the require and the part of the vessel occupied by the ed pressure. This can be conveniently passengers; which partitions should be managed by pressure on Bramah's prin- 80 constructed as to be decidedly the ciple, and need not occupy an hour's strongest part exposed to explosion, should time. Thus, if the captain proposes to such an event take place. Hence the work with Steam pressing with a force of planking of the sides of the veggel near to ten pounds on the square inch, let the the Steam Engine Apparatus, and the part boiler be tried with a pressure of twenty of the deck that covers it, should be purposely made somewhat weaker than the fect. But the Rev. Mr. Hill, Mr. Soupartitions, and more liable to be torn or they's maternal uncle, interposing, deblown away by an explosion, which in feated the voyage. Mr. Southey resides such case could not affect the passengers." in the romantic vicinity of Keswick, in

In the opinion of the Committee such Cumberland. The house is divided in regulations, and nothing short of them, the centre--one half is occupied by Mr. would be eificacious in preventing acci- Southey and his family, the other by Mrs. dents growing out of the disposition of Coleridge, (sister to Mrs. Southey,) and indiscreet men to accelerate their boats, her two sons; and Mrs. Lovell, the third at any hazard, by adding weights to sister, whose husband is dead, iy an intheir safety valves. The Committee mate of Mr. Southey's. This gentleman condemn the use of cast iron boilers, is represented as remarkably amiable in and in general all the departures from private life. His attainments as a poet Mr. Fulton's system which have been in- and a scholar are well known. He is untroduced under the name of improve derstood to be now engaged in several ments. They attest the safety of boats literary compositions. Among them is on Fulton's contruction, under such ju- an Epic, the hero of which, is a member dicious management as has been ex- of the Society of Friends! It is said hibited by those plying in the North and that he makes it a rule to write 40 lines East rivers. The Corporation not having daily before breakfast. Such idle stories, power to appoint inspectors, the Com- however, are not to be heeded. Yet we mittee suggest the propriety of applying are not without apprehensions of his to the legislature for such authority, bringing himself too soon again before SOUTHEY THE LAUREATE.

the public. He has written already too The recent publication of a jurenile much for his reputation. Had he produperformance of this gentleman, under the ced no poem but Roderick,his fame would title of Wat Tyler, has given rise to con- have been more enviable. · E. siderable discussion, in England, in re

TO READERS. gard to his early political principles and The great typographical improvement conduct. It seems that whilst at Oxford, in this Number, will not escape the obin 1792-93, he imbibed the revolutiona servation of our readers. It will be perry spirit, which at that period raged at its ceived, too, that we have considerably height in Europe, and associated him- enlarged our printed page. We shall self with some of his collegiate friends hereafter conform to this standard. Our in an enterprise characteristic of the times. paper will in future be of a better quality. DIr. Southey, and his fellow commoners, We have much pleasure in announcing Mr. S. T. Coleridge, and Mr. Lovell, an arrangement which we have made having allied themselves by the bond of with C. S. Rafinesque, Esq. a distinguishfraternization, resolved to emigrate to ed naturalist, to conduct a department of America, and to found a colony on the the magazine, under the title of Museum true principles of liberty and equality, on of Natural Sciences, which is commenced the banks of the Susquehannah. In this in this number, and which will occupy a

mon, and all the dreams of perfectibility relinquished the design of publishing his were to be realized. To carry this pro- Annals of Nature, invites gentlemen who ject into execution, they actually left patronized that undertaking, to transfer college. Other youths of the same stand their subscriptions to this work. ing were animated by a similar ardour.

