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All absolute rights are vested in the to which he procured the signatures
people; kings and magistrates act of a majority; and the chief governor
by virtue of delegated authority; and was obliged to meet a parliament, pre-
therefore no character so facred, and determined to oppose the measures
no body of men fo venerable, can recommended froin government.
exist, as to have a right of doing Mr. Gractan, and several other
wrong! But the people have a right leading members, came over to Eng-
to a good government, or to diffolve land, where they attended the des
a bad one. It may, indeed, be bates in parliament; conferred with
expedient, that it is right to submit the oppotition, and returned with
occasionally to a certain degree of every information that such sources
milgovernment, because, though no could afford them,
power, however elevated, has a right Mr. Pitt, having carried his reso-
in the flightest point to deviate from lution on the question of Right, pro-
truth and juitice, yet the people are ceeded to a limitation of the regal
bound to make allowance for human powers, which otherwise would haye
infirmity in their governors.

devolved in amplitude to the repre-
From these premises it may be fentative of the king. These limi-
concluded, that administration de. tations will be found specified in the
clared a political truth when they parliamentary hikory of December.
declared “ that parliament had a At first Ight, it appears
right to provide for the present con caution to reítrict che regent, by
juncture," and that opposition were such contractions as should secure
not less right when they atlerted, the restoration of the sovereigo au-
that “ che heir apparent had an chority into the hands of its rightful
irreliftable right to the regency." poffeffor, whenever he might be in

As to the precedents produced on a capacity to resume it: but, on this occasion, that of the Revolution minute examination, it is clear, appears to be the only one worthy there could be only two reasons attention. The government of Eng- for this precaution. It must mean, land, at this day, has no more ana- either, that the people have reason to logy to the government in '1454, fear fuch profligacy in the heir apthan it has to that of France. It is parent and his advisers, as fiould intrue, the principles of the constitution duce them to refuse restoring the then exiited, but they were inactive royal authority; or, that the people till brought into vigour by the bill were determined, at all events, to of rights. While the regency bill prevent a change oi administrawas preparing in England, the tion. minister thought proper to prorogue

But surely, in these days, such apthe Irish parliament 3 for the purpose, prehensions must be merely chimerino doubt, of laying before them, as a cal: the people are not perhaps in precedent, the proceedings of the the most refined state of purity, but British senate. The Irish members they are too honest and independent took fire at the idea of being directed to admit of avotud depravity in by the proceedings in England; op- their rulers. This is not an age whea pofition became almost univerfal; usurpers, parricidcs, or murderers, and those who poft fed places of the can act publicly with impunity ; or, highest trust and emolument, desert. when ingratitude, enormity, or uned the viceroy, and joined oppofition. natural oliilities, would pass unnoEvery nerve of government was ticed; there is still sufficient virtue ftrained to reclaim them, but without in the people to vindicate their rights, cffet: Mr. Grattan drew up a paper, by proteciing the constitution.


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lation, when only part of the lines had FE ZRUARY 1789.

been recited. This comedy, as it is BOUT the 7th of this month, the called, was performed the ensuing

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ed from Shakespear and Thomson, by previously suitained some necessary cur. the late Mr. Sheridan, was revived at tailments, appear:d with better effect. Drury-Lane theatre; Coriolanus and The obnoxiolis epilogue was withheld, Volumnia by Mr. Kemble and Mrs. and, as an apology to the audietice, Siddons. In this alteration, the best Mr. Lewis promised them a better one parts of Shakespear and Thomson are as soon as it could be got ready. retained, and compose a more pleasing The 24th, a new musical entertaindrama than that of either author tepa- ment, in two acts, entitled HIDE and rately.

