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fome deliberation, therefore, they found sentiments so unworthy of himself and no one so proper for their purpose,'as his known merit-That they were not Helvius Pertinax.
come to put him to death; but to raise • Pertinax was an Italian by birth, him to the empire : which he alone, of of a mean family, but illustrious by his all the senators, was really worthy to conduct both at home and in war, hav- . enjoy ; on account of his virtue, the ing raised many trophies of his victories' severity of his morals, and even the over the Germans, and over the barba- authority which his advanced age would rians of the East; and being the only procure him. one of the venerable friends of Com. “ As he continued fill to distrut modus's father, whom he had not put their intentions, Ele&tus produced the to death : either through reverence of pocket-book, and Thewed him the danhis character; or on account of his fup- ger they had all escaped : which when posed poverty: for it was no small ad- Pertinax had read, and underftood the dition to the other encomiums which whole affair, he, with some difficulty, he had merited ; that although he had resigned himself to their discretion. a greater mare in the administration " It is only necessary to add, that under Marcus Antoninus, yet Perti- the senate received, with equal joy, tue nax had raised the smallest fortune of news of the death of Commodus, and any of his friends.
of the elevation of Pertinax to the Im" To Pertinax then, in the dead of perial purple. The latter they received night, Lætus and Electus, with a few with more transports of joy than the of their adherents, repaired. On being people had done; confirmed his title, admitted to his bedside, he, without and forced him to afcend the throne. As changing his countenance, or raising for Commodus, they expressed the ut. himself from his bed, desired them to most detectation of his memory ; deexecute the orders, which he had long clared it infamous; called him Í y rant, expected from the cruelty and caprice Gladiator, and the Enemy of mankind: of Commodus; as he was the only one ordered his decrees to be reversed, his remaining of his father's old friends. ftatues to be thrown down, and his But Lætus begged him not to entertain titles to be erased.
THE REGENCY AFFAIRS
ments relative to the safety of the King,
Nay, the very persons who were to be
appointed Counsellors to the Queen, HE Commons fat till cleven
were not to enter into any engagement o'clock on the Regency bill,
of this nature ; for the oath which they which consists of thirty-two clauses.
were to take was Glent on tbis beat, When the clause was read by which it
as appeared from the form of it, which is enjoined that the Regent shall bind
was as follous: himself by oath to take care of the per
I A. B. do folemnly promise and swear, fonal safety of the King, to thc utinolt
That I will truly and faithfuily cous
sel and advise the Queen's Mott Ex. of his power and ability, and to govern
cellent Majesty, according to the batt according to the ftipulations and re
of my judgment, in all matters touch, strictions recited in the bill, Mr. Burke
ing the care of his Majeity's royal per: faid, that it was an insult to common
fon, and the disposing, ordering, and sense, that the Prince, who was not 10 managing all things relative thereto. be entrusted with the custody of the
So belp me Gode royal perfon, fhould swear that he The Chancellor of the Exchequer, would protect it; while the person who in answer to Mr. Burke, observed, that was actually to have the care of his the engagement proposed went no furMajesty, was left free from all engage: ther than that the Regent would, !
ibe utmost of his power and ability, less remarkable if he were to go beyond take care of the safety of the royal per- the example, and to introduce any fon. If his power was little, he was guard which had not appeared necessary bound to little; if much, he was bound to our ancestors, and which was not to much ; his care of his Majesty was called for by any thing in the present to be commensurate and co-extensive. circumstances of affairs.
After an amendment, proposed by Mr. Welbore Ellis having desired Sir Charles Gould, and rejected, the that the Act of the isth of the present clause was adopted.
