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Pruffian officer. He visited me every of my coufin had left too deep 30 day, and we frequently took a ride impreffion on my mind for me to in the suburbs of the town.

einbrace his offer. He then invite! I was much surprized one morn. me to dine with his friend Los ing, when my servant, who had Hindford, the English arbatics. made an acquaintance with the lieu. I feldom experienced greater pica tenant's, told me to be on my guard sure than I did that day. This great against a snare that was laid for me: statesman also knew me at Berlin, * Lieut. N—," said he, “ wishes and was at Frederic's table, when to entice you out of the city, that he that monarch faid, in speaking of may deliver you into the hands of me, “ This is one of my yonths. the Pruffians.”

Maradors." He made me fit betide A plot of this kind was shortly afterwards him, and asked me what I was come

actually attempted; which ended much to do in Ruffia. I aniwered, To to the credit of the baron, and to the feek bread and honour, because I confusion and disgrace of his hypocritical had undeservedly lost both in my friend.

own country. He enquired wheThree or four days after this affair ther I had much money: 1 toid we sailed for Riga. There we joined him No; that my whole fortune General Liewen, who was already at that moment confifted of thirty waiting for us.

ducats. On hearing this he to On my arrival at Moscow, I was plied, That I had all the qualities very well received by the chan- neceffary to make my fortune in cellor, Count B for whom Russia ; but in that country poverty I had letters of recommendation. was despised, and ourfide show alore Oettinger, whose friendship I had considered, without regard to ser: acquired, was a favourite of the vices or talents. You most thereminister; and I remarked that this fore appear rich. Bernes and I will circumstance did me no harm in introduce you to the best compact, the 'count's opinion.

and furnish you with every thing Some days after I met Count requifite to support your conce. Hamilton, with whom I had been quence, such as flowy liveries, tadintimately acquainted at Vienna. dle-horses, and jewels. In the dilHe was then captain of cavalry in ferent circles you must play high, the regiment of Bernes, and had appear proud, and fpeak boldly to come to Ruffia with General Bernes, the ministers. Nor muft you for who was sent thither in quality of get to pay your court to the ladies, ambassador. I was also known to and endeavour to please them. Count Bernes himself, who was am. These are the means by which : bassador at Berlin in 1743, and who foreigner may hope to make his forhad seen me at that time in high tune in this country: favour with Frederick. Count Ha I was consequently carried into milton introduced me to the Austrian company, not as an adventures, bs. minister, who was pleased to con- as heir to confiderable estates belong ceive so good an opinion of me, ing to the family of the Trencki, that after a few minutes converfa. in Hungary, and as a person who tion he endeavoured to persuade me had been formerly the favourite of to enter into the Ruffian service, the king of Pruffia. offered to send me to Vienna with I wrote a poem on the anniver. the strongest recommendations, and fary of the Emprefs Elizabeth's wished me to accept a company in coronation. Lord Hindford conhis regiment. But the misfortunes veyed it to her hands, and availed



himself of the opportunity to in- a longer explanation, I asked her, troduce me to her majesty. I re- though our hearts were perfectly ceived a thousand marks of her fa- agreed, to give ine a meeting. She vour; the recommended me to her fixed on the following day, in the chancellor, and made me a present garden of Troitz, where I passed of a gold-hilted sword worth a thou• three delightful hours, thanks to her fand roubles.

chambermaid, who was a Georgian, I was a pretty good proficient in and stood centinel for us while we drawing, and had free access to the were there. house of the chancellor. In a short We vowed eternal love, and from time I was employed in his cabinet, that day I obtained permission to pass where I worked with Lieut. Col. whole nights in her chamber. Octtinger, then the first architect Not having it in our power to in Russia. I drew the plan of delay the day fatal to our love, the a new hotel which Count B marriage was celebrated with great purposed building at Moscow, and magnificence; but I still remained by these ineans obrained a great the real husband of the princess, in Thare of his confidence.

spite of all the formalities of the I had been scarcely fix weeks at Greek church Moscow, when I met with an ad We lived happy and contented venture, which I will relate. for three months, preparing the

One day, when at dinner at Lord means of our future elopement. The Hindford's, I was seated beside a princess gave me her jewels, and charming girl, of one of the best fone thousand roubles that the had families in Russia, who, though received as a present at her marriage, only seventeen years of age, was to purchase whatever was necessary destined for the wife of an old mili- for our flight; and it would certary man of fixty. Her eyes soon tainly have taken place, if the death told me that the would have pre of the lady, soon after, in the small ferred me to her intended husband. pox had not intervened. In the I was not backward in comprehend- agitations of her inind, me made our ing their language, ventured to in- amour public, by calling on me to timate what I thought of the mar- deliver her from her husband. ter, and declared how much I felt This intrigue made a noise, and myfelf interested in her fate. I was, served to procure me another. however, much furprised when she The Countess of Bem was at that answered : 'O heaven!--Could time the most amiable and witty woyou find means to fave me from the man of the court. Endowed with misfortune I dread? If you can, a vast and daring genius, jie go. there is nothing in the world that verned, in the name of her husband, you may not ask of me.' It is caly the whole empire of Russia. to conceive the impression so sudden She inarried him in the preceding a declaration mutt make on a young reign, when he was no more than man of four and twenty. The young resident at Hamburgh, and the the lady's person was as beautiful as widow of an inconfiderable mer. her mind was ingenuous, and the chant of the same place. Count was a princess. But the order for B afterwards became prime miher marriage had already been issued nister, and his lady the first woman by the court, and there remained no in Ruffia. She was about thirtyother expedient to avoid it chan a eight years old; and, though no speedy fight, with all its attendant beaury, was still by no means difdangers. The place not allowing agreeable.

