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seldom found in larger works) have here a prominent place. Mechanical appliances and instruments figure largely in the book; but it is to the end that the reader may become familiar with them, and learn how and when to use them.

The latest theories concerning ovulation, menstruation, dysmenorrhoea, etc., here have a clear and admirable exposition; and one has opportunity of contrasting them with the former ideas on these subjects, which are also given. In short, the whole work, as to diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment (according to oldschool methods, of course), is thoroughly up to date; and is, moreover, so well and wisely condensed, that the principal points are easily found, and impress themselves on the memory.

To the student and general practitioner, especially if he is yet lacking in the manual dexterity so necessary in gynecological practice, this will prove a valuable assistant.

OPIUM SMOKING. By H. H. Kane, M. D. New York: Geo. P. Putnam's Sons. Boston: A. Williams & Co. 1882.

This is a fascinating little work of 156 pages, excellently well gotten up, containing within its flexible covers a vast amount of entertaining and useful knowledge concerning this most seductive and fatally injurious habit. Our ideas on this subject have been obtained principally from novel writers, and the exaggerated statements of those most desirous of abolishing the custom; but evidently Dr. Kane "knows whereof he speaks," and also possesses the happy faculty of presenting to others, in a clear and interesting manner, his beliefs and the reasons for them. His experience has taught him that the habit, "contrary to the general belief, when undertaken on scientific principles, can be rapidly, painlessly, and safely cured." But we refer our readers to the book itself. It will well repay reading; and the homoeopathic physician especially will be more than repaid if he carefully study the typical cases, and the results of scientifically conducted experiments, there recorded.

ILLUSTRATIONS OF DISSECTIONS. Vol. I. By Ellis and Ford. New York: Wm. Wood & Co.

This, the January number of "Wood's Medical Library" for 1882, consists of a series of twenty-eight colored anatomical plates, illustrative of special dissections made by Prof. Ellis, of University College, London, accompanied by brief explanatory descriptions. It is a volume of over 230 pages, and in general. appearance, distinctness of type, and neatness of binding indicates that the enterprising publishers intend that the library for this year shall in no way fall behind its predecessors.

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MEMORANDA OF PHYSIOLOGY. By H. Ashby, M. D. (London). New York: Wm. Wood & Co. 1882.

A vest-pocket treatise, consisting of the latest physiological theories as well as facts, condensed in a most thorough manner. ‡

FACTS AND FICTIONS OF ZOOLOGY. By Andrew Wilson, Ph. D. New York: J. Fitzgerald & Co.

Another one of the "Humboldt Library of Popular Science"; a brochure of sixty-five pages. Herein one may find all his cherished superstitions concerning sea-serpents, etc., mercilessly overthrown by the unsympathetic hand of science. Price, 15 cents.

DIRECTORY OF HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIANS IN THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA. 1882. Compiled and published by L. J. Knerr, M. D. Philadelphia, Pa. 8vo.

pp. 36.

This is in pamphlet form, with paper covers, and 5,000 copies are distributed gratuitously. It contains the names and addresses of six hundred and ninety-seven homoeopathic physicians in the State of Pennsylvania. These are again arranged in counties, and we find in Philadelphia County two hundred and eightysix; while Allegheny, the next in point of numbers, has fifty-three. There are, moreover, nine medical societies, five medical clubs, seven hospitals, four dispensaries, a medical college, two medical journals, and three miscellaneous associations in the State.

If a similar work could be done in every State, and the whole combined into a general directory of the homoeopathic physicians of our country, it would be very valuable as well as convenient, and should be in the library of every physician. Could not some plan be devised by which this might be accomplished?

