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Timon; this to Alcibiades. Go; thou wast born | Not seldom, nor no slight checks; when I a bastard, and thou'lt die a bawd. Page. Thou wast whelped a dog; and thou shalt famish, a dog's death. Answer not, I am gone. [Exit PAGE. Apem. Even so thou out-run'st grace. Fool, I will go with you to lord Timon's. Fool. Will you leave me there?

Apem. If Timon stay at home.-You three serve three usurers?

All Serv. Ay, 'would they served us! Apem. So would I,-as good a trick as ever hangman served thief.

Fool. Are you three usurers' men?
All Serv. Ay, fool.

Fool. I think, no usurer but has a fool to his servant: My mistress is one, and I am her fool. When men come to borrow of your masters, they approach sadly, and go away merry; but they enter my mistress' house merrily, and go away sadly: The reason of this?

Var. Serv. I could render one.

Apem. Do it then, that we may account thee a whoremaster, and a knave; which, notwithstanding, thou shalt be no less esteemed.

Var. Serv. What is a whoremaster, fool? Fool. A fool in good clothes, and something like thee. "Tis a spirit: sometime, it appears like a lord: sometime, like a lawyer; sometime, like a philosopher, with two stones more than his artificial one: He is very often like a knight; and, generally in all shapes, that man goes up and down in, from fourscore to thirteen, this spirit walks in.

Var. Serv. Thou art not altogether a fool. Fool. Nor thou altogether a wise man: as much foolery as I have, so much wit thou lackest.

Apem. That answer might have become Apemautus.

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All Serv. Aside, aside; here comes lord Ti

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Prompted you, in the ebb of your estate, And your great flow of debts. My dear-lov'd lord, [time, Though you hear now, (too late!) yet now's The greatest of your having lacks a half To pay your present debts.

Tim. Let all my land be sold.

Flav. "Tis all engag'd, some forfeited and

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Flav. If you suspect my husbandry, or falseCall me before the exactest auditors, [hood, And set me on the proof. So the gods bless me,

When all our officest have been oppress'd With riotous feeders; when our vaults have wept

With drunken spilth of wine; when every room Hath blaz'd with lights, and bray'd with minstrelsy;

I have retir'd me to a wasteful cock,
And set mine eyes at flow.

Tim. Pr'ythee, no more.

Flav. Heavens, have I said, the bounty of this lord!

[sants, How many prodigal bits have slaves and peaThis night englutted! Who is not Timon's? What heart, head, sword, force, means, but is lord Timon's?

Great Timon, noble, worthy, royal Timon?
Ah! when the means are gone, that buy this

The breath is gone whereof this praise is made:
Feast-won, fast-lost; one cloud of winter
These flies are couch'd.

Tim. Come, sermon me no further:
No villanous bounty yet hath pass'd my heart;
Unwisely, not ignobly, have I given.
Why dost thou weep? Canst thou the con-
science lack,

To think I shall lack friends? Secure thy heart;
If I would broach the vessels of my love,
And try the arguments of hearts by borrow-


Men, and men's fortunes, could I frankly use, As I can bid thee speak.

Flav. Assurance bless your thoughts!

Tim. And, in some sort, these wants of mine

are crown'd,

That I account them blessings; for by these
Shall I try friends: You shall perceive, how
Mistake my fortunes; I am wealthy in my
Within there, bo!-Flaminius! Servilius!


Serv. My lord, my lord,——

* I. e. As the world itself may be comprised in a word, you might give it away in a breath.

The apartments allotted to culinary offices, &c. A pipe with a turning stopple running to waste. If I would, (says Timon,) by borrowing try of what men's hearts are composed, what they have in them, &c. Dignified, made respectable,

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That my occasions have found time to use them
Toward a supply of money: let the request
Be fifty talents.

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Flam. As you have said, my lord.

Flav. Lord Lucius, and Lord Lucullus? humph! [Aside. Tim. Go you, Sir, [To another SERV.] to the senators,

(Of whom, even to the state's best health, I have [stant Deserv'd this hearing,) bid 'em send o'the inA thousand talents to me.

Fluv. I have been bold,

(For that I knew it the most general way,) To them to use your signet, and your name; But they do shake their heads, and I am here No richer in return.

Tim. Is't true? can it be?

Flav. They answer, in a joint and corporate voice,

That now they are at fall,* want treasure, can


Do what they would; are sorry-you are honourable,

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But yet they could have wish'd-they know not-but

Something hath been amiss-a noble nature May catch a wrench-would all were well'tis pity

And so, intendingt other serious matters, After distasteful looks, and these hard fractions,t

With certain half-caps, and cold-moving nods, They froze me into silence.

Tim. You gods, reward them!

