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on earth now, he would be often called to account, and meet with many a rebuff for his supposed legality. Oye proud and disobedient professors ! remember our Lord's language: -" He that despiseth you, despiseth me; and he that despisetly me, despiseth him that sent me. Against such a spirit of pride the apostle seems to guard you, by exhorting you to submit yourselves, - submit to all the kind and seasonable reproofs of your pastors, and to all those necessary rules of church-discipline which you once thought to be reasonable and scriptural. I admired the spirit of Penitens, who, when soine sin he had committed came to light, submitted himself to his pastor, and even thought that the honour of the gospel required his exclusion from the communion of the church. Diotrephes, on the other hand, was as detestable as the penitent was humble; for though justly brought under the censure of the church, would make no conccssion, no submission to his minister; but set himself to raise a party, and at length triumphed in obliging him to resign Iris .charge. "
6 Woe be to the world because of offences ; but woe to that man by whom the offence cometh!”
Observe the reasons that are alleged for your obedience and submission to your respective ministers. Reflect on the nature of their duty," for they watch for souls." What watchman is there who does not tremble lest he should be unskilful and unfaithful ! Chrysostom says, he never read these words without trembling, though he often preached several times in a day. Take care, therefore, that you do not interrupt your ministers in their watchfulness and fidelity. Consider the responsibility-attached to their office, “ as they that must give account.” This they often do in their closets, when the labours of a Sabbath are over; this they will do at death, when they resign up their ministry and life; and this they must do at the judgment-day, when ministers and their hearers shall receive their final sentence from their Judge. Then the history of every church under Heaven will be reviewed, and the conduct of each minister and each member will be fairly estimated ; and the reward or condemnation will proceed accordingly. Remark, farther, their affectionate concern for your happiness; “ that they may do it with joy and not with grief.” How often in private and in public have they been grieved with your conduct! - how often, on a death-bed, has a minister mourned over the spirit of perverseness with which some of his hearers bave been actuated ! Observe, finally, your own sad interest in their grief ; “ for that is unprofitable for you.” If they grieve, you will sooner or later grieve also.
“ With what measure ye mete out to otliers, it shall be meted to you again,” either in this world or the next. occasion the grief of ministers, you will suffer for it.
Drs. Owen and Doddridge thus explain the latter part of the verse : “ This must refer to the present discharge of their office ; for it is not possible for any perverseness of the people to prevent a
faithful minister's giving up his account with joy. Not can anyol grief be mingled with their triumphant songs : but their Master will remember what they suffered by their people's means; and the account may sit heavy on them when thie sorrows of their faithful pastors are all over, — not to say that great present da. mage to the people would proceed from those things which are grievous to their faithful and affectionate spiritual guides. If the apostle refer, as I am inclined to think, to the surrender of the ministerial office, either in life or at death, when it is made with grief, the dreadful consequence will almost, iti every instance, be sure to succeed: the church will be rent with disputes and factions, to the great injury of cvery Christian character, and the lasting reproach of the cause of Christ in the world! I might cite many instances in point, both in the Establishment and out of it, but I forbear the melancholy recital; for faction belongs to man, and not to any body of men.
It arises from the natural pride and stubborn insubordination of the human heart. May every religious society beware of grieving ose who faithfully watch for their souls, lest the Lord in just anger depart from their assemblies, and write Ichabod on their walls !
3. Prayer. “ Pray for us.” This request, I should say prerept, more particularly applies to all Christians, who know the worth of prayer, and to whom is given the spirit of prayer and supplication. "Pray for us,” says the Apostle.
66. Pray for them,” says the Spirit of Inspiration. This St. Paul powerfully urges in his Epistles to the Ephesians *, the Colossians +, and the Thessalonians ; and he expresses his confidence in the latter, “ That ye do, and will do the things we command you,” referring to the duty of prayer for the apostles. St. Paul and his fellow-labourers, though so eminently favoured with gifts and grace, intreated and commandled Christians to pray for them; - and for what purposes ? That utterance might be given them, that they might open their months boldly to make known the mystery of the gospel, and that the word of the Lord might have free course, and be glorified. Noble objects indeed ! What mimister, whose heart is in his work, but would join the apostle in such a request, and urge such a command, - Pray for us! — and where is the Christian, whose heart is in his closet, and whose conversation is in Heaven, wbo can refuse compliance with such a request, backed as it is by such motives! Had you been
Thessalonians, you would have prayed for the apostles. Otheri consider, ye British Christians, with how much more fervour and frequency ought you to pray for his successors! If the apostles stood in need of prayer, how much more do they need it who follow them under sa many disadvantages! Ia social and public prayer, it is custoniary to pray for them : but hit me ask a question that will put many of you to the blush:- Do you always pray for them in your families and in your closets ? Ah! if your families and closets were permitted to tell the truth, but I spare your feelings, in the hope of your reformation, How ever, let me say, that in praying for your ministers, you are in effect praying for yourselves, families, and neighbours, for the nation, and for the world! But observe the motive to prayer:
* vi. 18, 19,
+ iv. 2-4.
† 2-Thess, iij. 1.
- For we trust we have a good conscience in all things, willing to live honestly.” Dr. Doddridge gives the meaning with much more elegance and spirit : “ For we are confident that we have a good conscience, determined in all things to behave honourably. ". If you there: fore observe the ministers of Christ thus conscientious, resolute, and honourable, pray for them, and support them with all your ability in this noble, this apostolic, this Saviour-like career! But without your prayers, their hearts will fail thein; and without you reward them for their services, how are they, in times like the present, to behave honourably? See to it, that you do not oppose their having a good conscience in their ministrations ! See to it, that their determination to live honourably, be not prevented by the illiberal and unjust manner you contribute to their sup, port!
