« ForrigeFortsæt »
The 106th Question of the HEIDELBERG
CATECHIS M. Q. BUT this Commandment seems to forbid nothing
" A. God, in forbidding Murder, teacheth us, " that he hateth the Root and Cause of Murder, as “ Envy, Hatred, Anger, and the Desire of Re
venge; and looks upon all this as Murder."
The 107th Question of the HeIDELBERG
CATECHISM. Q. BUT is it enough that we take not away the
Life of our Neighbour, as was said just now? " A. No ; for God in forbidding us Envy, Hatred, " and Anger, commands us to love our Neighbour
as ourselves, and to treat him with all Manner of “ Patience, Peace, Meekness, Mercy and Kindness;
to divert and hinder, as much as poflibly we can, " the Mischief which others would do to him, and
even to do good to our Enemies."
Tbe 108th Question of the HEIDELBERG
CATECHISM. Q. WHAT does the ferventh Commandment teach
“ A. That all Uncleanness is cursed of God, and " that by Consequence hating it from the Bottoin of
our Hearts, we ought to live after a manner chaste “ and regular, whether in the holy State of Matrimony
or out of that State.”
The 109th Question of the HEIDELBERG
mandment, but Adultery, and such Kinds of Shamefulness?
“ A. As our Bodies and Souls are the Temples
of the Holy Spirit, God will have us preserve both " the one and the other pure and holy; and for that “ Reason he forbids us all sorts of Uncleanness, “ whether in our Actions, in our Behaviour, in our • Thoughts, in our Words, in our Desires, and “ every Thing which may incline Man thereto.” The 110th Quesition of the HEIDELBERG
CATECHISM. Q. WHAT does God forbid us in the eighth Com
manament? “ A. Not only those Thefts and Robberies, which " are Crimes punishable by the Laws, but under the « Name of Theft, he comprehendeth whatsoever or evil Crafts and Tricks, by wbich we endeavour to o draw to ourselves the Goods of our Neighbour, ss whether by open Force, or under Colour of Justice, co either by false Weights, false Elns, unequal Mea5 fures, deceitful Merchandize, counterfeit Money, “ Usury, or any other Means forbid by God; to o these we may add, all Covetoufness, and the mani“ fold Waste and Abute of God's Gifts.”
The 11th Question of the HEIDELBERG
UT what does God command you here?
B A. That according to my Power, I help " and further the Benefit and Advantage of my Neigh. " bour, and that I deal so with him, as I would « defire to be dealt with myself. And besides, he “ commands me to labour faithfully and industriously, " that I may be able to assist the Poor in their Ne« cessities.”
The 112th Question of the HEIDELBERG
CATECHISM. Q. WHAT is in Substance the Sense of the ninth
Commandment? 66 A. That I fhould not bear false Witness against any Person, nor put a wrong.
Construction on his “Words; that I should be neither a Back-biter nor “Slanderer ; that I should not judge any Body, nor « be affiftant to condemn him rafhly, without having “ heard him; but that I avoid all Manner of Lying " and Deceit, as so many Works of the Devil, that "I may not draw upon myself the most severe Ef« fects of the Wrath of God. It commands me “ also, that whether in Judgment or on any other
Occasion, I be a Lover of Truth, and that I speak " and confess it in Sincerity. And moreover, that I
keep up, as much as I am able, the Honour and
Reputation of my Neighbour.”
forbid us ? 16 A. That there never enter into our “ Hearts the least Defire, or the least Thought, con
trary to the Law of God; but that we at aìl Times s abhor Sin from the Bottom of our Hearts, and on “ the contrary delight in all Righteousness.
Q. But to give the short Contents of the Ten Commandments, wherein doth our Duty toward God confin?
A. To love the Lord with a supreme Love, purely and absolutely for himself, Matt. xxii, 37, 38.
Q. Wherein doth our Duty to our Neighbour confift?
A. In loving him as ourselves, according to the Observation and Practice of the Golden Rule of Chrift, Matt. vii. 12.
Q. What doth the Love towards God contain?
Ā. We find it in the four Commandments; in the first, that I must learn to know the true God, to put my
Truft in him only, and to worship no other God but him, Jer. xvii. 5. In the second, That I must keep pure and entire, all such religious Worship and Ordinances as God hath appointed in his Word, without worshiping of him by Images, or any other Way repugnant to the Word of God, Matt. iv. 10. The third commandment requireth the holy and reverend Use of God's Name, Titles, Attributes, Ordinances, Word and Works, forbidding (except a lawful Oath, which is an End of all Strife, Heb, vi. 16.) all profaning, or abusing of any Thing, whereby God maketh himself known, with the Reason annexed, that the Lord our God will not suffer them to escape his righteous Judgment. The fourth Commandment requireth the keeping of the Christian Sabbath, or the Lord's Day, which is now after the Resurrection of Christ, the first Day of the Week, as a solemn Commemoration of our Redemption by the Resurrection of Christ, and peculiary designed for disingaging from the Entanglements of this World, and training Saints for the Reft that remaineth for them in Heaven ; and though Christians must walk every [Day with God, yet this Day must be solemn, and kept an entire Day to himfelf, spending the whole Time in publick and private Exercise of God's Wor. fhip, except fo much as is to be taken up in the Works of Necesity and Mercy, Jer. vii. 21, 22.
Q. What doth the Love of our Neighbour contain?
Ā. That we find in the fix Commandments; the first requireth the preserving the Honour, and performing the Dutics belonging to every one in their
feveral Places, Stations and Relations, such as Superiors, Equals or Inferiors, without doing any Thing against the Honour and Duty which belongeth to every one in their several Places and Stations. The fecond requireth, all lawful Endeavours to preserve our own Life, and the Life of others, forbidding to take away our own Life, or the Life of our Neighbour, unjustly, or whatsoever tendeth thereunto. The third requireth the Preservation of our own and
our Neighbour's Chastity, in Heart, Speech and BeW.
haviour, forbidding all unchafte Thoughts, Words and Actions. The fourth requireth the lawful procuring and furthering the Wealth and outward Estate of ourselves and others ; forbidding whatsoever doth or may unjustly hinder our own or our Neighbour's Wealth or outward Estate. The fifth requireth the maintaining and promoting of the Truth betwixt Man and Man, and of our Neighbours good Names, especially in bearing Witness, forbidding whatsoever is prejudicial to Truth, or injurious to our own, or our Neighbour's good Name. The fixth (or last) requireth fuil Contentment with our own Condition, with a right and charitable Frame of Spirit toward our Neighbour, and all that is his. Forbidding all Dif- . contentment with our Estate, envying or grieving at the Good of our Neighbour, and all inordinate Motions and Affections to any Thing that is his; yea, that it never enter into our Hearts to have the least Defire, or the least Thought contrary to the Law of God, but that we at all Times abhor Sin from the Bottom of our Hearts, and that we take the greatest Pleasure in doing Justice and Acts of Mercy.
The 114th Question of the HEIDELBERG
“ A. No