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word in the internal sense, and by the explication of doctrinals, which are no where fully explained in the work itself, but are always promised to be given more at large in another place. (Sed de his ex Divina Domini misericordia plura in Sequentibus.) Nor could it be otherwise at the time when the author communi. eated his revelation to the world, which was so rich in the sublimest truths; but it is evident that he was himself desirous of correcting these inconveniences by all the extracts from the Arcana which he made in his other works, by all the citations, and by the Indexes which he composed.” This inconvenience the author proposes to reniedy by three separate works; one, in which the explications of the internal sense, without either confirmations or illustrations, will be appended to the edition of the Word and its translation; Another, in which all the significations and representations of the words which occur in the Holy Scriptures will be arranged in alphabetical order, as a kind of Lexicon, pointing out where they are to be found, in case any one require to be convinced of their signification and see them confirmed by passages from the Word ; and a third, in which the heavenly doctrines or celestial ideas will be explained at large, and under every article, all those passayes be collected and arranged in order, which can contribute to make the subject clear and complete. The learned author then proceeds, “At first I thought of giving the explications of Swedenborg only without the original text. But when I had written some chapters iu this manner, I found that it was not sufficient, nor could I be satisfied before I had added the Hebrew. Then I said to myself, Now it is the Word of the Lord! Every one, who chooses to examine the translation, has here the standard by which he may try its fidelity. I found it also necessary to explain the literal sense, shortly and plainly. The learned admit no other, and if they see us neglect this, they believe it to be all mere phantasy founded on ignorance. It is important to shew that we are not ignorant of the historical, critical, and philological studies connected with the Holy Word. Without the original text, and a short explanation of the literal sense, the work would be incomplete, and those books of the Bible which are not explained in a series by Swedenborg would appear yet more defective. But all my description of the work would not be sufficient to give you No. VI.--VOL. I.
a clear conception of it, without a short conspectus of the manner in which I intend to treat those books of which we have a continued explication by Swedenborg, as well as those of which we hare it not. I take then a chapter of Genesis, and another of Isaiah as specimens by which you may judge of the work.
“ I think the first volume with the necessary introductions cannot comprehend more than 25 chapters of Genesis. The introductions are, first, the Plan of the Work; then, a Treatise on the Revelation of Emanuel Swedenborg; afterwards, a Treatise composed from all those passages properly arranged and brought under view, in which E. S. treats of the Word of the Lord generally, with whatever else is necessary to be known that the subject may be well understood, and the infinite holiness of the Divine Word acknowledged.” All these passages the editor has endeavoured so to digest and reduce to order, that whosoever loves God and is in the serious search after truth for truth's sake may have it in his power rightly and clearly to perceive the evidence and matchless force of Divine Truth, so that his heart may be affected by them.
After the general treatise on the Holy Scripture, taken from the Arcana Coolestia, from “ the Treatise on the Word and its Holiness” in the Apocalypse Explained, and from a highly interesting and valuable manuscript of E. S. never before published, then will follow a conspectus of the Doctrine of the New Jerusalem respecting the Holy Scripture. From all wbich the reader will be enabled to comprehend what the internal sense is, and how the Holy Word ought to be considered. After these, a Treatise on the Pentateuch generally, and on Genesis particularly, with the sentiments of the more illustrious critics and philologists of the present day in relation to the books of Moses. And last, the Holy Word itself, as you may see by the specimen.”
“ In like manner I begin the Prophet Isaiah, with a general Historical and Critical Exposition. After this an Explication of every Divine Oracle according to the Natural Sense, or as the Jews interpreted it externally with respect to their own political state. Then the general Summary Exposition of the Internal Sense, and so forth, according to the specimen of Isaiah.
Parallel with this work in point of time, will appear the Representatives and Significatives, in Alphabetical Order; and the Spiri
tual and Celestial Ideas, also in Alphabetical Order. I conjecture that the Holy Word will in this manner form seven or eight volumes, in 4to.; the Representatives two volumes, and the Celestial Ideas, three or four.”
MEMOIR OF MR. W. COOKWORTHY, ONE OF THE FIRST PROMOTERS of THE DOCTRINES OF
THE NEW CHURCH.
To the Editors of the Intellectual Repository, GENTLEMEN, I was lately favoured with the perusal of a manuscript memoir of the late Mr. Cookworthy of Plymouth, the well-known translator, in conjunction with the Rev. T. Hartley, of the first English edition of the treatise on Heaven and Hell; and being of opinion that many of your readers will be as much pleased with it as myself, I here send you an extract of such parts, as appear to me to be the most interesting.
