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buting to all this acquisition of

fame!” The subsequent conduct of OP A LATE PASCHA OF GRAND

the duke on this occalion is not CAIRO.

known. A Late pafcha of Grand Cairo, in

Egypt, a man of keen parts, and, ANECDOTE for a Turk, tolerably well versed

OF MARECHAL DE CATINAT. in the history of antiquity, finding himself reduced to one of thote THIS philofophic general was miserable expedients of extortion, by which the Ottoman empire sublists, the Father of Thought. After the ordered the most opulent individuals battle of Marsaille, gained by Caof the Jewish nation, who are rich tinat, while on all sides the acclaand nuinerous at Grand Cairo, tomations of victory were still heard, appear before him. The anxious and the general was surrounded by infidels approached the dread divan. those who came to pay him their "I have been reading, ye caffres ! court, a veteran soldier of his regi(Anglice, scoundrels) the annals of ment, piercing the congratulating your people,” said the pafcha, “and crowd, threw himself at the general's í find, by your own confeffion, that feet, and in the name of the whole your forefathers borrowed of mine corps begged for mercy in favour an immenfequantity of jewels, plate, of one of the bravest of their comand money, which have never been rades, who was just feized as a repaid : be gone this moment; make deserter, and who the preceding up your accounts, and bring me evening had taken, in battle, a standin the balance, or, by the beard of ard, and made several prisoners. the holy prophet" The terrified “Compose yourself, my friend," Hebrews ran hoine, and returned replied the general, as he affilted the back to the divan, with their hearts veteran to rise; “ let the deserter full of sorrow, and their purses filled come forward.” He then made his with sequins. The pascha approved appearance; and, “O! my father," their account, accepted the balance, he cried, as he threw himself on the and gave them a regular discharge.ground, “I am a gentleman, the

fon of an officer who was killed at

the battle or Lens. My mother, ANECDOTE left without provision, and without OF THE GREAT DUKE OF MARL- protection, was obliged to labour

for my fubfifience and her own;

but age and infirmity foon rendered Soo OON after victory had de- her unable to work, and reduced us

clared itself in favour of the to wretchedness in the extreme. To British arms at the memorable battle support viy mother I enlisted. Soon of Blenheim, the Duke of Marl- after I had joined the regiment, I borough, in traversing the ranks, learned that the lay dangerously ill: observed a soldier leaning in a pen- I begged for permission to go and five manner on the butt-end of his give her my aslistance; that permusquet: his Grace immediately ac- million was refused me : unable to cofted him thus, " Why 10 pentive, relift the impulse of nature, I left my friend, after fo glorious a vic- my colours to fly to her aid ; and tory?” “ It may be glorious," re as soon as the began to recover, I plied the son of Mars; " but I have rejoined the army. Such, O my only earned four-pence-by contri- father! is the crime which I am now


going to expiate with my life; a a part of his cleaths, in which I crime, the disgrace of which I en- ordered him to be dressed by the deavoured yetterday to efface in the above-mentioned prisoners. So I field of battle. I do not beg for fend him to your highness (though niercy, but only, when I Thall be not' with the magnificence becomno more, let some assistance be given ing his high birth) by the clergy to my poor mother." " My lon,

" My son," men of the village of Gangura, réplied the general with vivacity, whose families I retain in prison in "why did you not come to me? Or, the mean timne, that he more safely if you conceived that I was barbarous be delivered. and unfeeling, why did you call me Attribute this accident alonc 10 Father Your birth, and still more the will of the Most High ; it is he your sentiments, entitle you to the who determines the faie of whole rank of an officer; a commiffion you kingdoms and of single persons. We thall have, your worthy comrade as lubjects, can only beseech him shall be rewarded. Go, I will inform for the restoration of peace, to prethe king of this affair ; continue to vent similar, cafes. Should it be a act as becomes a gentleman." Ca. mistake of the prisoners, and thar tinat solicited a penfion for the un- the corpse (as I fincerely with) is fortunate mother, and not fucceed. not your son, I fhall pot repeat of ing at first in his application, he my proceeding; for when I procure paid her an annuity, from his own a Mussulman a burial according to purse, in the name of the king, that his laws, wbich he could not have he might not hurt her delicacy. here, I fulfil the rights of mankind.


commander in chief of the third A LETTER

division of the Ukraisilh army. FROM THE COMMANDER IN CHIEF Gangura, ad Jan. 1789.



Venerable, illustrious, great General! CHAN.

