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four mission boards contributed $1250 for running expenses, making $5000; this makes a total annual contribution from the boards of $19,000.

It is assumed that at least this amount will be contributed annually for the future, and the guarantee of the mission boards is not inferior as security to railroad or industrial stocks or bonds. This sum, capitalized at 5 per cent, may be considered as representing an endowment of $380,000.

In addition to the above annual contributions, the four boards have already invested in the purchase of 51 acres of land for the university site, erection of buildings and equipment, all costing $70,000.

Each of the four coöperating mission boards is under agreement to erect at least one college building, with dormitory for its students and residence for its member or members of the faculty. Based upon appropriations already made, these may be valued for the four boards at not less than $125,000.

Money is in hand to secure about 50 acres more land, so as to square out the tract, and make ample provision for the future, say $25,000.

The total value of the above assets is about $600,000. The board of governors are engaged in a campaign to secure $500,000 for buildings and endowments, part of which has been pledged, and the outlook is very hopeful.

It is expected that the Woman's Union Normal College will be built near by, and it has $10,500, gold, in hand for that purpose.

The actual university work which the university is doing is as yet limited, but its high and clearly defined ideals, the completeness of its organization, its spirit of harmony, the quality of its work, and its substantial growth are such as to commend it most favorably to the Chinese.

The government educational authorities have officially recognized and registered its middle school.

The Commissioner of Education has asked Dr. J. L. Stewart, vice-president of the university, to serve upon the Board of Advisors of the Government System of Education, and has made him a monthly grant for expenses.

The government representatives have requested the Union

University professors to assist in their educational work by lectures and in other ways, and have given other significant evidences of their appreciation.

This is the most thoroughly organized piece of educational work in the Republic of China.

The University of Nanking is another recent development. It is situated at Nanking in the lower Yangtsze Valley. Nanking is the transportation, literary, and educational center, and an ancient capital of China, and many think that in the near future it will become the permanent capital of the republic. It is central to 105,000,000 people speaking the Wu dialect in the four provinces immediately about it; and, when the system of railroads which is being constructed is completed, it will be the most accessible city in all China. After three or four years of discussion, a basis of union acceptable to the Methodist Episcopal Church, the Disciples of Christ, and the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, was agreed upon, and the union of the school supported by these boards in and about Nanking went into effect as an Interdenominational University, February 1910.


There is a Board of Trustees in America, composed of three from each of the coöperating mission boards, who perform the usual duties of such officers.

There is on the field a Board of Twelve Managers, four from each mission, who control and manage the affairs of the university, subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees.

For immediate control there is a Local Executive Committee of the Board of Managers, as well as a University Council representing the faculty.

April 19, 1911, the Regents of the University of the State of New York granted a charter to the University of Nanking and in August, 1912, advanced to the degree of bachelor of arts the first class to graduate from the University of Nanking. Last year it had 501 students in attendance.


Its Preparatory School and its College are well developed, determining the standards of requirement, and other schools of similar grades are being developed and affiliated with it.

It is enlarging its Teachers' College and Training School, the latter for primary school teachers and the former for teachers of more advanced schools.

Twenty-eight mission boards and societies requested the university to open a language school, where young missionaries could spend their first year under the most favorable conditions to study the language. This school opened October 15 with about 30 per cent more students than it had announced it would receive the first year, and arrangements have been made to house and permanently care for the students who are applying from distant parts of the republic.

The Central China Medical School, representing seven denominations has become an organic part of the university.

The theological school, in which five denominations are united and seven others are coöperating, is closely affiliated with the university with the prospect of organic union in the near future.

The agricultural department is engaged in practical work along with its regular instruction. The government and the people of Nanking have turned over to the university 1000 acres of ground on the side of Purple Mountain, about two miles from the university site, and have offered 1000 acres more about thirty miles distant, but the latter is too far away to be handled at present. This gives opportunity to introduce a form of agriculture not dependent upon irrigation, which is recognized as an exceedingly valuable economic contribution to China.

Dr. Balie, one of the professors of the university, has direction of the department and is colonizing farmers who have been driven from their homes by flood and famine. During last winter and spring this department set out 100,000 forest trees, 4000 fruit trees, 2000 of which were imported from California, and 5000 mulberry trees, and a man trained in Japan according to the most approved methods of the Japan

ese government, is teaching the care of the silk worm.

It is

also introducing the cultivation of potatoes, strawberries, other small fruits, and a number of cereals.


The president is Dr. A. J. Bowen.

In the preparatory and college work are fifteen graduates of American institutions.

In the theological department are Dr. J. C. Garret, and four other university men, all with fine command of the Chinese language.

In the medical school are seven men, trained in American medical schools, making twenty-eight specially trained foreigners. There are also on the staff of the university thirty Chinese teachers, some of whom are scholars of great distinction, making a total of fifty-eight, and this does not include the agricultural department and only one from the language school.


There are 63 acres of land and walls worth $34,800 and money is in hand to purchase about 40 acres more; nine dwellings valued at $23,750; three lecture halls, one scientific building, three dormitories (accommodating 500); one chapel, one Y. M. C. A. building, $62,500; equipment, $14,150; the total value of all equipment is $134,200.


The 63 acres of ground, 18 buildings and equipment, are worth $134,200. The three coöperating missions supply 12 professors at an average of $1500 each; this totals $18,000. Each mission gives $3000 annually for current expense; this makes $9000. The treasurer and accountant receives $1000. There is an annual contribution of $28,000. All of the above capitalized at 5 per cent represents $560,000.

The university has recently received for land, buildings and endowment through its $500,000 campaign, $270,000. The theological department has five professors at $1500 each, making $7500, which capitalized at 5 per cent is $150,

000; twenty acres of land and buildings valued at $31,000; these two items total $181,000.

The medical department has seven professors at $1500 each which capitalized at 5 per cent is $210,000; equipment valued at $14,000; seven residences valued at $21,000; $300 on current expense account annually from each of the seven coöperating missions $2100, capitalized at 5 per cent is $42,000; totals $287,000.

The grand total is $1,432,200.

The canvass for $500,000 is progressing very successfully; $380,000 have been added to the assets of the university within a year, and there are promises of assistance sufficient to make the total assets equivalent to about $1,500,000.

Three other denominations are completing their arrangements to unite with the university, which will further increase its assets and efficiency.

Christian primary and secondary education throughout the region covered by the affiliated and coöperating missions, including more than one hundred schools, is being standardized and coördinated under the supervision and direction of the university and the Central China Educational Commission.

This commission consists of two representatives from each of the missions in the Wu dialect-speaking districts, having educational work. Its purpose is to discuss the educational work in these four provinces, and unite all the work into a system, no matter where it relegates any present school.

The university is prospering, and has the heartiest endorsement of the Chinese. Its patronage is growing rapidly, and broadening. The highest officials patronize the university, honor its faculty, attend its public functions, and speak in highest commendation of its work.

Its agricultural department has had a notable recognition. The China Famine Relief Commission granted $3000 (Mexican) to aid its work. The Chamber of Commerce of Nanking has made a large grant to assist in its development, and so has the Silk Merchants' Guild.

An exceptional endorsement has been given it, signed by Sun Wen, the provisional president, Yuan Shih K’ai, the

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