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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1851, by

CHARLES SCRIBNER, In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern

District of New York.

C. W. BENEDICT, Stereotyper and Printer,

201 William st., N. Y.




Sidney's contemporaries: Bradshaw; Milton; Marten; Scot; Blake;

Fairfaz; St. John; Ireton-Sidney in retirement at Penshurst-

Again visits the Hague-John De Witt-His character as a

statesman-Meeting between him and Sidney--Patriotism and

ability of De Witt-His death-Sidney returns from the Hague-

Retires again to Penshurst-His literary pursuits-His amuse-

ments-Continued hostility to Cromwell and his government-

Incurs the displeasure of his brother, Lord Lisle-Letter of Lord

Lisle to his father-Downfall of the protectoral government-Re-

assembling of the Long Parliament-Sidney again a member of

Parliament-In the executive council-Close of his legislative

career-Reflections on the counter Revolution.



Appointed on the embassy to Denmark and Sweden-Importance

and nature of the mission-Arrives at Copenhagen-Goes to

Stockholm-His conduct in the discharge of his duties as ambas-

sador-Embarrassment of Sidney at the Restoration-Letters

respecting it to his father-Progress and close of his negotiations

-Prepares to return from Sweden-Letters to his father-His

equivocal position with the government at home-Letters to his

father respecting it-Returns to Copenhagen-Goes to Hamburg

-Letter of Lord Leicester-Discouraging prospects of Sidney-

He abandons the idea of returning to England, and refuses to sub-

mit to the terms required of him at home-Letter of Sidney

from Hamburgh-Letter from Augsburgh-He acknowledges

and justifies the offences charged against him-His views of the

act of indemnity-Cause of the hostility of the government

against Sidney-Letter of Sidney in respect to it-He submits

to voluntary exile-Conduct of the government in the execution

of the regicides-Scrope, Sir Arthur Hazelrig, and Lambert

-Partial statement of Hume respecting the execution of the

regicides-Reflections on the trial and execution of General

Harrison-Reasons of Sidney's refusal to return to England-His

letter to his father on that subject-His views of the govern-

ment at home, and his relation to it--Letter to a friend.



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The writings of Sidney-Introductory remarks-Extracts-Com-

mon notions of liberty are derived from nature-Men are by na-

ture free-Choice of forms of government originally left to the

people-The social contract considered-Such as enter into society

in some degree diminish their liberty-The natural equality of

man-Virtue only gives a preference of one man to another-

There is no hereditary right of dominion-Men join together and

frame greater or less societies, and give them such forms and laws

as they please-They who have the right of choosing a king,

have the right of making a king-As to the forms of government

-Those best which comprise the three simple elements-Democ-

racy considered-Sidney in favor of a popular or mixed govern-

ment-Civil governments admit of changes in their superstruc-

ture-Man's natural love of liberty is tempered by reason-

Seditions, tumults, and wars considered-In what cases justified-

When necessary to overthrow a tyranny, or depose a wicked

magistrate-The right of insurrection traced to the social con-

tract-The contracts between the magistrates and the nations

which created them were real, solemn, and obligatory-Same

subject continued-The general revolt of a nation cannot be

called a rebellion-Duties of magistrates as representatives of

the people-No people that is not free can substitute delegates-

The representative system-Legislative power not to be trusted

in the hands of any who are not bound to obey the laws they

make-Reflections on the writings and political opinions of Sid-

ney-The sincerity of his motives-His religious sentiments-

His private character-Conclusion,

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