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Hves were held in less estimation than those of the
English, and they were preferred in that service.

gross were the arts used to inflame these poor people, that one of the stories circulated among them was, if I have not been much deceived, that the Irish were coming to eat them with a horn of salt.This, I confess, appears an absurdity almost indredible. But the proofs I had to my own senses of the

credulity of the people of this district, rendered me · less difficult upon that head. I will give you an instance of this. Of late years they have formed very numerous associations in nature of a religious sects of which the principal and characteristic act of devotion is jumping ; and therefrom they are denominated jumpers. To this end they have built a vast number of chappels by voluntary subscription, where they preach by self-inspiration. The preachers are of all sexes and all ages, and start forth spontaneously from among the congregation : so that I have seen a great number running about at a time preaching, and sobbing, and shedding tears, and wringing each others hands; whilst the lookers on seemed to catch. in a fainter degree the same inspiration. As they preached in their vernacular tongue, I could not judge of their sermons otherwise than by their effects. I have seen many actually in convulsions ; and old men on their knees making wry faces, and knawing the heads of their sticks, and biting, in a kind of extacy, like a cat, tickled on the crouper. The more young and vigorous jump up in the air, with their


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hands up clutching at the invisible Lamb of the Lord: But particularly, I was told, at certain solemnities, and stated times of the year, they assemble in the towns and villages, and in the fields, and on the high roads. This is probably towards the festival of Easter, and then the whole country is engaged in the simple act of jumping ; each as the caprice strikes, or sometimes all together like fry in the sea. derstand, since I have been in France, that this sect is much more extended than I then had any idea ; and that it prevails equally in South as in North Wales. It was from a little girl that was sent from an hospitable farmer's house, to conduct me to the road, that I first learned the meaning of their jumping. I had gone into the cottage to ask my way, and was, without further introduction, invited to accept of excellent country fare ; and this little girl, who alone had learned English, served as my interpreter, and afterwards as my guide. I was charmed on this, as on every other occasion, with the hospitality of this people ; for, it is but justice to say, that they, like my own countrymen, possess that noble virtue in a high degree. I wished to make some little compliment to the child, and as we walked along towards the great road, I asked her, if she ever came to Pullhelly, and if she would come and see me there? She answered, that she came twice a week to the preaching, and that she would call and enquire for me at Mr. Jones's. I asked her then if she was a jumper ? and she said, she was. I finally ventured to ask her, what she jumped for, for that in my coun


try we had not yet learned that? And she replied, with great simplicity, that she jumped for the Lamb. Would to God, that so many of those poor people had been let to remain until this day jumping for the Lamb, instead of being brought over full of ignorant fury, of which they were hardly to be called guilty, to burn the wretched colleges of the poor Irish, to torture, violate, and murder, and in the end to pay the forfeit with their lives. Good God! will there never be a period of civilization, when hunianity will emerge from darkness and barbarity ? But it is time to quit this digression, and continue my story.

Having with difficulty got to land, for which we were much indebted to the courage and humanity of Mr. Robinson, a clergyman in sight of whose house we were first stranded, and who came with some of his people in a row-boat to our assistance, we went to an inn kept by an ancient sea chaptain, called Jones. Here there arrived on the following morning the passengers of a packet-boat, bound to Bristol, put in, damaged and dismasted by similar distress of weather. Between the passengers of both vessels, our society was numerous, and enlivened by some pretty and amiable persons of the fair sex. Our fare was good, though not sumptuous. We had a clean fireside, and that cordial pleasure that arises from past toil. We had a harper to play to us at dinner, and we danced to his music in the evening. The next day we made our parties to wander on the strand and climb upon the rocks; and in this manner we passed several days which to me seemed short.

But, as the rest of his casual society went off in a few days, each to pursue his own particular destination, I was left to consider for myself. I had, indeed, perceived that calumny and terror had been before-hand with me. Certain it is, that my name seemed to have reached the shore before me, and I could see that I was eyed as an object of curiosity, if not of horror. Many, I dare say, piqued themselves upon discovering, in my features, the indications of my bloody disposition; or, in my structure, the signs of that atrocious force by which I had been able to destroy, with my own hand, all the ancient British cavalry. And, I dare say, my name, so well suited to such a terrific illusion, was taken for something into the account. And all this was sustained by the ribaldry copied from the Irish faction prints: for I never could take up a newspaper, without meeting some paragraph touching myself, in which there was only this one consistency, that of near à thousand, which I have read, from first to last, I can safely say there was not one that contained a syllable of truth. One only I shall take the trouble of citing, as explanatory of what is to follow. Its author, calculating upon what was doubtless preconcerted, but not foreseeing the frequent putting back of the Lovely Peggy, nor the stranding of the Lovely Mary, took upon him, in the true spirit of the party, bold, ly to publish that I had been refused admission into Portugal, and this at least three months before I went there !

In my present extraordinary position, it was necessary to come to some explanation. I therefore wrote to the Duke of Portland, the secretary of state; and also to Lord Cornwallis. To the former I recapitulated all that had passed from the time I had written to him from Carlisle gaol, to request to be sent to trial. I told him of the constant denial of that justice; of the torture of my servant, and of the engagement I had so disinterestedly entered into with the government, and the unfair manner in which advantage had been taken of it. How it had been stated that I had confessed treason, whereas I never had been allowed to speak : that, in short, I was ready, if he chose, to go to London, and convince him, by irrefragable proofs, that if there was treason, which I abhorred, it lay upon nwy accusers, and not with me. Had this offer been accepted, I should have had hopes, though late, of obtaining justice for myself, and perhaps of effecting some more general good. I think it was to Lord Cornwallis that I mentioned a wish to remain where I now, was: for I had already more than one good reason to forebode that I should not have fair play in Portugal.

For more surety, I addressed my letter to Lord Cornwallis, to his private secretary, Captain Taylor : and I had, by return of post, the following answer :

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