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PATRIOT KING ; a circumstance, of experienced. He had been brought which his majesty ingeniously avail- up. immediately under the eye of his ed himself, in 'the firft speech he mother, the Princefs Dowager of made to his privy council : after Wales, in rather a solitary manner confoling with them, on the lots for a prince, who was to rule a free of his grandfather, he added, that and active people. The princess “ animated by the tendereft affec- was a foreigner, and ftrongly portion for his native country, and de- fessed pride of birth, and obtinacy pending on the advice, cxperience, of difpofition; qualities which, it and abilities of their lordships, and was much to be apprehended, the the fupport and assistance of every had ftrongly instilled into her fon. honeft man ; he entered with cheer- The Earl of Bute, her favourite, and fulness into the arduous fituation, her creature, had been the prince's and should make it the bufiness of rutor ; a man who, though amiable his life to promote, in every thing, and benign in his private conduct, the glory and happiness of there was the '
noft improper person, perkingdoms; to preserve and strength- haps, that could have been chofen, en the constitution, both in church to instruct in politics, an heir appaand state ; and as he mounted the rent to the English crown. The throne in the midst of an expen- carl was a Scorchman, and poffeffèd five, but just and neceffary war, he a strong predilection for his coun. fhould endeavour to prosecute it, in try and his countrymen; and Dr. the manner the most likely to bring Thomas, now bishop of Winchester, about an honourable and lasting who afsifted in this arduous talk, peace, in concert with his allies.”
was not one of those churchnen The people, who dreaded a change who have fignalized themselves in in the ministry, were delighted at either the cause of literature or lithe publication of this speech ; it berty. From the precept of his was read with enthusiastic joy: The tutors, then, it was not to be exDuke of York, and thc Earl of Bute, pected that his majesty had been were sworn of the privy council. A taught the real duties of the kingly proclamation was iffued, ordering office; but rather to be dreaded, all-persons in office to execate the that claims founded on the obsolete fame ; and another for the encou- doctrines of prerogative, would be ragement of piety, and toppression opposed to the indubirable rights of of vice. Addresses were presented the people, as if subjects were made from all parts of the country, from for kings, nor kings for subjects. the clergy, the two universities, and The apprehensions of the cautious, from every county, city, and body arising from these grounds, were politicin the three kingdoms, breathe confiderably increased by the ading love, loyalty, and affection, in million of the Earl of Bure into the terms of the warmest zeal and pa- privy-council. This nobleman, who triotism.
had so long been tator to the prince, But in the midst of this tumul. ñow appeared the confidant and botous joy, this intoxication of loy- fom counsellor to the king; and it alty and a fiection, there were many was evident, that change of fituawife men, who considered the hap- tion in the pupil, had not in the piness of the people as the mere least decreased the influence of the tranfitory emotion of the crisis. They preceptor. reflected, with concern, on the mode In tracing the minority of this of cducation which the king had prince, we scarcely meet with an
anecdote worth relating. "If, in his an invasion and conquest by the juvenike days, he-fhewed no tendency inhabitants from the other fide of or dispoliion to the indulgence of the Tweed. any particular vice, neither does it On the 18th of November, his maappear that he thone conspicuous in jesty met his first parliament, and his the exercise of any particular virtue : ipeech from the throne on that ocbut this is not the time to enquire calion calls for particular attention; into his character-though the pro- indeed, it should live in the recola per period te shew that the causes lection of the reader through the which produced the various politi- whole course of these Meinoirs. 'Afcal events of his reign, originated ter expressing his concern for the loss with those who had the early care of of his grandfather, and remarking his education while prince, and who that he was the great support of that induenced his mind long after he system by which alone the liberties became king.
