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government, they are become insolent instead of the beautiful appearance I and overbearing.

had pictured to my imagination, to be “ About three leagues from this discerned between the rock and the city (Quebec) is a nation of Indians, immense body of water that was falling who live at a linall village called Indian from such a prodigious height, I found Lorette : they are quite civilized, have myfelf enveloped in a very thick fog of a church, go regularly to mass, and are Spray, scarcely able to lee my band extremely ingenious in making bead when extended, and where, in ali pro

bability, if I had continued five mi“ These Indians, who are really nutes, and the wind changed, I was Christians, of the Romil persuasion, in danger of being drowned. The have a chapel built nearly on the mo- noise occasioned by the fall was fo great, del, and of the fame dimenfions as that that an officer who was with me was I have heard you * relate you met with obliged to fpeak as loud as he could, in Italy, of Santa Casa, and, as in that, to make me understand any thing he have an image of the Virgin, which, faid. It is sometimes heard at Quebec, upon enquiry, appears to be a copy of which is two leagues distant to the ihat very ftatue. Whether it was the fouthward ; and when that is the case, effect of imagination, devotion, or of it is the sign of an approaching Itrong any other caute, I cannot say; but upon north-east wind. attending the chapel, I was leized with One thing remarkable is, that this an inward and facred terror, of which plentiful fall of water, which never dries I can give no account. The solid up, one would iinagine, mult proceed piety of the Indians, (whom we are from fome fine river ; but is quite the taught to believe fo naturally fero- reverse, it being only a puny streaın, cious, as no edification, religious or which in some places is icarcely fuffic moral, can overcome) added to the cient to cover the ancle : it fows, how'. gloony horror of the situation, made a ever, conftantly, and derives its fource violenc impression upon me, which be- from a plealant lake, twelve teagues came the more strong, upon observing dirtant from the Falls. the fervour and modelty which they dis “ It having been hinted, that a replayed in their devotions.

ward would be given to him who thould “ I went yesterday to view the Fall discover a north-weft passage, or wheof Montmoiency, which is really beau- ther the Continent joins to India, tuo tiful. The breadth of it is not above fuppofitions much credited by the Euten of twelve yards, and its perpendi- ropeans in general; several of the tra. cular height one hundred and twenty ders have endeavoured to find which is feet; by the violent fall of such an the true one: as there is every year immenfé body of water, there is always fome fresh discorery made, there rea thick fog of vapours, which occasions mains but licele doubt, that in fome a continual rain, for fome diftance future time it will be effc @ted. I beround the bottom. Anxious to exa- lieve the farthest that any of them have mine it as minutely as possible, I ap. yet reached was a Mr. Henry, who is proached within twelve yards of the reported to have travelled for ten days Fall, when a fudden gult of wind blew upon a large plain, on which grew only such a thick fog off the spray, that in a junk-grals, nearly as high as a man's less than a minute I was as wet as if I breat, and on this plain he frequently had walked half an hour in a heavy met with immenfe dvoves of buffaloes, Mower; which, however, did not pre- and observed the tracks of several others; vent my endeavouring to fatisfy my that on the eleventh day he came to a curiofity; for 1 persevered, in hopes of vast river, which hopped his progress, accomplishing my with, which, like as he did not chufe to veinture cronmany of our ardent pursuits, did not ing in a canoe i that the water was bring me that recompence I had fat' quite falt, and ruĄ extremely rapie, tered myself it would; for having ob- from which circumstance he concluded tained ihe purport of my intention, there must be a north-weft paffage. * Mr. Anburey's volumes are addrelfed

" The Canadians have a very fisto one of his friends.

gular custom among them: at the corne


mencement of the year, the men go his coming to the fire, telling him at round the city and salute the ladies, the same time his nose was frost-bit. who fit up in state for three days for He then began to think it no joke, and that purpose ; and as the inhabitants was happy to apply the usual remedy: are acquainted with each other, the it was no bad punishment for his rathlady is generally faluted by the greatest 'ness and incredulity, that during the pari of ihe men : the falutation is after time the officers were at dinner, he was the French fashion, upon the cheek, obliged to be in the cold. when having saluted one, the lady pre “ In case of any deceafe in the fasents the other.