ERRATA. Among ihose who proposed to accom- Page 320, col. 2, live 3 from top, for pany the three friends, were a Mr. Allen, and read from. and Mr. Burnett, author of the history Page 331, col. 2, line 30 from top, for of Poland. One obstacle was in the way. appeur, read appears. Southey had fallen in love with a Miss Payo 335, col. 2, line 28 from bottom, Fricker, -he could not prevail with him for streains, read steueris. self to leave her, nor could he hope to Page 337, col. 2, line 15 from bottom, persuade her to forsake her family, to for effects, real effect. share in his romantic expedition. "But P oke 355, col. , line 18 from top, in to make every thing easy, Coleridge and some copies, for.trimanices, in brackets, Lovell readily undertook to marry her read Arimanius. two sisters, and their mother, who was Page 356, line 23, for Flora Philadel. a widow, could of course have no reason- pirica Prodromus, read Flore Philadelable objection to following her chil- phicæ Prodromus. dren. This scheme so far as concerns the Par: 359, col. 1, line 13, for Striatula marriages, was actually carried into ef- read Siriatula.

THE
AMERICAN MONTHLY MAGAZINE

AND
CRITICAL REVIEW.

No. VI....VOL. I.

OCTOBER, 1817.

The Speecies of Charles Phillips, Esq. delivered at the Bar, and on various public de

casions, in Ireland and England. Edited by himself. New-York. 8vo. pp. 205.

Kirk & Mercein. AFTER having complained of the un- ment of his argument, in extemporaAu fairness of reviewers, in criticising a neous harangues as in the more leisuresurreptitious publication of his speeches, ly and careful productions of the closet, Mr. Phillips has thought fit to vindicate though most, if not all, the defects athis reputation and furnish an authentic tributable to this cause, he might very criterion for estimating his merits, by edi lawfully correct, if he had the sagacity ting his Speeches himself. In this edi- to detect them, while arranging them for tion, then, we may look for the measure the press. But it is not on account of of his mind and the standard of his de. their occasional defects, whetheravoidable sert, without rendering ourselves liable to or not, that we object to these speeches; the charge of being in haste to judge, nor is it because Mr. Phillips has failed in thereby proving ourselves anxious to con- the style of eloquence which he has demn. We have waited until the giant adopted, that we cannot persuade ourhas buckled on his armour, until, with selves to become his admirers; we dislike his breast-plate fitted, his sword upon his the whole system of rhetoric on which thigh, and his shield borne before him, they are constructed, and whatever of he has deliberately come forward, and pleasure we have experienced in the pe- ! with vaunting words, offered himself to rusal of them has been produced by the hattle ;-and now, having measured his general character of the sentiments they stature as well as we might for the glitter contain, and the general tone of feeling of his harness and the terror of the ranks in which they are uttered, not by the embattled in his cause, we venture, style in which they are set forth, or though haply with only a sling and stone, by the flights and figures in which they to question his claims, not fearing his so much abound. Or if we have been bulk. We do not, however, wish to ad- gratified at any time with the diction of vance with an acrimonious spirit, nor these speeches, it has been when the oraproceed to the length of slaying him tor least endeavoured to soar, or when outright and cutting off his head, even if he has indulged, as he has at times, with our arm were strong enough and our aim some felicity, his humorous vein. But unerring; we only wish,-dropping the these instances are rare, particularly of allusion, and speaking in the plain way the former sort. The style is almost to which we are most used to examine uniformly turgid and ambitious, not with candour, and declare our opinions only so as to be altogether beyond natemperately, but plainly.

ture, but so as often to become absolute We are ready to admit the correctness bombast of the most frigid and unintelof the remark made by Mr. Finlay, who ligible kind. In many places, in the appears in the preface as the friend and course of the volume, whole sentences, apologist of Mr. Phillips, “that some de- we had almost said whole' pages, have fects are essential to such, and so much exactly that sort of rhythm which constilabour.” Doubtless it would be unfair tutes what is commonly called "prose to require of an orator as much accuracy run mad," and if they were divided off into of syntax, and as complete a develope- lines like poetry, each one beginning with

