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A Medium of Intercommunication



"When found, make a note of."-CAPTAIN CUTTLE.

No. 262.




will be published on the 16th inst. ADVERTISEMENTS intended for insertion cannot be received by the Publishers later than WEDNESDAY NEXT.

London: LONGMANS and CO., 39, Paternoster Row, E.C.

On Thursday Next, in One Volume, crown 4to, printed by Whittingham and Wilkins in the style of the period to which the work relates, with a Portrait,

Commencement of a New Volume.

CATALOGUE of the most beautiful and suggestive works will be

SOME ACCOUNT of the LIFE and OPINIONS price of which will not be in freased. Ench Monthly, Part will contain

of a FIFTH-MONARCHY MAN, chiefly extracted from the Writings of JOHN ROGERS, Preacher. Edited by Rev. E. ROGERS, M.A. Student of Ch. Ch. Oxford.

about 100 Engravings, from the productions of the most renowned Art-Manufacturers of the world. The Work will be dedicated, by gracious permission, to the Emperor of the French. It will be edited by MR. S. C. HALL, F.S.A., who edited the Ilustrated Catalogues that were issued with THE ART-JOURNAL in 1951 and 1862.

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London: VIRTUE & CO., 26, Ivy Lane, Paternoster Row.


Publishing in Parts, 2s. 6d. each.

This Miscellany is engaged in the development of the antiquities of Heraldry, and of Family, Local, and General History in connection with Heraldry," a beautiful department of our National Antiquities, which (as observed by the late Joseph Hunter) has never yet been investigated with the attention it deserves." The Genealogical articles consist, principally, of materials previously unpublished. Current topies of heraldic interest are discussed, and new works reviewed: together with a Retrospective Review in continuation of Moule's "Bibliotheca Heraldica."

Prospectuses, including an abstract of the Contents of the published Parts, may be obtained on application at 25, Parliament Street.

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This day is published, extra fcap. 8vo, cloth, price 68.

GUESSES AT TRUTH. By Two Brothers.

New Edition, with new Bic graphical Preface and Portraits.


This day is published, crown 8vo, cloth, price 8s. 6d. MODERN CULTURE: its True Aims and Requirements. A Series of Addresses and Arguments on the Claims of Scientide Education. By Professors Tyndall, Daubeny, Hentrey, tauxley, Paget, Whewell, Faraday, Draper, Masson, De Morgan, Owen; Drs. Hodgson, Carpenter, Hooker, Acland, Forbes, Grove, Herbert Spencer. Sir John Herschel, Sir Charles Lyell, Seguin, &c. Edited by EDWARD L. YOUMANS, M.D.


This day is published.


POETICAL WORKS of SIR WALTER SCOTT. With Biographical and Critical Memoir. By FRANCIS TURNER PALGRAVE, M.A. With new Introductions to the larger Poems. Extra foolscap 8vo, cloth, price 38. 6d. Uniform with "The Globe Shakespeare."

MACMILLAN & CO., London.

3RD S. No. 262.

Price Tourpence.
Stamped Edition, 5d.

THE QUARTERLY REVIEW. ADVERTISEMENTS for insertion in the Forthcoming Number of the shove Periodical must be forwarded to the Publisher by the 12th, and Bills by the 14th instant.

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HE ART-JOURNAL.-Each Monthly Part will

Artists, engraved expressly for THE ART-JOURNAL, and about 120 Engravings on Wood. The letterpress, contributed by eminent writers on Art and Art-Manufacture, will be largely increased.

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HE ART-JOURNAL continues to be the only

and the Arts of Industry and Manufacture. It is published to co tain intelligence concerning every topic connected with Art that can inform the ARTIST, the AMATEUR, the STUDENT, the MANUFACTURER, and the ARTISAN, and to convey to the GENERAL PUBLIC such information as may excite interest in Art, in all its manifold ramifications; the aim of its conductors being to produce not only a beautiful Work for the Drawing-room, but one that shall be a valuable aid in the Studio and the Workshop.

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for the YEAR. By JOHN TIMES, F.S.A. CONTENTS:-Memorable
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Recollections of Brambletye-Domestic Arts and Customs-Glories
of a Garden-Early Gardeners Bacon, Evelyn, and Temple-A
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CathoNOTES:-Westminster Portrait of Richard II., 1lic Periodicals, 2- Broken Pottery of Ancient Times, 4 — Original Letters of Leigh Hunt, 1b - Aelivs Donatvs Septem Sapientibvs Scholarvm Angliæ Pvblicarvm S. P. D., 6- Morkin, or Mortkin, 7- Christmas Day, Ib. Inedited Letter of King James VI. to the King of NavarreLunar Influence Errors in Parish Registers: the Dal mahoy Family Old Recollections - Vessel-cup GirlsLiterary Mystification, 8. QUERIES:- Irish Pamphlets, 9- Extraordinary Assem


blies of Birds Burning of the Jesuits' Books - Callabre A Christening Sermon- Lord Coke and the Court of Star-Chamber-French Topography-Jenyns Queries Sir Godfrey Kneller - Hannah Lightfoot - Mary Queen of Scots Large Silver Medal - Morocco Edward Norgate: a Chain Organ - Papal Bulls in favour of Freemasons Petrarch: Himultruda- Scot, a Local Prefix

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Shakespeare's Bible - Stricken in Years - Wedderburn


and Franklin, 10.


