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TESTIMONY OF EMINENT PHYSICIANS
“An opinion, handed down from rude and ignorant times, and imbibed by Englishmen from their youth, has become very general, that the habitual use of some portion of alcoholic drink, as of wine, beer, or spirit, is beneficial to health, and even necessary for those subjected to habitual labour.
“Anatomy, physiology, and the experience of all ages and countries, when properly examined, must satisfy every mind well informed in medical science, that the above opinion is altogether erroneous. Man, in ordinary health, like other animals, requires not any such stimulants, and cannot be benefited by the habitual employment of any quantity of them, large or small; nor will their use during his life-time increase the aggregate amount of his labour. In whatever quantity they are employed, they will rather tend to diminish it,
“When he is in a state of temporary debility from illness, or other causes, a temporary use of them, as of other stimulant medicines, may be desirable; but as soon as he is raised to his natural standard of health a continuance of their use can do no good to him, even in the most moderate quantities; while larger quantities, (yet such as by many persons are thought moderate,) do sooner or later prove injurious to the human constitution, without any exceptions. "It is our opinion, that the above statement is substantially correct.”
(Signed) BATTY, EDWARD, Esq., M.R.C.S., Lecturer on Midwifery at the Medical
School, Royal Institution, Liverpool. BAYLIS, C. 0. Esq., Surgeon to the South Dispensary, Liverpool. BEAUMONT, THOMAS, Esq., M.R.C.S., Bradford. BERRY, SAMUEL, Esq.,M.R.C.S., Surgeon to the Town Infirmary, Birmingham. BIRKBECK, GEORGE, M.D. BLUNDELL, JAMES, M.D. BRODIE, SIR BENJAMIN C., Bart., F.R.S., Serjeant-Surgeon to the Queen,
Surgeon to St. George's Hospital, &c. BROOKES, BENJAMIN, Esq., M.R.C.S., Surgeon to the British Lying-in Hos
pital. BURROWS, John, Esq., Liverpool. CHAMBERS, W.F., M.D., F.R.S., Physician to the Queen, and the Queen
Dowager, and to St. George's Hospital. CHAVASSE, THOMAS, Esq., M.R.C.S., St. George's Hospital, Birmingham. CHOWNE, W. D., M.D., Lecturer on Midwifery, and Physician to Charing
Cross Hospital. CHURTON, JOSEPH, Esq., M.R.C.S., Liverpool. CLARKE, SIR JAMES, Bart., M.D., F.R.S., Physician to the Queen and the
Queen's Household, &c. CLUTTERBUCK, J. B. Esq. CONQUEST, J. T., M.D., Physician to the City of London Lying-in Hospital.
COOPER, BRANSBY, Esq., M.R.C.S., F.R.S., Lecturer on Anatomy, and Sur
geon to Guy's Hospital. COOPER, GEORGE L. Esq., M.R.C.S. DALRYMPLE, J., Esq., M.R.C.S., Lecturer on Surgery at Sydenham College. Davies, THOMAS, M.D., Lecturer on Medicine, and Physician to the London
Hospital. DAVIES, John BIRT, M.D., Liverpool. DAVIS, DAVID D., M.D., Physician to the Duchess of Kent, and Professor of
Obstetric Medicine in University College. Davis, —, Esq. EYRE, SIR JAMES, M.D. FERGUSON, ROBERT, M.D., Physician to the Westminster Lying-in Hospital. FowkE, FREDERICK, Esq., M.R.C.S. FRAMPTON, ALGERNON, M.D., Physician to the London Hospital. GILL, WILLIAM, Esq., M.R.C.S., Surgeon to the Northern Hospital, Liver
pool. GODFREY, J. J., Esq., M.R.C.S., Liverpool. GRANT, KLEIN, M.D., Professor of Therapeutics at the North London School
of Medicine. GRANVILLE, A. B., M.D., F.R.S., Physician Accoucheur to the Westminster
General Dispensary. GREEN, THOMAS, Esq., M.R.C.S., Surgeon to the Town Infirmary, Birming
ham. GREAT REX, CHARLES BUTLER, Esq., Liverpool. HALL, MARSHALL, M.D., F.R.S. L. and E., Lecturer on Medicine at Syden
ham College, and Consulting Physician to the Westminster General Dis
pensary HAY, ALEXANDER, Esq., Surgeon to the South Dispensary, Liverpool. HOPE, I., M.D., F.R.S., Lecturer on Medicine at Aldersgate Street School,
and Assistant Physician to St. George's Hospital. HOWSHIP, John, Esq., M.R.C.S., Surgeon to Charing Cross Hospital. HUGHES, JOHN, M.D., Liverpool. JEPPREYS, JULIUS, Esq , M.R.C.S. JULIUS, G. C., M.D. JULIUS, G. C., Jun., M.D. KEY, C. Aston, Esq., M.R.C.S., Lecturer on Surgery, and Surgeon to Guy's
Medical School, and Physician to the British Lying-in Hospital.