SEEK, was performed at this theatre The 27th, an oratorio, called the for the first time. It is translated from TRIUMPH of TRUTH, was performed the French; and confilts of a comic at the same theatre. This piece is judio incident, rather than of a plot; which ciously taken from the works of the most is, however, productive of a situation celebrated masters, by Dr. Arnold, or both fingular and whimsical. This ganist and composer to his Majesty į piece is attributed to a Mr. Walter. and adds to that skill and taste, in the Contrary to usual custom, the Manamusical science, for which the Doctor ger of Covent Garden theatre, this is famed. It was accompanied with a month announced his intention to perprelude on the restoration of the king's form oratorios during the Lent sealon; health, which was received with loud and accordingly, on the 27th, this and flattering marks of approbation. fpecies of entertainment commenced The band was numerous, and well con with the sacred oratorio of Handel's ducted, under the direction of Shawa l.IESSIAH, which drew together acroudThe most distinguished singers in the ed and brilliant audience. The princi. oratorio are, Mrs. Ambrose, and Mrs. pal singers were, Mr. Harrison and SigCrouch ; Messrs. Reynolds, Dignum, nora Storace; and the band, led by Mr. and Kelly

Richards, was numerous and respectEarly in this month, the Toy, a able. At the end of the firft part, the new comedy, was performed at Covent celebrated Madame Gautherot gave a Garden theatre. This play takes its concerto on the violin, equal, if not name from the Toy at Hampton Court, fuperior, to any performance on that ina beautiful view of which is given in strument, by any musical master of the the representation. The incidents are present time: the audience, quite envaried, but improbable, and the cha- raptured, were ample in their expresTacters by no means novel on the fions of applause. Previous to the orastage. Considered as a farce, it is a torio, the Coronation Anthem, God laughable performance. The prin- SAVE THE KING, was given. cipal performers were, Meflis. Aic The tragedy of the BROTHERS was kin, Middleton, Lewis, Blanchard, performed the oth of this month at Mr. Quick, Edwin, Booth, and Wewitzer; Fector's private theatre at Dover ; with Mrs. Bernard, and Mrs.Webb; and the a new prologue and epilogue, the forMilles Brunton, Fontenelle, and Stuart. mer written by W. Gillum, Esq. the Hence it is evident, that the author, latter by Mrs. Piozzi, and both were who is not ret known to the public, Spoken by Mr. Fector. The prologue had every assistance which could be ga- contained several well timed lathes on thered from the excellence of the actors. the Covent Garden manager, for introThe prologue was ill written, and ill ducing the Broughtonian exercises on received ; and the epilogue appeared fo his stage; which is equally offensive, contemptible, that, even with the comic in such a place at least, to delicacy, and powers of Mr. Edwin, it met annihi. even common sense.



Á JOURNEY THROUGH THE CRIMEA in letters to a tender friend, but the

be prudent to expunge fome passages TO CONSTANTINOPLE: IN LET.

public surely could dispense with the BY LADY CRAVEN, AD.

needless fübititutions. We meet with THE MARGRAVE OF

some coarse, and some odd expressions, BRANDEBOURO, IN 1786. WITH

when the rank and sex of the writer is A MAP OF THE ROADS OF THE

considered ; such as, “ the coachman's CRIMLA, AND SIX Plates. il. ts.

“ getting drunk, the hot weather, foulROBINSONS. 1789.

« der of mutton fails ; concerning upon

“ his military reputation;" &c. &c. L the public her productions in dedicated to the Margrave of Brandetarious walks of literature : but her bourg, to whom the gives the appellaJourney to Constantinople, now under tion of Brother. tonfideration, is the moit formidable

With a view to exhibit the most of her attempts. The chief object of favourable idea within our power, of Every refpectable traveller, is to deli- the merit of this work, we have made

neate the peculiar cuftoms, teligious the following detached quotations, for E opinions, mode of government; inter the information of such of our readers

nal regulations, art, antiquities, and who may not happen to purchase this fciences, with the soil and climate; of book, and whole taste and judgment tountries distant and different from his

may be superior to our own. own; hence much entertainment, and inftruction not unfrequently, is afford.

