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Enter below, BRABANTIO, and Servants with Put into circumspection and confine

For the sea's worth. But, look! what ligbts

come yonder? Bra. It is too true an evil : gone she is ; And what's to come of my despised time, Enter Cassio, at a distance, and certain Officers Is nought but bitterness. Now, Roderigo,

with Torches. Where didst thou see her ?-0, unhappy girl!With the Moor, say'st thoa ?-Who would be You were best go in.

Iago. These are the raised father, and bis

[friends: a father?

Oth. Not I : I must be found;
How didst thou know 'twas she? O, thou de- My parts, my title, and my perfect soul,

ceiv'st me
Past thought!–What said she to you?-Get Shall manifest me rightly. Is it they?

Iugo. By Janus, I think no. more tapers;


Oth. The servants of the duke, and my lieo. Raise all my kindred.- Are they married think

tenant. Rod. Truly, I think, they are. Bra. O heaven !-How got she out!-0 trea. What is the news ?

The goodness of the night upon you, friends! son of the blood

Cas. The duke does greet you, general; Fathers, from hence trust not your daughters And he requires your baste-post-haste apminds (charms, Even on the instant.

(pearance, By what you see them act. Are there not

Oth. What is the matter, think you? By which the property of youth and maidhood

Cas. Something from Cyprus, as I way May be abus’d? Have you not read, Roderigo,

divine; Of some such thing?

It is a business of some heat: The gallies Rod. Yes, Sir; I have indeed. Bra. Call up my brother.—0, that you had This very night at one another's heels:

Have sent a dozen sequent* messengers bad her?

And many of the consuls, rais'd, and met, Some one way, some another.-Do you know

Are at the duke's already: You have been Where we may apprehend her and the Moor? Rod. I think, 1 can discover him; if you when, being not at your lodging to be found,

hotly call'd ior; please

The senate hath sent about three several To get good guard, and go along with me.

To search you out.

[quests, Bra. Pray you, lead on. At every house I'll

Oth. 'Tis well I ain found by you.
I may command at most;—Get weapons, ho!

I will but spend a word here in the house,
And go with you.

(Erit. And raise some special officers of night.

Cas. Ancient, what makes he here! On, good Roderigo;-I'll deserve your pains.

lago. 'Faith, he to-night hath boarded a land [E.reunt.

carack;t SCENE II.-The same.- Another Street.

If it prove lawful prize, he's made for ever.

Cas. I do not understand. Enter OTHELLO, Iago, and Attendants.

Ingo. He's married. lago. Though in the trade of war I have slain Cas. To who?

Re-enter OTHELLO.
Yet do I hold it very stuff o'the conscience,
To do no contriv'd murder; Iack iniquity

lago. Marry, to-Come, captain, will you Soinetimes, to do ine service: Nine or ten times

Oth. Have with you. I had thought to have yerk'd him here under the ribs.

Cas. Here comes another troop to seek for Oth. 'Tis better as it is.

you. Iago. Nay, but he prated,

Enter BRABANTIO, RODERIGO, and Officers of And spoke such scurvy and provoking terms

night, with Torches and Weapons. Against your honour, That, with the little godliness I have,

Iago. It is Brabantio :-general, be advis'd; 1 did full hard forbear him. But, I pray, Sir,

He comes to bad intent.

Oth. Hola! stand there! Are you fast married? for, be sure of this,

Rod. Signior, it is the Moor.
That the magnificot is much beloved ;

Bru. Down with him, thief!
And hath, in his effect, a voice potential
As double as the duke's; he will divorce you ;

[They draw on both sides. Or put upon you what restraint and grievance

Iago. You, Roderigo! come, Sir, I am fur

you. The law with all his might, to enforce it on,) Will give him cable.

