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cles of intelligence and communications, of neat-cattle ; m. ovina, to the distemcalculated to do honour to the literature pers of sheep ; m. canina, to those of and science of the United States, and to dogs ; &c. &c. the lecture being intendgive it a direct circulation through the ed to systematize those very important extensive kingdoms and states where the departments of science. German tongue is in use. Dr. Mitchill presented, at the request
HUMANE SOCIETY OF NEW-YORK. of Reuben Haines, Esq. the third number of the Journal published by the Academy
At a meeting of the New-York Huof Natural Sciences in Philadelphia, in mane Society, held on the 13th of Auwhich Mr. Nuttall's Botanical Memoir gust 1817: The committee appointed to is continued ; a new genus of animals be- take into consideration the means of relonging to the class of Mollusca, and the covering persons apparently dead from order of Pterepode, by Mr. Le Sueur. drowning, and of preventing the fatal efHe calls it F'iroloida, and describes three fècts of drinking cold water, adopted and species inhabiting the Atlantic Ocean. recommended to their fellow-citizens the Diore new species of the genus Raja or following directions, as in their opinion Skate family, found near Newport and best calculated to effect these important Egg-harbour, on the margin of the sea, objects. and an Entomological description of the Directions for Recovering persons appawheat Insect called Hessian Fly, by Mr. rently dead from Drowning. Thomas Say. Linnæus and Degeer had 1st. Avoid any violent agitation of the exhibited a genus, Tipula, which includ- body, such as rolling on a cask or hanging ed this pernicious animal. Latreille and up by the heels, but carefully convey it, Meigen, have arranged a part of the crea- with the head a little raised, to the neartures belonging to it, under a new title est house. and description. This is Cecidomyia. 2d. Strip and dry the body, and lay Our acute entomologist adopts the lat- it in a warm blanket, which must be reter method; and describes the Hessian newed every few minutes. If a child, fly like a naturalist, under the naine of place it between two persons in a warm Cecidomyia destructor. He does more. bed. Hebrings to our acquaintance, for the first 3d. Immediately apply warm spirits time, another insect of the ancient Ich- or brandy to the temples, breast, belly, feet neumon family, that preys upon the Lar- and hands; at the same time, the whole va of the other an ddestroys it. This ene- body should be diligently rubbed with my of the wheat insect and ally of far- warm woollen cloths, or, if at hand, immers, he calls after Latreille, Ceraphron, merse the body in a warm bath; taking with the specific name of destructor also. especial care that no more persons be in It is a remarkable coincidence, that Dr. the room than are actually necessary. Akerly, and Mr. Say should both have 4th. Introduce the pipe of a pair of belbeen engaged in this inquiry at the same lows into one nostril, keep the other ti:ne.
nostril and the mouth closed, inflate the The President also laid on the table a lungs till the breast be a little raised ; the copy of Eaton's manual of Botiny, for the mouth and nostrils must then be left free norihern states, as published at Albany, and the chest gently pressed ; the helfor the members of the Botanical Class in lows should then be applied as before, William's College, Massachusetts. and the whole process repeated and con
Dr. Mitcbill then read the lecture of tinued at least i5 or 20 minutes, alternatethe day, on Anatomical Sludies as con- ly elevating and depressing the chest in nected wilh the diseases of man, and of imitation of natural respiration. the other animals, more especially the 5th. Inject into the bowels, by means of a horse. He called the art of dissection syringe, a pint of warm spirits and water, by the name of Zoolomy. The anatomic composed of one part of the former and cal structure of mun, he called androto- three of the latter; this injection the Somy ; the horse hippotomony; of kine, ciety prefer to tobacco smoke, which boolony; of sherp, probutotomy; of dogs, though usually recommended in cases of cynotomy; of swine, suniony; of poul- this sort, the Society cannot too strongly try alectruotomy; &e. and then found- disapprove, ed upon each of these species of know- 6th. When the physician who has the ledge a corresponding practice in cis- care of the apparatus, arrives with the cases, such as Medicina humana, when same, he will, with a machine for the applied to those of human beings, m.equi- purpose, inject into the stomach some na to horses forming the hippiatrii or warm spirits and water, with a small equestrian treatmet; m. bovina, to those quantity of spirits of hertshorn, or cause such other remedies to be applied as are been induced, let (in the case of an adult) indicated.
a teaspoon full of laudanım be given 7th. Renew the external application of immediately in a cup of spiriis and water, hot spirits to the surface of the body, and and repeat the dose in half an hour if nediligently continue the friction with wool- cessary. len cloth at least two hours.
