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bly bas lain there 210 yeaye ; because those GERMANY.

of Popham's party, who survived ibe incle. M. Francois de Salingre, a chemist of Hal- ment winter of 1607-8, returned in their verstadt, has discovered a inode of inanufac- ships to England, in May, 1608, aud ibere turing an oil from cabbage seeds, superior to has been no dwelling house, or person who any vegetable oil pow known. 1. It equals has lived at, or near the site of this ancient in point of yellow colour and purity the fin fort since. This axe, being probably the oldust oil in Provence. 2. It is in dorous, and est manufactured article known in this part bas the taste of almonds, whicb distinguishes of the country, has been presented by Mr. it from the oil of rape seed. 3. It may be Hill to the Antiquarian Society substituted for olive oil in sallads, and for It appears, by several of the English periother domestic uses. 4. When used as lamp odical publications, lately received in this oil, it gives a bright lame without smoke. it city, that Captain Riley's Narrative is in the is also very economical-a given quantity Press, and will soon be published in London, will be consumed much more slowly than in a quarto form. the same quantity of rape oil within the same J. Eastburn & Co. of New York, bave is. time.

sued proposals for re-publishing by subscrip

lion - The Quarlerly Journal of Science and It is well known that the deeper we pene.

the Arls," a work of great erudition and trate into the earth, the greater is the warmth.

much interest, edited originally at the Royal At Frieberg, they pretend to have calculated

Society of Great Britain, by William Thomas that this increase of warmth amounts to one

Brande, Esq. F. R. S. L. and E. B. and others. degree of the thermometer for 150 feet, from which it is inferred, that at the depth of 50 10

The publication is to commence in August German, (225 Euglish) miles iron must inelt next.

Th. We understand that Captain O'Connor, of and the interior of the earth be a sea of li.

the artillery, has for some time been engaged, quid fire.

by order of the War Department, in liansMr. Henz, an eminent tanner of Srzensk, lating from the French a celebrated Treatise in Poland, bas ascertained that the leaves on the Science of War and Fortification, oriof the oak are equal to the bark in tanning ginally composed by order of the Emperor leather, provided they are used in the month Napoleon for the use of the students of the of September, when they possess the bitter Imperial Poluta

Imperial Polytechnic and Military Schools sap, which they afterwards lose.

of France. This Work embraces the whole

Science of War, and Field and Permanent UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Fortitication, with all the modern inventions

and improvements in the latter branches; Some persons employed by the Hon, and in France is universally used by the mi: Mark L. Hill, to make improvements on litary, and is esteemed beyond all other prohis farm at Phipsburg, situated at the ductions on the subjects, being considered a mouth of Kennebec river, whereon are to masterpiece. We learn that the Translabe seen the remains of the ancient fort tion is completed, and will shortly be publishbuilt by Sir George Popham in 1607, found, ed for the use of the Cadets of the United in May last, about 16 inches under the sur States' Military Academy. face of the earth, an axe, wbich unquestiona.

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PENNSYLVANIA ACADEMY OF FINE ARTS. President John Trumbull. Vice Presi.' AT an election for president and direc- dent-Jobn R. Murray. Directors—Cadwal

A tors of the Pennsylvania Academy of lader D. Colden, William Cutting, John G. Pine Arts, held at the Academy on Monday Bogert, David Hosack, Archibald Bruce, the second of June instant, the following gen. Archibald Robertson, Benj. W. Rogers, Wil. tlemen were chosen, vir:- President-Joseph liam Dunlap, Jobn Mc Cornb, Saml. L. WalHopkinson. Directors--William Tilghman, do, James Renwick Treasurer-John PinEdward Pennington, Williain Meredith, Wil. tard. Secretary Alex. Robertson. Keeper Jiam Rush, Plunket F. Glentworth, James and Librarian-William Dunlap. AcademiGibson, Zaccheus Collins, Thomas Cadwa- cians-John Trumbull, William S. Leney, lader, John Vaughan, Griffith Evans, Tho- John Mc Comb, John 1. Holland, Saml. L. mas Sully, Joseph Allen Smith.