I dined

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I dined with her as often as I for the empress sent me a present to thought proper, and in company console me for the usjuit impuawith Lieut. Col. Oettinger often tions which my honous had suitaisdrank coffee in private in her aparte ed ; and when I waited on her to ment. On these occasions she never return thanks, my reception was lo failed to speak to me of my intrigue gracious, that I really forgot the with the Princess Nm, and gave dangers which I had escaped. me to understand that He had per OA. 4, 1749, my coulin died ja ceived our amours. I conitantly de- his prison at Spielberg. By his wilt nicd every thing, although the men- he made me his heir general, on contioned circumstances that I thought dition that I should serve no othes the could have heard from nobody power but the House of Austria. but my deceased friend. I did not In March 1750, Count Bernes know that she had taken the prio- received a copy of the will; and, cess's chambermaid into her service. urged by his folicitations, I set oft But I foon perceived that iny secrecy for Vienna ; where I soon fell into had produced a good effcet. the labyrinth of the law, from which

About eight days after the Prin- I found it imposible to cxtricate cess N-'s death, the Countess of myself. It was not in Treuck's B invited me to come alone to power to prevent my inheriting his drink coffee in her chanıber. I was father's fortune which was estailed no fooner there than the began to on me; wishing, however, to give say such obliging things about my me marks of his hatred after his fituation, and exprelled so much con- death, he made a will full of abfurd cern on the occasion, that I could and contradictory clauses, which no longer doubt the nature of the served the withbolders of his fortune, sentiments I had excited in her as a pretext to strip me of it. breast. Indeed, the confeffed them Though Trenck was an atheist, herself without disguise. Secrecy nobody had a more ardent defire and fincerity were the conditions of than he to acquire an extraordinary this new connexion. The countefs, reputation ; he therefore resolved to prevent a discovery, prevailed on to put an end to his existence, and her husband to employ me in his to make himself pass for a faint at cabinet; fo that I paffed whole days his death. in the house, and no mention was For this purpose, three days bemade of my joining the regimens of fore his death, when he was in the dragoons to which I belonged. best state of health poffible, he re.

It was not long before my credit quested the commandant to send to with the minister attracted notice; Vienna, for a confeffor, St. Francis and my good fortune not being having, as he said, declared to him, agreeable to the great Frederick, that he would die on his birth-day who had fpies on my conduct, he at noon precisely. Though every gave me new proofs of his resent- body laughed at his prediction, the

Mr. G-, the Pruffian capuchin friar was sent for. minister, availed himself of a plan The day after Trenck had conof Cronitade which I had copied for felled himself, he exclaimed, *God Lord Hindford, to charge ne with be prailed! my end approaches; my being a fpy; and, but for the good confeffor is juft dead, and has ap offices of the Englini minister and peared to me.” Upon enquiry it the counters, I had certainly fallen was found that the monk was really into a most dangerous fnare. It dead. Trepck then begged at the turned, however, to my advantage; officers of the garrison to come to


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his prison; took the tonsure, dressed he should obtaiq credit for the per-
himself in the habit of a capuchin formance of miracles. That he
friar; made a public confession, and might excite it the more power-
preached an hour, exhorting his fully, he ordered a small chapel to
audience to think of their falvation. bc erected to his memory, and en-
He then took leave of them, knelt dowed it with fix thousand florins.
down to say his prayers, fell into a Thus died, in his thirty-fourth year,
found sleep, rofe, and prayed again. this extraordinary man, to whom
O&t. the 4th he looked at his watch nature had been prodigal of her
at eleven o'clock in the morning, gifts, and who had been long a
and cried out, “ God be praised, terror to the enemies of the state
my last hour is not tar off.”. Every under which he served. He lived
body present was much entertained like a tyrant, and an enemy to his
ar secing a man of his character fellow-creatures ; and died with a
play fo ridiculous a comedy. How- reputation of holiness, that he cer-
ever, it was remarked that his face tainly little deserved,
grew pale on the left side. He then

In spite of all my pains and efforts, seated himself beside a table, Icaned I found it imposible to obtain the his head upon his hand, and, after enjoyment of my inheritance. Those Caying a prayer, continued motion- who had the administration of the less, with his eyes shut.