Oth. Keep np your bright swords, for the

dew will rust them.Oth. Let bim do his spite:

(years, My services, wbich I have done the signiory,

Good signior, you shall more command with

Than with your weapons. Shall out-tongue his complaints. 'Tis yet to Bra. 0 ihou foul thief, where hast thou know,

(our, (Which, when I know that boasting is an hon- Damp'd as thou art, thou hast enchanted ber:

stow'd my daughter ? I shall promulgate,) I fetch my life and being For I'll refer me to all things of sense, From men of royal siege;t and my demerits If sne in chains of magic were not bound, May speak, unbonnetted,ll to as proud a for- Whether a maid-so tender, fair, and happy;

tune As this that I have reach'd: For know, Iago,

So opposite to marriage, that she shunn'd But that I love the gentle Desdemona,

The wealthy curled darlings of our nation, I would not my unhoused free condition

Would ever have, to incur a general mock,
Run from her guardage to the sooty-bosom

Of such a thing as thou: to fear, not to de+ Brabantio, magnifico is his title as a Senator.

light. Seat, or throne. Demerits has the same ineaning in Shakspeare as mcrits. * Following:

| Searchen, | Uncovered. Unsettled.

: A rich ressel.

$ To terrify nos delight.



* Old age.


Judge me the world, if 'tis not gross in sense, So may be with more facile question* bear it, That thou hast practis'd on her with foul For that it stands not in such warlike brace, charms;

(erals; But altogether lacks the abilities Abus'd her delicate youth with drugs, or min. That Rhodes is dress'd in:-if we make thought That waken motion: I'll have it disputed on;

of this, 'Tis probable, and palpable to thinking. We must not think, the Turk is so unskilful, I therefore apprehend and do attach thee,

To leave that latest which concerns him first; For an abuser of the world, a practiser Neglecting an attempt of ease and gain, Of arts inhibited and out of warrant:

To wake, and wage, a danger profitless. Lay hold upon him; if he do resist,

Duke. Nay, in all confidence, he's not for Subdue him at his peril.

Oth. Hold your hands,

Off. Here is more news.
Both you of my inclining, and the rest : [it

Were it my cue to fight, I should have known
Without a prompter.- Where will you that I

Mess. The Ottomites, reverend and gracious, To answer this your charge ?

[go Steering with due course toward the isle of Bra. To prison : till fit time

Rbodes, Of law, and course of direct session,

Have there injointed them with an after fleet. Call thee to answer.

1 Sen. Ay, so I thought:-How many, as Oth. What if I do obey ?

you guess ? How may the duke be therewith satisfied ;

Mess. Of thirty sail : and now do they re

stem Whose messengers are here about my side, Upon some present business of the state,

Their backward course, bearing with frank apTo bring me to him?


(tano, Off: 'Tis true, most worthy signior,

Their purposes toward Cyprus.-Signior MonThe duke's in council; and your noble self,

Your trusty and most valiant servitor,
I am sure, is sent for.

With his free duty recommends you thus,
Bra. How! the duke in council!

And prays you to believe him.
In this time of the night !-Bring him away:

Duke. Tis certain then for Cyprus.Mine's not an idle cause: the duke himself,

Marchus Lucchese, is be not in town? Or any of my brothers of the state, [own:

1 Sen. He's now in Florence. Cannot but feel this wrong, as 'twere their

Duke. Write from us; wish him post-postFor if such actions may have passage free,

haste: despatch. Bond-slares and pagans,* shall our statesmen

1 Sen. Here comes Brabantio, with the vabe.

liant Moor.

[Exeunt. SCENE III.The same.-A Council Chamber. Enter BRABANTIO, OTHELLO, Iago, RODERIGO,

and Officers. The DUKE, and SENATORS, sitting at a Table;

Duke. Valiant Othello, we must straight emOfficers attending.

ploy you Duke. There is no compositiont in these Against the general enemy Ottoman. news,

I did not see you; welcome, gentle Signior; That gives them credit.

[ To BRABANTIO. 1 Sen. Indeed, they are disproportion'd; We lack'd your counsel and your help to-night. My letters say, a hundred and seven gallies. Bra. So did I yours : Good your grace, parDuke. And mine, a hundred and forty.

(ness, 2 Sen. And mine, two hundred :

Neither my place, nor aught I heard of busiBut though they jump not on a just account, Hath rais'd me from my bed; nor doth the ge(As in these cases, where the aimț reports,

neral care Tis ost with difference,) yet do they all confirm Take hold on me; for my particular grief A Turkish fleet, and bearing up to Cyprus. Is of so-flood-gate and o'erbearing nature, Duke. Nay, it is possible enough to judge. That it engluts and swallows other sorrows, ment;

And it is still itself. I do not so secure me in the error,

Duke. Why, what's the matter? But the main article I do approve

Bru. My daughter! O, my daughter! In fearful sense.

