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bearance of God, to declare I say, at this Time, his Righteousness, that he might be just, and the Justifier of him that believeth in Jesus. The 13tk Question of the HEIDELBERG

CATECHISM. Q. ARE we able to pay for ourselves?

" A. In no wise ; but on the contrary are daily increasing our Debt.” Q. Why not? A. Because we are unable, Ezek. xvi.

We should suffer for ever, Matt. XXV. 41.

We cannot perfectly obey the Low; we are Servants of Sin, John viii

. 34. And we increase our Debt every Day,

Rom. ïi. 5.

The 14th Question of the HEIDELBERG


S there a Creature to be found any where, who is

able to pay for us? " A. No. "For God will not suffer another Creature to pay

the Debt which Man hath contracted ; besides, no one Creature would be able to bear the « Weight of God's eternal Wrath against Sin, or to “ deliver others from it."

Q. How do you prove that there is no Creature able to make a Reconciliation for us?

A. From Jer. XXX. 21. Who is that engaged his Heart to approach unto me, Jaith the Lord.

Q. Why not?

A. Because no Angel, nor Man, nor irrational living or lifeless Creatures, together, or one of them in particular, is sufficient for an Expiation.

Q. Why could not an Angel pay the Debt for us?

A ift, Because an Angel hath no Right to stand Surety ; the whole Service he can do, being previously due to God, his Creator and Master. 2dly, He poffefcth not that, which God's Justice requires, i.


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man Blood to shed, Heb. ix. 22. 3dly, He is not able to obtain an eternal Righteousness; nor never could be a Lord and Poffeffor of the Redeemed.

Q. Why could not a Man suffer to pay our Debts?

A. ist, By Reason he is obliged to pay for himself; and that he can never do. 2dly, He hath no Right to lay down his Life. 3dly, He cannot be a proper Object of Faith, Adoration or Love. 4thly, The Oblation of Man is rejected of God, Pf. cvi. 37.

Q. Why may not irrational, or living or lifeless Creatures be a Propitiation for us?

A. Because they are denied, Heb. X. 4. And God declares the contrary, Pf. 1. 13. And Jef. i. 11. And our great Redeemer Jesus Christ, fully hath shewn the Vanity of such Attempts, by his own Sacrifice, Pf. xl. 7. This Sacrifice of Christ was only typified by the Death of the Animal, especially by the Paschal Lamb and Sin Offering, Heb. x. I.

Q. What are the Reasonings of our Catechist, in Answer to this Question?

A. The first Reason he gives is this, That God will not suffer another Creature to pay the Debt which Man hath contracted; because it is Right in the Sight of God, that the Creature who hath made Debt, is obliged to pay for it, i. e. Man himself. Gen. ii. 17. But of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, thou fhalt not eat of it; for in the Day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. And Exod. xxxii

. 33. And the Lord said unto Moses, Whosoever had finned against me, him will I blot out of my Book. And Ezek. xviii. 2. The Soul that finneth, it shall die. By which it appears, That God will act suitable to his divine Justice, which requires not to punish the Sin of fallen Angels in Meng nor that the Angels should suffer for Men's Sake, but Men for themselves.

Q. What is the second Reason.

A. That no one Creature is able to bear the Weight of God's Wrath against Sin, or to deliver others from it;


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and no Wonder, God's Wrath is infinite, and all Creatures are finite; wherefore, Pf. xlix. 7, 8. None of them can by any Means redeem his Brother, xor give

to God a Ransom for him; for the Redemption of their · Soul is precious, and it coaseth for ever. Pf. xc. 11.