I pr'ythee, man, look cheerly; These old fellows

Have their ingratitude in them hereditary:
Their blood is cak'd, 'tis cold, it seldom flows;
'Tis lack of kindly warmth, they are not kind;
And nature, as it grows again toward earth,
Is fashion'd for the journey, dull, and heavy.-
Go to Ventidius,To a SERV.] Pr'ythee, [To
FLAVIUS,] be not sad,
Thou art true, and honest; ingeniously|| I

No blame belongs to thee:-[TO SERV.] Ventidius lately

Buried his father; by whose death, he's stepp'd Into a great estate: when he was poor, Imprison'd, and in scarcity of friends,

I clear'd him with five talents; Greet him from Bid him suppose, some good necessity [me; Touches his friend, which craves to be remember'd

With those five talents :-that had,-[TO FLAV.] give it these fellows

To whom 'tis instant due. Ne'er speak, or think, [sink. That Timon's fortunes 'mong his friends can Flav. I would, I could not think it; That thought is bounty's foe;

Being free¶ itself, it thinks all others so.

1. e. At an ebb.


+ Intending, had anciently the same meaning as attendBroken hints, abrupt remarks.


A half-cap is a cap slightly moved, not put off.

For ingenuously.

Liberal, not parsimonious.

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Flam. His health is well, Sir.

Lucul. I am right glad that his health is well, Sir: And what hast thou there under thy cloak, pretty Flaminius?

Flam. 'Faith, nothing but an empty box, Sir; which, in my lord's behalf, I come to entreat your honour to supply; who, having great and instant occasion to use fifty talents, hath sent to your lordship to furnish him; nothing doubting your present assistance therein.

Lucul. La, la, la, la,-nothing doubting, says he? alas, good lord! a noble gentleman "tis, if he would not keep so good a house. Many a time and often I have dined with him, and told him on't; and come again to supper to him, of would embrace no counsel, take no warning purpose to have him spend less; and yet he honesty is his; I have told him on't, but I by my coming. Every man has his fault, and could never get him from it.

Re-enter SERVANT, with wine.

Serv. Please your lordship, here is the wine. wise. Here's to thee. Lucul. Flaminius, I have noted thee always

Flam. Your lordship speaks your pleasure. Lucul. I have observed thee always for a toand one that knows what belongs to reason: wardly prompt spirit,-give thee thy due,and canst use the time well, if the time use thee well: good parts in thee.-Get you gone, Sirrah. To the SERVANT,who goes out.]-Draw

nearer, honest Flaminius. Thy lord's a bounknowest well enough, although thou comest tiful gentleman: but thou art wise; and thou to me, that this is no time to lend money; esHere's three solidares for thee; good boy, wink cially upon bare friendship, without security. at me, and say thou saw'st me not. Fare thee


Flam. Is't possible, the world should so much differ; [ness, And we alive, that liv'd? Fly, damned baseTo him that worships thee.

[Throwing the money away; Lucul. Ha! Now I see thou art a fool, and fit for thy master. [Exit LUCULLUS. Flam. May these add to the number that may scald thee!

Let molten coin be thy damnation,
Thou disease of a friend, and not himself!
Has friendship such a faint and milky heart,
It turns in less than two nights? O you gods,

*For respectfully. + Honesty here means liberality, I. e. And we who were alive then, alive now,

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SCENE II.-The sume.-A public place.
Enter LUCIUS, with three STRAngers.
Luc. Who, the lord Timon? he is my very
good friend, and an honourable gentleman.

1 Stran. We know him for no less, though we are but strangers to him. But I can tell you one thing, my lord, and which I hear from common rumours; now lord Timon's happy hours are dones and past, and his estate shrinks from him.

Luc. Fie no, do not believe it; he cannot want for money.

say-I was sending to use lord Timon myself, these gentlemen can witness; but I would not, for the wealth of Athens, I had done it now. Commend me bountifully to his good lordship; and I hope, his honour will conceive the fairest of me, because I have no power to be kind: And tell him this from me, I count it one of my greatest afflictions, say, that I cannot pleasure such an honourable gentleman. Good Servilius, will you befriend me so far, as to use mine own words to him?

Ser. Yes, Sir, I shall.


Luc. I will look you out a good turn, Servi[Exit SERVILIUS. True, as you said, Timon is shrunk, indeed; And he, that's once denied, will hardly speed. [Exit LUCIUS. 1 Stran. Do you observe this, Hostilius? 2 Strun. Ay, too well. 1 Stran. Why this

Is the world's soul; and just of the same piece Is every flatterer's spirit. Who can call him His friend, that dips in the same dish? for, in My knowing, Timon hath been this lord's faAnd kept his credit with his purse; [ther, Supported his estate; nay, Timon's money Has paid his men their wages: He ne'er drinks, ne-But Timon's silver treads upon his lip;

2 Stran. But believe you this, my lord, that, not long ago, one of his men was with the lord Lucullus, to borrow so many talents; nay, urged extremely for't, and showed what cessity belonged to't, and yet was denied. Luc. How?

