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REVIEW OF HISTORICAL BOOKS.

A

AN ACCOUNT OF TRE SHIPWRECK ftrange that this work should not ap

“ It may, perhaps, he thought ASD CAPTIVITY OF MR.DE BRISson. FROM THE FRENCH. 25. 63. peas till 1789; that is to say, until more

than two years after the end of my capFORSTER. 1789.

tivity. Know, kind reader, that as FTER thc adınired fictions of soon as my quarantine was finished at di Lucca, every book compoted of my native loil, or paid my respects to Shipwreck and Travels is in general a tender and affectionate Ipouse whom received with a greater degree of cau I adore, I wrote to the Marthal de tion than any other species of narrative, Caitries, the minister of the marint, avowedly publified as authentic. As that I waited for his orders to retuin a proof of this allertion, we may in to Senegal; and that, charged with stance the late History of the Pelew fresh dispatches, I re-embarked at Illands, and the loss of the Antelope Havre de Grace, on the 6th of May Packet : at the first appearance of this 1787. In this voyage I had the good interesting publication, many fenfible fortune to arrive without any accident people doubted its truth; and many at the island of St. Louis, where I relong continued to say, that the events ceived a visit too interesting to be passed were embellilhed by the pen of the in. over in filence. genious editor, But when the first im. u Dr. Sparman ť, a celebrated phyfi. pulse of surprize had vanished, and it cian, and professor of natural history, was recognized that Lee Boo had in already well known by his travels to reality been feen in England; that the the interior parts of Africa, from the Antelope had been loit; that Captain Cape of Good Hope, waited upon me Wilson was a man of irreproachable one day at Senegal, with his countryintegrity, yet attended by the presence man Mr. Wadftrom. Thefe illustrious and good wishes of that unfortunate ftrangers, after making themselves crew who had shared the described dan. known, inforined me, that they had gers with him; and that Mr. Keate, come from Goree, for the purpose of who arranged the disjointed papers, conversing with me, and to beg me to was equally conspicuous for honour give them instructions respecting that and ability ; fufpicion left every dif- part of Africa which I had traversed, cerning mind, which was now occupied and to point out the beft method of by candour and admiration. Piratical going from Senegal to Morocco, acrofs authors multiplied, in England, Scot. the desarıs, by Galam Bambou and land, and Ireland, linaller editions of Bondou. In antiver to their inquiries, this work ; impelled, no doubt, by the I told them, that they would never eager curiolity of every defcription of Succeed in that enterprife, unless they readers.

could find some Arab who would un. Boileau has faid, that truth fome. dertake to conduct them. I afterwards times

may not bave the appearance of introduced them to a conference with itself. This observation may be applied the Sherif Sidy Mouhammed, who reto M. de Brilion's Narrative; for it is fides at Senegal; but he candidly conreplete with the most remarkable cire felled, that notwithstanding his quality, cumftances. But let the author ipeak which would thclter him from many for himself.

dilagreeable circumstances, he coudel * It is but fair to say, that, after the deserving of atiention. But it has only one Large edition, the three shilling volume, Plate. said to be written by ONE OF THE UN. + For this gentleman's account of the FORTUNATE OFFICERS, and published Manners and Cuttons of the Bolbielmen by J. Scarle, corner of Brewer Sirect and and Hottentots, ice page 350 to 35+ ai this Warwick Strect, Golden Squarc, is volt Magaziac.

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not venture to expose himself to the the flip; but our cxertions were of in ciangers of the journey which they pro- avail, the hold was alreads filled wat poliche Attor this speech, they were water. fenlible that it would be impoffible for "We fould have been inevitably them to undertake it with any bópes of loft, had nor Mr. Yan, ove of the hou. tuccess."

tenants, Mr. Suret, a passenger, three 4. On vvy return to France, I found 'English failors, and a few others, en- the place which the Marthal de Caftries "couraged by my example, affı red de

had religned, filled by the Count de la to hoilt out the chaloupe, and to f.eLuzerne. lo was, therefore, in to the vent it afterwards froní being funk, ir hands of this minister that I delivered dashed to pieces against the files of the the ditjatches which had beeirentruttui tip. We were obliged to ftruggle the to my care. The kindness with which whole niglit against the fury of the fee, he received me;' the compaion he that when day appeared we might be thewed me on account of my misfor. able to avoid the rocks which surround. tunes, and the hopes which he gave need us on all hides, and to get, if pofliblt, that his majcity's beneficence would be on shore. extended towards me, as one of his ' " Scarcely had we made two Arokes faithful furvants, encouraged me to re. 'with our dars, when they were fwape vise and publish this narrative, which I from the hands of the rowers, by the can assure the public has been dictated violence of the waves, the chaloupe was only by truth, and a regard to the in- overset, we were in an instant feparared, terests of my country, and of hu- and all except Mr. Devoife, brother to manity."