Who knoweth the Power of thine Anger ? Even according to thy Fear, fo is thy Wrath. The 15th Question of the HEIDELBERG

CATECHISM. Q. WHAT Mediator, and what Redeemer must

we have? A. One who is truly Man, and perfectly just; " and at the fame Time more powerful than all

other “ Creatures, that is to say, he must be also truly God.". The 16th Question of the HEIDELBERG

CATECHISM. Q: WH must be be truly Man, and perfectly

juft? A. Because the Justice of God requires, that “ human Nature which hath sinned, should also pay “ for Sin ; and therefore a Man who hath himself “ sinned, could not pay for the Sins of others.” The 17th Question of the HEIDELBERG

Q. AND why must he be also truly God?

" A. That by the Power of his Divinity, ” he may be able to bear the great Weight of the " Wrath of God in his human Nature, and by that " Means acquire for and render unto us full Juftifi" cation and Life, which we have lost.

Q. Can you prove this by Scripture ?
A. Yes. Ija. Ixiii. 3, 5. I have trodden the line-
4. .


Press alone : I looked, and there was none to Help. 2d, To acquire Justification, Ija. xlv. 24, 25. Surely shall one say, in the Lord have I Righteousness and Strength, even to him shall Men tome ; and all that are incensed against him hall be ashamed; in the Lord shall all the Seed of Israel be justified, and fhall Glory.

Q. Can you prove by Scripture the restoring of Life which we have loft?

A. Yes. John X. 11. I am the good Shepherd; the good Shepherd giveth his Life for the Sheep. And Verse 28. And I give unto them eternal Life, and they fall never perish.

Q. Why must the Redeemer be God as well as Man?

A. Because the Divinity could not suffer, neither could Humanity bear the Weight of the Wrath of God.

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The 18tb Question of the HEIDELBERG

CATECHISM. Q. WHO is that Mediator who is at the same Time

very God, and very Man? A. Our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath been made « by God for us, Wisdom, Righteousness, Sancti

fication and Redemption.
Q. Whence do you learn this?

A. From I im. ü. 5. For there is one G-d, and one Mediator between God and Man, the Man Christ Jesus.

Q. How doth it appear that this Mediator is equally God with the Father and the Holy Ghoft?

4. 1. John, v. 20. And we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ; this is the true God, and eternal Life.

Q. How doth it appear that he is truly Man?

A. 1 Tim. ii. 5. Ut. Sup. named commonly Son of Man. Pf. viii. 5. Ifa. ix. 5: Q. How doth it appear that he is perfectly juft?

A. Heba


A. Heb. iv. 15. Without Sin. : John, iii.

5. And in him is no Sin.

Q. How do you prove thathe is in one Person, both God and Man?

4. From Isa. vii. 14. and further from, 1 Tim. iii. 16. God was manifested in the Flesh, justified in the Spirit, feen of Angels, &c. John i. 14. And the Word was made Fies, and dwelt among us, &c.

Q. Is Chrift, as Mediator, the only Redeemer of Sinners?

A. Yes. Because he alone has all the Properties necessary to redeem us, i Cor. i. 30. But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us, Wisdom, and Righteousness, and Sanctification, and Redemption.

Q. Can you explain this point ?

A. Yes. That God hath made Chrift unto us Wisdom, to inlighten our ignorant Minds, that we may know God rightly, John i. 18. 2d, Righteoulrefs, to justify our guilty Persons, and thus to stand in the Judgment before God; 2 Cor. v. 19. 3d, Sanelification, to renew our depraved Natures after the Image of God, Col. iii. 10. And that we may also serve him in Holiness and Righteousness all the Days of our Life, Luke i. 74, 75: _4th, compleat Redemption, to deliver us from all Evil, and render us, both in Body and Soul, perfectly and eternally happy: Eph. i: 7. In whom we have Redemption through his Blood, the Forgivnefs of Sins according to the Riches of his Grace. In him are hid all the Treasures of Wisdom and Knowledge, Col. ii. 3. In him Love of God to Sinners, in the most triumphant Discovery that ever was or can be made of it in the World, 1 John iv. 10. In him all the Hopes of poor Sinners; take away Christ, and where is the Hope of our Souls ? 1 Tim. i. 1. In him the Salvation of our Souls to Eternity; neither is there any other Name given under Heaven by which we may be saved, Aits iv. He is the Ark in whom we are preserved, Jud. Verfe 1. Well may we cry out;


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