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kalling to him foche as him thinkyth treesonable in themselves and much in his discrecion that can and will to the dishonor of the king, he dyd Jabor to the sonneft spede of my will accuse the seyde Henry to the king, comprehended in this myn testa- and praied hys majestie to secure the ment. And to fulfill trwly all things faftie of hys facrede personne and foreseyd, y charge my foreseyd fon the peace of the relme, by takyng upon my bleflying. Wetneslyng my into safe custodye the Duke of Lapwelbelouyd cousins Thomas erch- castre, the whych he thoughte was byfhcoppe of Caunterbury foreseyde, the more especiall necessarie as the and Edward Duke of York, Thomas duke was a popular mappe and was bilhcoppe of Daresme, Richard the very much lovyd by the peple ; Lord Grey my chamberlaine, John whose affections he had draune to Tiptoft myn treasurer of Englond, warde hymself by the wily artifyce of John Propbete wardeine of my flatterynge theyr opinyons. “For," priuie seale; Thomas Erpingham, seyde they marchal," if the spryge John Norbery, Robert Waterton, of treefon be left to take depe rute, and meny oder being present. In your highnesse choyseft gardeners of witneslyng whereof my priuy fcele the state (though there be meny and be my commaundement is set to this gude workemenne) would not have my teftament. I geue at my manere enough of power to grubbe it upp, of Grenwich the XXI. dey of the unlesse it be taken whyle a faplynge." moneth Januer, the yere of owr Whereuppoon King Richard dyd Lord M.CCCC.VIII, and of our fummonn to hys trybunale the acreigne the tenth.
cused duke, and dyd informe hym of the tidyngs that had beenn
brought to bys caringe by Thomas ACCOUNT
Duke of Norfolk, wythale willing OF THE IMPEACHMENT OF ħENRY hym to clere hymself of the treefon DUKE OF LANCASTER, AFTER- layde to hys charge, otherwise to
THE FOURTH, expecte the royale displeasure. To KING OF ENGLAND, BY THOMAS whych the duke, wyth courage that MOWBRAY DUKE OF NORFOLK.
would seem not nere a kinn to guilte, made answer, “ I do beeceech your
highness hold me not so lyght in THE hygh spiryghte of Henry your opynion as to think I would hadde fhowyd meny and strongue contrive the downfall of the house markes of hys intention; and wherein myself dyd holde a lodg. very meny of the nobilitie of the ynge ; or was I to treeson prompt, rclme dyd back and ayd the seyde Thomas of Norfolk holdes not that Henry in hys defygn uponne King place in my esteeme whych would Richárd; allbeit there was not want- bespake hym knowyng of my meyng those that dyd showe mickle dif- fures; albeit I myght have spoke, approbacion to anie chaynge in the and he perchance myght witness me, governmente, and meny of prym ac- of ftrange abuces in the state, but not count; amonge the whych was Tho- thereby refuringe to your hignets mas Mowbray Duke of Norfolk, personale governmente, but of materle inarshal ; who on herying the ters more futeyng to your councils kings cousin use some expresyons eye, whereof hys Grace of Norfolk that he in hys wysdome thoughte makes a parte; but by your high
This piece, by the improvement of Henry the Eighth, and found among in the file, appears to be a transcript the before mentioned papers.from fqine author living about the time R. E. I.
hefs speeche, I may believe, he talkes pleasure they should not come to of plotryng and of treeson ; it futes combate, but in the stead he banyfhyd me not to combate wyth your high- hys cousin Henry for the space of ness in the fyghte of wordes, enough fevin years, and agaynst all justice to say I ware a trusty seruant by my hys grayce of Norfolk was orderyd fide of stoot abylity, and though I to depart the kingdome for his liff, bee a flaunderyd mann and fallen in Thus dyd the fyckle king Thow hys your highnelles good graces, it shall love for a kynsmann, whose deeds of mak furm my tytle to your love, latter date proveyd him not to be and prove Thomas of Norfolk to be worthy. a llanderer.” Wheruppon it became the kings pleasure that the challenge houlde bee made known to the mar
ANECDOTES, chal, who (as he could no other. FROM VOLTAIRE'S LIFE OF CHARLES wype) accepted it, and by the mouthe THE TWELFTH OF SWEDEN. of an heralde bade Henry defyance. Hereuppon the king appoynted the
[Transmitted by a Correspondent.], day for the tryale, and gave comande that costely furnature 'fhould be MONG the prisoners taken brought to adorne the lyfts and give
at the battle of Narva, was a kingly look to the seat whereon he the eldest son and heir of the King willyd to see the fyghte. Every of Georgia. This youth followed thyng beyng made redie, and the day Peter the Great of Ruffia, in his exbeyng come whereonn King Ri. pedition against the Swedes, and was chards pleasure had kxt the combate, taken fighting by fome Finland folthe seats about the lyfts, whych were diers, who had already stripped and coveryd all over wyth red cloth and were going to kill him, when he studdyed wyth gilded nails for the was refcued from their hands by use of the nobilitie and grete menn of Count Renschild, who cloathed the corte, where erly crowdyd; and and presented him to his master. as foonn as the king had takenn hys Charles fent him to Stockholm, place the trumpet fowndyd and the where this unhappy prince died in challenger enteryd the lysts, moun- a few years after. The king, on tyd on a milk whyte palfyrie; hys are seeing him depart for his capital, mour, whych was of polyshyd steele, could not help making, in the heardazzlyd the eyes of