Waldo, William Dunlap, Peter Maverick, - AMERICAN ACADEMY OF THE EINE ARTS. John Disey, Archibald Robertson, Alexan

The following gentlemen have been elect- der Robertson, A. Anderson, William Rol. ed Officers of the American Academy linson, G. B. Brown, A. Dickinson, John of the Fine Arts for the year 1817-viz. Vanderlyn, J. O. Donnell

Second Exhibition of the American Academy of conscious that on the common act of hospitality the Fine Arts.

she is performing, an act so congenial to her sex, (Continued.)

depends her future fate, has an air of nonchalence The last mentioned painter (Omeganck) is faithful Eleazar. The camels and men in the

well contrasted with the anxious gaze of the still living, an ornament to his country, and distance are finely painted, particularly the perhaps the best painter of animals, particularly figure on whom the light falls. Mr. Alston's sheep, which the world possesses. His Land

Land- touch is new to us, and we are not prepared to scape is likewise uncominonly fine. The keeper praise it. neither shall we condemn it. The of the Musee de France, when asked why there finish of many parts of the picture is very fine. was no picture of Omeganck in the Exhibition, This beautiful composition is the property of Mr. replied, that in tenderness to him as a living ar. Van Schaick of our city, who when in Earope tist, they would not injure hiin by comparison !

gratified his taste by encouraging the merit of his Omeganck has since visited the Museuin in per

countryman Alston, and has set an example to son, as one of the Commissioners appointed by our wealthy merchants, who expend their thouthe King of Holland to reclaim the pictures plun: sands and tens of thousands upon walls, carpets, dered by the Emperor of the French.

and mirrors, but have not heretofore been in the No. 19. Battle of Cavalry.-BREYDEL.. habit of calling forth the talents of the painter to

In a space whoge utmost length is 6 inches, and decorate their splendid balls and drawing rooms breadth 5, the painter has represented an exten.

in with the instructive and taste-refining productions sive plain, on which, and under the walls of a o! the pe

of the pencil. Let them be assured that a good Castle, large bodies of Cavalry are mingled

led picture reflects more honour upon the possessor

! in bloody strife. The composition, drawing,

than ten times the wealth that purchased it; and colouring, and touch, show the hand of a mas.

(a circumstance by no means to be forgotten) ter.

will, if taken due care of, increase in value by

age. No. 20. Portrait of a Lady.-W. DUNLAP.

No. 29. An old Woman and little Girl by This is a half length of a lady, sitting, and foreiliche

-W. JEWITT leaning her head on one hand, while the other rests easily on her silk drapery. There is inuch Mr. Jewitt, quite a young Artist, has succeed. truth in the composition.

ed admirably in representing the effect of fire

lighi, upon iwo figures well contrasted and hap. No. 21. Mary Magdalen. W. DUNLAP. pily imitated from nature.

A spirited sketch,--the parts most finished Nc. 30. A Slorm at Sea. make us wish that equal labour had been bestow. An admirable picture, and deserving of a better ed on the whole.

place. No. 22. Landscape.- RUYSDAL.

No. 31. Portrait of G. Clarke, Esq.-S. This is a jewel. There were two painters of L. WALDO. the name of Ruisdaal, (for with all due deference No. 32. Female half length.-Painted by to the Librarian of the Academy, so we believe Paris BOURDON, the pupil and rival of Titian. the name is spelt,) James and Solomon. The

This is the finest specimen of colouring in the works of the first are valued by Le Brun and by De Burtin at 8000 livres; the second at 1720.

| Gallery ;--we know of none so fine on this side

"! the Atlantic. It is a model for every Artist to James Ruisdaal, whose landscape we believe this me to be, was distinguished for his knowledge of na. study,

study, for colouring, but not for coinposition or

design. It was in colouring alone that Bourdon ture and of the effect of light and shade. His a

(or Bourdone) was the rival of the prince of comaster was the celebrated Everdingen.

lourists No. 23. Christ on the Mount of Olires.

No. 33.- Portrait of a Gentleman.-S. L. W. DUNLAP.

Waldo. No. 24. Infant St. John.

No. 34. La Madonna dell Galto, Copied No. 25. Ballle of Cavalry.--BREYDEL. from Barocci by Tompkins.

Still more beautiful than its companion, No. This beautiful little picture represents a Holy 19. The principal Horse and Man are very Family, the attention of the children occupied by Ine.

a cat. It is difficult to imagine any thing more No. 26. Flemish Scene.

true to nature. Barocci was born at Urbino in No. 27. Flemish Card Party.