of Europe, and the weight and infly· The fy stem of politics, which had ence of these kingdoins, could be
been adopted previous to his ma- preserved, he declared-“My conjesty's ascending the throne, could folation is in the uprightness of iny not be suddenly renounced. The owu intentions, your faithful and national faith was pledged to support united aftitance, and the blellings of the German allies of Great Britain, heaven upon our joint endeavours. and it was therefore deterniined to “ Born and educated in this couppursue the war with vigour, till a try, I glory in the name of Briton; general peace could be procured.' and the peculiar happiness of my life
The first extraordinary act of this will ever confitt in promoting the reign, was an affectation of disre- welfare of a people, whose loyalty garding party, under pretence of and affection to me I consider as the combining ability; and men of all greatest and most permanent security denominations were called to the of my throne; and I doubt not but councils of the state. From the de- their steadiness in those principles, liberations of such men, confufion will equal the firmness of my invaonly could be expected. Their priu- riable resolution to adhere to, and ciples being heterogeneous, could ftrengthen, this excellent constituproduce no itable measure; but the tion, in church and itate, and to favourite carl had his ends in view, maintain the toleration inviolable." and these were, to weaken all exist Having then declared a resolution ing parties, for the purpose of form- to support the practice of religion and ing a new one, subservient to his piery, he expatiated on the conquest own defigns. Under a pretence of of Canada, the advantages gained in liberality, it was also attempted to the East Indies, the Yuccess of Prince level all distinction between Scotch Ferdinand, his commander in chief and Englim; and the consequence in Germany, and the magnanimous was, that in the church, the law, perseverance and victories of our althe navy, the army, the houslold, ly the king of Pruffia. and every public office, Englishmen He observed on the strength of were fer afide on the most trivial pre- his own navy, and the weakness of tences, and the vacancies constantly the French fleets; the low ebb of filled up by Caledonians; till the their trade, and the flourishing ftate court calendar, the army and navy of British commerce; relying on Biits, were filled as completely with the concurrence of parliament to northern names, as if there had been support the King of Prussia and his
allies, and make provision for car The Commons having thus mu. rying on tbe war.
nificently provided for his majesty's His majefty, in passing to and from houshold, next took into considerathe House of Peers, was attended tion the supplies necessary for carby mulcitudes, who appeared actu- rying on the war; and voted in ated by phrenzy. The idea of a the whole, for the service of the Briton, born to rule over them, was 'year 1761, nineteen millions fix new; and this idea, as it was forci- hundred fixteen thousand and ninebly infinuated in the speech from teen pounds nineteen shillings and the throne, had its effect, both on nine pence three farthings. the Lords and Commons, whose fen The magnitude of this sum is fibility was roused at hearing their astonishing, and yet it was raised king speak plain English.
without murmur; and during the The addrefles were reverberations fitting of this parliament, their of the speech, heightened by the grants increased annually: a proof Atrongest expresfions of loyalty and of the great resources of the counaffection; and the Commons, not try, and the spirit of the inhabicontent with mere protestations, re- tants, when they think the national solved on presenting a second ad- honour is in danger. dress of thanks, for the gracious The bills founded on the resolu. manner in which the first was re- tions of ways and means, the muceived; and in a committee of sup- tiny bill, which was now extended ply voted, that for support of the to the forces of the East India houshold and the dignity of the Company, and a bill to continue, crown, his majesty Mould have, for a limited time, the importation during life, such a revenue as, to- of salted beef, pork, and butter, gether with the annuities made pay- paffed the Commons. The reason able in the reign of the late king, for passing the latt bill is curious : out of the hereditary civil list reve, it is because it was found condunues, should amount to the nett cive to the interest of Great Bria clear yearly sum of eight hundred tain ;” a national distinction, which thousand pounds, to commence from was not without its effect upon the the demile of his late majetty ; to Irish, a loyal and affectionate peobe charged upon and made payable ple, who now saw the Scotch, who out of the aggregate fund. At the bad twice rebeiled against the reignfame time, the Commons also voted, ing family, springing into notice, that the several revenues payable and flourishing in the sur-thine of to his late majesty, during his life, royal favour, while the interests of 'which continued to the time of his Ireland were neglected, treated with demise, (other than such payments contempt, or made subservient to as were charged upon and issuing the other parts of the empire: cirout of the aggregate fund) should cumstances which roused their pride, be granted and continued to his and warmed their resentments to present majesty during his life; and the pursuit of those objects which the produce of the faid revenues, have regained their liberties and retogether with the produce of the established their independance; for hereditary revenue, which were set. it was at this time those measures tled or appointed towards the late originated in Ireland which ultiking's houshold, should be, during marely emancipated that kingdom the said terin, added and consoli- from the controlling power of the dated with the aggregate fund. British parliaments.
An act of grace, including par- impolitic. Among the crown pridon to crown prisoners, was now ex. foners 'were many seamen, and a pected; but only an act of infol. number of out-lawed persons were vency was passed, and from its be- fugitives abroad, who had an act Defit" was excluded all uncertified of grace paffed, would have beca bankrupts; but for what reason is useful to their country. difficult to determine. This partimonious distribution of mercy was
[To be continued.]
HISTORY OF THE THEATRE.
may be mentioned Shakspeare's NOVEMBER.