the whole compa- ing of his officers, a natural reflection nie, and hys dauntless carrayge on the strange destiny of an Afiatic Thowyd hym not to bee a wit afrayde. prince, who, born at the foot of On the other fyde the Duke of Nor. Mount Caucasus, was going to live folk enteryd, makyngequyte as gude a captive among the snows of Swea fhow of galantrye; he was seatyd den : “It is,” says he, as if I on a forryll horse that pawyd the were one day to be a prisoner among grounde and showyd the marsial the Crim Tartars !" These words menor of Thomas to the eyes of the made no impression at the time; but atteodyng gentery. All was redie, in the sequel they were remembered and the keyghts only waytyd the too well, when Charles's defeat and fygnale from the trumpets moutheto flight proved them an involuntary begyn 'the fyght, when the king, prediction. who was of fickle mynd, threwe downe hys gauntlete, whych was the lygnale of parlie, at the same ty me ONE day, as Charles was dictate makyag it known that it was hys ing some letters to his secretary, to
be sent to Swederi, a bomb fell on you ? Go on!” This circumsance the house, pierced the roof, and is highly characteristic of that un. burst near the apartment in which daunted, and perhaps imprudent, he was.
One half of the floor was resolution, which the warlike Charles Thattered to pieces; but the king's was known to poffefs. closet being partly surrounded by a thick wall, suffered no damage ;
ANECDOTE and, by an astonishing piece of for
OF THE LORD CHANCELLOR ELS. tune, one of the splinters which flew
MERE. RECORDED BY SIR FRASabout in the air entered at the closer
CIS BACON. door, which happened to be open. The report of the bomb, and the Y Lord Chancellor Elsmere, noise it occasioned in the house, when he had read a petition which seemed ready to tumble, in which he disliked, would say, duced the secretary to drop his pen.“ What, you would have my hand “ What is the reason," said the to this now ?" And the party, of king with a tranquil air, " that you course, answering “ Yes," he would do not continue writing?" The fe- further say, "Well, so you fall; cretary could only say, “ Ah, fire ! nay, you mall have both my bands the bomb!” « Well," replied the to it!" when, with both his hands, king, "what has the bomb to do he constantly tore the obnoxious with the letter I am dictating to petition into pieces.
CHARACTERISTIC MANNERS AND CUSTOMS.
LAR MANNERS AND CUSTOMS OF
These islands, in common with the
rest of the coast, are entirely coOF TWO ISLANDS ON THE NORTH- vered with pines, of two or three
WEST COAST OF AMERICA; WITH different species, intermixed here SOME ACCOUNT OF THE SINGU- and there with hazle, and various
kinds of brushwood. The number
of inhabitants contained in the [From Captain Dixon's Voyage.] whole sound, as near as I could cal.
culate, amounted to about seventy, PORT MULGRAVE.
including women and children. VAPTAIN Dixon, supposing They are in general about the mid
himself the first discoverer of dle size, their limbs straight and well this place, which is situated in 59 shaped ; but, like the other inhabi. deg. 32 min. N. latitude, and 140 tants on this coast, are particularis deg. W. longitude, named it Portfond of painting their faces with a Mulgrave, in June 1787, in honour variety of colours, so that it is no of the Right Hon. Lord Mulgrave. easy matter to discover their real " How extensive the found is, I complexion : however, we prevailed cannot fay; it contains a number of on one woman, by a trifling present, small low ifiands: but at intervals, to wash her face and hands, and the when the fog cleared up, we could alteration it made in her appearance discern high mountainous land, to absolutely surprized us; her coudthe northward and westward at about tenance had all the cheerful glow ct ten leagues diflant, entirely covered an English milkmaid; and the heal. with snow, 'and which we judg. thy red which fushed her check, ed to be a part of the continent.. was even beautifully contrasted with
the whiteness of her neck: her eyes into his canoe, and paddles away to were black, and sparkling; her eye- seek out for a spot better adapted to brows the same colour, and most his various purposes, which, having beautifully arched; her forehead so found, he presently erects his dwellremarkably clear, that the tranflu- ing in the same careless manner as cent veins were seen meandering in before. their minutest branches : in fhort, Whilft we lay here, these people the was what would be reckoned supplied us very plentifully with handsome in England. But this halibut, which we bought of them symmetry of features is entirely de- for beads and small toes. The place ftroyed by the fingular custom of where these halibut were caught, is wearing lip-pieces *
in the offing round the point of land Their habitations are the most we first made in the morning of the wretched hovels that can poflibly be 23d of May. Our whale-boat was conceived ; a few poles stuck in the one day sent with feven hands to ground, without order or regularity, this place, on a filhing party ; but enclosed and covered with loose their success was greatly inferior to boards, constitute an Indian hut; that of two Indians, who were fishand so little care is taken in their ing at the same time, which is rather construction, that they are quite in- extraordinary, if we consider the apsufficient to keep out the snow or parent inferiority of their tackle to rain : the numerous chinks and our's. Their hook is a large simple craonies serve, however, to let out piece of wood, the fhank at least the smoke, no particular aperture half an inch in diameter ; that part being left for that purpose. which turns up, and which forms