reign might be read, it appeared from The Chairunan having read the next it, that no descendant of George II. clause, by which the Regent is to be except those born of marriages with restrained from making any alteration foreign Princes, was capable of conin the Established Religion of England tracting matrimony without the consent or Scotland, and from marrying a Pa of the King. Mr. Ellis faid, this Act pist, the Chancellor of the Exchequer was a sufficient anliver to all the ruobserved to the Committee, that ihis mours about a certain supposed marclaufe had not been introduced into the riage. It was clear that no such marbill under any idea that there was in riage could exist, as the Prince, as well the present circumitances of the times as all the other descendants of George any thing which peculiarly called for II. born in this kingdom, were ablo. it: but our ancestors had judged it ex. lutely incapable of contracting matripedient to put such a clause in all Re- mony without the consent of the King. gency Bills; and though there was not After much warm debate on this the finallest ground for apprehending subject, which included some strictures any danger to the Protestant religion on the domestic
economy of the Prince at present, Mr. Pitt was of opinion that of Wales, Mr. Rolle's amendment was it would not be proper to depart from rejected without a division. the example of our ancestors. Nothing The next clause in the bill restrained
in this clause would restrain the Regent the Regent from granting any honour < from giving his assent to whatever would of the Pecrage: it was proposed to li
not trench upon the Church establish- mit the duration of this restriction to · ment; he might assent to a bill for re- the first of February 1790; but the
pealing the Teft, in favour of Protestant motion was negatived, and the clause Diflenters.
carried in its original state. Mr. Rolle, however, proposed an 9.] The House having resolved itself amendment. The Royal Marriage A&t into a Committee of the whole House had occafioned some doubts; and there on the Regency Bill, the twelfth clause were not wanting gentlemen of great was moved, restraining the Regent from professional - reputation, who doubted exerciling any authority over the perwhether it was consistent with the Act fonal estate of his Majesty; which was of Settlement, by which the crown had agreed to without a division. 'been entailed upon thie issue of the Prin The thirteenth clause was read, and cets Sophia, being Proteftants. For also carried. the purpose, therefore, of guarding The fourteenth, providing for the payagainst any misconstruction of law, he ment of his Majesty's houshold, under moved, that to the restrictions by which the direction of her Majesty, being read, the Prince was bound from marrying Mr. Burke objected to it, as tending, a Papift, be added the words, " or who to fubvert the privileges of the A&t of is or thall be married in law or in fact Establishment of the Civil List; as to a Papift."
tending to destroy economy; and as But the Chancellor of the Exchequer calculaied only for the purpose of proopposed this amendment. He had in viding for a favourite and unnecessary serted this clause, because it would corps. When a great deal to this pura have appeared remarkable, if the pre- pofe had been said, Mr. Pirt replied ; lent generation had been less anxious and the clause, when put, was carried than the last for the preservation of the without a division. Protestant religion; bur as he only
The fifteenth clause was carried withwished to imitate, so it would be no out any converfation.
The fixteenth clause, relative to the ment!- There were seven in the House privy purse of his Majesty, was next of Commous, whose falaries amounted offered; but was opposed upon ground to about 4000). and the salaries of feveof the impropriety of refusing to his ral Lords in the other House, amounted Royal Highness the Prince, who was to about 26,000l. Such infuence was to support the dignity of the crown, not likely hereafter to preclude any rethe power over the privy purse, amoune vision, or necessary alteration in the ing to 60,000l. per annum, out of system proposed for the present emerwhich, by the clause, was to be taken gency. 16,00ol. and given to her Majesty, for After Mr. Sheridan had ineffeétually purposes unknown to Parliament, and proposed an amendment to separate the the remainder to be improperly locked great officers from the houshold, the up from the Prince, and to be left, in original question was put, and carried. case of his Majesty's indisposition con The House immediately being ree tinuing, to the disposition of Parlia- sumed, progress was reported, and the ment. On the other hand, it was sup- Committee ordered to fit again. ported upon the propriety of continuing 10.) On the clause being read for his Majesty's benefactions, and on the selecting her Majesty's Council, Mr. impropriety of seizing the moment of Pitt remarked the propriety of appoint. his Majesty's indispoliion to strip him ing to this office such perfons as, from of his property. The 16,000l. which their high ecclesiastical or legal fituahad been said to be given to her Ma- tions, or from the confidence which his jesty for purpofes unknown to Parlia- Majesty was accustomed to repose in ment, was explained in the following them, were most peculiarly suitable for manner : 12,000l. was given to pay an assisting, the Queen with their advice. established list of charities settled by his The orderly procedure required, that the Majesty; and the remaining 4000l. was sense of the Committee Mhould be taken to enable her Majesty to continue his on each person separately, but he at Majesty's benefactions to those persons the same time thought he should first who were not on the list, but who the state the list of those persons whom he knew received charity of his Majesty Mould nominate as best calculated for to that amount.
