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his hearers. In this alone, he knew, the alluded to, relative to the difficulties that rising generation could receive religious arose in the congregation at Hagerstown, instruction, and understand the adminis. Even these, however, did not disgrace tration of the precious Gospel. The very themselves by such scenes as have renmany reasons for this measure were so dered some congregations, “a bye-word" cogent, and the request of the body of the among other religious denominations. congregation so pressing, that he would When the Synod of Pennsylvania and have thought himself culpable, and an un- adjoining states was convened at Carlisle, faithful steward, had he refused to ac- in June 1812, the identical persons who cede.
were the disturbers of harmony, appeared But, who is not conscious of the power before the Reverend Body, and entered and often fatal influence of prejudice? a protest against “ English preaching." It was not long, before a few individual Matters were, however, properly exmembers of the church, in an indecorous plained by a delegation from the congremanner, objected to the preaching of the gation; and every unbiassed and pious word of life and the gospel of peace in the person, whilst applauding the conduct of English language: in that language, by Mr. S. deeply deplored, that in a free and which it might, under the blessing of the enlightened country, there should exist Lord, be conveyed to the hearts of all so much prejudice and infatuation. In who attended, and who were desirous to the whole course of this business, no one attend divine worship in the Lutheran could charge folly on Mr. S. or, in the Church. The mystery of iniquity worked, words of the great Apostle, convince him
-and the enemies of common sense and of any sin. This was highly gratifying to decorum, were unhappily encouraged in his feelings; for his whole deportment their absurd and malignant opposition, seemed to declare with the same great from a quarter least expected!
preacher of righteousness: “Herein do I To the great detriment of the Lutheran exercise myself, to have always a conChurch in this country, a number of per- science void of offence towards God and sons, both of the clergy and laty, have towards man." But it was a source of always strenuously opposed the use of grief to him, that some of his clerical the language of our country. In conse- brethren, and fathers of the church, quence of their inveterate prejudices, should evince a most unfriendly spirit; contracted views, and unguenchable ob that they should step forward in hostile stinacy, Lutheran congregations, in some array, not only against him, but against parts of the United States, have almost all those whose conscience and reason become extinct. The dispute concerning dictated the propriety, the necessity, the the use of the universally intelligible lan- duly of using the English language, in guage in the churches, has frequently addition to the German, in Lutheran given rise to tumultuous acts. That cor. Churches. dial harmony and fellowship, which Not out of disrespect to the respectashould be the cement of every Christian ble, enlightened and venerable body of community, has often been proscribed. Evangelical Lutheran Clergy, but as an Alas! the cause of the Redeemer has suf- historical fact, and an instance of human fered. To many it might be said : Your weakness and impropriety, it may not be gloring is not good. Nevertheless, amiss to state several proposals that were others, and not a few, having the pros- made on this occasion-and offered, as perity of the Lutheran Church, and the it were, merely to be rejected, and to welfare of Zion at heart, always deplored disappoint those from whom they emasuch a state of things, and have laudably nated. , exerted themselves to promote good will It was proposed by one, that the Syand fraternal love among their young nod should absolutely prohibit the use of brethren. In many instances their la- the English language in Lutheran Churchbours have been crowned with success, es:-Another was very serious in moving Already the eyes of many members of that every clergyman who should prethe Lutheran Church in America, have sume to preach in the English language, been opened to see the folly of their should be forthwith expelled from the former ways, and the injury which they Synod. have done; when, perhaps, they thought The discussion naturally, and very prothey did God service ; so, at least, Chris- perly, resulted in an affectionate exhortatiai charity prompts us to hope.
tion to peace and harmony. It was moreThis digression, or rather explanation, over wisely recommended to all congreeould not well be avoided ; as it serves to gations that might be similarly situated, throw light upon the circumstances before to ascertain, in a regular mode, the sense Vol. 1. No. 5.
of the majority; and when the use of the from the Synod, this decision was laid English language appeared requisite for before the congregation; and those who the welfare and existence of the churches, had been violent in their opposition now to make proper arrangements accord. remained more tranquil. ingly, in Christian love and mutual forbearance. After Mr. Schaeffer's return
(To be continued.)