The infide of these dwellings ex: an acute angle, is confiderably smalhibits a complete picture of dirt and ler, and brought gradually to a point? filth, indolence and lazinels; in one a flat piece of wood, about fix inches corner are thrown the bones, and re- long, and near two inches wide, is maining fragments of victuals left at neatly lashed to the Thank, on the their nieals; in another are heaps of back of which is rudely carved the fish, pieces of stinking flesh, grease, representation of an human face. oil, &c. in short, the whole served I cannot think that this was alto sliew us, in how wretched a state together designed as an ornament to it is possible for human beings to their hooks, but that it has some reexist; and yet these people appear ligious allution, and possibly is incontented with their situation, and tended as a kind of Deity, to ensure probably enjoy a much greater por- their success in fishing, which is contion of happiness and tranquillity, ducted in a fingular manner. They than is to be found under the gilded bait their hook with a kind of filli, roofs of the most despotic monarch. called by the sailors squids, and have
'Tis probable, that the chief ing funk it to the bottom, they fix teason why these Indians take no a bladder to the end of the line as a greater pains in the structure of their buoy, and should that not watch habitations is, that their situation is fufficiently, they add another. Their merely temporary: no sooner does lines are very strong, being made of the master of a tribe find game be- the linews or intestines of animals. gin to grow scarce, or fish not fo One man is sufficient to look plentiful as he expected, than he after five or fix of these buoys : takes down his hut, puts the boards when he perceives a fish bite, he is
* For a description of this ornament, in no great hurry to haul up fee page 140 and 163.
line, but gives him time to be well Y
hooked; and when he has hauled furs, the head is put into a square the fish up to the surface of the wa- box, the body in a kind of oblong ter, he knocks him on the head with cheft. At each end of the cheit, a short club, provided for that pure which contains the body, a thick pose, and afterwards fows his prize pole, about ten feet long, is drc:away at his leisure: this is done to into the earth in a fanting position, prevent the halibut (which some- fo that the upper ends meet together, times are very large) from damage and are very firmly lashed with a kind ing, or perhaps upsetting his canoe of rope prepared for the purpose. in their dying struggles. Thus were About two feet from the top of we fairly beat at our cwn weapons ; this arch, a finall piece of timber and the natives constantly bringing goes aeross, and is very neatly fitted us plenty of fish, our boat was never to each pole : on this piece of timfent on this business afterwards. ber the box which contains the head
They dress their victuals by put, is fixed, and very strongly secured ting heated stones into a kind of with rope; the box is frequently dewicker basket, amongst pieces of fish, corated with two or three row's of seal, porpoise, &c. and covered up small fhells, and sometimes teeth, close; soinetimes. They make broth which are let into the wood with and fifh-soup by the same method, great neatness and ingenuity; and which they always preferred to boilo as an additional ornament, is painting, though we gave them some ed with a variety of colours; but brass pans, and pointed out the mode the poles are úniformly painted of using them.
white. Sometiines these poles are They chew a plant somewhat like fixed upright in the earth, and on tobacco; to which, however, they each side the body, but the head is add a mixture of lime.
always secured in the position alWhen we came into this har. ready described. bour, on the 23d of May, our at. The natives of King George's tention was a good deal engaged by Sound are not the least intimidated the fight of a number of white rails, at the deaths of their countrymen. on a level piece of ground, not far The crew of a ship from China, on from a creek fituated to the south- a trading expedition to that place, ward of us. These rails were about quarrelling with them, several la. a mile and a half from the vessel, dians were killed on the spot; note and appeared, at that distance, to be withstanding which, the rest conconstructed with such order and re- tinued to negociate with as much gularity, that we concluded them
unconcern as if nothing had os beyond the reach of Indian contrive curred. ance, and consequently that they
NORFOLK SOUND. were erected by some civilized na. tion. Captain Dixon, willing to be THESE people, in their make, satisfied in this particular, took an shape, and features, nearly resemble opportunity of going to the spot, those just described; the women here and to his great surprize found it to also ornament, or rather diftort their be a kind of burying-place, if I lips, and the who wears the largest may be allowed to call that so, where piece of wood, is generally held in dead bodies are not depofited in the the highest estimation by her friends, earth. The manner in which they and indeed by the community in gedispose of their dead is very remark- neral. able : they feparate the head from This curious operation of cutthe body, and wrapping them in ting the under lip of the females,