And yet, (O, see the monstrousness of man
When he looks out in an ungrateful shape!)
He does deny him, in respect of his,
What charitable men afford to beggars.
3 Stran. Religion groans at it.
1 Stran. For mine own part,
I never tasted Timon in my life,

2 Stran. I tell you, denied, my lord. Luc. What a strange case was that? now, before the gods, I am ashamed on't. Denied that honourable man? there was very little honour showed in't. For my own part, I must needs confess, I have received some small kind-Nor came any of his bounties over me, nesses from him, as money, plate, jewels, and To mark me for his friend; yet, I protest, such like trifles, nothing comparing to his; yet, For his right noble mind, illustrious virtue, had he mistook him, and sent to me, I should And honourable carriage, ne'er have denied his occasion so many talents.

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He cannot want fifty-five hundred talents.
Ser. But in the mean time he wants less, my
If his occasion were not virtuous,||
I should not urge it half so faithfully.


Luc. Dost thou speak seriously, Servilius?
Ser. Upon my soul, 'tis true, Sir.

Luc. What a wicked beast was I, to disfurnish myself against such a good time, when I might have shown myself honourable? how unluckily it happened, that I should purchase the day before for a little part, and undo a great deal of honour?-Servilius, now before the gods, I am not able to do't; the more beast, I

Suffering; "By his bloody cross and passion." Liturgy. +I. e. His life. Acknowledge. Consumed. "If he did not want it for a good use."

Had his necessity made use of me,
I would have put my wealth into donation,*
And the best half should have return'd to him,
So much I love his heart: But, I perceive,
Men must learn now with pity to dispense:
For policy sits above conscience.

SCENE III.-The same.-A Room in SEM-


Sem. Must he needs trouble me in't? Humph!
'Bove all others?

He might have tried lord Lucius, or Lucullus;
And now Ventidius is wealthy too,
Whom he redeem'd from prison: All these
Owe their estates unto him.

Serv. O my lord,
They have all been touch'd,+ and found base
metal; for

They have all denied him?

Sem. How! have they denied him?
Has Ventidius and Lucullus denied him?
And does he send to me? Three? humph!-
It shows but little love or judgement in him.
Must I be his last refuge? His friends, like

Thrive, give him over; Must I take the cure
upon me?

[him, He has much disgrac'd me in't; I am angry at That might have known my place: I see no sense for❜t,

But his occasions might have woo'd me first;
For, in my conscience, I was the first man
That e'er receiv'd gift from him:

This means, to put his wealth down in account as a
+ Tried.

And does he think so backwardly of me now,
That I'll requite it last? No: So it may prove
An argument of laughter to the rest,
And I amongst the lords be thought a fool.
I had rather than the worth of thrice the sum,
He had sent to me first, but for my mind's

I had such a courage to do him good.
now return,


And with their faint reply this answer join; Who bates mine honour, shall not know my coin. [Exit. Serv. Excellent! Your lordship's a goodly villain. The devil knew not what he did, when he made man politic; he crossed himself by't: and I cannot think, but, in the end, the villanies of man will set him clear. How fairly this lord strives to appear foul! takes virtuous copies to be wicked; like those that, under hot ardent zeal, would set whole realms on fire.

Of such a nature is his politic love.

This was my lord's best hope; now all are fled,
Save the gods only: Now his friends are dead,
Doors, that were ne'er acquainted with their

Many a bounteous year, must be employ'd
Now to guard sure their master.
And this is all a liberal course allows;
Who cannot keep his wealth, must keep his
SCENE IV.-The same.-A Hall in TIMON'S

Enter two Servants of VARRO, and the Servant of LUCIUS, meeting TITUS, HORTENSIUS, and other Servants to TIMON's Creditors, waiting his coming out.

Var. Serv. Well met; good-morrow, Titus and Hortensius.

Tit. The like to you, kind Varro.

Hor. Lucius?

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Luc, Serv. Mark, how strange it shows, Timon in this should pay more than he owes: And e'en as if your lord should wear rich And send for money for 'em. [jewels,

Hor. I am weary of this charge," the gods can witness:

I know, my lord hath spent of Timon's wealth, And now ingratitude makes it worse than stealth.

1 Var. Serv, Yes, mine's three thousand crowns: What's yours?

Luc. Serv. Five thousand mine.

1 Var. Serv. "Tis much deep: and it should seem by the sum,

Your master's confidence was above mine;
Else, surely, his had equall'd.

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Ser. Good gods!
Tit. We cannot take this for an answer, Sir.
Flam. [Within.] Servilius, help!-my lord!
my lord!

Enter TIMON, in a rage; FLAMINIUS following.
Tim. What, are my doors oppos'd against my

Have I been ever free, and must my house
Be my retentive enemy, my jail :

The place which I have feasted, does it now,
Like all mankind, show me an iron heart?
Luc. Serv. Put in now, Titus.