4th. At the same time apply for enta8th. Do not despair-By perseverance tions of spirits and water to the stomach in warm friction alone many lives have and bowels, and to the lower extremities, been restored, and in some instances covering the body with a blanket, or imwhere the bodies have remained in the merse the body in a warm bath, if it can water for nearly the space of half an be immediately obtained. hour.
5th. Inject into the bowels a pint of Directions for preventing the fatal effects spirits and water, mixed in the proporof drinking cold water.
tion of one part of the former and three 1st. Avoid drinking whilst the body is of the latter. heated, or during profuse perspiration.
By order of the Society, 2d. Wash the hands and face with cold water before drinking.
HUGH WILLIAMSON, Sd. If these precautions have been ne- DAVID HOSACK, Committee. glected, and cramps or convulsions have JOHN W. FRANCIS,
Art. 9. LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCÉ.
Stewart, Esq. William Smyth, Esq.
sity of Cambridge, 1359 members Lord Byron.
refuse of the blubber brought by the Conversations on Botany, illustrated Greenland ships, which at present is not by twenty engravings, will soon be pub- only unserviceable, but a nuisance to the lished in a 12mo. volume.
neighbourhood. From a small part of Mr. Alex. Chalmers has completed this refuse, says the writer, I should, I that great undertaking, the new edition doubt not, be able to light up the whole of the General Biographical Dictionary of Hull much better than it could be in 32 vols. 8vo. The magnitude of the done by oil in the ordinary way, and at labour may be conceived when it is one-fourth of the expense, by preparing known that this edition has been aug- a gas from it which would excel in brilmented by 3934 additional lives; of the liance the gas obtained from coal, reremaining number 2176 have been re- guire less purification, and be less noxwritten, and the whole revised and cor- ious. On this subject, Mr. J. B. Emrected. The total number of articles mett has published some experiments exceeds 9000. Appended to each article which he made last summer. By distilare copious references to the sources ling various oils, previously mixed with whence the materials are derived.
dry sand or pulverized clay, he obtained A new work has been commenced at a temperature a little below ignition, under the title of The Continental Medi- a gas which appeared to be a mixture of cal Repository; exhibiting a concise carbureted and super-carbureted hydroview of the latest discoveries and im- gen gases. It produces a flame equally provements made on the Continent in and often much more brilliant than coalmedicine, surgery, and pharmacy ; con- gas; and gives out no smoke, smell or ducted by E. Von Embden, and assisted unpleasant vapour. It differed very little by other gentlemen of the faculty. It in quality whether obtained from mere will be published in quarterly numbers. refuse or good whale sperm, almond or
Dr. John Clarke, of Cambridge, has olive oil, or tallow. For the sake of so ready for publication, in two volumes, important a branch of our fisheries, 24 Vocal Pieces, with Original Poetry, which is threatened with serious danger written expressly for the work, hy Mrs. by the general adoption of coal-gas for Joanna Baillie, Walter Scott, Esq John the purpose of illumination, we shall be
highly gratified to learn that the prospect known benefactor. The gift is to St. Pes of encouragement thus held forth is like- ter's College. ly to be speedily realized.