fortune my cousin had left me, were My cousin was acquainted with the too powerful for me to make them secret poison called Acqua toffane: relinquish their hold. In the mean he made his confeffor the confident time, the empress queen gave me a of all his affairs, and employed him company of cavalry in the regiment to deliver several jewels, and bills of Cuirasliers of Cordora. This small of exchange, of which he wished to favour was the only mitigation of all make presents; ainong others, I the injuries I had suffered. know that, at that time, he fent back Discontented with my situation, to a great prince, a bill of exchange and curling my fate, I went to join for iwo hundred thousand florins, my regiment in Hungary; where I due to him from the prince; not a proposed to wait till fortune was florin of which I ever recovered, tired of persecuting me. although I was Trenck's only heir. Io the month of March 1754, I However, as it was necelary to put received news of the death of my it out of the confeffor's power to nother, and asked the Board of betray him, he gave him a dose of War for six months leave of ab: poison sufficient to dispatch him, in fence to go to Dantzick, in order Tome refreshments that he made him to concert with mny brothers and partake of before his departure; and fifters the steps necessary to be taken, the priest actually died in a very relative to my possessions that had little time after his return. Trenck been confiscated in Prullia. Iob took the like sort of poison himself, tained it; and in the month of May, and therefore know the exact hour set off for chat city, where I fell a of his death. As he could no longer second time into the hands of the procure respect while living, he was Prussians. resolved to be honoured, and sainted if possible, after his decease.

This narrative will be continued The superstition of the populace in our next. was a sufficient security to him, that


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then attacked and took Calır.ina, te MEMOIRS OF THE REIGN OF BOSSA

capital of the decealed. Stengiberej AHADEE, KING OF DAMAHOY. WITH THE AUTHOR'S JOURNEY

by this acquifition, he ventored to wage

war with Da, king of Abomey, 4 km TO ABOMEY, THE CAPITAL; AND

he besieged in his capital, wi:ich he toon ACCOUNT

reduced; and in conscquence of a * AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE. BY RO

that he made during the fiege, pu: Da NORRIS. 45. LOWNDES.

to death, by cutting open his brily, ani 1789.

placed his body under the foundatica R. Norris, in the course of the of a palace that he built in Alones, as

present work, has represented a memorial of his victory, which ne ene fate of African captives to be worfe called Dahomy, from Da ihe unfeite chan that which they experience in the nate vi&tim, and Homy his helly; that Brilith West Indian iliands, allowing is, a huufe built in Da's belly. death to be worse than lavery. This • Tacoodonou, afier this conquef, narrative abounds with incidents at fixed his refidence at Abomey, and alwhich humanity must shudder; and yet sumed the title of King of Dahours, of they appear to be annual customs and which the cruel circumstance jutt n.21common occurrences in Negroland. We tioned, gives the true etymoligs; and have felected fome of the most affe&ling from thence all the Foys, his lobjeás, fcenes of huinan misery, with which are generally called D. homans; in the this work abounds; but rather to coll country indeed the old name of Foss vey information to our readers, than as prevails, but to Europeans, I believe, advocates for llavery, like the author; they are only known by the name of at which idea every liberal EngliMinan Dahomans. mun Nudder.

« Thus Tacoodonou eftablifbed the « The Dahomans, a powerful and Dahoman empire, which about a canwarlike nation of Africa, who live to tury afterwards his ilinfirious delcend. the eastward of the Gold Coast, between ant Guadja Trudo aggrandized, by tuothe rivers Volta and Benin, have not duing various kingdoms, and adding escaped the norice of modern geogra. Whydah to his dominions in the year phers; whose attention they engaged, 1727." by extending their dominions to the Tamegan and Mahou, (the ferred sca coaft, and annexing to them, by names of the two prime minitters, who conquest, the kingdom of Whydah ; a have the appointing to the fuccefica country ro respectable for its trade, that which of the deceased king's fuas they the Eng!ith, French, and Portugue!c, may judge moit ait for the office) barmaintain forts there for the protection ing " deterinined on their chaude, anof their refpe&tive shares of it.

nounced Trudu's death, and proclaimed ( The Dahoinans, but little more Ahadee king; by which determinacia than a century ago, were an inconsider. his elder brother Zingah, finding his able nation, formidable however to their hopes disappointed, and hiinfelt agyrie neighbours for their valour and mili. ed by the lofs of an inheritance, with tary skill; they were then known by the expectation of which he had fatthe naine' of Foys, and the town of tered himself, founded privately the dulDawhee, which lies between Calmina position of his friends. 'On apaying foand Abomey, was the capital of their creily to those upon whom he had cocfiliall territory.

ferred tavouis in his father's tife-time, « Early in the last century, Tacoo. he received assurance of numbers being donou, chief of the Foy nacjon, bafely willing to espouse his cause; and te murdered, in violation of the sacred began to concert measures to furwize Jaws of hospitality, a fovereign prince his bother, and frize the governant his neighbour, who made him a friendly either by Atratagem or force. Abadce suit to honour one of his festivals; he however got intelligence of his denga;

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