MY fon Mahmoud Gheary SulMay it please your Highness, tan was killed at the battle fought by

T is not a Ruffian general who your and my troops. Therein conwould not make bold to enter into the fate of those who serve their a correspondence with you without religion and their monarch. You the leave of his sovereign) but a would not believe the assurances of father who is affected with the mil the fore-named prisoners, 'but have fortune of another father.

sent the body with a guard, accomI have received intelligence from panied by the clergy of Gangura, Mursa Alam Mahmet, and Pia- with this request, That I Thould jes riactar Buluh Gerau Temur Allage, you know whether it is really my that at the battle which happened son--It is indeed my fon! And the near Gangura they were made pri- good will you have shewn me, by foners; because they wished to de- lending the same, is particularly al fend the son of your highnets, Mah- fecting to me. I send back herewith moud, whom they at that time the two clergymen, and return you looked upon as dead.

thanks with the tendereit emotions, His corpse was fought for here and with many tears, for the great in the snow, and was found, as also favour you have shewn me,





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was knowen of theyr herdnes to be or a charter written in the boved, but he had means on oyet SAXON LANGUAGE; BEING THE guyse to mak" them hys lege fubs FIRST GRANTED TO THE CITY jecks the whych he dyd intend to OF LONDON BY WILLIAM THE bryng abovre by gentyl waies and CONQUEROR.

cortous conduct; but al woulde not

avayle hym of hys wysh for the Eng. W"

'ILLIEM king, grets Wil, lych wher ever risyng upp in armes,

ličin bisceop, and Godferd Then com Odo the byschoppe of Pórterefan, and calle ya burghwarn Bayone who was kinsmon to the binnen London, Freneisce, and Eng. King advyfyng, as they dyd hach life frendlice; and ickiden eoy, yeet theyr treefons cheflie in the Nyght, ic wille yeet git ben calra weera that they have al maner of lite and lagay weore, ye get weeran on fyer taken from them; at the whych Eadwards dadge kings. And ic will aduyce Williem was well likd, and yeet alæ child by his fader yrfnume gaue hys commonds to have al the after his Faders daege. And ic fyer and lite throughout the Relme nelle gewolian yeet aenig man coy put out at the tynglyng of a Beil aenis wrang beode.

whých was commond to stryk at the God coy heald.

hower of eyghte and by hym cluped

the Curfue. TRANSLATION. WILLIAM king, greets William

ANECDOTE bishop, and Godfrey portgrave*, OF WILLIAM RUFUS. and all the borough of London, [Transmitted by a Correspondent.] French, and English friendly. And Irow make known to you, that you A Memorable infatice of William and privileges which you did before is recorded. In 1099, as he was the decea fe of King Edward. And hunting in the New Forest, Hampit is my will that every child be his shire, à inessenger from the Contifather's heir after his father's de ñent brought intelligence that the cease. And I will not fúffer any. Ordered the man to return with

city of Mons was besieged; William man to do you wrong. God you keep

speed, and tell the garrison to hold out, for that he would be with them

in eight days. Then turning his ACCOUNT

horse, he rode directly to the seaOF THE FIRST INSTITUTION Of coaft; and desired all his attendants THE CURFEW.

to follow him. At Dartmouth he [Transcribed from a Manuscript in the found an old vellel, on board of old English Character.] which he instantly einbarked, not

withstanding the remonstrances of ING Williem havyng gat the the master, who told him he could wis gat himsel grete care and pure peril. The wind, however, changplexytie, for to be governed by a ing favourably, they arrived fate foreygner the Englych!nen dyd at Barfleur the next morning, and thynke not accordant to thevr proceeded to Mons; where his undoughty (pryghte. The King wiste expected appearance had such ani Rot of theyr dyflyk quycklie tho he effect, that the ficge was instantly • The same in offico as Lord Mayor.




Tyrrel, who is said to have pierced the capital. At this place, the eme the king accidentally with an arrow, peror instituted a ceremony at Easter, setired to France in consequence of which consisted in a Christian's that unlucky circumstance; where giving a box on the ear to a Jer; he declared, upon path, that he was and it appears, that the brutal jy. not nigh the king in the chace all norance and superstition of thóie that fatal day: and if the tyrannical times, made those who were apconduct of Rufus be duly considered, pointed to perform this fcandalous it seems more than probable, that, ceremony, very zealous to make it having itrayed from his attendants, as hurtful to the poor Jew as poffible; he was found alone by some secret for in the time of Count William III. enemy, who took good aim, and de. Hugo, chaplain to the Viscount de liberately afraffinated him. The joy Limoges, having been appointed to which all ranks of people discovered perform it, exerted himself with so at his death, warrants this conjecturc, much zeal, that he made both the

brains and the eyes of the poor

Jew, drop out of his head upon the INSTANCE

ground. This execrable custom was, OF MIRACULOUS PATIENCE. about the beginning of the twelfth

century, changed into a tax, which OPEZ D'Arunka, a gallant was appropriated to the canons of