Bonaparte is said to have denied the At a meeting of the Bath Literary authenticity of the Conversations impuund Philosophical Society, Dr. Wilkin- ted to him in Warden's Letters. son, in remarking upon a paper pre
FRANCE. sented by Dr. Wollaston relative to the theory of the diamond cutting glass, men- Madame de Genlis is about publishing tioned that he had some micrometers Memoirs of the Marquis de Dangeau, made by the late Mr. Coventry, where written by himself, with anecdotes rethe lines on glass had been so finely lating to the age and reign of Louis 14th. drawn, that the cross lines formed a se- Dr. Esquirol has read to the Academy ries of squares, so minute that 25 mil- of Sciences of the Institute, a memoir lions of squares are equal to no more on the kind of mental derangement to than one square inch!!
which he gives the name of hallucination, Mr. Southey is engaged in writing a a new term, denoting a species of insanity, Poem, the scene of which is laid in Con- in which the patient receives through one necticut, and of which the subject is King or more senses, those impressions which Philip's wars.
sight alone otherwise conveys. In supFrom Steel's List, May 1, 1817.-Va- port of the principles and considerations riation of the Magnetic Needle. It does which he has developed, he adduces not appear, from recent observations on some very curious facts, and among the variation, that the Magnetic Needle is others, the case of a person, almost the returning again to the North; for during only sign of whose derangement conthe last eighteen months, its declination sisted in his hearing secret voices, which has been found to increase several mi- incessantly reproached him with somenutes; hence, its receding from its west- thing that he had done. ern limits becomes a question of impor- M. Laugier, who was the first that tance to the literary world.
discovered the presence of sulphur and Among the extraordinary instances of chromium in aerolites, has submitted which have occurred of living animals to the Academy of Sciences a memoir, being found deeply buried in solid sub- in which he proves by the details of chestances, where they had apparently ex- mical analysis the identity of the eleisted for ages, the following is one of the ments of those. substances with the most singular.
enormous masses of iron found in Siberia Two coalmen, working in a coal-pit be- by Pallas, and which seem in their comlonging to Viscount Dudley and Ward, position and origin to be like other massin the parish of Tipton, in the county of es found in different parts of the world, Stafford, in clearing or breaking up a stra- in the midst of vast plains from all the tum of coal called the stone coal, about fossils of which they differ. four feet thick, and lying about fifty yards
Dr. Alibert has completed a very
imfrom the surface of the earth, discovered portant work under the title of Nosologie a living reptile of the snake or adder naturelle, ou les Maladies du Corps hukind, lying coiled up in a small cell within main distribuees par Famille. It forms the said solid coal, which might be about two 410. volumes, each containing about twenty tons weight. When first discov- 700 pages and 22 plates magnificently ered, the reptile moted, and soon after- coloured after nature. From the extrawards crept out of the hole, but, upon ordinary opportunities for observation being exposed to the air, died in about enjoyed by the author as physician to ten minutes. The thickness and solidity thë Hospital of St. Louis, and from the of the .coal must have kept it entirely reputation which he has already acfrom the air. The hollow place in which quired, a work of the highest professionit lay was split by means of an iron wedge, al authority may be expected in this new and was rather moist at the bottom, but performance, the first volume of which without water. The cell was about the will shortly appear. size of a common tea-saucer, and the
M. Decandolle is engaged upon a - snake was about nine inches long, of a work which cannot fail to prove highly darkish ashy colour, and a little speckled. acceptable to all the lovers of botany. The above facts were sworn to before a It is written in Latin, and entitled : magistrate, March 5th, 1817.
Regni Vegetabilis Systema Naturule ; The University of Cambridge has sive Ordines, Genera, et Species Plantalately received a donation of twenty rum secundum Methodi naturalis Normas thousand pounds sterling, from an un- digestarum et descriptarum. It will be the first general botanical work in which age, and be able to speak and write their the species will be classed in natural fa- own language correctly. The instrucmilies, and described according to the tion is delivered in the Atheneum, but principles of that method, which, though they will be at liberty to frequent the Lystill in some respects imperfect, has al- ceum also. The objects of instruction ready rendered important services to the are—the languages, especially the ancient science. The first volume, containing Greek, Latin, German, French, Italian, introductory matter, and the five orders and English :-Philology, or a critical of Ranunculaceæ, Dilleniacea, Magno- knowledge oi ihe ancient authors, the deliacee, Annonacea, and Menispermeæ, is partment of Criticism, Poetry, Mythology, just ready for publication, by Messrs. and Archaiology;-Geography and HisTreuttel and Wurtz, at whose new estab- tory,-Mathematics, theoretical and praclishment in Soho-square, London, it tical ;-Philosophy ;-Oryctology, Botamay be procured.