* the discharge of this office. These Sir William Molesworth, howe er, were—the two Archbishops of Canmoved as an amendment, to add the terbury and York; Lord Thurlon, words, " and that the remainder shall the present Lord Chancellor ; Lord be paid over to the treasurer of the Kenyon, the present Chief Justice of privy purse of the Regent."
his Majesty's Court of King's Bench; But a majority of fifty-five appeared and the four great officers of itate, against this propofition.
namely, the Lord Chamberlain, the The seventeenth clause being read, Lord Steward, the Master of the Horse, vesting in her Majesty the care of the and the Groon of the Stole. The first King's person, and the government of motion that he had to put was, tha the houshold, Sir Peter Burrell spoke “ John Lord Archbishop of Cantes. againft the latter part of it, as it was bury be one of her Majesty's Council." impossible to ascertain the amount of Lord North, on this, expressed amaze. the patronage, of which the House ment that, in what related to the per. ought to be acquainted previous to fonal safety of his Majesty, the Princes their adopting the clause. In answer, of the Blood should have been omitted. the Chancellor of the Exchequer said, The motion, however, was carned that the whole amount of the salaries without a division. of the houshold, from the great officers The Chancellor of the Exchequer at the head of the different departments next moved, that Edward Lord Thur. down to the most menial servants in any low be one other of her Majefty's of the palaces or the itables, was no Council. more than 100,wool. per annum ; out Lord North suggested the propriety of that fum there was not more than of putting the names of the Princes be. ahout 30,000l. received for salaries by” fore the question on Lord Thurluu's Members of the two Houses of Parlia- name; but to this the Chancellor of
the Exchequer objected ; and the mo that effect, which proclamation Mould tion was carried without a division. be inserted in the London Gazette; in
The Chancellor of the Exchequer confequence of which, if the Parliathen made all the other mo:ions fuccef- ment was not then fitting, it Nould affively for the insertion of the other femble on the occasion, and the power names, and they passed without further of the Regent should cease. This was debate or opposition. But
molt congenial to the spirit of the conLord North moved separately and ftitution, as the Privy Council inight be successively, that the Duke of York, said to be the natural channel of his Prince William Henry, Prince Edward, Majesty's will and pleasure: by this the Dukes of Gloucester and Cumber means his Majesty, would be instantly land, be of her Majesty's Council; and restored to that right which was his his motions were as successively nega. alone, and to which he was entitled by tived. After which, Mr. Dempster pur- the laws of the country. sued his lord thip's idea, and moved, This mode was warmly opposed by that the Speaker of the House of Com- the opposition members, as incompatimons and the Lord Mayor of London, ble with the rights of the two Houses of be added to the list of her Majesty's Parliament; and Mr. Sheridan thereadvilers; and it is almost needleis to fore proposed as an amendment, “ that (ay, that there motions met with pre a certificate of his Majesty's recovery be cisely the same fate with the preceding laid before the two Houses of Parlia
ment," on which the Committee di. 11.] The Chancellor of the Exche. vided : when there appeared a majority quer, after the House had resolved it. of fixty-eight against it. felf into a Committee of the whole The Cominittee proceeded to fill up House on the Regency bill, spoke to the the bianks of the clause, after which clause which provides for the mode of the five remaining ones were put and announcing the return of the King's carried *. health, through the mediuin of the 12.] Mr. Pulteney moved, that in the Queen and her Council, independent clause of the bill which restricts the Reof the interposition of Parliament. He gent from the creation of Peers, the divided the subject into two parts: the duration of such restriction be limited first respected the right of the King to to three vears. the re-assumption of the reins of govern The Chancellor of the Exchequer ment, as soon as it should be found that would not resist the honourable gentlehe was in a capacity to hold them; in man's motion, as the period alligned this all fides muft undoubtedly concur : was the utmost extent to which the the difference of opinion then could King's recovery was likely to be proonly arise on the mode. It was necef- tractedl; and if that happy event should sary that this recovery, of which every even be delayed to a much later time, it day gave greater hopes, should be no was not the will of the supporters of ticed through some oftensible channel. the bill to continue the restrictions any To accomplish this, it was provided, longer. that as soon as this much wished for The motion was therefore agreed to, period took place, her Majesty thould apd a clause founded upon it was brought notify the fame to nine of his Majesty's up, read three times, and annexed as a Privy Council; and if any fix of that rider to the billes and the question for Committee Thould be convinced that its passing being then agreed to, the his Majesty was in a sound and proper House relolved, that the Chancellor of capacity to resume the government, they the Exch quer do carry it to the Lords should counterlign a proclamation to
without delay. In the course of this debate, Mr. Burke was going to make a motion to have the remarked, that “ the Almighty had been words taken down by the clerk of the pleased to smite the Sovereign with his House, but was interrupted by Mr. Burke, hand he had hurled him from the throne, who said that the lamented situation of the and put him in the condition of the meanest Sovereign was not the act of the House, but peasant of the country' The Marquis of the will of the Divinity; but depriving his Graham called to order, and said that he blood, the Prince of Wales, from the full would suffer no member of that House to inheritance of his authority, was an act of make use of such language unnoticed ; and that House.