1528, and painted most of his great pictures at

Rome. Great truth of expression. No 29 Rebekah at the well-_W Arseos No. 35. Sludy for the woman taken in

This charming picture is painted subsequently Adultery. J. TRUMBULL. to the large picture of the resuscitation of the The large picture was exbibited last Fall, and dead man on touching the bones of the prophet, is, in our opinion, the most perfect of the life-size which established the reputation of Mr. Alston. compositions of Mr. Trumbull. It has the This last we have not seen. No. 28 does great “Bón choix, bien rendu" of the French Con fignoar to its author. The lovely Rebekah, vn• noisseur). It is a picture which will remind die beholder of Corregio.* The study is in itself a by four Banquets, executed at Venice, for four carefully painted and beautiful picture, principal. several refectories of Convents. A copy of the ly dillering froin the large picture, in having the centre part of one of these great compositions be. woman's drapery white.

longs to the American Academy No 36. Holy Family, with Eleazer and St. No. 43. The Nativity. John.-J. TRUMBULL.

No. 44. A Satrap. MICHAEL ANGELO. A picture of uncommon beauty, evincing a We observe on the first page of the Catalogue knowledge of all the parts wbich belong to this that “the titles of the pictures, and the names of enchanting and very difficult art. The St. John the

John the painters, are given as sent in." is perhaps the finest part of the composition.

No.45. The Annunciation. No. 37. Study for our Saviour wilh lillle No. 46. Constantia and Sylvia. SIGNIOR Children.-J. TRUMBULL.

WALDRE. As the picture itself is in this exhibition, and is much improved upon the study, we will reserve

è The subject of this picture is from one of Metaour remarks until we reach its bumber.

sis's Opera's. It is an object of great importance

for the painter to choose a subject generally No. 38. The Virgin and Childl, Elizabeth known, and generally interesting. We are here and St. John.--Copied from ANDREA DEL attracted by the size of the picture, figures as Sarto by Tompkins.

large as life, and the general tone of the colourThis is a pendant to No. 34. but though the ing, but the eye, after dwelling a short time name of Andrea del Sarto stands higher than that on some parts of unquestionable beauty, par: of Barocci, few beholders but will prefer the pic. ticularly in the landscape, turns away unsatisfied. ture of the latter here exhibited to that of the The drawing of Constantia's face is very bad. former. Andrea del Sarto (whose real name No. 47. Landscape. was Vanucchi) was born at Florence in 1488.

No. 48. Moses striking the Rock.

N His character of design is learning and simplici. ty, both of which may be seen in this picture, but No 49. Zaplna in the Tragedy of Maho- 1 there is likewise severity and hardness.

met.-Morse. No. 39. Portrait oj the Murquis de la Fay It has been suggested that this is a portrait of ette.

Mr. John H. Payne, in this character, as he per Very bad.

formed it in London. No. 40. An old Man. Cuyp.

No. 50. A head. A bead of merit, whether by Cuyp or not. This fine picture ought to have a better situa

No. 41. The Archangel Michael preparing tion. It ought to have the strongest light in the to enchain Satan. Revelations, chap. 12 and room. 20. A sketch in Fresco.-ARCH). Roberto No. 51. An Italian Landscape. View in son.

the Burghese Gardens. One of the effects of the revival of the Ameri. Very beautiful. can Academy of the Fine Arts, and the opening No. 52. A full length Portralt, size of life, of a Gallery for Exbibition, is that talent is stinu

of George Washington.-G. STEWART. lated to action, and sleeping genius roused to ex- cu ertion. Mr. Robertson has here evinced a know. We are always delighted by the magic of ledge of composition and design which does him Stewart's pencil. This is either the copy or the honour.

original of the picture painted for Lord Lansdown, No. 42. Portrait of Paul Veronese, between from which the engraving was made by Heath. Virtue and Vice. Figures as large as life. We have seen a full length portrait of Washing-PAUL VERONESE.

ton, by Stewart, giving another view of the face

and another attitude, beyond all comparison pre• Many of our readers will remember a fine en- ferable to this. It is in the possession of Peter gracing of this picture, in the “ Florence Galle. Jay Munroe, Esq. We lament that the engrav. ry." Unfortunately the painting has been so ing had not been made from Mr. Munroe's, rather abused as to diminish the satisfaction of the be- than Lord Lansdown's picture. It is not only a holder, and almost to destroy the impression better picture, but it is much more like the person which would otherwise be made by the work of and face of Washington. In No. 52, a disagreea. so great a master. The composition is grand,- ble protuberance of the under lip may be observe the massing of light and shade, equally so,--and ed, and a deficiency of chin very unfavourable to the drawing beautifully correct; but we have the physiognomy. only the remains of the colouring of one of the great colourists of the Venetian school. Paolo

No. 53. Ilalian Ruins. —ALLPORT. Cagliari (called Veronese, from the place of his Apparently a copy from a print. birth) lived froin 1530 to 1588 ; he distinguished No. 54. A Landscape. himself by many great pictures, but particularly No 55. Landscape, with hunters and hounds.