ny, and Zoology, experimental PłuilosoGeneral Jomini has obtained the Em- phy, and Chemistry. The studenits are peror's permission to visit Switzerland. lodged and boarded in the Atheneum, He is occupied, it is said, in writing a his- on the payment of one hundred florins tory of the two last campaigns, from ma- (Dutch money); in this the expense of terials furnished by Field Marshal de instruction is included. Tolly and others.
A scientific establishment has been M. Volney, who is now a Count and a formed at Vienna, called the “ PolytechniPeer of France, has just published a new cal Institution," upon an extensive plan, edition of his RUINS. This is the fifth and calculated to produce very imporedition, and he has accommodated it to tant effects, particularly upon the manuthe times, by suppressing opinions which facturing and commercial inter ests of the experience has proved to be erroneous, Empire. and adding reflections which the events The catalogue of the late. Leipsic of a long life have suggested to him. He Easter Fair occupies 330 octa vo pages, has also published another work, entitled, being considerably thicker than of late New Researches in Ancient History. years,-a proof of the favoura'ble influ
A French chemist has discovered that ence of the present pacific state of affairs heated substances fall to the same tem- upon the branches of trade connected perature in elastic fluids in the inverse with literature and the sciences. ratio of the gravity of the gases.
Professor C. D. Ebeling o'i Hamburgh, The Chevalier de Gassicourt proposes and Professor Herman of Lubeck, have to apply the principle of the Hydraulic begun the publication of a ne'w Magazine, press of Pascal, to propelling vessels. If or Literary Journal. The American depracticable, this would supersede the use partment will occupy cor.siderable space of steam.
in this work, and be inducted by Mr. Five new epic poems are announced as Ebeling; the African and Asiatic by Mr. in progress in France. Their titles are Herman. It is intes .ded to devote the Phlip-Augustus, by, M. Parsenal-Grand- chief part of this work to erotic informaMaison ; the Maccabees, by M. Raynou- tion. It will appear once in two months, ard; the Holy War, by M. Fontanes; and six times ? year; and be regularly Tasso, by N. Campenon; and Richard, forwarded to 'New-York as fast as pubby Madame de Stael.
Lished, by the learned and excellent auGERMANY.
thors, Professor Thiersch, of Munich, has
SWITZERLAND. published a Programma in Modern Mr. Waillaudet of Neufchatel, announGreek, inviting the youths of the Greek ces in a foreign Journal that he has sucnation to frequent the Atheneum founded ceeded in resolving the celebrated proin their favour at Munich, in 1815. Seve- blem of perpetual motion, so long regardral young Greeks of Macedonia, Thrace, ed as a scientific chimera. The piece of and Asia, have already arrived at Mu- mechanism to which he applies his prinnich, where they receive the same in- ciple is thus described. It is a wheel, struction as the Germans.-This is de- around the circumference of which there livered in the German language; and is a certain number of tubes which alterthe Atheneum itself is exclusively deg- nately radiate or turn towards the centre; tined to those Grecian youths who pos- rendering the moving power at one time sess some acquaintance with that lan- strong, at another weak, but preserving guage. The principal points of the or- throughout such an intensity of force, ganization are the following:--The stu- that it is necessary to keep it in check by dents must be at least twelve years of a regulator. VOL. 1. 1o. v.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. black. The lake was smooth, and they