Sen. Dead ? Sailor. [Within.] What ho! what ho! what Bra. Ay, to me; ho!

She is abus'd, stoln from me, and corrupted

By spells and medicines bought of mounteEnter an OFFICER, with a Sailor.

banks: Of A messenger from the gallies.

For nature so preposterously to err,
Duke. New? the business?

Being not deficient, blind, or lame of sense,
Sailor. The Turkish preparation makes for Sanso witchcraft could not---

Duke. Whoe'er he be, that, in this foul proSo was I bid report here to the state,

ceeding, By signior Angelo.

Hath thus beguild your daughter of herself, Duke. How say you by this change? And you of her, the bloody book of law 1 Sen. This cannot be,

Yon shall yourself read in the bitter letter, By no assay of reason; 'tis a pageant,

After your own sense; yea, though our proper To keep us in false gaze : When we consider The importancy of Cyprus to the Turk;

Stood in your action.|| And let ourselves again but understand,

Bra. Humbly I thank your grace. That, as it more concerns the Turk than Here is the man, this Moor; whom now, it Rhodes,


don me;


* The pagans and bond-slaves of Africa.

† Consistency. 1 Conjecture

• Easy dispute. + State of defence.

Without. # Accusation,



Your special mandate, for the state affairs, Still question'd me the story of my life,
Hath hither brought.

From year to year; the battles, sieges, forDuke & Sen. We are very sorry for it.

That I have pass’d.

(tudes, Duke. Wbat, in your own part, can you say I ran it through, even from my boyish days, to this?

(To Othello. To the very moment that he bade me tell it. Bra. Nothing but this is so.

Wherein I spoke of most disastrous chances, Oth. Most potent, grave, and reverend sig. Of moving accidents, by flood, and field; niors,

Of hair-breadth scapes i'the imminent deadly My very noble and approv'd good masters, Of being taken by the insolent foe, (breach; That I have ta'en away this old man's daugh. And sold to slavery; of my redemption thence, ter,

ΑΙ portance* in my travel's history : It is most true; true, I have married her; Wherein of antrest vast, and desarts idle, The very head and front of my offending Rough quarries, rocks, and hills whose beads Hath this extent, no more. Rude am I in my

touch heaven, speech,

It was my hint to speak, such was the process; And little bless'd with the set phrase of peace; And of the Cannibals that each other eat, For since these arms of mine had seven years' The Anthropophagi, and men whose heads pith,

(us'd Do grow beneath their shoulders. These things Till now some nine moons wasted, they have

to bear, Their dearest action* in the tented field; Would Desdemona seriously incline: And little of this great world can I speak, But still the house affairs would draw her More than pertains to feats of broil and battle;

thence; And therefore little shall I grace my cause,

Which ever as she could with haste despatch, In speaking for myself: Yei, by your gracious She'd come again, and with a greedy ear patience,

Devour up my discourse: Which I observing, I will a round unvarnish'd tale deliver Took once á pliant hour; and found good Of my whole course of love; what drugs, what charms,

To draw from her a prayer of earnest heart, What conjuration, and what mighty magic, That I would all my pilgrimage dilate, (For such proceeding I am charg'd withal,) Whereof by parcelst she had something beard, I won his daughter with.

But not intentively: I did consent; Bra. A maiden never bold;

And often did beguile her of her tears, Of spirit so still and quiet, that her motion When I did speak of some distressful stroke, Blush'd at herself; And she,-in spite of na- That my youth suffer’d. My story being done, ture,

She gave me for my pains a world of sighs: Of years, of country, credit, every thing,- She swore,-In faith, 'twas strange,'twas passTo fall in love with what she fear'd to look on?

ing strange; It is a judgement maim'd, and most imperfect, 'Twas pitiful, 'twas wondrous pitiful: That will confess-perfection so could err. She wish’d, she had not heard it; yet she Against all rules of nature; and must be driven

wish'd To find out practices of cunning hell,

That heaven had made her such a man: she Why this should be. I therefore vouch again,

thank'd me; That with some mixtures powerful o'er the And bade me, if I had a friend that lov'd her, blood,

I should but teach him how to tell my story, Or with some dram conjur'd to this effect, And that would woo her. Upon this hini, I He wrought upon her.

spake: Duke. To vouch this, is no proof;

She lov'd me for the dangers I had pass'd; Without more certain and more overt test, And I lov'd her, that she did pity them. Than these thin habits, and poor likelihoods This only is the witchcraft I have us'd; Of modern seeming, do prefer against him. Here comes the lady, let her witness it.