Art. 8. TRANSACTIONS OF LEARNED SOCIETIES.
of women and children. Dr. M.Neven, A T the Annual Commencement of this on Chemistry and Materia Medica. A Institution, the usual academic exer- Dr. Post, on Anatomy, Physiology, and cises took place in St. Paul's Church in this Surgery. Dr. Milchill, on Natural Hiscity. The degree of Bachelor of Arts tory. Dr. Hamersley, on the clinical was conferred on William Lowerre, Rich- practice of Medicine. Dr. Mott, on the ard Ray, Seymour P. Funck, Manton Principles and Practice of Surgery. Eastburn, Isaac M. Fisher, Samuel D. Dr. Francis, on the Institutes of Medicine Rogers, Wm. Minturn, Samuel L. Gou- and Medical Jurisprudence. verneur, James P. F. Clarke, Meredith It is deemed proper to state that alOgden, Daniel P. Ingraham, John Neil- though this liberal and extensive system son, Benjamin F. Isherwood, John M. of medical and philosophical instruction Cannon, Edward N. Rogers, Edmund has been provided by the Hon. the ReLudlow, John Grigg, and Matthias 0. gents, the patrons of this Institution, yet Dayton. The degree of Master of Arts the expense of education to the candiwas conferred upon Robert Ray, of New- dates for medical honours is not increasYork.
ed beyond that of any other college in
the Union ; as the courses are not made UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF indispensably necessary for graduation, NEW-YORK.
and the student is at liberty to attend any At a special meeting of the Board of one or more of the professors, as he may Trustees of the College of Physicians and think expedient : the professors insist Surgeons in the city of New-York, held upon the attainments of the candidate and on the 25th of July, 1817, the following not upon the number of courses, nor the preamble and resolution were adopted : number of years he may have attended at
Whereas, the College of Physicians the University.-The medical graduation and Surgeons has received the affecting is held annually on the first Wednesday intelligence of the death of JAMES S. in April.* STRINGHAM, M.D. Professor of medical jurisprudence in this University ; and la- NEW-YORK HISTORICAL SOCIETY. menting the loss the profession and this
Sitting of August 12. institution have sustained thereby, on John G. Bogert, Esq. chairman of the motion, it is unanimously resolved, That, Committee on coins and medals made a as a mark of their consideration of his report,- which being voluminous, is filed virtues, talents, and professional services, among the archives of the Institute, and the trustees and professors of this school will appear in extenso whenever the next of medicine wear the usual badge of volume of the transactions of the Society mourning for thirty days.
shall be published, which we understand At the same meeting of the trustees of is now in contemplation. the college, on motion, it was unanimous- Mr. Bogert remarked, that the knowly resolved, that the vacancy created in ledge of coins and medals, was not merethis University by the death of Professor ly a matter of curiosity, but of use, as Stringham be filled by the professor of the Institutes, Dr. FRANCIS, as lecturer * For the information of the friends of on forensic medicine.
this University who reside in distant parts Resolved, that the following notification of the Union, it may not be uninterest* be made of the several courses of lectures ing to state that, by the aid of the enlightento be delivered in this University during ed and public spirited legislature of Newthe ensuing session, to commence on York, and the honourable the Regents, Monday the 5th of November next :- the college edifice since the last session Dr. Hosack, on Theory and Practice of has been augmented to double its former Physic, and Obstetrics and the Diseases size.
it had a manifest relation to science; Brooks, Henly, Casin, Gamble, and such as Chronology, Antiquities, and His- Stansbury, &c. It was ordered that a tory, and tended to ascertain and illus- cabinet should be prepared for their retrate them.
ception. Mr. B. gave an epitome of the history Mr. B. observed, at the conclusion of of coins and medals from their earliest his report, that the principal part of the use to the present day, and made some Grecian coins which he had been so forremarks on the study, and on the various tunate as to obtain, he had received from a treatises that have been published on the friend directly from Athens, who had subject.
