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2.11- 38





A.D. 1625 TO A.D. 1714.



A.D. 1625 TO A.D. 1641.

Hopes of the Romanists revived on the accession of Charles I. — The Protestant

prelates protest against toleration, The King nut unwilling to grant toleration
- Increasing boldness of the Romanists—Riot in Dublin-Curtailment of the
civil power of bishops—Zeal of Archbishop Ussher-Conversions from
Romanism-General inefficiency of Irish Protestant prelates—Bedell made
Provost of Dublin College, and then Bishop of Kilmore and Ardagh—Bedell's
exemplary life, and eminent usefulness-Translation of the whole Bible into
Irish-The Presbyterians in Down and Antrim-Remarkable awakening-
Friars and episcopal clergy oppose the Presbyterian ministers. Blair visits
Ussher at Drogheda-Laud and the revival in Down and Connor-Blair
and Livingston suspended by Echlin-Restored by Ussher, and again involvcd
in trouble- Wentworth arrives in Ireland accompanied by Bramhall-Com-
mission to examine the state of the Established Church, Report of the
commissioners—Spoliation of the Church, Wentworth, Laud, and Dublin
College - Bramhall made Bishop of Derry-Meeting of Convocation in 1634
--The Prelates petition the King-Steps taken to improve the maintenance of
the established clergy--Canons adopted by the Convocation--Irish Confession
of Faith set aside-Arrangements relating to the Book of Common Prayer and
Bible in Irish- Public discussion in Belfast between Bishop Leslie and a Pres-
byterian minister-Five Presbyterian mini:ters deposed— Presbyterians propose
to emigrate to America-Obliged to give up the project - Erection of Court of
High Commission---Adoption of the National Covenant in Scotland— Bishop
Leslie and the Presbyterians of Down and Autrim-Oppressive proceedings of
Wentworth- The Black Oath-Sufferings of those who refused to take the

A civil war followed the Irish massacre— The Catholic army and the Oath of

Association - The Roman Catholic clergy meet, and declare the war lawful and
pious-Dease, Roman Catholic bishop of Meath, threatened with suspension
from office--The General Synod of Kilkenny in May 1642 and its arrangements
-New Oath of Association--Its jesuitical character-Abuse of excommunica-