1 Sen. But, Othello, speak; Did you by indirect and forced courses

Enter DESDEMONA, lago, and Attendants. Subdue and poison this young maid's affec- Duke. I think, this tale would win my daughtions ?

ter too. Or came it by request, and such fair question Good Brabantio, As soul to soul affordeth ?

Take up this mangled matter at the best : Oth. I do beseech you,

Men do their broken weapons rather use, Send for the lady to the Sagittary,

Than their bare hands.
And let her speak of me before her father : Bru. I pray you, hear her speak;
If you do find me foul in her report,

If she confess, that she was half the wooer, The trust, the office, I do hold of you,

Destruction on my head, if my bad blame Not only take away, but let your sentence Light on the man!-Come hither, gentle misEven fall upon my life.

tress; Duke. Feich Desdemona hither.

Do you perceive in all this noble company, Oth. Ancient, conduct them; you best know where most you owe obedience? the place.

Des. My noble father, [Exeunt lago and Attendants. I do perceive here a divided duty: And, till she come, as truly as to heaven To you, I am bound for life, and education ; I do confess the vices of my blood,

My life, and education, both do learn me So justly to your grave ears I'll present How to respect you ; you are the lord of duty, How I did thrive in this fair lady's love, I am hitherto your daughter: But here's my And she in mine.

busband; Duke. Say it, Othello.

And so much duty as my mother show'd Oth. Her father lov'd me; ost invited me; To you, preferring you before her father, * Best exertion. + Open proof. Weak show. * My behaviour. + Caves and dens. Parts. The sign of the fictitious creature so called.

Intention and attention were once synonymous


945 So much I challenge that I may profess Duke. What would you, Desdemona ? Due, to the Moor my lord.

Des. That I did love the Moor to live with Bra. God be with you! I have done :

him, Please it your grace, on to the state affairs ; My downright violence and storm of fortunes I had rather to adopt a child, than get it. - May trumpet to the world; my heart's subCome hither, Moor:

dued I bere do give thee that with all my heart, Even to the very quality of my lord: Which, but thou hast already, with all my I saw Othello's visage in his mind; heart

(jewel, And to his honours, and his valiant parts, I would keep from thee.-For your sake, Did I my soul and fortunes consecrate. I am glad at soul I have no other child; So that, dear lords, if I be left behind, For thy escape would teach me tyranny, A moth of peace, and he go to the war, To bang clogs on them.-- have done, my lord. The rights for which I love him, are bereft me, Duke. Let me speak like yourself; and lay And I a heavy interim shall support a sentence,

[lovers By his dear absence: Let me go with him. Which as a grise, or step, may help these Oth. Your voices, lords :—'beseech you, let In to your fayours.

her will When remedies are past, the griefs are ended, Have a free way. By seeing the worst, which late on hopes de Vouch with me, heaven; I therefore beg it pot pended.

To please the palate of my appetite; To mourn a mischief that is past and gone, Nor to comply with heat, the young affects,* Is the next way to draw new mischief on. In my distinct and proper satisfaction; What cannot be preserv'd when fortune takes, But to be free and bounteous to her mind: Patience her injury a mockery makes. And heaven defendt your good souls, that you The robb’d, that smiles, steals something from

think the thief;

I will your serious and great business scant, He robs himself, that spends a bootless grief. Fort she is with me: No, when light-wing a Bra. So let the Turk of Cyprus us beguile;

toys We lose it not, so long as we can smile. Of feather's Cupid seels with wanton dulness He bears the sentence well, that nothing bears My speculative and active instruments, But the free comfort which from thence he That my disports corrupt and taint my business, hears:

Let housewives make a skillet|| of my helm, But he bears both the sentence and the sorrow, And all indign and base adversities That, to pay grief, must of poor patience bor- Make head against my estimation !