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THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY (Appleton & Co., New York), in the three numbers issued for January, February, and March, 1882, gives good promise of maintaining and adding to its high and merited reputation; which is no small thing to say. "Epidemic Convulsions," "Muscular Expression of Nervous Conditions," "Soda a Remedy for Burns and Scalds," Sanitary Relations of the Soil," "Dreams and the Making of Dreams,' "The Practical Study of the Mind," these are titles of a few articles which cannot fail to be of interest to the members of the medical profession. And the busy practitioner, who has no time to devote to large volumes on such subjects, may here acquaint himself, in a form adapted to his scant leisure, with what science is doing in spheres apart from his own.

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OUR MISCELLANY,

A WRITER in the "Annales d'Hygiène Public" suggests that the white glare of the electric light, so disagreeable and possibly injurious to the eyes of many, may be tempered by the use of globes of tinted glass.

A TRIOLET.

When the head 's worse from wine

It is well to give Zincum;
Pains increased if he dine,
(Always worse after wine!)

Pupils shrunk to a line,

Eyelids stiff if he wink 'em;

When the head's worse from wine

It is well to give Zincum.

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LONDON SCHOOL OF HOMEOPATHY. The winter session of this school was inaugurated at the Homœopathic Hospital, Great Ormond Street, London, by an address from Dr. Richard Hughes, who took for his subject "Hahnemann as a Medical Philosopher," as exhibited in his "Organon of Medicine." This exposition and vi ndication of his therapeutic method, the lecturer said, appeared in five editions between 1810 and 1833, and it was designed to recall Aristotle's treatises on logic and Bacon's great reform of philosophical inquiry. The method set forth in this work was to be a new instrument for the discovery of specific remedies, a substitution of patient observation and experiment for the theorizing prevalent at the time. Referring to the motto at first prefixed to it, the lecturer commented on Hahnemann's hope for the future of medicine as based on his faith in the goodness of God, and contrasted this with the hopeless scepticism of the present day, as illustrated by the conspicuous absence of therapy from the proceedings of the late International Medical Congress. Passing on to the "Organon" itself, Dr. Hughes described it as divisible into two parts, in each of which three subjects were discussed — in the former doctrinally, and in the latter practically. These constituted the three elements of his method, and were (1) the knowledge of disease; (2) the knowledge of medicinal powers; and (3) the knowledge how to choose and administer the remedy. The know ledge of disease which the physician needed for curative purposes was declared by Hahnemann to consist in a full and minute perception of his patient's symptoms, to the exclusion of all hypothesis. This position was vindicated against the charge that it ignored pathology by showing that symptoms were themselves a living pathology, revealing disease at a stage when it might be remediable, whereas the morbid anatomy which now went by the name exhibited only the ultimate results of disease in incurable disorganization. Hahnemann's mode of ascertaining the virtues of medicines was by proving" them on the healthy human body, a proceeding now generally recognized, and to some extent adopted. He might fairly be styled "the father of pharmacology." The treatment by homoeopathy was harmless, inexhaustibly fertile, complete, and paramount. The lecturer then proceeded to meet objections which had been made to this argument of Hahnemann's, the only one which he regarded as valid, that it was too exclusive. As to the question of dose, it was simply directed to be so small as to avoid needless aggravations and collateral sufferings, its precise amount varying with the medicine used. Could Hahnemann have foreseen the medicine of to-day, how much there would have been to gladden his heart! The change wrought even in the practice of the old school would be a matter for great thankfulness on his part; but how his spirit would have bounded when he looked upon the band of his own followers! The few disciples made during his lifetime have swollen into a company of some ten thousand practitioners, who daily, among the millions of their clientèle, in their scores of hospitals and dispensaries and charitable homes, carried out his beneficent reform, making the treatment of disease the simple administering of a few mostly tasteless and odorless doses, and yet therewith so reducing its mortality that their patients' lives could be assured at

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lower rates. The medicines which Hahnemann created played their glorious parts on an extensive scale, robbing acute disease of its horrors, and chronic disease of its hopelessness. He would see his method ever developing new remedies, and winning new victories. He would see his principles gaining access one by one to the minds of physicians at large- the proving of medicines, the single remedy, the fractional dose already accepted, and selection by similarity half adopted under other explanations and names. The destinies of the human race, in respect of disease and its cure, were completing it, and would be yet more profoundly modified for the better as that completion went on. In conclusion, Dr. Hughes said that with these thoughts he committed the fame of Hahnemann as a medical philosopher to the impartial judgment of the great profession he had adorned.