the conful at Tripoli, caft upon a bank Mi. de Briflon baving made feveral of fand. 1, however, threw myfelf voyages to Africa, received an order immediately into the water, and was in June 1785, from the Marshal de fortunate enough to lave him from deCaftries, ahen minister and secretary of struction. fate for the marine department, to em « Our unfortunate companions, who bark for the island of St. Louis, at had remained on board, now faw there. Senegal, is the St. Catharine, com- felves deprived of every affistance frem manded by: Mon, le Turc. On the us; but I soon revived their hopes, by Both of July, they passed between the plunging into the waves, accompanied Canary Isles and that of Palma; and by Mr. Yan, by whose zealand aetifoon after, the captain having stupidly víty nsy efforts were well feconded. He rejected Mr. de Brison's advice as to prevailed upon the rest to join us in erthe caution necessary to be observed in deavouring to get the chaloupe afloat passing thofe leas, the ship itruck against again, which we accomplished with a the shoal. “A dreadful noile now en good deal of difficulty, but we found fued; the mafts loosened, quivered over ourselves amply 'repaid for our labour, our heads; the fails violently agitated, when we fit the rest of the crew on fhore. were torn into a thoufand rags; the ter- We, however, escaped this first darger ror became general, and the cries of the to become the victims of a fçcond, it! failors, mixed with the dreadful roar more terrible.” ing of the sca, which seemed as if ini. When the ivretched crew had reached tatent at feeing its courte ftopped be- More, Mr. de Brition prevailed on the tween the rocks and the sciltl, which to climb the furrounding rocks, an the it was about to swallow up, full added fummit of which they discovered ai to the hori or of the fccne. In this dan- immenfe plain, the view of which wa gerous state, the conternation of the terminated by the appearance of forme crew was so great, that no one thought little hills, covered with a kind of wind of living bimself. O! my wife,' fern. On these hills, they faw fone cricci onic; '0! my dear childien, children collecting a flock of goats exclaimed a second; while others lifted who, as soon as they bcheld strangers, up their hands to heaven and implored fet up such cricss as instantly alarmed the Divine protection. However, by and brought together the neighbouring means of axes, we cut away the malts, inhabitants. After they had viewed hoping that we thould be able to lave the crew, they began to dance and caper,

and at the same time uttered the most given themselves ap to him. After he horrid cries and yells. “ When we had made his arrangements, he retired came up to these lavages, some of my from the crowd, that he might Melter companions, and among others the us from insult; and the place which he first and second lieutenants, separated made choice of for that purpose, was a from us. They were inmediately sure wretched hut, covered with moss, and rounded, and seized by the collar, and fituated at the distance of more than a it was then that, by the reflection of the league from the sea, where we were run's rays from the polilled blades of lodged, or rather heaped one upon the their poignards, we discovered for the other. first time that they were armed : having “ The first care of our patron was to not perceived this before, I had ad pay us a visit, and to search us to see vanced without any fear. Our two that we had concealed nont of our prounhappy companions having difap perty. My companions, unluckily peared, I was not able to make the relt for them, had reserved nothing, and on itop, even for a little time ; fear got so that account he was in a rery ill hun much posseffion of their hearts, that mour, and treated them without any they all together gave vent to cries of mercy. He took from them even their despair, and fed different ways. The thirts and their handkerchiefs, giving Arabs, armed with cutlasses and large them to understand, that if he did not clubs, fell upon them with incredible do them that favour, others would. He ferocity, and I had the mortification attempted also to pay me the same comof foon seeing some of them wounda pliment, but having observed to him, ed, whilst others, tripped and naked, that I had already given him enough, lay stretched out and expiring on the I met with no farther molestation. fand."