A violent hail storm was experienced had a perfect view of it for more than a at Cadiz, Ohio, on the 5th ult. of a very minute." extraordinary nature. The hail stones A Sea-serpent that has lately appeared were gin rally of two inches circumfe- in the harbour of Gloucester, Massachurence, and some of them nine or ten.- setts, has deservedly excited a great deal But a phenomenon is attested by John of attention. This monster of the deep, Busby, Est which transcends every whose existence has hitherto been deemthing, we have ever heard of the kind. ed Abulous, has been seen, day after day, He deposes that, “ before the hail ceased, by hundreds of our adventurous citizens, there fell before his eyes, not exceeding who have employed every means to capthirty feet from him, a mass of congealed ture or destroy it. Its head is said to be matter, which he thinks would have un- as large as that of a horse, its body of the doubtedly weighed between thirty and size of a barrel, and its length from 80 to forty pounds;" that “the noise occasion 100 feet.. ed by its fall
, notwithstanding it was in Dr. Mitch, of this city, has received the woods, and on soft ground, might cletter from the Hon. Josiah Meigs, of have been easily heard fifty rods, though the Land Office, enclosing an account it fell when storming, and when the wind which he had received from a friend in blew very high and hard ;" and that “on the western country, respecting a discostriking the ground, it burst into a vast very of some remains of the Mammoth. number of pieces resembling hail stones, The bones were found " in the East of different shapes and sizes, one of which Branch of the White River, which is itwas nearly the size of his two fists when self a branch of the Wabash, at a point closed.” -Mr. Busby is represented to 44 miles, in a right line, distant from the be a gentleman of undoubted veracity. mouth of the Wabash. The Eastern
The Auburn (N. Y.) Gazette of July Branch of White River unites with the 23, contains the following notice of a Western Branch at a point 29 miles in a strange phenomenon. "The waters of the straight line, distant from the mouth of Owasco Lake and its outlet, passing White River." “ Measurement of the through this village, have been singularly upper jaw of a Mammoth, found in the affected during the last week; the water, Eastern Branch of White River, on the naturally very clear and pure, became first of Juiy, 1817, and now in the posvery thick, of a greenish hue, emitting a session of Mr. Shotts, at the Falls of that most nauseous smell. Many fishes were Branch. Breadth of the jaw bone at the seen floating down, some dead, others posterior exterior 201-2 inches,lengthofthe nearly exhausted. Various causes have jaw 25 inches, circle of the bone 23 1-2 do. been assigned for this phenomenon, such length of the posterior grinder, 5 divisious as, the heat of the weather, the calmness and 3 rows, 7 3-4 inches, breadth of the of the atmosphere, and consequent de- same across, 3 1-2 inches, depth in the composition of a portion of the water. bone, 6 inches. Mr. Shotts promises to The waters have now nearly acquired make strict search for other parts of the their original sweetness and purity. --We animal—and will forward them to Preare informed that the neighbouring lake, sident Monroe.” the Skaneatales, has not been affected in Mr. Davis, of Hudson, Columbia Couna similar manner-we see no reason why ty, New-York, bas in the press, the Life, the like causes should not produce the Deeds, and Opinions of Doctor Martin like effects in both instances. Exagge. Luther, faithfully translated from the rated accounts may have gone abroad German of John Frederick William respecting this affair--we state for the in- Fisher, Superintendent at Plauen, in formation of the public, that no evil con- Saxony. By John Kortz. The work sequence has arisen to the health of the will be ready for delivery previous to the inhabitants, nor do we think any is an- approaching Centurial Jubilee, commeticipated.”
morative of the reformation commenced The following article is extracted from by Martin Luther. a paper published at Erie, Pa. “On the A few copies of a Memoir on the Ruins 3d July, 30 miles below this place and 3 of Babylon, by Claudius James Rich, miles from land, the crew of the schooner Esq. Resident for the Hon. East-India General Scott, saw a Serpent 35 or 40 Company, at the Court of the Pasha of feet in length, and its neck, which it put Bagdad, with Plates-have been received out of the water a few yards from the by James Eastburn & Co. of New York, vessel, ten or twelve inches in diameter. one of which has been purchased for the Its colour was a dark mahogony, nearly City Library. The Babylonian bricks,