DEDICATION. eed to those who never can have an op « Beside curiosity, my friends will in

portunity of making personal observa- thiefe Letters fee at least for some time tions. In the present infance, most of where the real Lady Craven has been, her ladyfhip's defcriptions are dull, and and where the is to be found it having fuperticial; and there is little impreflive been a practice for foine years past, for observation made on the characters of a Birmingham coin of myself to pass those who met her notice : egotism is in most of the inns in France; Swita a prominent feature ; which is by no zerland, and England, for the wife of means suitable to a narrative intended my husband_My arms and coronet for universal perufal. While searching fometimes supporting, in fome measure, for the true motive which induced our this insolent deception ; by which, pronoble author to publith a correspondence bably, I may have been seen to behave which is incomplete, as to novelty and very improperly. I think it my dury valuable information, (to obtain which to aver upon my honour, that it has the frequently refers to the works of frequently happened to me, travelling Mr. Coxe and other travellers) we with my tweet child, to find a landlady, glanced at a reflexion made by her who has thewn a particular delire of ladyship on some other occation; " but serving me in the most menial offices, “ whai will not poor mortals do for with tears in her eyes, and upon my " gold, fince the rich are often slaves asking the reason, in the honelt indis" for that which they ought to be nation of her beart, she said, she had “ masters of."

been imposed upon, at such a time, by Lady Craven has, in several places, a traveller who called herself by my made efforts to imitate the manner of name." Sterne, but with very little effect;

Letter VI. Tours, June 30, 1785. aid she has adopted the use of dashes to fill up a great number of chasms, “ P. S. I was obliged to assure the for which there does not appear to be intendant, and some more French, the the smallett neceßicy: it might indeed other day at his house, that Sir George



Elliot* was not a Frenchman. Since he petually before his eyes ; Love and all has immortalized his name at Gibraltar, his laughing train muft Ay the human I find this nation is extremely desirous imagination, where nature displays her of claiming him—but I took upon me features in the majelic and terrible to lay I believed Scotland might boast ftile, and I was very glad to find fo of being his native land, and that of good an excuse as this situation for moft of his forefathers-However, if Petrareh's eternal complaint. indeed they would choose to date from “ I was informed by the inhabitants a much earlier period, most of us old of Vaucluse, that people, who are tired English would be found to be Danės, of life, Aling themselves into the cavern, Normans, &c."

where, as I told you before, the water Letter XI. Marseilles, Aug. 5.

is unfathomable; upon this informa] set out from Avignon in the tion, I asked if bodies were often found

there; I was answered in the affirma. middle of the day, and arrived at a town called Lille, where I took a French tive, that they were chiefly the bodies

of prieits." polt-chaise, and went in it by the side of the Sorgue's clear stream, till the Letter XIX. Genoa, Sept. 16. road was too narrow for the carriage to “ Yesterday two Algerine flaves came proceed; I then walked in a narrow

to my apartment to tell Nippers ; tbe path winding round the immense rocky oldest of the two was one of the handmountains to the left, with the stream fomelt brown men, with the best counrapidly flying by me to the right about

tenance I ever saw--he has been a llave a milé, till a cavern, pretty much in five-and-twenty-years, and is suffered the fhape of those which lions come out to go about without the usual attend. of in an opera, presented itself to my ant, which is a man with a stout stick view, and from that flows the river. I in his hand, who follows the slaves who am told it is an unfathomable abyss. walk about the town chained together, Why it is called a Fontaine, I am at always in pairs. a loss to guess.

“When I thought upon the fate of “ Monstrous rocks rise over and on this old man; guilty of no crime; a each side of this craggy arch; thefe prisoner of war-his looks fo noble and seem to bend forward to meet or crush fo honest, I wept—and wished I might the curious, Which ever way I have had interest enough with the Doge turned my eyes, I saw gigantic and and Senate of Genoa to have sent him fantastic Mapes, which nature seems to home to Algiers. have placed there to astonish the gazer “ These fort of pictures in real life, with a mixture of the melancholy, are of a dark hue-I muft therefore tertible, and chearful ; for the clear- again turn to those I have seen in the nels and rapidity of the river makes it palaces-I confess I Mould not dislike a lively object, and where there is a

to pass three winter months here to flat place on the banks, though not examine them at leisure, and copya above a few feet in circumference, the few. -There is a bult of Vitellius in peasants have planted trees or lowed

one of the palaces, for which I am algardens—you lift up your eyes, and sured the Duke of Marlborough offered fee the most perfect contrasts to them to give its weight in gold-The fum -the birds, which hovered towards the mult necessarily have been very large, upper part of the rocks, were scarcely for the bust is fo nially, that it probably perceptible. In looking into the ca- weighs above half any other marble vern, it appears horrible and gloomy; itatue." I could almost have fancied the river ran thus faft, rejoiced to quit the man