VOL. I yo. 11,

a capital feiter, they would make, so far habit of his which is very bad, both beas the measure might be concerned, very cause it argues an incorrect taste, and betolerable blank verse. Now we are aware cause it often renders the meaning doubtthat harsh and ragged sentences do not ful. It is that of accumulating in the constitute. good prose, any more than same sentence a great many short antisimply the requisite number of feet and theses, and almost universally omitting the a jingle at the end of the lines, if it be object after the verb, in which he selrhyme, make good versification ;-we dom exhibits any niceness of discriminaknow there is a melody of prose as well tion, whilst he leaves the idea loose and as of verse, but it certainly does not con- undefined. He is very fond, besides his sist in eternally balancing clauses and regular antitheses, of a little pretty kind poising one half of a sentence against the of paradox, in a particular manner of other. The melody, which is so charm- using adjectives and verbs, as for examing in the sentences of those writers who ple, " degrading advantages," "outlawed have acquired the authority of standards, into eminence," and “ fetter into fame,” will be found, upon examination, to have and this " literally," " bliss would be joy. been produced by words selected, not for less," and many instances of a similar their length, but for the case with which kind, which we have not time to enuniethey may be uttered, and arranged, not rate. His similes and comparisons are with a regular return of the same move. very often absolute contradictions, or en. ment, but in such a way as that the or- tirely without meaning. In a paroxysm gans of speech shall take them up one of christian charity and toleration, he after another without effort. The most thus speaks of the Roman church : approved writers, too, have ever avoided “That venerable fabric which has stood sameness in the length and number of the for ages, splendid and immtiable; which clauses and general strueture of their pe- time could not crumble nor perseeations tiods, and are free from mannerism. shake, nor revolutions change; which has Their style is apparently most easy to stood amongst us like some stupendous imitate, because so natural; but, in fact, and majestic Apennine, the earth rocking most difficult to attain, on account of the at its feet, and the heavens roaring round purity and propriety of the language, its head, firmly balanced on the base of its and the perpetual, though delicately eternity; the relic of what was; the somarked variety of the sentences. But lemn and sublime memento of what Mr. Phillips's sentences seem all to have might be." If this is not rant and nonbeen cast after a pattern, they are so uni- sense we do not know what is. In the formly alike in structure and movement. first place it is not true that the Roman Besides, he often neglects propriety for Church has stood thus immutable; and sound, and sacrifices meaning for the sake in the next place there does appear to be of a swelling close. His sentences remind some trilling repugnance between the one of the middle style of gardening, idea of so huge an establishment which which instead of exhibiting “ a happy ru- has been so long standing—not on its ral seat of various view," paraded its base, but the cternity of its base, and that enclosures laid out with tiresome uniform of the same establishment being a mere mity, where “grove nodded at grove” relic of what was, and memento of what and “ each alley had a brother.” And the must be. Hesays, also, that he would allow worst of it is, that this mannerism of Mr. religion “no sustenance but the tears that Phillips is not relieved by any profound are exhaled and embellished by the swor striking thoughts, by new views of beam.” Now this is certainly nonsense, old principles, recommending them by Speaking of the corruption of the the power of illustration, or any original court and the danger of bringing religion contributions of ideas. His ideas are ge- into temptation by contact with it, he nerally commonplace, and the imagina says: “It directly violates his special tion employed in attempting to impress mandate, who took his birth from the them, is extravagant and rambling, ra- manger, and his disciples from the fishing ther than opulent and felicitous, and pru- boat." Here, for the sake of preserving rient more than vigorous and fine. Be- the pretty balance of the sentence, Mr. cause he flies a great deal it is no proof Phillips has violated sense as well as that he is an eagle.

taste; the use of “from," in the first Mr. Phillips's style abounds in affec- instance is absurd, and even if it were tations and prettinesses,--he is very fond not, it is nothing but affectation to use, as of alliteration, and seems to take a plea. Mr. Phillips so often does, the same form sure in combinations of words that jin- of expression and the same preposition to gle.prcttily on the ear. There is another signify two retations so very different as are the relations signified by the two Words are like leaves; and where they mast o pone tax has been

abound, froms. The poor old Pope, too, has been

Much fruit of sense beneath is rarely found. made, not an Apennine, but an Ararat,