* The recurrence of this name reminds us of Maes. an error in the printing of the remarks, on No. There were three eminent painters of the name 3, where 1533, should be read for 1253.

of Maes (or Maas) Dirk, Arnold, and Nicholas.

This, if from the hand of either, is painted by No. 78. Landscape.
Dirk Maas, who was born at Haerlem in 1656,

No. 79. Virgin and Child. MilBERT.

No 70 and at the best period of his practice excelled in Battles, Chases, and Cavalcades, giving his A very beautiful drawing. borses with great truth and force.

No. 80. Landscape. No. 56. Venus and Vulcan.

No.81. Fruit Piece. Mrs. ROBERTSON. No. 57. Flemish Peasants.

No. 82. Fruit, Wine, $. E. METCALF. Nos. 58, 59, 60. Portraits.--Wright of There is a truth of imitation, neatness of penDERBY.

cilling, and beauty of colouring, as well as good No. 61. A Mother caressing her Infant

ber Infrast_composition, which must recommend this picture copied from Titian by a very eminent British

to every beholder. Artist.

No. 83. Fruit Piece. By a masterly hand. This we presume is given as sent in.

No. 84. Dead Game. E. METCALF. No. 62. Michael and the Fallen Angels This is a companion to No. 82, and partakes of copied from RUBENS.

the same merits. This is undoubtedly a mopy from Rubens. No. 85. Fruit. Mrs. ROBERTSON. though not by a very eminent artist, but even á No. 86. Landscape. BourguiX. copy from Rubens affords delight and instruction. A highly finished and beautiful composition.

No. 63. A portrait of a ChildI am so No. 87. A Female head in Crayons. . big."-ARCHD. ROBERTSON.

No. 88. Landscape. Bourguin. No. 64. View of the Falls of Yanlick River,

The companion to No. 86, and still more beauat Norwich, Connecticut. J. TRUMBULL.

tiful, though it lacks the well touched figures of Charming scenery well painted.

the first. No. 65. Landscape.

No. 89. Landscape with Figures.
No. 66. St. John with a Lamb. J. TRUM. A picture of merit.

No. 90. Magdalen. HERBYNS. No. 67. Another view of the Falls of Yan. This is a very bad copy of a picture of the great tick River. J. TRUMBULL.

Corregio's. We have seen a mezzotinto print This is a companion to No. 64, and is even from Corregio's picture, possessing much more more beautiful. There is a quiet harmony of the beauty of the original than this painting throughout the picture that is delightful. All can boast. looks nature.

No. 91. Landscape and Figures. A comNo. 68. Ruins.

papion to No. 89. No. 69. Portrait of a Lady. COPLEY. No. 92. Landscape. MAZZARA.

This is a production of Mr. Copley's, before he No. 93. Asiatic Justice. had seen the works or received the instructions If we mistake not, this, instead of an Asiatic of any master in the art. John Singleton Copley, Justice, is the Lord of the Vineyard paying off one of the men who have made the United States his labourers, from the parable. to be considered as the birth place of painters, was born in Boston, Massachusetts. After leaving

No. 94. Landscape. MAZZARA. his native country, then an English province, he No. 95. Hebe. A Drawing. Mrs. Ro. fred his residence in London, and soon attained BERTSON. a high rank in his profession. His pictures of the No. 96. Landscape. Death of Lord Chatham, Death of Major Pierson, Youth rescued from a Shark, and Destruction of No. 97-is missing. the Floating Batteries at Gibraltar, are most No. 98. Travellers and Cross. . known from having been engraved. The por

A remarkably fine little picture. trait under consideration has much to be admired, and will afford useful hints to young portrait paint: No. 99. A head. erg.

There is no painter's name given in the CataNos. 70 and 71. Views in Amsterdam... logue, but it is said to be by Ferdinand Bol, a TAEIRFS.

distinguished Artist, born at Dort, in 1611. It is

certainly a well painted head. No. 72. Landscape.

No. 100. Lear. B. WEST. , No. 73. Landscape. VAUREGEMORTEL.