mily of a Canadian, the corpse is depor “ The European ladies who are fece fited in some private chamber, but in tled here, rather than appear fingular, our general hospital there is a long adopt this custom, only varying the room appropriated for that purpose. falutation after the Englich falhion; The superintendant of this room, an not but what I think the French mode apothecary, being a man possessed. of preferable on this occasion, where the whimfical ideas, and a turn for the lady is under the necessity of receiving ludicrous, had placed the dead bodies the salute of every one. As I know of these poor Germans in various por. you will make this observation, 'I dare tures, some kneeling with books in say he went his rounds,' let me candidly their hands, others litting down avith acknowledge I did, and with another pipes in their mouths, many standing officer."

erect against the wall, and as they After leaving Quebec, our author have their cloaths on, you Scarcely was encamped with the arıny at Mon at first imagine they are dead; but treal ; where, speaking of the weather upon a nearer approach, what with of this climate, he proceeds. “When their long mustaches, which are put in the strong east winds blow, it is very form, and their ghaftly countenance, dangerous to go out, as you run a great you cannot picture to yourself any, risque of being frost-bit, which hap- thing so horrible, yet at the same tiine pens in an instant, sometimes in turn

To truly laughable and ridiculous.” ing the corner of a ftreet, without being In letter thirty-two, dared from the sensible of it at the time, as it occasions camp at Skenelborough, July 14, 1977, no fort of pain; if the part affected is after describing a battle that ensued not immediately rubbed with snow, and with the Americans after the taking of every precaution taken, it is sure to inor. Ticonderago, the author pathetically tify, and should any one thus circums defcribes his feelings during the time stanced, be imprudent enough to go of action. “ Every apprehension and near the fire, mortification is ine- idea of danger forsakes the mind, which vitable.

becomes more animated and determined “ To convince you how very inftan- the nearer the time of attack approaches. taneous it must be, I hall relate a lua Every foldier feels inspired with an imdicrous circumstance, which however patient ardour, as if he conceived the had nearly been productive of a duel. fate of the battle would be decided by

“ An officer in the garrison having the level of his musquet, or the point a nose remarkably large, was going to of his bayonet : but the conflict once dinner at the mess, when, not four over, the mind returns to its proper doors from his lodgings, tuining round sense of feeling, and deeply mult ils a corner, he met another officer, who sensibility be wounded, when the eye immediately cried out, God bless me, glances over the field of laughter, your nose is frost,bit! From the small where so many brave fellows, who distance he had gone, he thought it im. a few hours before were in high Spirits possible, and that his friend was bane and full of the vigour of life, are laid tering him; high words arose, and they low in the dutt, and the ear continually parted with an appointment to meet the pierced with the deep fighs and groans next morning, to resent the affront. He of the wounded and dying." made hafte to his dinner, and upon his While at Fort Edward, our author entering the room, the officers prevented relates an affecting circunstance, which

will recur to the minds of those who strip it off; when they have performed were converfant in the melancholy this part of their martial virtue, as foci events of the late American war. as time permits, they rie with bark or

“ To thofe who have been averse to deer's finews their speaking trophies of our employing Indians, a melancholy blood in a sinal hoop, to preierve it instance was lately afforded, that will from putrefaction, painting part of the afresh sharpen their arguments against scalp and the hoop all round with red. the maxim; and as the matter will cere These they preferve as monuments of tainly be greatly exaggerated, when the their prowess, and at the same time as accounts of it arrive in England, I thall proofs of the vengeance they have inrelate to you the circumstance, as it Äicted on their enemics. really happened, and clearly point out “ At one of the Indian encamp. the misfortune not to be the effect of ments, I faw several scalps hanging uptheir natural barbarity, but a disputed on poles, in front of their wigwams; point of war.

one of them had remarkably fine long “ A young lady, whose parents be- hair hanging to it. An officer that was ing well affected to government, had with me wanted to purchase it, at abandoned their habitation to avoid the which the Indian feemed highly of ill treatment of the Americans, and fended, nor would he part with this left their child alone in it, who, upon barbarous trophy, although he was of the approach of our army, was deter. fered so strong a temptation as a borde mined to leave her father's house and of rum. join it, as a young man, to whom the “ The appearance of a dead body, was on the point of being married, was you must allow, is not a pleasing specan officer in the provincial troops. Some tacle, but when scalped it is shocking; Indians, who were out upon a scout, two, in this situation, we met with, it by chance met with her in the woods; our march from Skenesborough to Fort they at first treated her with every mark Edward. After fo cruel an operatice, of civility they are capable of, and were you could hardly suppose any one could conducting her into camp; when with- survive; but when we took poffeffion of in a mile of it, a dispute arose between Ticonderago, we found two poor fel. the two Indians, whofe prisoner the lows who lay wounded, that had beca was, and words growing very high, scalped in the skirmish the day before one of them, who was fearful of losing the Americans abandoned it, and who the reward for bringing her safe into are in a fair way of recovery. I have camp, moft inhumanly struck his toma- seen a person who had been scalped, hawk into her skull, and he instantly who was as hearty as ever, but his hair expired."