Spaniard, who lived in 1578, Saint Sernin. recorded in the Apothegms of Juan Ruffo, seems to have had the affections of his mind under as good

DISMAL EFFECTS. command as the Grecian Epictetus. OF RELIGIOUS INFATUATION. He was called out from his tent by T the city of Tuoulouse, men. a sudden alarm. His servants armed

tioned in the preceding article, him in great haste; and although an impostor, in the year 1317, harhe told them that his helmet pained ing given out a pretended prophecy, him exceedingly, they insisted that that the honour of recovering the it could not be fitted better. The holy land and the sepulchre of Jesus, brave Lopez had not leisure to con

out of the hands of the infidels, test the point; he rushed to the was reserved for the shepherds and combat, fought with success, and at ploughmen, an incredible number his return, unlacing his casque, and of peasants, that called themselves throwing it on the ground, together the Shepherd Swains [Pastouraux with his mangled car, “ There,” flocked together, with swarms of idle said he mildly to his aukward valets, and disorderly persons, who stoic " was I not right when I told you whatever they could lay their hands how much you hurt me in putting upon, and massacred all the sexy on my helmet?

they could find, if they retused

to be baptized. Five hundred CRUEL CEREMONY

of these persecuted wretches rook


dun, where, after having defend

ed themselves to the latt extremity, HARLEMAIN having wrest- they, for want of other weapons,

ed a great part of Spain froin threw their children againff the the Saracens, established the king. enemy, and then killed one another. dom of Aquitain, in favour of his One of them being appointed to cal ton Louis, and shoulouse became the throats of his brethren, was fo



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bale, after having performed it, to out of reach of pursuit, intending beg his life of the beliegers, by for France; but being ignorant of whom however he was immedi- the fea, and the wind blowing hard; ately torn to pieces, and they were they missed their port, and the next theinfelves soon after dispersed, and morning found themfelves in the punished as they deserved.

middle of the ocean.

In this miserable condition, they THE

were toffed about at the mercy of STORY OF MACHAM. the waves, without a pilot, for this. (From Alcaforado.]

teen days ; at the end of which they

chanced, at break of day, to descry N the reign of Edward the Third something very near them, that look:

of England, onė Robert Macham, ed like land; which, as the sun rose; Falling in love with a beautiful young they could distinctly difcern to be 1.dy, of a noble family, and making such, being covered with trees. his addresses to her, foon won her They were not less surprised with affections. Her parents, not brook- several unknoti'n kinds of birds that ing the thoughts of an inferior al- came off land, and perched on the liance, procured a warrant from the malts and rigging, without the least king, and kept Robert in custody figns of fear. until they had married the lady to As soon as they could get the boat a certain nobleman, who, as soon as out, some of them went to search the ceremony was over, took the the coait; who, returning with a bride with him to his feat at Bristol. good report of the place, though

Thus all being (as they thought) uninhabited, it was nor long before secured, Machain easily obtained a our adventurer, attended by his beft discharge from his confinement; but, friends, carried his mistress aftiore, ftung with a high sense of the injury, leaving the rest to take care of the and at the fame time spurred on by ship. The country, upon their land, love, he engaged some of his friends ing, appeared agreeably diversified to assist him, and carried them down with hills and vallies; the first after the new-married couple. One thickly shaded with a variety of unof them he got introduced into the known trees, and the latter enriched family, in the capacity of a groom, with cooling rivulets of fresh water. and by his means acquainted the Several wild beasts came about them, lady with his design, and the mea- without offering them any violence. sures he proposed to take; 10 all Thus encouraged, they marched farwhich the yielded a ready com- ther into the land, and presently pliance.

came to an opening, encircled with When all things were prepared, a border of laureis, and watered by the rode out on the day appointed, a small rivulet, which, in a bed of under pretence of airing, attended very fine fand, ran through it from only by her groom, who brought the mountains. Here allo, upon an her to the sea-side, where Me was eminence, they found a most beautihanded into a boat, and carried on ful tree, whose thade inviting them, board a veslel that lay ready for the they concluded to take up their purpose.

abode under it, for a while at least ; As soon as Machain had got his and accordingly with boughs built treasure on board, he, with his af. 'themselves huts. In this place they sociates, immediately set sail, to get passed their time very agreeably,

* This story is also inserted in a General making farther discoveries of the Collection of Voyages,' lately published. country, and admiring its produce



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