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wishes. Lord Mountnorris, however, to prevent the possibility of his being supposed by any one in future a friend to Catholics, sent for Mr. Redmond, upon finding that he was present at the plundering of his house, desiring that he would come to him directly. The Reverend gentleman, conscious of his own integrity, and apprehensive of no danger, as involved in no guilt, obeyed the summons without hesita. tion ; but his instantaneous hasty trial, condemnation and execution, were the reward of his humane and generous exertions. His body, after death, underwent the most indecent mutilations.

It is a melancholy reflection to think how many innocent persons were condemned. I have heard of numbers, of whose innocence the smallest doubt cannot be entertained, whose conduct merited reward instead of punishment ; yet they fell victims to the purest sentiments of philanthropy, which dictated their interference : these have been perverted by their enemies, who are also those of the human race, into crimes utterly unpardonable. Is this any thing less than arraigning benevolence and humanity, the most amiable qualities of the soul of man, as criminal and atrocious ? But every man's breast, whatever be his principles, will tell him, with irresistible force, that crime and atrocity lie at the other side. From personal knowledge of the circumstances, I knew five or six who were innocent of the charges and of the deeds sworn against them, and who still were condemn. ed and executed. In these turbid and distracted times, I have seen persons sunk so much below the level of human nature, that I do believe they were not capable of judgment or recollection ; which accounts to me in some degree for the · various assertions, even testimonies on trials, and affidavits made by different persons, who might as well relate their dreams for facts.

Mr. E. Kyan, whose courage and humanity deserved a better fate, was taken near Wexford, on his return home in the night, tried, condemned, and executed the next day ;

for although manifest proofs appeared of his humanity and interference, so conspicuously effectual on the bridge of Wexford, on the 20th of June, 1798, yet this was insufficent to save him, as he had arms about him when apprehended. His fate is the more lamentable, as Mr. Fitz-Gerald, on sur. rendering to General Dundas, had secured the same terms for Mr. Kyan as for himself ; so that had any circumstance interfered to delay his execution for some time, the life of a brave man would have been saved.-(See Hay's Insurrection, pages 266–7–8—9—70, and Gordon's History of the Irish Rebellion, pages 1867.-And Plowden, vol. 4.

A very a remarkable saying is recorded of one of the rebel prisoners, who thanked God that no one could accuse him of having saved the life or property of any body.


the ne

It is difficult for an American reader to conceive, why he that shewed mercy, or endeavored after peace, should be most obnoxious. But if it be remembered, that the beginning of this civil war was the recal of Lord Fitzwilliam: if it be kept in mind that the dispute between the English cabinet and that Viceroy, turned not so much upon the Catholic question as upon the apprehension that Mr. Beresford was filling a situation greater than that of the Lord-Lieutenant," and upon cessity of his dismissal, and also the dismissal of Messrs. Wolfe and Toler, the two public prosecutors: then it will be felt why these men, who, by force of the King's conscience remained in office, in despite of the public wish, and whose emoluments and importance grew out of the public calamities, should dread peace, reform, or conciliation; to all or either of which, their fortunes and ambition must of course be sacrificed. Again, if we look to the origin of these gentlemen to whose ascendancy a wretched people have been sacrificed, we shall be less astonished that they should maintain their present elevation by every means, If I am rightly informed, the grand father of the Beres

fords came from England to follow his trade of an Inkle weaver in Coleraine ; and the enormous fortunes of that family, are nothing but the plunder of the miserable Irish, whom they have scourged, hanged, and massacred, in order to silence their complaints. Ask who is the Marquis of Waterford, or Lord Tyrone? Ask who is Lord Castlereagh, or Lord Londonderry-who is Lord Norbury-who was Lord Earlsfort, and so many other Lords whose origin is as obr scure? Ask when and for what virtue they were irradiated with such high glories ? Alas! their virtue, of all virtues, was their enmity to Ireland, and their corrupt and violent endeavors to keep her in misery, disunion, and subjection ; and therefore their worst enemy was the reformer of the peacemaker-the oppressor their natural ally.

No. XII.—Page 135.

Certificate of Mr. Lafargue. I, ANTHONY LAFARGUE, Marine Agent of the French Republic, for the exchange of French prisoners of war at Lisbon, certify, to all whom it may concern, that William Sampson, of Ireland, and his servant of the same nation, embarked on board of the Danish ship, called the Die Hoffnung, Captain Lars Jansen--were put on board that ship by order of the Intendant-general of the police of this city, for reasons of state ; and I attest, that these two men have no employment whatsoever on board of the said vessel.-In witness whereof, I have signed this present certificate, and sealed it with my seal.-Done at Lisbon, the 9th of Floreal, 7th year of the French Republic, one and indivisible,


No. XIII.—Page 169.

Arrête Motivé.

Extract from the Deliberations of the Municipal Administra

tion of the Commune of Bayonne.

Sitting of the 11tb Messidor, 7th year of the Republic, one and indivi.

sible-Present, the citizens Sauvinet, jun. President; Andrew Durvergier, Louis Bertrand, Dominick Meillan, James Lacoste, Lau rent Garay, Municipal Administrators; and P. Basterreche, Commissary of the Executive Directory.

THE Municipal Administration of the Commune of Bay. onne, having considered the different proofs adduced by Mr. William Sampson, of Ireland, shewing that he had been forced successively to leave Ireland and Portugal; and that the ship which landed him at Passage, was destined for Bordeaux.

Considering-that if it is important to the safety of the Republic to shut out such strangers as are under suspicion, or perturbators, it is also its duty to grant protection to all the victims of despotism.

Considering—that it results from the various proofs, produced to us by Mr. William Sampson, that he was proscribed in his native country, and afterwards in Lisbon, on account of his sentiments of liberty, and the zeal with which he had asserted it in the midst of atrocious persecutions.

Considering, finally-that it may be essential, under the existing circumstances, to give to the government a knowledge of those who are capable of informing it, touching the situation of its enemies : and that in this view, Mr. William Sampson, so well known in the annals of Ireland, may be able to offer very useful instruction.

Having first heard the Commissary of the Executive Directory, decree-that Mr. William Sampson be permitted to Paris, passing by Bordeaux, Angouleme, Poitier, Tours, and Orleans, under the condition that he present himself to the constituted authorities of the Communes, to have the present passport examined ; and that he present himself, on his arrival at Paris, before the Minister of the General Police, who will be apprised of his intention by the Municipality of Bayonne.

Compared Copy, (Seal.)

The Mayor of Bayonne,


REMARK. It will be clear to every intelligent or candid reader, how easily I might have recommended myself to high favor.I did not choose to do it, for my independence was dearer to me than every thing. I hoped, besides, that the violent empire of terror in my native country might have subsided, and that I might still, perhaps, have been of use in its pacification. Those, I am sure, who would have cried treason if I had accepted of this offer, will laugh at my simplicity. And I know further, that to them my conduct will never be agreeable, whilst it is dignified or honorable.

I am sorry, however, to be obliged, at length, to conform to the sentiments of Mr. Tone-that there never can be happiness or liberty for Ireland, whilst that connection, which is her scourge, subsists. It is now, alas! too well demonstrated by proofs of stupid pertinacity.

My memorial to the Municipality of Bayonne, would, beyond every thing, have put my enemies to shame. But although I sincerely believe it to be in possession, by means which I am not free to mention, I am sure they will never do me the justice to produce it. If it was, on the contrary, a piece tending to my crimination, it would have been public long ago.

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