PERSONAL.

A FRIEND of the GAZETTE, in a letter, informs us of a good location for a wideawake young homoeopath not far from Bangor, Me.

DR. E. A. DAKIN, Hahnemann Medical College, Philadelphia, Class of 1881, has recently been elected city physician and a member of the Board of Health of the city of Brockton, Mass.

THE publishers of the GAZETTE have received several subscriptions for the present year, unaccompanied by name or address. Any of our subscribers failing to receive their receipt would do well to assure themselves that it is not to their own oversight that such an undesirable result is due.

OBITUARY,

STEPHEN MADISON GALE, M. D., died of heart disease at Newburyport, on Jan. 26, 1882, aged seventy-two. He was born at Kingston Plains, N. H., Oct. 20, 1809, and was the grandson of Josiah Bartlett, M. D., one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. He belonged to a medical family, there being no less than eighteen of his immediate relatives, including five brothers, his father, and both grandfathers, who were physicians. He graduated from Harvard Medical School in August, 1837, and settled in Methuen, Mass., where he acquired a successful practice.

In 1850 his attention was directed to the subject of homeopathy. Becoming convinced of its truth and importance, he adopted it, and the same year removed to Newburyport, where he resided till his death. He was elected a member of the American Institute of Homœopathy in 1859, was one of the original members of the Massachusetts Homœopathic Medical Society, and was the first president of the Essex County Homeopathic Medical Society.

It is a singular fact that his grandfather was expelled from the Medical Society for certain innovations and changes which he made in the then "regular" practice, but which he lived to see adopted by the majority of the profession, and his membership was restored to him. The grandson was also expelled for his practice of homœopathy, which the so-called "regulars" are to-day adopting, little by little. The esteem in which Dr. Gale was held in the town where for thirty-two years he had been devoted to his profession, was shown by the fact that though an arbitrary rule prevented his allopathic associates from meeting him at the bedside of the sick, yet every physician of the town of Newburyport, without regard to schools or opinions, united at his grave in honoring his memory. Representatives from a distance were present from the various medical associations of which he was an esteemed member. He leaves a wife and two children; a son, Mr. George H. Gale, and a daughter, the wife of Hon. E. Moody Boynton.

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THE FALLACIES OF HOMEOPATHY.

IN the March number of the North American Review appeared an article entitled "The Fallacies of Homœopathy," by Prof. A. B. Palmer. Of the writer of this article nothing need be said, since principles, not individuals, are concerned, except that the branch of knowledge taught by him is, we trust, neither history nor logic. Of the article, little need be said, since its statements are inaccurate and unfair, and its conclusions for they can. hardly be called arguments — fallacious. But when any discussion of our principles appears in the North American Review, it behooves us to remember that this Review has a great reputation, a wide circulation, and much influence from its efficient editors and able contributors in the past.

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The present management has been quite freely criticised for descending in so many cases to wordy controversies by inferior writers, and attempting to pander to the desire of a class eager for something new, rather than for true advancement in knowledge. The article of which we speak is one of this class. The science of therapeutics could not be explained in a popular, readable manner with any justice to the subject, nor could the claims of any of the methods now employed-homoeopathic, rational, or empirical — be properly discussed in such a review. In the present instance we find the article to be unfair, untrue, and illogical. That it is unfair may be seen in the cunning with which the author has combined the great essential principles of our system, the truth of which no homoeopathist hesitates to affirm, with the non-essentials, like extreme potentization, about which there exists in our ranks much difference of opinion. By this means he adds to the unfortunate dissensions already prevailing in our midst, and may thus render less vigorous and effective the answer which ought to be made to his fallacious assertions.

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