Tit. My lord, here is my bill.
Luc. Serv. Here's mine.

Hor. Serv. And mine, my lord.

Both Var. Serv. And ours, my lord.

Phi. All our bills.

He is a man, setting his fate aside,"
Of comely virtues:

Nor did he soil the fact with cowardice;
(An honour in him which buys out his fault,)
Seeing his reputation touch'd to death,
But, with a noble fury, and fair spirit,
He did oppose his foe:

And with such sober and unnoted passion
He did behavet his anger, ere 'twas spent,
As if he had but prov'd an argument.

1 Sen. You undergo too strict a paradox,§
Striving to make an ugly deed look fair:
Your words have took such pains, as if they
To bring manslaughter into form, set quarel-
Upon the head of valour; which, indeed,
Is valour misbegot, and came into the world
When sects and factions were newly born;

Tim. Knock me down with 'em :* cleave me He's truly valiant, that can wisely suffer

to the girdle.

Luc. Serv. Alas! my lord,

Tim. Cut my heart in sums.

Tit. Mine, fifty talents.

Tim. Tell out my blood.

Luc. Serv. Five thousand crowns, my lord.
Tim. Five thousand drops pays that.-

What yours?-and yours?

1 Var. Serv. My lord,

2 Var. Serv. My lord,

Tim. Tear me, take me, and the gods fall upon you!

[Exit. Hor. 'Faith, I perceive our masters may throw their caps at their money; these debts may well be called desperate ones, for a madman owes 'em. [Exeunt.

Re-enter TIMON and FLAVIUS.

The worst that man can breathe; and make

his wrongs

His outsides; wear them like his raiment, care-
And ne'er prefer his injuries to his heart,
To bring it into danger.

If wrongs be evils, and enforce us kill,
What folly 'tis, to hazard life for ill?

Alcib. My lord,

1 Sen. You cannot make gross sins look clear; To revenge is no valour, but to bear.

Alcib. My lords, then, under favour, pardon
If I speak like a captain.-

Why do fond men expose themselves to battle,
And not endure all threat'nings? sleep upon it,
And let the foes quietly cut their throats,
Without repugnancy? but if there be
Such valour in the bearing, what make we
Abroad? why then, women are more valiant,

Tim. They have e'en put my breath from me, That stay at home, if bearing carry it;

the slaves:


Flav. My dear lord,

Tim. What if it should be so?

Flav. My lord,

Tim. I'll have it so :-My steward!

Flav. Here, my lord.

Tim. So fitly? Go, bid all my friends again,
Lucius, Lucullus, and Sempronius; all:
I'll once more feast the rascals.

Flav. O my lord,

You only speak from your distracted soul;
There is not so much left, to furnish out
A moderate table.

Tim. Be't not in thy care; go. ́

I charge thee; invite them all: let in the tide Ofknaves once more; my cook and I'll provide. [Exeunt.

SCENE V.-The same.-The Senate-House. The Senate sitting. Enter ALCIBIADES, attended. 1 Sen. My lord, you have my voice to it; the Bloody; 'tis necessary he should die: [fault's Nothing emboldens sin so much as mercy.

2 Sen. Most true; the law shall bruise him. Alcib. Honour, health, and compassion to the senate!

1 Sen. Now, captain?

Alcib. I am an humble suitor to your virtues;
For pity is the virtue of the law,
And none but tyrants use it cruelly.
It pleases time, and fortune, to lie heavy
Upon a friend of mine, who, in hot blood,
Hath stepp'd into the law, which is past depth
To those that, without heed, do plunge into it.

Timon quibbles. They present their written bills; he catches at the word, and alludes to bills or battle-axes.

And th' ass, more captain than the lion; the fe-
Loaden with irons, wiser than the judge,
If wisdom be in suffering. O my lords,
As you are great, be pitifully good:
Who cannot condemn rashness in cold blood?
To kill, I grant, is sin's extremest gust;T
But, in defence, by mercy, 'tis most just.**
To be in anger, is impiety;

But who is man, that is not angry?
Weigh but the crime with this.

2 Sen. You breathe in vain.
Alcib. In vain? his service done
At Lacedæmon, and Byzantium,
Were a sufficient briber for his life.
1 Sen. What's that?

Alcib. Why, I say, my lords, h'as done fair

And slain in fight many of your enemies:
How full of valour did he bear himself
In the last conflict, and made plenteous

2 Sen. He has made too much plenty with
'em, he

Is a sworn rioter: h'as a sin that often
Drowns him, and takes his valour prisoner:
If there were no foes, that were enough alone
To overcome him: in that beastly fury
He has been known to commit outrages,
And cherish factions: "Tis inferr'd to us,
His days are foul, and his drink dangerous.

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