never grew again.” The following account of the horrid The heroic fortitude, and the ur. method of Indian scalping, may not be common sufferings of Lady Hamit unacceptable to our readers.

Ackland, have been so much spoken Whenever they scalp, they seize of, that we cannot pass over our arthe head of the disabled or dead enemy, thor's observations on this head. and placing one of their feet on the “Our situation, (at Freeman's farm neck, twist their left hand in the hair, as being the advanced post of the army, by which means they extend the fin was frequently so very alert, that we that covers the top of the head, and feldom slept out of our cloaths. In ode with the other hand draw their scalping of these situations a tent, in which maknife from their breast, which is always jor Ackland and Lady Harriet were kept in good order, for this cruel purafieep, suddenly caught fire; the ma. pore, a few dextrous strokes of which jor's orderly ferjeant, with great danger takes off the part that is termed the 'of fuffocation, dragged out the first fcalp; they are so exceedingly expedic perfon he got hold of, which was the tious in doing this, that it scarcely ex. major. It providentially happened, Ceeds a minute. If the hair is short, that in the same instant Lady Harriet, and they have no purchase with their without knowing what the did, and hand, they stoop, and with their teeth perhaps not perfectly awake, made ber


escape, by creeping under the walls in begged they might lay and die, others
the back part of the tent, and upon again were insensible ; fome upon the
recovering her senses, conceive what lealt movement were put in the most
her feelings must be, when the first horrid tortures, and all had near a mile
object me beheld was the major, in to be conveyed to the hospitals; others
the midst of the Aames, in search of at their last gasp, who for want of our
her! The ferjeant again saved him, timely aflistance must have inevitably
but the major's face and body were expired. These poor creatures, perish
burnt in a very severe manner: every ing with cold and weltering in their
thing they had with them in 'the tent blood, displayed such a scene, it must
was consumed. This accident was be a heart of adamant that could not be
occasioned by a farourite Newfound- affected at it, even to a degree of weak-
land dog, who being very restless, over ness.
ser a table on which a candle was burn “ You will readily allow that it is

ing, (the major always had a light in the highest test of affection in a woman, 2 his tent during the night, when our to share with her husband the toils and

situation required it) and it rolling to hardships of the campaign, especially the walls of the tent, instantly set them such an one as the present. What a on fire,”

trial of fortitude the late a lion must In letter thirty-nine, dated'at Free- have been, through a distrelling interman's Farin, O&t. 6, 1777, our author val of long suspense! The ladies folfays, “ The day after our late engage- lowed the route of the artillery and ment, I had as unpleasant a duty as baggage, and when the action began, can fall to the lot of an officer; the the Baroness Reidesel, Lady Harriet command of the party sent out to bury Ackland, and the wives of Major Hare the dead and bring in the wounded; nage and Lieutenant Reynell, of the and as we encamped on the spot where 62d regiment, entered a linall uninhathe three British regiments had been bited hut, but when the action became engaged, they were very numerous. In general and bloody, the firgeons took a former letter I described to you thè possession of it, being the most convefensations both before and after a bat. nient for the first care of the wounded; tle, but in such an employment as this, in this situation were these ladies four the feelings are roused to the utmost hours together, when the comfort'they pitch. You that are pleased to com afforded each other was broke in upon, pliment me on my humanity, will think by M jor Harnage being brought in what I must have felt, on seeing fifteen, to the surgeons deeply wounded! What fixteen, and twenty buried in one hole. a blow must the next intelligence be,