been a fellow traveller with lord Elgin, in He at the same time laid on the table exploring and examining the ancient sepulof the Society some of the coins and chres of the Greeks, and who had pecumedals contemplated to form a part of liar advantages from his situation in prothe cabinet of the Institution, belonging to curing some very rare specimens. his private cabinet,-consisting of those His Excellency De Witt Clinton, Preof Ægina, Corinth, Athens, Argos, Agri- sident of the Society, communicated a gentum, Syracuse, Sicyon, Megara, Ma- letter which he had received from E. cedon, Palestine, Carthage, &c. Also Shultz, Esq. of Marietta, Ohio, enclosing Roman coins and medals, of forty-two one from Nathan Guilford, Esq. of CinciEmperors, and Roman ladies of distinction, natti, expressing an opinion that a comJulia Mæsea, Augusta, Julia Sæmia, Ju- plete skeleton of the mammoth might lia Paulina, Faustina the elder and young be procured at the Big Bone Licks, or at er, Orbianna, Agrippina, Etrucilla, &c. the United States' Saline near ShawneeThe Kings of Rome, Romulus, Numa, town, and intimating his intention to Tullus Hostilius, Martius Ancus. Con- make an attempt to obtain one. suls, L. Brutus, Cassius, Sylla, M. Bru- A written communication was received tus, Scipio, Cicero, Marius, &c. An- from Professor Mitchill, unavoidably abtique gems,-consisting of most of Greek sent, containing several enclosures; among and Latin philosophers, poets, and his them a map of the southern shore of torians, too numerous to be here inserted, Lake Superior, from the river Onatanaabout 120,-Swedish medals in silver,- gan, where the great mass of native cop. Charles 9, 10, 11, 12th, Gustavus Adol per exists to the bottom of the lake ; the phus, and many others. French,-Vol- original sketch done by an Indigene, a taire, Louis 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, and Chippeway youth, who had no regular 18th ; also John Calvin, German,--Ma- or scholastic education,-a present from ria Theresa, Henry the 4th, in the year Francis Le Baron, Esq. Apothecary Ge1007. English,-Charles 1st, in com- neral of the United States. memoration of the establishment of the number of manuscripts connected Episcopal religion, George 1, 2, 3, Rich- with the early history and commerce of ard 1, 2, 3, Henry 2, 4, 5, and 8th, Wil- this city and State were received from liam 3d, and Queen Ann. The above John Moore, Esq. of Hempstead, L. I. mentioned medals commencing with who was an officer of the customs for the Sweden, belonged to the collection of port of New York, when this State was a the late Dr. Priestley, which Mr. Bogert British Colony. obtained from his heirs in Northumber- A communication was likewise receiv. land, Pennsylvania, Sir Sidney Smith, ed from Mr. Jacob Shiefless, of this city, Cornwallis, Earl of Chatham, Admiral enclosing some papers of local interest. Kepple, William Pitt, with English coins letter from Dr. Samuel Akerly was as far back as Edward the Confessor. presented and read, enclosing the different American,-General Washington, evacu- denominations of Corporation money ation of Boston, Gen. Green, Battle of issued during the late war, and which had Eutau, Gen. Morgan, Col. Howard, Gen. been cancelled. Wayne, Gen. Gates, Gen. Henry Lee, Dr. D. Hosack presented a letter adCol. Defleury and Steward, Com. Preble dressed to him, dated Paris 17th April, and Truxton. Those struck since the 1817, from Mons, Thouin, belonging to war of 1776, are Capts. Decatur and the administration of the Museum of NaLawrence, His Excellency De Witt tural History in the ling's Garden, forClinton, in commemoration of the build- warding therewith 230 seeds of various ing the City Hall in the City of New- plants, and also a catalogue of plants York, while he was Mayor of that city, wanted by the Royal Museum. Capts. Hull, Jones, Bainbridge, Perry, The Recording Secretary, John PinWarrington, Biddle, Blakely, McDo- tard, Esq. presented an account of two nough, Lieuts. Burrows, McCall, Elliot, well authenticated cases of the fascinating
power of serpents, witnessed by Gabriel spar soonest decomposes, and where it is Furman, Esg. of this city in the years abundant, its decay causes speedy dis1802 and 1816.
integration. Os primitive lime-stonc, acA number of valuable books, pamph- cording to Mr. B. a curious and interestlets, coins and medals, minerals, and a ing property is said to have been known mezzotinto likeness of the Earl of Bu- to the ancients, which is, that hewn blocks chan, presented by his lordship through Dr. laid together with even faces unite by a Francis, were received.
stalactitical formation, without the inter
position of any cement.-Sand-stone apLITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL 50. pears to be various in its duration in the CIETY OF NEW-YORK.
ratio of its degree of hardness.