Duke. Be it as you shall privately determine, These sentences, to sugar, or to gall, Either for her stay, or going: the affair criesBeing strong on both sides, are equivocal :

haste, But.words are words; I never yet did hear, And speed must answer it; you must hence That the bruis'd heart was pierced through the to-night. ear.t

Des. To-night, my lord ? I humbly beseech yon, proceed to the affairs of Duke. This night. state.

Oth. With all my heart. Duke. The Turk

with a most mighty prepar- Duke. At nine i'the morning here we'll meet ation makes for Cyprus:--Othello, the forti. again. tude of the place is best known to you : And Othello, leave some officer behind, though we have there a substitute of most al. And he shall our commission bring to you ; lowed sufficiency, yet opinion, a sovereign mis. With such things else of quality and respect, tress of effects, throws a more safer voice on As doth import you. you: you must therefore be content to slubbert Oth. Please your grace, my ancient; ihe gloss of your new fortunes with this more A man he is of honesty and trust: stubborn and boisterous expedition.

To his conveyance I assign my wife,

[think Oth. The tyrant custom, most grave sepators, with what else needful your good grace shall Hath made the flinty and steel couch of war To be sept after me. My thrice-driven bed of down: I do agoizeg Duke. Let it be so.A natural and prompt alacrity,

Good night to every one.-And, noble Signior, I find in hardness; and do undertake

(TO BRABANTIO. These present wars against the Ottomites. If virtue no delighted beauty lack, Most humbly therefore bending to your state, Your son-in-law is far more fair than black. I crave fit disposition for my wife;

1 Sen. Adieu, brave Moor! use Desdemona Due reference of place, and exhibition.||

well. With such accommodation, and besort,

Bra. Look to her, Moor; have a quick eye As levels with her breeding. Duke. If you please,

She has deceiv'd her father, and may thee. Be't at her father's.

(Exeunt Duke, SENATORS, OFFICEKS, &c. Bra. I'll not have it so.

Oth. My life upon her faith.-Honest Iago,
Oth. Nor I.

My Desdemona must I leave to thee;
Des. Nor I; I would not there reside, I pr’ythee, let thy wife attend on her;
To put my father in impatient thoughts, And bring them after in the best advantage.-
By being in his eye. Most gracious duke, Come, Desdemona; I have but an hour
To my unfolding lend a gracious ear; Of love, of worldly matters, and direction,
And let me find a cbarter in your voice, To spend with thee, we must obey

the time. To assist my simpleness.


Rod. Iago. * Grise, from degrees.

lago. What say'st thou, noble heart? + I. e. That the wounds of sorrow were ever cured by the words of consolation.

* Affections. + Forbid

1 Because Blind. Obscure. Acknowledge. || Allowance.

|| A small kettle,

1 Helmet, 6C

to see ;

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Rod. What will I do, thinkest thou ? Let us be conjunctive in our revenge against lago. Why, go to bed, and sleep.

him: if thou canst cuckold him, thou dost thy. Rod. I will incontinently* drown myself. self a pleasure, and me a sport. There are

lago. Well, if thou dost, I shall never love many events in the womb of time, which will thee after it. Why, thou silly gentleman! be delivered. Traverse ;* go; provide thy

Rod. It is silliness to live, when to live is a money. We will have more of this to-mor. torment: and then have we a prescription to

row. Adieu. die, when death is our physician.

Rod. Where shall we meet i'the morning? Iago. O villanous ! I have looked upon the lago. At my lodging. world for four times seven years; and since I Rod. l'll be with thee betimes. could distinguish between a benefit and an in- Iago. Go to; farewell. Do you hear, Rodejury, I never found a man that knew how to rigo? love himself. Ere I would say, I would drown Rod. What say you ? myself for the love of a Guinea-hen, I would Iago. No more of drowning, do you hear. change my humanity with a baboon.

Rod. I am changed. I'll sell ali my land. Rod. What should I do? I confess, it is my lago. Go to; farewell: put money enough shame to be so fondit but it is not in virtue to in your purse.

(Exit RODERIGO amend it.