Hudson-Stafford, Talbot, &c. St. John's Gospel, 12.
REPLIES:- French Books on England, 14- Chaplains to

the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, &c., 16- Roundels:

Verses on Fruit Trenchers, 18-Dutch Ballad, 19 - The Dawson Family, 20-Americanisms-The Pipe of Tobacco, &c. - Eglinton Tournament - Lord Braxfield - Agudeza -Illuminated Missal - Inscription at Champéry - Cheese Well- Gold pronounced " Goold "-"Hamlet:" "House the Devil"— Degrees, when first conferred - Picture "Shakespeare said it First "-Dante-America and Caricatures - Heraldic Queries - Arms of Prussia-Book dedicated to the Virgin Mary, &c., 21. Notes on Books, &c.



The pages of "N. & Q." are such a natural depositary for records of historical events, both in art and literature, that, although the subject has already been made known elsewhere, I feel desirous to secure in these columns a brief statement respecting the change that has recently come over the well-known Jerusalem-Chamber portrait of Richard II. Ever since the time of the Manchester Exhibition in 1857, when it was first seen during the present century in open daylight, artists and judges competent to form a fair opinion upon it, agreed that the picture had been grossly painted over, and that the surface of the painting no longer presented a trustworthy appearance. These opinions were renewed in the course of the recent Portrait Exhibition at South Kensington; and Mr. George Richmond, R.A., the excellent portrait-painter, at length offered to the Dean of Westminster to not only superintend, but actually to work upon the cleaning and restoration of this precious relic. The Dean and Chapter readily consented; and the picture was accordingly conveyed, at the close of the Exhibition, to the studio of Mr. Henry Merritt, an experienced picture-cleaner and restorer, who was to carry on all operations under Mr. Richmond's immediate direction. Having

already expressed to the Dean my opinion of the unsatisfactory condition of the picture-not only that it was encumbered with masses of dirt and false paint, but that the original portrait still lay dormant underneath-I naturally took great interest in each step of the proceedings as they were put into execution. As a spectator, taking a careful cognizance of all that went on, I can perhaps render a more impartial statement than even those more immediately concerned in the operation. Before anything was done to remove the old paint, I took an opportunity of making a careful tracing of the head, hands, crown, and sceptre, with various details of the dress, that might serve as an accurate record of what the picture had been up to that period. I obtained a faithful transcript of the projecting patterns of the diapered background, by rubbing the surface of my tracing paper with soft leather sprinkled with black-lead. As this diaper was very irregularly constructed, it would have been quite insufficient for me to copy a single portion and repeat it mechanically to serve for the rest.

The picture is painted on an enormous block of oak; composed, in fact, of several smaller planks most skilfully joined together. The coatings of paint covering the picture were very difficult to remove; but, at length, Mr. Richmond's labour was rewarded by the discovery of the real picture underneath a genuine tempera painting of Richard's own time; revealing a perfectly different face from that which had been removed. In lieu of dark staring eyes of a rich brown colour, massive brown eyebrows, dark hair, and a ruddy smiling mouth, with deep solid shadows to the features, they recovered a mild, soft, youthful face, with gold-brown waving hair, blue-grey eyes, heavy eyelids, and a sorrowful drooping mouth-all of which accord with the celebrated Diptych at Wilton House, and correspond with the known weak and vacillating character of the timid and misguided monarch himself. The ermine cape had been overlaid with repeated coats of colour, and the originally delicate ermine spots had been distorted into strange twisted masses of solid black paint, that had neither heraldic nor any other significance to justify them. The folds of the crimson robe had been overlaid and perverted by the brush of some clumsy house-painter; and not only the drawing but the action of the fingers had been ruthlessly altered. On examining the gilded surface of the ball, decorated with most un-Gothiclike acanthus leaves. it was found to be laid over a highly polished coating of plain gold on a mass of composition or cement; and the richly ornamented crown had been treated in the same manner. The stucco pattern of the raised diaper on the background was found to have overlapped some beautifully painted foliage, which evidently belonged to the original design of the flore

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