Here we have before us one of the best picNo. 74. Fruit Piece. Mrs. ROBERTSON. tures of the greatest Historical Painter of the

No. 75. Woman buying Vegetables. Var. eighteenth century, Benjamin West, of Pennsylva. PERPOOL.

nia. This great Artist was born in Chester CounNo. 76. Scene from Rokeby. ALLPORT.

ty, Pennsylvania, in 1738. At the age of 22, af.

ter having been 14 years employed in teaching No. 77. Man buying Game. VANDERPOOL. himself to paint, and a part of that time practising his art for his emolument, he had accumulated a England, he in his way thither passed through sufficiency to bear his expenses to Italy, and as- Turin and Paris, profiting by the works of art sisted by the liberality of Mr. William Kelly of there displayed. In England Mr. West's success New-York, and Mr. Allen of Philadelphia, he at- in the great object of bis ambition was so great tained the object of his wishes, an opportunity of as to prevent his return to his native land, and he studying the great works of the masters of his continues to exert the full vigour of his uncommon profession at Rome. Mr. West arrived at Rome talents at the age of seventy-nine; nay, the last in July, 1760, and was advised by Mengs to visit great picture he has exhibited, “Christ Reject. Florence, Bolonga, Parma, and Venice. Tois ed," is not only his greatest performance, but advice he was enabled to pursue by the liberality ranks among the greatest pictures of the world. of Messrs. Allen and Hamilton of Philadelphia, The painting under conteniplation, “ The Mad. who, unsolicited, remitted letters of unlimited ness of Lear," was painted for Alderman Boydel credit in favour of West, to their agent in Leg. in the year 1798, and was, with its companion, horn. At Parma be made the copy of Corregio's “ The Madness of Ophelia," purchased by Mr. Virgin and St. Jerome, which is the third num. Fulton at the sale of the Shakespeare Gallery. ber of the present Exhinition, and which is in the Mr. West then retouched the picture, which he possession of the family of Mr. Allen, one of his always considered as one of his finest composifirst patrons. Having an opportunity of visiting tions.




muel Merwin, Vice Presidents. Mr. Henry THE Pope has issued a bull against Bible Hudson, Secrelnry Mr. Joseph Rodgers, 1 Societies, as immineutly dangerous to

To Treasurer. There have beeii distributed the faith.'

the vear past by this society. 3105 bibles; The Holy Alliance is making rapid pro- and since its organization in 1809 to 1st May gress. Sweden and Cassel have acceded to last, it has distributed 18,053 bibles and 196 it, and the courts of Weimar, Hanover, Olden- testaments. bury, and Mecklenburg, have been invited A new Tract Society has been formed in to do so. Bavaria and Saxony have already

alreado Livingston County, (Kentucky,) called the become parties to it.

• Bethany Tract Society'

A society has lately been instituted in Sa. DOMESTIC.

vannah, (Georgia,) under the name of the The Bible Society of Virginia held a gene. " Savannah Female Mite Society,' for misml meeting at the capitol in the city of Rich- sionary purposes. mond, in the last month.

The East Tennesee Bible Society,' has The corner stone of a new church has become auxiliary to the American Bible lately been laid in Baltimore. On a brass Society, plate deposited in the stone, are written these A Female Auxiliary Bible Society has words, -" There is one GOD, and one Me- been lately established in Colchester, Condialor between God and man, the man Christ necticut Jesiis." 1. Tim. ii. 5.

A Bible Society has been organized in the From the Report of the board of inspec. county of Herkiner, New-York. tion of the Albany Sunday Free School So.

- The following donations bave been made

The following donati ciety, for the benefit of Africans, it appears, to the American Bible Society,' by societies that besides the direct benefit of the institu• not professedly auxiliary - Philadelphia Fetion, the force of example had led to the or- male Bible Society, 500 dollars ; Long Island ganizing similar associations in the neigh. do 200 dollars ; Stanton (Va.) do. 200 dolbouring towns and counties. The average lars; Middleburg Female do. yo dollars; number which had attended the school, in Charleston, (S. C) do 500 dollars. the past year, was about 200. The pupils A Female Sunday School for adults has had been of all ages, from 4 years to 78 years. been established at Chilicotbe, (Ohio,) and

Al the Annual Meeting of the Connecticut there is a prospect of others being opened in Bible Society, held in the State House in the that town. City of Hartford, on Thursday the 8th ult. We notice, with pleasure, that the board the following officers were chosen for the of directors for the American Bible Society, ensuing year-Hon. John C. Smith, Presi. have resolved to publish the Bible in the dent. Hon. Jedediah Huntington, Rev. Sa. language of the Aborigines of this country. muel Nott, Rev. Lyman Beecher, Rev. Sa- E.


TN the following Parody of Virgils' Pasto- 'Proeme,' to the "Shepherd's Week,' from I rals, by Gay, the resemblance is sufficient- wbicb we have taken the first Eclogue, is ly preserved io heighten the ridicule. His ludicrously quaint. As this part of his works

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