Twelfth Night; the characters in
which are disposed of with propriN the 13th of September ety and judgment. Seliina and
1788, the theatre in Drury Azor, also, as a charming afterLane opened for the season, with piece, has been properly. revived; out any alterations or improve- in which Mrs. Crouch, in Selima, ments; the proprietors having it in magnificently dressed, attracted well contemplation to construct a new merited admiration and applause. house in the course of the ensuing A Mrs. Goodall, a new actress, summer.-Mr. King, who has been has already appeared at this theaacting manager at this theatre for tre, in the character of Rosalind, some time past, disgusted at the in- in As You Like It; and Me is menfufficiency of his official power, tioned in terms of very flattering withdrew from the metropolis early commendation. About the middle in the month, the more effectually of November, Mrs. Farmer, who to disentangle himself from a fitua. has played Alicia, in Jane Shore, tion which he found disconfonant twice already in London, made her to his tranquillity. Mr. Kemble, appearance, for the first time, at brother to Mrs. Siddons, a per- this theatre, in Juliet, and was very former at the same theatre, was in favourably received. This lady's consequence chosen manager; and deportment is easy and graceful, her seems to possess more active autho- figure elegant, and her voice har. rity than was conferred on his monious: these advantages, served predecessor, and which is certainly to counterbalance the few defects necessary in the execution of so very which were perceivable. arduous an undertaking. " The · Mr. Cobb has altered an afterpower entrusted to me,” says the piece from the German, called the present manager,“ is perfectly fa- Doctor and APOTHECA RY, which tisfactory to my own feelings, and is now successfully performing at entirely adequate to the liberal en- this theatre; and, though not equal couragement of poets, of perform- to some of his former productions, ers, and so the conduct of the whole is by no means likely to diminishi bufiucts of the theatre.” Several old his literary reputation. pieces have been very judiciously Two days after the re-commencerevived, and with a degree of bril ment of the season at Drury Lane, liancy that cannot fail of adding the theatre of Covent Garden openconsiderable reputation to our thea- ed, in a stile of improvement that irical representations. Among these adds highly to the credit of the
manager, and of the artists em- the whole, which interests and exbiployed on that occasion. The stage larates the mind. Some of the is considerably enlarged, and now scenes are uncommonly beautiful; meets the view of the audience in in particular that of the rocks with a circle, producing advantages to a diftant view of the sea, which was the fight, as well as to the ear: painted by Mr. Loutherbourg. additional boxes are added on each A Miss Fontenelle and a Miis Rey. fide of the stage, which contributes nolds have appeared at this theatre, greatly to the splendour of a full both promising acirefles; the former house. The return to this theatre somewhat in the lineof
Mrs. Martyr. of Mr. Charles Bannister, a cele About this time, Mr. Edwin, an brated vocal performer, after a long esteemed come performer, recurabsence, was universally approved, ring to the dangerous state of his the first night, by reiterated flouts majesty's health, happily introduced of applaule. -A Mr. and Mrs. a fentiment in the reprelentation of Duncan made their appearance the the FARMER, which perfectly ac. third night, in Major O'Flaherty corded with the feelings of the ay. and Charlotte Rulport, in Mr. dience. In a money-leading scene, Cumberland's celebrated comedy of where he bts drinking at a tavern the West Indian; but it does not with a person whom he fuppoles appear that either of these per- about to favour him with the loan formers fuewed themselves to much of a fum of money-hilling a bumadvantage. —A few nights after this, per, “ I'll give you, Sir," says EdMr. Middleton, both a new and a win, “ a sentiment which not only young actor, fustained the part of comprises my own wish, but that Romeo, for the first time, at this of the whole nation-Here's better theatre, in concert with Miss Brun- health, and long life, to bis MAJESton as Juhet; and in the love scenes TY !" And perceiving the warm was remarkably happy. But the and enthufiastic applause that foleritics found something to blame lowed this loyal impromptu, he foland fomething to commend; which lowed up the moment of inspiramust always be the case in the exhi- tion with a propofal, that the band bition of human efforts.- Though, 'of music should be summoned to in our historical account of the the- play the tune of " God save the tre, we are compelled to avoid, as King!" This also the audience much as possible, the flights of opi- highly approved; and, in addition nion and criticism, we Mall neceffa- thereto, called on fome of the ca. vily interweave circumstances which pital vocal performers for the words, will more equally balance the stan- who chearfully complying, they dard merit of authors and perform- were literally accompanied by the ers.
whole house. We do not mention Early in November, Mr. O'Keeffe this as a matter of the highest imintroduced, at this theatre, a comic portance; but it may serve to thew, roinance, called The HIGHLAND in future times, the sentiments and REEL; the music to which, prin- the ardour entertained and manicipally by Shield and Corri, has fested by all ranks for a preservation itrong claims to approbation of the present fyftem of governThough the merit of this piece ment. cannot be decided by the itriet rules which govern the legitimnate dra
[To be continued, ] ma, there is a romantic air through