A letter from his Excellency De Witt Sitting of August 14.
Clinton, President of the Society, adDr. Hosack reported, that designs for dressed to David Hosack, M.D.F.R.S. the improvement and embellishment of was read. This communication furnishthe New-York Institution, executed by ed some novel and interesting informaMr. C. A. Busby, architect, had been tion relative to certain of the cerealia submitted to the examination of commit- of the United States. tees appointed by the New-York Histori- J. G. Bogert, Esq. favoured the Sociecal Society, the American Academy of ty with a letter enclosing a singular paper the Fine Arts, and the Literary and Phi- originally drawn up by Dr. Molineaux of losophical Society, and that they had Dublin, giving an account of certain huge unanimously agreed to recommend to and unknown bones, seemingly of the the several societies they represented, the mammoth kind, found in Ireland, more said plans ; and further, that at meetings than a century ago. of the Historical Society and of the
The Society acknowledged the receipt
The Society as Academy of Fine Arts, the said designs of several donations of great value to their were adopted.
library. Whereupon on motion it was resolved, that the committee of the Literary and
LYCEUM OF NATURAL HISTORX. Philosophical Society be authorized to
Sitting of July 21. carry into effect, as far as in them lies, the · Dr. Mitchill, President of the Society. means calculated to ensure the accom- presented a letter which he had received plishment of the proposed plans o im- from William L. Stone, Esq. editor of provement.
the Albany Daily Advertiser, containing The Secretary laid before the Society an interesting description of the Falls on a letter addressed to Dr. Francis, from Salmon River, in the State of New-York. Abraham Rees, D.D. F.R.S. the venera- Dr. Mitchill displayed to the Society ble and learned editor of the Cyclopædia, the skin and fleece of the White wild acknowledging the honour conferred Sheep, of the Rocky mountains. He acupon him in being elected an honorary knowledged himself indebted to John JaFellow of the Society, and assuring the cob Astor, Esq. for this fine specimen of Society of his cordial concurrence with a North American quadruped, which is them in every effort for the promotion of noticed by Lewis and Ord, but which literature and science.
has not hitherto been described by sysA communication, being an extract of tematic naturalists.
. a letter from John Bradbury, Esq. dated The President also presented a preparLiverpool, Jan. 2d, 1817, and addressed .ed specimen of the Manis Tetradactylus, to the Hon. De Witt Clinton, L.L.D. or scaly Lizard of Guinea, from Capt. was read. It appears that Mr. Bradbury Cahoone of the Revenue Outter. Ile is collecting specimens of the materials also laid on the table a piece of native which compose the ancient buildings of copper, taken from the great mass, 14 England, and some remarks on iheir rela- feet in circumference, lying in the chantive durability. He indulges the hope nel of the river Onantanagan, which falls that he shall be able to procure some spe- into the south side of lake Superior, a cimers from still more ancient fabrics on donation from Francis Le Baron, Esq. the continent of Europe, and in Asia or Apothecary General of the U.S. in Africa. From what he has already Dr. Mitchill also offered to the Lyobserved, he is induced to believe that
ceum, a model in Gypsum, of an elesome species of granite and primitive phant's tooth, found by digging on the lime-stone are the most durable. Of the east side of Chesapeake Bay, in Maryformer, that is most durable in which land. The cast was executed by Henry quartz is the most predominant Feldt- Hayden, Esq. of Baltimore, from the ori
ginal in his own collection. It was re- and cuts Ireland and England about in marked that this grinder was of an ex- their middle. traordinary size, and different from that
Sitting of Aug. 4. of the American fossil elephant, having an Dr. S. Akerly presented specimens of exact resemblance to the African species. iron ore, from Morris county, New-jer
Dr. Mitchill further presented a box of sey, which is used at the iron works of West India seeds, containing upwards of alderman M'Queen of this city. It is 50 species, offered by Mr. Dencker of the brittle and somewhat granular, and of Danish Island of St. Thomas.