M., Esq., Surgeon to the South Dispensary, Liverpool.
M.R.C.S., Liverpool. MATTERSON, WILLIAM, Esq., M.R.C.S., Îork. MATTERSON, WILLIAM, Jun., Esq., M.R.C.S., York. Mayo, HERBERT, Esq., M.R.C.S., F.R.S., Surgeon to the Middlesex Hospital. MERRIMAN, SAMUEL, M.D., Physician Accoucheur to the Westminster
PARKIN, John, Esq., M.R.C.S.
King's College, and Surgeon to Charing Cross Hospital.
University, and Surgeon to the North London Hospital. REID, JAMES, M.D. Roots, H. S., M.D., Physician to St. Thomas's Hospital. ROUPELL, G. L., M.D., Lecturer on Materia Medica, and Physician to St.
Bartholomew's Hospital. Scott, John, M.D. STANLEY, EDWARD, Esq., M.R.C,S., F.R.S., Professor of Anatomy, and Sura
geon to St. Bartholomew's Hospital. TEALE, T. P., Esq., M.R.C.S., F.L.S., Surgeon to the Leeds General Infir
mary. TEALE, JOSEPH, Esq., M.R.C.S., Leeds. THOMSON, ANTHONY Dodd, M.D., F.L.S., Lecturer on Materia Medica, and
Physician to the London University. THOMSON, HENRY U., M.D. TOULMIN, FREDERICK, Esq., Surgeon, Clapton. TRAVERS, BENJAMIN, Esq., M.R.C.s., F.R.S., Surgeon Extraordinary to the
Queen, and Surgeon and Lecturer on Surgery to St. Thomas's Hospital. URE, ANDREW, M.D., F.R.S. URE, ALEXANDER, M.D., Lecturer on Chemistry at the North London School
of Medicine. VAUX, GEORGE, M.D., Birmingham, WALKER, —
cumstances favourable to, 23, 33,
drink fine, 81, 131.
usages of, 13, 39, 41, 87, 168, 169.
anecdotes of, 76,
and liquor, 226 (see also footings,
penalty, 84, 87, 125, 120.
drink at, 13, 52, 169.
Bargain, a rue, how adjusted, 14.
of children, 20, 116, &c.
Backings of drink money, 77, 86,
116 et passim.
drams previous to, 20.
a good, drink fine, 157.
Cab, stationing first time, 93.
snuffing out, 128.
secution, nonconformity, maltreat-
persecution, nonconformity, mal-
taking vessel in or out of, 31.
Cattle, operators on, 42.
trade, drinking fines, 78, 108,
room rent in liquor, 80,
allowances of liquor,
usages, 94, 129.
stage, parcel delivery, 101.
collateral, against usa-
power of, in anti-usage
Scots and English ditto,
and liquor, 43.
liquor the symbol of, here
120, 218, et passim.
Engineers (see millwrights and
on, 112, 180.
Fairing in drink, 174.
practices of some of these,
none in Great Britain, 3, 209.