False eloquence, like the prismatic glass, and in the very incarceration of his con- Its gaudy colours spreads on every place; finement, to make a humble attempt at The face of nature we no more survey, an imitation, that is to say, while he Al glares alike without distinction gay. was “mid the damps of the dungeon," We do not deny Mr. Phillips talents, he “ towered sublime like the last nioun- nor his speeches argument, but he sometain in the deluge, majestic not less in his times certainly forgets the decorum of elevation, than in his solitude, immutable prose, and the restraints of good sense, amid change, magnificent amid ruin, thc and indulges himself in a strain of ranting last remnant of earth's beauty, the last bombast, which is no otherwise prose; resting-place of heaven's light.Now if than in not being poetry, and is so empty Pius VIL. had, amid the turmoil of revu- of meaning, as, in our view, to degrade lution and war, sustained his authority, his subject, and bring himseli into ridi and, by the extent of his power and influ eule. He is much fonder of pretty turns ence, been enabled to yield protection to of phrase, and that delectable sort of senthose, who might fee to him, the compar- timent and language that belong to igon might have been proper enough, in lisping ladies, who write love stories, point of fact; but to apply it to one who than becomes the man who is engaged was completely reduced, -overwhelmed, in the support of civil rights, and by among the first, by the surging billows of whom " the violated law speaks out revolution,-whose power became “less its thunder;" or, than consists with the than nothing and vanity," is to make dignity of one, who undertakes to vindian application, which either contradicts cate the rights of a nation, and deter by history, or has no meaning. Besides, his eloquence, the encroachments of if it were figuratively true, it is not well power. Among the fopperies in which said. To say of a mountain, that it is the style of Mr. Phillips abounds, are the 46 majestic not less in his elevation, than use of the possessive case, with its governin kis solitude,is to misplace words, and ing noun, instead of using the preposition wholly destroy the force of the illustration. "of,”—the perpetual and nauseating use Elevation, is the universal attribute of of alliterations, and the use of words, endmountains ; solitude, is an adventitious ingin "less;" of the latter, if he cannot find one: “elevation," and "solitude,” there any, he makes them. Thus, these speeches tore, should change place, in the compa- are full of such phrases as “ world's rison, for it could not have been the de- vanity,” “ world's decoration "world's sigo of the author, to fix attention chiefly wealth,” “world's frown," " friend's peron what is common to all mountains, at fidy," * nature's loveliness,” “ heaven's least all that we have seen, and neglect melody," « altar's pledge,” “ world's chithe very quality, which gives individuality valry." His alliterations are innumeraand force to the comparison. But when ble : we will quote a few. “ The venal Mr. Phillips starts a comparison, he and the vulgar and the vile;" “ the merimmediately loses himself among the ciless murderer, may have manliness to new images that come associated with plead;" “ shame, sin, and sorrow;" “ the that which first furnished the resem- frightful form of vice, phantom of infirmiblance, and he dashes through the de- ty;" though all that the venom of a venal scription of the whole heterogeneous turpitude could pour upon the patriot, train, with the eagerness of a boy, who, must with their alternate apparition, afsent on an errand, turns aside to chase flict, affright, and," &c.; "in solitude a butterflies, entirely forgetting that the solace;" “ glorying in the garland that onobject of a comparison is simply to illus- ly decorates him for death;" and these trate or exemplify, not to furnish a topo- are not the thousandth part of them. Of graphical account of the object from words ending in "less,” we have store, which it is drawn, or give a history of all some of which are erroneously applied, the author or speaker may know con and others are ffresh from Mr. Phillips's cerning it. In reading these speeches, mint, to the introduction of which into the following lines from the Essay on Cri- the republic of letters, as much resistance ticism have often come to our recollec- ought to be made, as was made to the intion, and though we would soften a little troduction of Wood's half-pence, into Irethe application of the first couplet, yet land, and for a similar reason, both are we know not where the remaining lines base, and destitute of the genuine stamp could be more appositely exemplified that should entitle them to universal cirthan in tho volume before us.

cdation. We hare in one place, one after

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