that kind of refactory ore called cold Specimens of Zoophytes, Petrefac- short. It is best adapted to make pig tions, Carbonate of lead and other min- iron ; castings from this are often porous erals, were presented by Dr. B. Akerly. and spongy. Dr. A. suggested that it
Specimens of Zircon from New-Jer. was probably a phosphoret of iron. sey, were also offered by Mr. Conrad of Mr. Torrey, the lecturer on EntomoloPhiladelphia, through the medium of the gy, reported that the insect presented at Curators of the Lyceum.
a late meeting, by Mr. Biglow" is the Benjamin P. Kissam, M. D. delivered Curculio Imperialis of Linnæus. The a lecture introductory to his course on character of the genus is to have a proOrnithology.
minent horny snout, with club-shaped Sitting of July 28, 1817. . antennæ situated upon it. The species H. Biglow, Esq. read a paper contain: is distinguished by the following characing some facts in relation to the locusts ters, wing-sheaths black with elevated of America, communicated to him by striæ and spotted with golden green, Charles G. Olmsted, Esq. of Buffalo, and base of the body gibbous and powied, D. Brush, Esq. of this city.
Inhabits South America. Six hundred Dr. S. Akerly, in the name of Dr. Rose- species of Curculio are enumerated in the vell Graves, assistant street commissioner, last edition of Linnæus.” presented a prepared specimen of the Mr. Knevels offered a number of beauLacerta Alligator of Linnæus.
tiful Stalactites from a cave in the BahaIn the absence of the President, Mr. ma Isles, presented by James Walton, Esq. Baudoine in his behalf, read to the so- Mr. Baudouine presented in the name ciety a memoir written by the ingenious of J. G. Bogert, Esq. a large and fine speWilliam Darby, Esq. author of the Map cimen of the saw of the Squalus Pristis. and explanatory volume of Louisiana, C. S. Rafinesque, Esq. read a commuconcerning the probable revolution of our nication, containing a catalogue of plants, Planet at some very remote former time, found by himself near Flatbush, L. I. on a different axis from that on which it The Rev. Mr. Schaeffer presented a turns at present. Together with the mie silicious petrefaction from the Alleghany moir was shown a projection of the mountains. sphere, with the axis varying 45", from The President offered to the Society the actual one at this day, and of course several publications in the German tongue with the Equator and Tropics declined from Hamburgh and Bremen, on the just as many degrees froin the positions Elbe, evincing that their learned authors, they now occupy. This delineation forms professor Ebeling and Dr. I. A. Albers, a very curious picture of the terraque- were actuated by a spirit most friendly ous globe. It was beautifully executed to the American name and character. by Mr. D. at the request of Dr. Mitchiil, Among these printed essays are the folas a sort of test to the hypothesis that lowing ; the history of the New-York Inthe ancient Poles and Equator were very stitution, very circumstantially written, different from those which the world ex- with the names of the petitioners for the hibits at this modern period. And indeed, grant,and of the committee of the corporait applies so admirably to explain difficul. tion who agreed toit, (in the Hamburgische ties in Geology, such as the fossil remains Address, Comtour. Nachrichden 22 Julii of plants and animals; the dereliction by 1816.) 9. An abstract of the 16th volume water of some continents, as the United of the Medical Repository, exhibiting a States and Europe for example; the sub- particular view of the matters contained mersion of others, as the great Atlantis; in that New-York publication, (in the Meand withal helps the Geognostic inquirer dicinisch chirurgische Zeitung of Saltzso conveniently along, where nothing else burgh, fol. 20. Feb. 7. 1718.) 3. A review assists him ; that it may almost be con- of W. Barton's discourse before the Medisidered a theory derived from facts by cal Society of Philadelphia, on the late regular induction. The supposed old distinguished professor Benjamin Smith equinoctial line passes through the At- Barton, (in the same Journal.) 4. A file lantie ocean to the S. E. of the U. S. of German newspapers, containing arti