John Rawls: Reticent Socialist
Cambridge University Press, 10. jul. 2017
This book is the first detailed reconstruction of the late work of John Rawls, who was perhaps the most influential philosopher of the twentieth century. Rawls's 1971 treatise, A Theory of Justice, stimulated an outpouring of commentary on 'justice-as-fairness,' his conception of justice for an ideal, self-contained, modern political society. Most of that commentary took Rawls to be defending welfare-state capitalism as found in Western Europe and the United States. Far less attention has been given to Rawls's 2001 book, Justice as Fairness: A Restatement. In the Restatement, Rawls not only substantially reformulates the 'original position' argument for the two principles of justice-as-fairness but also repudiates capitalist regimes as possible embodiments. Edmundson further develops Rawls's non-ideal theory, which guides us when we find ourselves in a society that falls well short of justice.
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Conceptions of Property in the Original Position
PropertyOwning Democracy versus Liberal Socialism
Fair Value and the Fact of Domination
The FourStage Sequence
The Circumstances of Politics
Rescuing the Difference Principle
The Special Psychologies
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advantaged argument assure basic liberties basic rights basic structure Chapter chooser citizens commanding heights comprehensive conception of justice constitutional convention constitutional essentials constitutional stage cooperation democracy and liberal democratic socialism difference principle distributive justice economic emphasis added excusable envy fact of domination fair equality fair value favor first-principle four-stage sequence idea ideal regime type inequalities institutions John Rawls justice as fairness legislative stage LHPP liberal democratic liberal democratic socialism liberal socialism Marx Meade means of production Mill’s moral one’s original position procedure parties person political conception political philosophy principles of justice priority private ownership problem procedural justice productive assets productive means property-owning democracy public ownership public reason Rawls says Rawls’s Rawlsian reciprocity require Restatement restricted utility self-respect social minimum special psychologies stability strains of commitment Theory of Justice tutional utilitarianism value of political veil of ignorance welfare-state capitalism well-ordered society