I remain, Gentlemen,
EXTRACT. . MR. Willliam Cookworthy was born a member of the religious Society of Friends, at Kingsbridge, in Devonshire, in the year 1704, and was the son of William and Erith Cookworthy, who had six other children, three sons and three daughters, all younger than himsalf.
At the age of fourteen he lost his father, who was engaged in the weaving business, and, though an industrious man, left his family with but a slender provision for their maintenance.
On that event, young William was bound an apprentice to a chymist and druggist in London, and pursued his course to the Metropolis
So scanty were his means, that he had only a camlet coat for Sunday wear; and, as a poor apprentice boy, was but little noticed, except in being occasionally invited to the house of a distant relative. Yet was his heart thankful, having had early religious impressions from his excellent mother, a woman whose tenderness of spirit commanded, not merely the respect of her neighbours of fortune and influence, but their cordial aid in her zealous efforts to do good. On recurring, in after years, to this period of separation from his family, and contrasting the comforts he then enjoyed with the solitude and privations of his apprenticeship, his heart would be repeatedly melted with gratitude for the over-ruling care of Him, who is the FATHER OF THE FATHERLESS. On such occasions he was wont to exclaim with the patriarch Jacob, “O GOD of my Father Abraham, and God of my Father Isaac, the LORD which saidst unto me, return unto thy country, and to thy kindred, and I will deal well with thee: I am not worthy of the least of all the mercies, and of all the truth, which thou hast shewed unto thy servant ; for with my staff I passed over this Jordan, and now I am become tro bands."
From the termination of his apprenticeship to the time of entering on the duties of married life, little is remembered. It is however known, that he enriched his mind with the stores of science and polite literature, for both of wbich his relish was keen and his capacity well adapted. Thus qualified, bis company was eagerly sought in the most accomplished society; and though the serious part of his character took a more decided turn, and formed the more prominent portion of the man at a later period, it is probable that the refined gentlemen, thus formed in his earlier years, tended, in no inconsiderable degree, to render bis subsequent religious exertions more generally acceptable, and more extensively useful. He was well acquainted with, and was himself one of, the literati, who, at that time, flourished at Plymouth. Northcote, a bookseller, father of the painter; the celebrated Dr. Huxham; Mudge, father of the late Col. Mudge, and others of the same cast, constituted a society, whose intercourse must have been a bigbly intellectual treat.
Soon after his thirtieth year he was married, to his heart's content, to Sarah Berry, the youngest daughter of a respectable Somersetshire family of the same religious persuasion. She was, in every sense, worthy of such a man, and bis connection with ber originated, as may well be supposed, in the only legitimate source of union. He had always a quick sense of his wife's
value, and when one of her married sisters once told him, with more boasting than politeness, that she berself had the best husband of all her sisters, his undisturbed and smiling answer
“ but I know which of the husbands has the best wife.” The issue of the marriage were five daughters, the two youngest of whom were twins, who, by unerring wisdom, were deprived of their mother when only a year old. To the other children, who were of an age to be sensible of their loss, this event proved a heart-rending affliction. On their poor father it had such an effect, that for several months he was totally unable to care for bimself or his family. The consequence was, that they, orphans in effect, suffered much from neglect; a neglect the more severely felt, from the want of that order and comfort, of which their mother's bousehold had been a perfect pattern. But this temporary dereliction of duty, (if, under a trial so heavy, it could be called a dereliction,) was afterwards compensated for by years of paternal solicitude and affection.
On his wife's death, which occurred in his 41st or 42nd year, he withdrew from Plymouth, and lived in seclusion at Lowe for twelve months, yielding firmly to the chastening power whose hand was upon him, and fearful lest the calls of business should distract his attention, and prevent his giring full reception to the influence of what he felt to be the dealings of infinite mercy. From this retirement he returned, changed in appearance and manner to that of a plain Quaker. Still his character maintained its lofty fearlessness and courteous integrity. He met his old acquaintance as usual, and again resorted to the meetings of that little knot of literary friends, with whom he had before associated. Indeed, so far were his new habits from secluding him from the rest of the world, that he cultivated an intimate acquaintance with some of the first gentlemen, and most scientific men, of the day. Smeaton the engineer was a regular inmate of his house, while engaged in erecting the Edistone Light-House. Captain Cook, Dr. Solander, and Sir Joseph Banks were his guests, before they sailed from Plymouth on the Captain's first voyage to the South Sea. And to Thomas Pitt, afterwards the first Lord Camelford, and to the gallant Jervis, afterwards Earl St. Vincent, he was united by the closest ties of friendship. By one of these two accomplished men, probably by the latter, it was observed, that whoever was in - Mr. Cookworthy's