3 G 2
REMARKABLE DOMESTIC EVENTS,
JULY CONTINUED AUGUST 1789.
timely interference of a man from the ROYAL EXCURSION,
thore, who, seeing the perilous 6102ien N
of the royal family at Weymouth, into the water, and laid hold of the on the 30th of June. Here they con- dog, which ftill held her fali, ard a tinued, in good health and spirits, en
this means saved her life. joying fully the pleasures of the place, The latter end of Auguft, a mela. žill the beginning of August, when they choly accident happened at the apzifat off, with their whole suite, for Ply- ments of Signor lovetto at the G:17 mouth; and arrived at Saltram on the Tavern in Bath, through some goo. 15th. At Plymouth, and indeed through powder taking fire, by which his wife every town they passed, the inhabitants and fon were instantaneoully killed, vied with each other, in giving tokens and rendered dreadful spectacles. This of their joy and satisfaction.
very ingenious foreigner was Their Majesties took several sort the spot when the explosion took place ; trips in Plymouth Sound; and seemed and on his return, finding the fitual an much delighted with their aquatic ex. of his wife and child, his feelings Gecursions ; during one of which they not well be described whatever can were highly entertained with the exhi- be conceived of despair, frenzy, and þition of a mock fight between the men horror, were depicted in his counte. of war in the harbour.
He has lost every thing be After visiting the seats of several possessed in the world! gentlemen in the neighbourhood, they again returned, by the same rout, to
CRUELTY. Weymouth, after an absence of fixteen days.
At Lincoln aflizes, which commenced early in August, Catharine Hindley, a
smart girl of eighieen, was tried in A bankrupt who failed about three robbing the master of a coafting vefiel, years ago, and paid twelve Millings in belonging to Boston, of a coat ari the pound, obtaining at the same time waistcoat, &c. This girl, difgutled his certificate, has since, by dint of eco- by family differences, and impelled by nomy, and a small trade, amassed mo
a spirit of adventure, had cloped fron ney enough 10 pay his creditors the her father, and, diguiled as a bes, full amount of their debts, which he bound herself apprentice to the ca: has done, with interest, to such as the continued on thipboard ten days; chose to demand it.
when the unkind treatment of the tale
ors (who attributed to joleness her in. ACCIDENTS.
ability to go through the labour of As three young girls were lately her station) induced her to discover ber bathing in the'river Dee, near Kirk- fex to the master of the vessel ; a tender cudbright, Scotland, two of them were connection took place bei ween them; unfortunately drowned, and the third and four days after, on a promile of would undoubtedly have Mared the meeting him at Hull, he let her on same fate, bad it not been for the assist- More, ftill disguised as a boy. Tre ance of a dog, which caught her by poor girl went to Hull, but not assivrg the hair of the head while going down. ill after the vessel had failed, the matter The girl, when she found herself seized was ungallant as well as ungenerous by the sagacious animal, grasped it enough to indiet her for ftealing the with an eagerness natural to one in her coat, &c. which he had given her for situation, which would have rendered her better appearance, and in which te such asistance abortive, but for the was tried. The jury acquitted her, and