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At ev'ry window busily employ'd,
Ere long, with young Domitian, comes the Squire, With brow contracted, making long complaints: "He cannot find his boy at all improv'd,
"A boy of his quick parts, 'tis wonderful indeed!" Shouldst thou the truth reveal, how time was spent, How deaf an ear he lent to thy reproofs,
"The fault lies all with thee, nothing more clear:
Except the counsel of thy Reverend Friend,
So shall the rapid progress of the boy,
LET busy cits consume their time,
Place me beside some chrystal rill,
Whose margin 's strew'd with flowers;
Or place me near a verdant hill
Where nature smiles in bowers.
O! sacred source, and never failing spring
An active principle is fixt in man,
The works of nature, or of God to scan.
And, rous'd by tempests, strikes the soul with dread,
Calls forth attention in the musing breast;
But light o'er all with dignifying rays
Invites our notice, and commands our praise:
The thoughtful mind from world to world doth trace
In pleasing mood it tastes of joys refin'd,
As I stood on the banks of Clyde's silvery stream,
My breast was as tranquil, my soul as serene
H. N. GREAVES.
A CONCLUSION TO THE QUERY ON LIGHT.
SIR,-As you and I have no particular intercourse, I wish to take an excursion with you. Let us fix ourselves on the borders of the sun. Now, according to the idea. that all light flows from that luminous orb, conceive the immense ocean of moveable matter to flow to the borders of the solar system; then we fix ourselves on the confines of the solar system, and see the impossibility of the quick motion of light from it to the sun: you, with me, will conclude that light is fixed, and not moveable. Belief proves nothing; reasonable demonstration proves facts. HULL. BENJ. FARROW.
Answers to Queries.
(68) Answered by Mr. WATERLAND, Thealby. "Or substance or matter we can certainly form a clear idea, because it can always be submitted to the observation of some of our senses; it may be seen, felt, &c. But of spirit we can have no certain idea, being unable to bring it under the cognizance of any one of them. We cannot subject it to experience, or find any thing to compare it with, as it is totally different from every thing of which we have a knowledge. If we stretch our imagination to the utmost, to form an idea of it, still we shall find that the object of every idea which we form has some of the pro perties of matter. Ossian, in describing the spirits of his heroes, is obliged to give them one of the properties of matter, that is visibility; as without that, or some other property of matter, they would not admit of a description. The term spirit can only be defined by ascribing to it all the negative qualities of matter; such as being invisible, intangible, without parts or extension, &c.; no positive qualities can be assigned to it; and consequently no idea can be formed of it, because we cannot have any idea whatever of that which cannot act upon any one of our organs.
The same by Mr. BAINES, Jun. Reading.
MR. LOCKE defines an idea to be the object of perception, thought, or understanding, and this is certainly the popular meaning of the word; but philosophers, more attentive to precision, as Berkeley, Hume, and Watson, have confined the signification of it to the representation of an image, or copy of a past sensation. Thus, when we think of or recollect the different parts of a church which we have seen, and can mentally perceive its aisles, pulpit, altar, &c. we may be said to have an idea of it. The clearness of the idea consists in its resemblance to the sensation, or aggregate of sensations of which it is the copy; thus we have a clearer idea of a man whom we have seen, when we recollect his size, corpulence, and the features of his face, than if we recollected his stature only. Ideas are original, when they repeat, in the same connexion, order, and manner, without any inten
tional variation, the sensations which they represent; they excite stronger emotion than fictitious ideas, or ideas of the imagination, which represent to us things that we have never seen; but which have been related to us by others. Hence, as the idea of substance is original, it is the clearer of the two.
16 1. Also by Messrs. Juvenis, Osmond, and Watson.
31 9110 1505 (69) Answered by JUVENIS, Manchester.
A PERSON who has long been accustomed to the Constant use of intoxicating liquors, may drink a considerable quantity, without perceiving any of the unpleasant effects usually produced by them; whilst one who seldom, if ever tastes them, will become inebriated by a very small portion. Upon the same principle, the narcotic quality, which tobacco possesses in a high degree, will operate strongly upon a person when beginning to smoke; but habit will diminish, and at length totally destroy its effects.
The same by Mr. WATERLAND.
THE stupefaction brought on by smoking tobacco is owing to the narcotic powers of the herb. During the act of smoking, some of the fumes of tobacco, or the saliva impregnated with them, are introduced into the stomach. There they produce their narcotic effects. They diminish the sensibility of that organ. They weaken the action and tonic powers of its muscular fibres: hence digestion is retarded. They also greatly diminish the energy of the nervous system; and hence are produced torpor and stupefaction.
Also by Mr. Baines and Mr. Osmond.
(70) Answered by Mr. BAINES.
THE propriety of omitting the letter u in the orthography of the words neighbour, valour, vigour, &c. cannot be doubted, since it is evident their pronunciation would be more agreeable to the sound of the remaining letters, and coincide better with analogy than if retained.