My fellow-Christians, I must close a paper already too long for some of
you. Reflect on your yarious duties, on the manner in which you have performed them, - and in the way you intend to discharge them in future. Remember the day of the Lord cometh, when you and your ministers must appear together. Then it is your wisdom so to live and act, as you will wįsh to have done when that great day of decision shall arrive, in which your present acțions shall be applauded or condemned!
THE TESTIMONY OF A PROFANE OFFICER TO THE WORTH OF
PIOUS SAILORS. Mr. Editor,
In the mouth of two or three witnesses a truth shall be es. tablished. I recently met with a pleasing confirmation of a narrative, stated some time since in your Magazine. I was sur. prized by a visit from an old acquaintance of mine the other day, who is now an officer of rank in his Majesty's navy. In the course of conversation, I was shocked at the profane oaths that perpetually interrupted his sentences; and took an opportunity to express my regret that such language should be so common among so valuable a body of men. "Sir," said he, still interspersing many solemn imprecations, an officer cannot live at
sea without swearing; not one of my men would mind a word without an oath : it is common sea-language. If we were not to swear, the rascals would take us for lubbers, stare in our faces, and leave us to do our commands ourselves. I never knew but one exception; and that was extraordinary. I declare, believe me 'tis true (suspecting that I might not credit it) there was a set of fellows called Methodists, on board the Victory, Lord Nelson's ship (to be sure, he was rather a religious man himself!) and those nien never wanted swearing at. The dogs were the best seamen on board. Every man knew his duty, and
every man did his duty. They used to meet together and sing hymns; and nobody dared molest them. The commander would not have suffered it, had ibey attempted it. They were allowed a mess to themselves; and never mixed with the other men. I have often heard them singing away myself; and 'tis true, I assure you, but got one of them was either killed or wounded at the battle of Trafalgar, though they did their duty as well as any men. No, not one of the psalm-singing gentry was even hurt; and there the fellows are swimming away in the Bay of Biscay at this very time, singing Ilke the D-- They are now under a new com. mander ; but still are allowed the same privileges, and mess by themselves. These were the only fellows that I ever knew do their duty without swearing; and I will do them the justice to say they do it.
J. C. IIolloway.
ON SCILISMS. Much has lately been said and written about schisms; and all who do not worship with the established church of their country, whatever reason they may have for separation, are charged with the crime of Schism. If, however, we look into the New Testament, we shall find that the word oxiouzlo, schisms * (translated heresies) does not signify any separation from the church,--but uncharitable and disorderly divisions in it ; for the Corinthians, among whom these schisms existed, continued one church ; and, notwithstanding all their strifes and disagreements, there was no separation in the external communion of one party from another. " And it is in this sense of schisms in the church,"
the judicious Dr. Guyse, “ and not of rending off from it, that he uses the word in 1 Cor. i. 10, 12, and 25, which are the only places in the New Testament, besides this, where church. schisms are mentioned.”
The Scripture notion, therefore, of this sin is a quite different thing from that orderly separatioa from other churches, which later ages have stigmatized with hideous outcries, as schism ; and have made an engine of the greatest cruelties, oppressions, and murders, that have troubled the Christian world.
See Dr. Guyse's Paraphrase of 1 Cor. si. 19.
* I Cor. xi. 19.
The Value of the Art of Printing, as it respects the Spread of
the Holy Scriptures, is strikingly evident, from the following Memoranda of Antiquity:
In the year 1272, the pay of a labouring man was three halfpence per day *. In 1274, the price of a Bible, with a Commentary, fairly written, was thirty pounds +. That precious volume which may now be obtained, by many labourers, for one day's pay, would then have cost them more than thirteen years labour to procure.
It is further worthy of remark, that, in the ycar 1240, the building of two arches of London Bridge cost twenty-five pounds $; five pounds less than the value of a Bible!
Ilow great are the privileges of British Christians! We now enjoy the blaze of gospel-day; the lines are fallen to us in pleasant places, yea, we have a goodly heritage. God grant that our ancestors may never rise in judgment against us for the abuse or neglect of the Scriptures !
The above statement will also serve to shew, that the honour of distributing the holy Scriptures extensively, has peculiarly devolved upon the present day. The labour of writing them is no more. Their price now is very reasonable. The papal prohibition against reading them has lost its foice, and multitudes, with outstretched arms, are earnestly imploring them.
To the Editor. Should you think the following Observation of the late Dr. Fothergill on
the Books read in our Public Schools, deserving the consideration of religi. ous parents, I should be glad to see it inserted in your valuable Magazine. The tendency of most of the Roman Classics to injure the morals of our youth, has lately been submitted to the public, and, I think, upon good grounds: — indeed some masters draw their pen across objectionable passages; but this only tends to raise the curiosity of the scholars to enquire into their meaning.
« There is nothing tends so much to keep alive the spirit of war as our education. We take part in all the spirit of heroism displayed with so much elegance by the Greek and Roman historians, till the spirit of Christianity, meck, humble, patient, and forgiving, is obliterated from our minds: -- a woeful exchange for a system replete with good-will to all men! I am slot censaring others, I am pleading for ourselves ; and most fervently wish the day may be fast advancing when wars will be no niore. I am the brother of all mankind. I know I
* See Dugdale's Warwickshire. + See Stowe's Annals, pane 416. I See Maddox's History of the Exchequer.