I however observed a little more decency that informed them Lieutenant Reynell git than some parties had done, who left was killed! Madame de Reidelel and

heads, legs and arms above ground. No Lady Harriet could afford but little
other distinction is paid to officer or fol- confolation to their companions, through
dier, than that the officers are put in a an anxiousness they knew not how to
hole by themselves. Our army abounded (mother, left it might be soon, very
with young officers, in the fubaltern foon, their own situation. The fears
line, and in the course of this unplea- of Lady Harriet were doubly increased,
sant duty, three of the 20th regiment having every apprehension, not only for
were interred together, the age of the her husband but her brother.
eldest not exceeding seventeen. This " Surrounded by the dead and the
friendly office to the dead, though it dying for four long hours, the groans
greatly affects the feelings, was nothing of the wounded, the discharge of the
to the scene in bringing in the wound musquetry, and all the bustle of arms
ed; the one was part all pain, the-my God !-- what a state for woinen
other in the most excruciating tor of susceptibility."
ments, sending forth dreadful groans. In a battle previous to the surrender
They had remained out all night, and of General Burgoyne's army, we find
from the loss of blood and want of further mention of Major Ackland's
nourishment, were upon the point of 'misfortunes. “ After Majo: Ackland
expiring with faintness: some of them was wounded, when he observed the


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army were retreating, he requested in a state where every tender ezre ai Captain Simpson, of the 3111 regiment, precaution becomes absolutely rose who was an intimate friend, to help hite-In the harraffed and fatigas him into camp; upon which, being a situation she was in, it was no n's very foutman, he conveyed the major chagrin to the general, that he cous on his back a considerable way, when afford her no aftftance to cheer up ta the enemy pursuing so rapidly, he was spirits for such an undertaking; he tai obliged to leave him behind to save

not even a cup of wine to ocr berhimlelf. As the major lay on the but from a soldier's wife the obtz.ced ground, he cried out to the men who a little rum and dirty water! Wa were running by him, that he would this poor refreshment the set out in a give fifty guineas to any soldier who open boat, which was furnished by the would convey him into camp. A stout general, with a few lines of recco grenadier instantly took him on his mendation to General Gates, for a Þack, and was hastening into camp, protection. The chapl. in that cowhen they were overtaken by the ene- ated at General Frater's funeral unde:my and made prisoners. Here you took to accompany her; and, with te must naturally conceive what were the waiting-maid, and the major's tala feelings of Lady Harriet, who, after de chambre (who then had a ball : hearing the whole of the action, at ļaft his shoulder, which he received in the received the shock of her individual late action, in searching for the maize misfortune."

after he was wounded) the rored From Cambridge in New England, doin the river to meet the enemy." Mr. Anburey writes, November 13: The first volume of this work ende “ When the army were about to move with the memorable capitulation of after we halted, the cares and anxieties General Burgoyne's army; the coo. with which the general, no doubt, must tents of the second, shall be communi. have been surrounded, were greatly in- cated in our next Number, created by a circumstance of private distress; for at this time a message was

THE HEIR APPARENT, delivered to him from that amiable

LIFE OF COMMODUS. woman, Lady Harriet Ackland, ex


GREEK 01 pressing an earnest defi.e, if it did not

HERODIAN. 28. 6d. DODSLEY. militate against the general's wishes, of

1789. passing to the camp of the enemy, and

permiffion ПНЕ

forms us, that he had no partitime submitting it entirely to the gene- lar character in view, when he gave this ral's opinion.

Life of Commodus the title of the Her The general, although he had Apparent: it cannot, however, be doub. been fully convinced of the patience ed, but that he meant generally to lah and fortitude with which she had al. the noble science of boxing, and all its ready encountered the many trying fie popular professors; and no part of his tuations that had befallen her, could tory, either ancient or modern, could not but express his astonishment at this have served his purpose better than that proposal, as it appeared an effort be- which he has taken from Herodian. A yond human nature, that a woman of dedication is subjoined, addressed to the such a tender and delicate frame as Right Honourable, the Honourable, her's, should be capable of such an the Worshipful, and Reverend Anaundertaking as that of delivering her- teurs and Patrons of the noble science self to the enemy-probably in the of Boxing; and a Preface follows, a. night, and unceriain of what hạnds dapted to the present times. How far the might fall into-especially after fo this author is entitled to fame, will be long an agitation of the spirits, not gathered from the following quotaonly exhausted by want of rest, but tions, which will by no means prove absolutely want of food, and drenched uninteresting or unamusing. in rains for near twelve hours-and “ Commodus was the son of Mar. this at a time too, when far advanced cys Aurelius by the younger Faustina,




to attend her husband, at the same Tor author of this translation in

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