Letter XXII. Pisa Baths, Sept. 20. fion from whence it fprung. No wonder “ Since I wrote laft, I have been to Petrarch's song, was plaincive, if he see Luccama virgin republic, for it has courted his muse with this scene per- never loft its libertyThe motto of

Sir George must not be too highly selling, that Prince Eugene and our Cape. fattered at this, for the French are fo fond bility Brown, with many others, are of monopolizing all that is worth poto claimed by thein,


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the city over the gates, or wherever it and hid myself, till I saw the phaeton
can be placed, is Libertas The ter- pass again--fo 1 positively got to my
ritories belonging to it are only forty- carriage without being seen by this cu-
fix miles long from St. Pellegrins to rious gentleman-
the Pifan mountains, and nineteen from
Via Regia to Porquetto, the half of

I have been obliged again to assure which town belongs to the Toscan the French at the French minifter's tadominion

ble the other day, that Sir George El. " Lucca is extremely well fortified- liot was not born of French parentscrouds of people in the Street, and a

«« Sterne's adventure about Yorick, Jook of opulence among the bourgeoise I have now good reafon to believe was prove the good effect of their mottoThe oil is remarkably good here-Iman, 'if Sir Jothua Reynolds did not

a fact; for I was asked too by a French. was thewn the Cathedral, which has build St. Paul's. I think Frenchnothing remarkable in it but a circular men should never quit Paris ; for they chapel, the shape of which is plealing- do not choose to be acquainted with and it has four statues of the Apostles, the chronology or genealogies of any good-I was told this chapel, dedi. other nation but their owa. The only cated to the Virgin, was transported in thing which seems to delight the French one night entire, from another church minitter here is, that the bridge over at some distance --The figure of the the Arno, which is just before his winVirgin I could not see, it was covered dows, puts him in mind of the Pontup-me wears constantly golden slip- neuf at Paris." pers, and there is a full of one of the Senators of Lucca, who was hung for

Letter XXVI. Venice, Nov. 18. stealing one of thein, though he declared that the flung it at him, as he was

“ The Casini are very small houses praying at her feet for more wealth"

hired by one person, or a set of people,

to meet in of an evening, where cards, Letter XXIII. Florence, Sept. 28. conversation, tea, coffee, lemonade,

“ I let out from the Pisa baths on the &c. and a well felected society conspire 23d in the afternoon ; I sent on my to give pleasure-Thefe Cafini are coach and some of my fervants two fitted up with an elegance of which posts, and went on horseback inyfelf- you can form no idea have dined in when I got about half way, I passed one, which has fo fine a view from it, hy a gentleman in an English phaeton, that from the nearness and taste of the whiofe curiosity I suppose was aivakened inside, and of the magnificence of the by an English horse and side-saddle objects on the without, I could almost Froin an uncommon fow trot he flew have fancied a little fairy's palace after me full gallop-I was warned of Venice seems to me to be a new world, this frightful operation by my fervant, retired and different from any other I and had jult time to turn my horfe into have seen. The Venetian ladies are a gateway–he could not ftop his horses fome of them very handsome, and a immediately—but being determined to few of them are most remarkably desee me, as soon as he couldi, he pulled termined in their resolutions. It is up; and went as Now as it was por- not an uncommon thing here for a lady, lible-I thought this so impertinent, married in the morning, to declare to that I determined on my part, that he her parents before night that the has should not see me; so I defired the per- taken an averfion to her husband; who, fons who accompanied me to follow me; upon such an occafion, is forced with and I passed by the left fide of the the parents to apply to the great master phaeton as fast as my horse could go, of the church (the Pope) who is always with my hat and head to low, thar the good enough to admit of the reasons foolith man could not see me My given him, as fufficient to grant a dia horse is a most excellent and Aeet one,

-The lady, once out of her and I kept him on till my pursuer gave convent, bears the name of her own up the chase ; and I then, when out family in the world ----and the genof his light, turned into a farm-yard, tleman looks out for another wife

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