Thus do I ever make my fool my purse : lago. Virtue ? a fig! 'tis in ourselves, that we For I mine own gain's knowledge should proare thus, or thus. Our bodies are our gardens;

fane, to the which our wills are gardeners: so that If I would time expend with such a snipe, if we will plant nettles, or sow lettuce; set But for my sport and profit. I hate the Moor; hyssop, and weed up thyme; supply it with And it is thought abroad, that 'twixt my sheets one gender of herbs, or distract it wiih many; He has done my office: I know not if't be true; either to have it steril with idleness, or man- But I, for mere suspicion in that kind, ured with industry ; why, the power and cor- Will do, as if for surety. He holdst me well; rigible authority of this lies in our wills. If the better shall my purpose work on him. the balance of our lives had not one scale of Cassio's a proper man : Let me see now; reason to poise another of sensuality, the blood To get his place, and to plume up my will; and baseness of our natures would conduct us A double knavery,-How? how ?- Let me to most preposterous conclusions: But we bave reason to cool our raging motions, our carnal After some time, to abuse Othelio's ear, stings, our unbittedt lusts; whereof I take this, That he is too familiar with his wife:that you call-love, to be a sect,ş or scion. He hath a person, and a smooth dispose, Rod. It cannot be.

To be suspected; fram’d to make women false. lago. It is merely a lust of the blood, and a The Moor is of a free and open nature, (so; permission of the will. Come, be a man: That thinks men honest, that but seems to be Drown thyself? drown cats, and blind puppies. And will as tenderly be led by the nose, I have professed me thy friend, and I confess As asses are. me knit to thy deserving with cables of per- I have't ;-it is engender'd :-Hell and night durable toughness; I could never better stead Must bring this moustrous birth to the world's thee than now. Put money in thy purse; fol


[Exit. low these wars; defeat thy favour with an usurped beard ;ll I say, put money in thy

ACT II. purse. It cannot be, that Desdemona should SCENE 1.-A Sea-port Town in Cyprus.--A long continue her love to the Moor,--put

Platform. money in thy purse;-nor be his to her: it was a violent commencement, and thou shalt see

Enter Montano and Two GENTLEMEN. an answerable sequestration ;-put but money Mon. What from the cape can you discern at in thy purse. These Moors are changeable in

sea ? their wills;—fill thy purse with money: the 1 Gent. Nothing at all: it is a high-wrought food that to him now is as luscious as locusts,

flood; shall be to him shortly as bitter as coloquintida! I cannot, 'twixt the heaven and the main, She must change for youth: when she is sated | Descry a sail. with his body, she will find the error of her Mon. Methinks, the wind hath spoke aloud choice.-She must bave change, she must:

at land: therefore put money in thy purse.-If thou A fuller blast ne'er shook our battlements: wilt needs damn thyself, do it a more delicate If it bath ruffiap'd so upon the sea, way than drowning. Make all the money thou What ribs of oak, when mountains nielt on canst: If sanctimony and a frail vow, betwixt can hold the mortise ? what shall we hear vi an erring barbarian and a supersubtle Vene

this? tian, be not too hard for my wits, and all the tribe 2 Gent. A segregation of the Turkish feet: of hell

, thou shalt enjoy her; therefore make For do but stand upon the foaming shore, money. A pox of drowning thyself! it is clean The chiding billow seems to pelt the clouds ; out of the way: seek thou rather to be hanged The wind-shak'd surge, with high and mouin compassing thy joy, than to be drowned

strous main, and go without her.

Seems to cast water on the burning bear,6 Rod. Wilt thou be fast to my hopes, if I de And quench the guards of the ever-fixed pole : pend on the issue ?

I never did like molestation view Iago. Thou art sure of me;-Go, make On th' enchafed flood. money :- I have told thee often, and I re-tell Mon. If that the Turkish fleet thee again and again, I hate the Moor: My Be not inshelter'd and embay'd, they are cause is hearted: thine hath no less reason :

drown'd; linmediately. + Foolish. Unbridled.

It is impossible they bear it out.
A sect is what the gardeners call a cutting.

* An ancient military word of command. ll Change your countenance with a false beard.

Separation 9 Wandering

The constellation near the polar stär.


+ Esteems.

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