“ Not knowing as yet among what' Mr. de Briffon was fortunate enough tribe we had fallen, I addressed mytelf to obtain a promise of good will from to our master, with a view of being ins an Arab without arms, and who after- formed; and partly by words; and wards proved to be a Talbe, or priest, partly by figos, I held the following by giving him two beautiful watches, a conversation with him. What is thy gold ftock-buckle, two pair of Glver name, and that of thy tribe, and why Neerc buckles, a ring set with dia- didft ihou fly from these crowds, who monds, a filver goblet, and 2 20 livres advanced towards the fores of the in fpecie ; the latter article afforded the fea?'My name is Sidy Mahaimet, Arab most pleasure.

of Zouze ; my trihe is that of Labders The news of our shipwreck being fcba, and I fled from the Ouadelims; by this time spread abroad throughout because we do not live in good teras the country, we saw the favages run with one another?' I was much affectning with the greatest eagerness from ed to learn that we had fallen into the all quarters ; their numbers naturally hands of the most ferocious people who encreased the jealousyof the reft, so that inhabit the delarts of Africa." they foon came to blows, and many

While the Talbe went to the More, of them loft cheir lives in the contest. to obtain more plunder, a company of The women, enraged that they could Ouadelims discovered and pillaged the not pillage the tip, threw themselves retreat of Mr. de Briffon and his comupon us, and tore from us the few panions, whom they beat in the most articles of dress which we had left; unmerciful manner; and our author but mine principally attracted their ata was himself almost at the last gaspi, tention, as it seemed to be more wor when one of the Talbe's associates canie thy of notice.

up and rescued him ; but, before a My master, who was far from large assembly, afterwards claimed this being of a warlike difpofition, perceiv• gentleman as his property, as the reing that the number of the Arabs en ward of his valour. The priest, at this creared every moment, called alide two claim, thundered out the trongea oba of his friends, whom he cunningly ad- jections, and threatened to chastise the mitted as partners with him in the pro- claimant; who replied to the Talbe, perty of twelve of the crew, who had “ Since this is hy pretenfior, as he

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cannot become mine, he mall perish by with harp thifles. Having bers my hand.” Scarcely had he finished backened our pace, I found that the these words, when he drew his poignard fules of my feei were entirely copied to Itab me. I trembled under the with blood, so that it was impolitie threatening dagger of this barbarian ; for me to proceed any farther. My but my master, without losing a mo. master then made me get up bebins ment of time, threw a kind of chap- him upon his camel, but this attention let *, of an incredible length, over me, on his part, instead of giving me 29 and then took in his hand a limall book, relief, had a quite contrary ctfits, and which hung at his girdle. At the same exposed me to the feverest pais. A instant, the women ruled towards me, camel naturally steps very heavily, and and snatched me from the hands of its trot is remarkably hard. As I za Nouegem, to put me into those of the naked, I could not secure myself fros enraged priest : fo much did they dread the friction of the animal's hair, la ex left he should thunder forth an anathe. in a very little time my skin was entireis ma against his antagonist.

rubbed off. My blood trickled dona “ When I recovered a little tran- over the animal's fides, and this haki, quillity, and began to reflect upon the inftead of moving the pity of theie bardanger which I had escaped, my mind barians, afforded them a subject of diwas to much affected, that I could not version. They {ported with my feferrefrain froin tears. I endeavoured to ings, and that their enjoymenis night conceal from every eye this testimony be ftill higher, they spurred on their of my sensibility and grief; but some camels. I should therefore have reof the women having oblerved it, in- ceived incurable wounds, had I me Stead of being moved with compaffion, formed the violent but neceffary refolsthey threw fand in my eyes, éro dry my tion of throwing myself off, and of eye-lids,' according to their expression. walking on the fand. This I accomHappily the obfcurity of the night, by plilhed, and in falling I sustained so conccaling me from their fight, faved other hurt but that of having my body me from the fury of these monsters. dreadfully pricked by the thikties, wiá

“ We had been now three days in a which, as I have already faid, et State of Navery, and during all this time whole ground was covered we had received no nourishment but a “ Towards evening, having pelittle flour, which, though spoilt by the ceived a thick smoke, I imagined the sea water, was rendered much more dif- we were approaching fome hamla, agreeable by a mixture of barley meal, where we thould find something to eat, which had been long kept in a goat's and above all, fomething to allay car skin; and bad as this repait was, it was intolerable thirst; but in a short time, every now and then interrupted by I observed nothing but a few babes, alarming cries which we heard at some in which our guide had taken up bis distance,"

lodging. Worn out with fatigue, I reThis tribe of Arabs had repaired to tired behind one of them, to wait for the fea-coast, a few days before the the relieving hand of deaths; but scartefhipwreck, to collect the feeds of wild ly had I tretched myself our on the plants, for the fupport of their families ground, when an Arab belonging to in the interior country; and now on the our company came, and made me get approach of the Ouadelims, their ene up to unload his camel." mies, they prepared to return home, This insult Mr. de Briffon resented, with their provifions and their prisoners. and afterwards found that it had a good The following will furnith an idea of effect. their manner of travelling:

" I saw preparations going forward • After passing mountains of a pro- which gave me great uneasiness. They digious height, which were covered made flints red-hot in a large pan, raised with small greyish coloured fints, as up a huge stone which was at the foot Tharp as thote used for firearms, we de- of a busi, dug up the earth, and all scended into a fandy valley, over-run the Arabs frequently repeating mg

* The Talsa's carry about with them a 115 small black balls. They use them as long piece of cord, upon which are put the Catholics uso their beads.

ame, burst out into loud fts of laugh- markably fond of. As soon as the ter. They then called to me, and meat was roalled, or rather baked, obliged me to approach the hole ivhich they took it from the earth, and there they had dug in the ground, while the Arabs, without giving themselves time person whom I had beaten made dif- to free it from the fand which adhered ferent signs with his hand. He drew to it, devoured it with incredible voit often backwards and forwards against racity. When they had thoroughly his throat, as if he intended to cut it, gnawed the bones, they made use of or to give me to understand that they their nails to scrape off the remaining were resolved to serve me in the fame Aelh, and then threw them to us, teilmanner. However resolute I was, and ing us to eat quickly, and to re-load determined to defend myfelf, these gefa the camels, that our journey might not tuies were by no means pleasing ; but be retarded. my apprehensions were foon converted “ The women, as we passed some into surprise, when I beheld them take tents, still more ferocious than the men, from the pit, which I had approached, took pleature in tormenting us, while a goat's skin full of water, a small lea our masters durst (carcely oppose thein. thern bag, containing barley meal, and Having retired a small diltance from a goat newly killed. The light of thele my load, I perceived a man taking aim provisions restored me to my former at me with a double-barrelled fulce, franquillity, though I did not know upon which I presented my brealt to for what purpose they intended the him, and defired him to fire. This Hints which were heating in the fire. firmness astonished him greatly, and his At length I saw them fill with water a surprise tended to confirm me in my large wooden vessel, into which they opinion, that these people are impreiled had poured some barley meal, and those with awe when one appears not to fear red-hot Hints being thrown into the wa- them, I was going up to this man, ter, served to make it boil. In this when a tone from an unknown hand, inanner our masters made a kind of though I fuspected it came from that paite, which they kneaded afterwards of his wife, struck me on the head, with their hands, and fivallowed with- and deprived me of all sensation for a out chewing it.. As for us llaves, we few monents. , had nothing to eat but some of this " After three days rest among the pase, which was thrown to us upon a Arabs of the tribe of Roussye, we recarpet, used by our patron to put under fumed our journey, to penetrate farther his feet whilit de repeated his prayers, into the country, whiere we were to and in the night-lime as a matrals to join the families of our conductors. Nicep upon. After having kneaded this At the end of fixteen days, during leaven a long time, he gave it to me, which we had been exposed to the that I might divide it amongit my com- greatelt fatigue, and to dreadful milepanions. One can scarcely imagine how ries, we at length reached the place of disagreeable it was to the taite. The our destination, in a molt wretched and · water with which it was mixed had extenuated condition.

been procured on the sea-lhore, and “ Being obferved upon the brow of had been preserved afterwards in the a hill, which conducted to the habitalkin of a goat newly killed. To pre- tion of our masters, feveral of these vent it from corrupting, they had added black fiaves, whole buliness generally to it a kind of pitch, which rendered is to keep the camels, came to meet the smell of it doubly noxious. The them, in order to kiss their feet, and fame water was our only drink, and to enquire after their health. A little bad as it was, our allowance of it farther on, the children made the air was extremely scanty.

resound with thouts of joy, and the “ The next day, at dinner-time, women Itanding up, through respect, our masters regaled themselves with waited at the doors of their tents for raw fat, which they appeared to be re- the arrival of their husbands. As soon

* Some years before, several vessels em- dered them, it is not astonishing that they ployed in the flave trade had been cart Mould have firearms among them, away upon this coast. As the Arabs plan

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