John Rawls: Reticent Socialist
Cambridge University Press, 31. jul. 2017
This book is the first detailed reconstruction of the late work of John Rawls. John Rawls is considered to be one of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century. Well known for his writings as a political philosopher, Rawls also commented on economic and developmental psychology topics. His book A Theory of Justice has produced a considerable number of commentaries on Rawls' theory of “justice-as-fairness”. In this volume Edmundson explores the generally accepted notion that Rawls was a defender of welfare-state capitalism as found in Western Europe and the United States. He points out that shortly before his death, Rawls expanded on what type of regime meet his criteria of a just state in his Justice as Fairness: A Restatement. Edmundson further develops Rawls' ideas on what our individual duties of justice are when we find ourselves in a society that falls short of justice and fairness.
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Conceptions of Property in the Original Position
PropertyOwning Democracy versus Liberal Socialism
Fair Value and the Fact of Domination
The FourStage Sequence
The Circumstances of Politics
Rescuing the Difference Principle
The Special Psychologies
advantaged argument assure basic liberties basic rights basic structure Chapter chooser citizens commanding heights comprehensive conception of justice constitutional convention constitutional essentials constitutional stage cooperation democracy and liberal democratic socialism difference principle distributive justice economic emphasis added excusable envy fact of domination fair equality fair value favor first-principle four-stage sequence idea ideal regime type inequalities institutions John Rawls justice as fairness legislative stage LHPP liberal democratic liberal democratic socialism liberal socialism Marx Meade means of production Mill’s moral one’s original position procedure parties person political conception political philosophy principles of justice priority private ownership problem procedural justice productive assets productive means property-owning democracy public ownership public reason Rawls says Rawls’s Rawlsian reciprocity require Restatement restricted utility self-respect social minimum special psychologies stability strains of commitment Theory of Justice tutional utilitarianism value of political veil of ignorance welfare-state capitalism well-ordered society