tion for political purposes—Arrival in Ireland of Owen Roe O'Neill and

Colonel Preston-Meeting of the General Assembly of Confederates in October

1642, and its arrangements—The Supreme Council and its functions-Different

views of the Confederates—The Marquis of Ormonde and the Cessation of 1643

-Various parties dissatisfied with the Cessation-Arrival of the Nuncio

Scarampi— The Earl of Glamorgan-His treaty and its conditions—The treaty

discovered and published—The King meanly disavows the treaty-New nego-

tiations-Arrival of Rinuccini, the Nuncio Extraordinary--Character of Rinuc-

cini-His reception at Kilkenny–His reception by Lord Mountgarret, the

President of the Supreme Council--Ormonde concludes a treaty with the Con-

federates in 1646-Conditions of the treaty, and dissatisfaction of Rinuccini-

Rinuccini supported by the bishops and clergy-Publication of the peace with

Ormonde opposed–The Synod convened at Waterford in August 1646–

Victory of Owen Roe O'Neill at Benburb in June 1646—The Ormondists

and Nuncionists—The Synod of Waterford declares those Confederates per-

jured who supported the peace-Rinuccini and his excommunications-Confe-

derates intimidated by Rinuccini—Rinuccini, supported by Owen Roe, enters

Kilkenny and imprisons most of the members of the Supreme Council-Rinuc-

cini usurps the government of the Confederation-Defeated when he attempts to

take Dublin-Reaction against him, and liberation of the imprisoned Coun-

cillors - General Assembly of the Confederation in January 1647, and its pro-

ceedings—The Ormondists and Nuncionists agree to a compromise-Addition

to the Oath of Association-Rinuocini and the ecclesiastical patronage—The

ambition of the clergy and the appeal of Colonel Bagnal – The peace with

Ormonde declared invalid-Ormonde delivers up Dublin to the English Parliament

and leaves the country-Disasters of the Confederacy—The General Assembly

of November 1647-Decline of Rinuccini's influence—The Cessation with

Inchiquin, and the disputes relating to it-Rinuccini opposes the Cessation

-Rinuccini retires from Kilkenny and issues excommunications and interdicts

-Rinuccini's unreasonable demands-Supreme Council appeals to Rome against

him—The Queries of the Supreme Council and the Replies-- Peter Walsh-

The division of the Confederacy-Owen Roe O'Neill and the Supreme Council

at war-Rinuccini besieged in Galway --Ormonde returns to Ireland, and con-

cludes a treaty with the Confederates—Ormonde’s reception in Kilkenny-Terms

of Ormonde's treaty - Death of Charles I.-Rinuccini, still dissatisfied, leaves

the country—Luke Wadding acts as agent for the Confederates--He is maligned

and insulted—Intemperate conduct of the Roman Catholic clergy during the

war-Intolerance of the Confederates-Mischief of clerical interference in


Page 57—99

Misery of Ireland at the commencement of this period— The war, the famine, and

the pestilence-Providential punishment of lukewarm Protestantism and
rampant Popery-State of the Protestant Episcopal Church at this time--

Martin, bishop of Meath, Synge and Jeremy Taylor-Disasters of the Protes-

tant prelates-Archbishop Ussher, the Leslies, and Henry Jones-Hardships

of the Presbyterians—Their Representation and the reply of Milton—The

Presbyterians refuse to take the Engagement, and suffer in consequence—They

experience better treatment towards the close of the Protectorate—Their rapid

increase-Ambition of the Romish prelates—Proposal to separate Ireland from

Great Britain— The Marquis of Ormonde, the Synod of Jamestown, and the

declaration of the Roman Catholic bishops-Attempts to shake the loyalty of

Ormonde-Hatred of the Roman Catholic bishops towards Ormonde-- The

archduke Leopold and the Duke of Lorrain-Earl Clanricarde protests against

the Protectorate of Lorrain-Plots and excommunications of the Roman

Catholic bishops-Rapid career of Cromwell in Ireland—Drogheda and

Wexford taken by storm-Clanricarde obliged to yield to the Republicans--

The Catholic Confederacy disastrous to Irish popery- The fighting Roman

Catholic bishops no martyrs-Oliver Cromwell no friend to toleration in

Ireland—Expatriation of Romanists at the close of the war-Banishment of

1,000 of the Roman Catholic clergy-Confinement of priests in Arran and

Innisbofin-Loss of property by Roman Catholic nobility and gentry_The

soldiers and the adventurers—The transplantation to Connaught-Hardships of

the transplantation--The whole plan of the Cromwellian settlement a failure-

Rise of the Tories-Cromwell's ecclesiastical policy in Ireland-Some priests

contrive to remain in Ireland-Father Finaghty and his miracles-- Prosperity

of Ireland in the last days of the Protectorate-Cromwell not a real patriot-

Excellences and defects of his character

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The re-establishment of the Episcopal Church-Consecration of new prelates-

Their character-Sudden conversions to Protestant Episcopalianism-Sir
Charles Coote and Lord Broghill— Burning of Solemn League and Covenant
--Trimming of the Irish House of Commons-Collapse of Anabaptism and
Independency-Blood's plot-Hardships of Presbyterian ministers-Jeremy
Taylor a persecutor-Policy of Bramhall - Most of the Presbyterian ministers
refuse conformity-Penal laws against them-Fines for non-attendance on
Episcopal worship-More kindly treatment of the Presbyterians-First grant
of Kegium Donum- The Romanists and Taylor's “Dissuasive from Popery"
Hopes of the Romanists at the Restoration—The Remonstrance and its
history-Peter Walsh and the Remonstrants—The Romish nobility and gentry
subscribe the Remonstrance-. Most of the Romish clergy refuse--- The Valesian
heretics—Romish Synod in Dublin 1666, and its results-Character of O'Reilly
the Romish primate-Additions to the Romish hierarchy-Multiplication
of Romish priests. -- Berkeley, the Lord Lieutenant, favours the Romanists--

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